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Home>Catalog>RomanCoins>TheAdoptiveEmperors>Trajan

Trajan, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D.

Marcus Ulpius Traianus, a brilliant general and administrator was adopted and proclaimed emperor by the aging Nerva in 98 A.D. Regarded as one of Rome's greatest emperors, Trajan was responsible for the annexation of Dacia, the invasion of Arabia and an extensive and lavish building program across the empire. Under Trajan, Rome reached its greatest extent. Shortly after the annexation of Mesopotamia and Armenia, Trajan was forced to withdraw from most of the new Arabian provinces. While returning to Rome to direct operations against the new threats, Trajan died at Selinus in Cilicia.Roman Dominions in the Time of Trajan


Click for a larger photo Personification of the siege of Sarmizegetusa! In 106 A.D., Trajan besieged Sarmizegetusa, the Dacian capital. With the aid of a Dacian traitor, the Romans found and destroyed water pipes supplying the city. Running out of water and food the city fell and was burned to the ground. Decebalus fled but, followed by the Roman cavalry, committed suicide rather than face capture. The river-god on the reverse is usually described as Tiber, however, the reverse likely personifies the impact of the Roman destruction of the Dacian's water supply. Dacia's own water supply has betrayed her, knocked her to the ground, and is choking her.
SH63939. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC II 556, BMCRE III 793 note, Cohen 526, aF, weight 20.524 g, maximum diameter 32.9 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 103 - 111 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES NERVA TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P M TR P COS V P P, laureate bust right, slight drapery on far shoulder; reverse S P Q R OPTIMO PRINCIPI S C, River-god, cloak billowing behind, leaning left with right knee on supine Dacia, forcing her to the ground, choking her with his right hand, reeds in left; very scarce; $300.00 (225.00)

Augustus, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D., Restitution Issue Under Trajan(?)
Click for a larger photo Augustus with Gaius and Lucius denarii with this unusual style, and some apparently from the same dies, have been attributed to in sales and auction listings an anonymous restitution under Trajan. The well-known normal restitution issues are, however, identified by modified legends. On this type the legend has not been changed from Augustus' issue. In addition, at Rome, an engraver should have know the correct form of the tools of the pontiff and augur. Perhaps these coins are ancient counterfeits or imitatives.
RS68469. Billon denarius, BMCRE I 536, and pl. 13, 18 (attributed to the reign of Augustus, Lugdunum mint), F, debased silver, dark toning, weight 2.930 g, maximum diameter 19.5 mm, die axis 315o, Rome(?) mint, Restitution issue struck under Trajan; obverse AVGVSTI F COS DESIG CAESAR AVGVSTVS DIVI F PATER PATRIAE, laureate head right, one tie over neck; reverse AVGVSTI F COS DESIG PRINC IVVENT, Adult-proportioned Caius and Lucius Caesar standing togate, shields and spears between, and holding volumina, above, simpulum to left, on left, and lituus with split base to right, on right; very rare; $250.00 (187.50)

Click for a larger photo An interesting historical type commemorating the defeat of Parthia and the investiture of the puppet king Parthamastes by Trajan. His reign was short because the Roman army soon withdrew and Trajan died the following year.
RB68691. Orichalcum sestertius, SRCV II 3191, RIC II 667, BMCRE III 1046, aF, weak legends, weight 24.837 g, maximum diameter 34.1 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 116 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES NER TRAIANO OPTIMO AVG GER DAC PARTHICO P M TR P COS VI P P, laureate and draped bust right, from behind; reverse REX PARTHIS DATVS (a king given to the Parthians), Trajan seated left on platform, placing diadem on head of king Parthamaspates, officer standing behind the emperor, Parthia kneeling in supplication before; scarce; $250.00 (187.50)

Trajan, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D., Stobi, Macedonia
Click for a larger photo
SH58236. Bronze AE 22, Josifovski Stobi 56 (V8/R10); Varbanov III 3820 var (rev legend), BMC Macedonia p. 104, 3 var (same); SNG Cop -, SNG ANS -, Lindgren -, VF, weight 9.054 g, maximum diameter 21.6 mm, die axis 180o, Stobi mint, obverse IMP CAES NERVA TRAIAN [AVG GERM P M T P COS III], laureate head right; reverse MVNI-CIPI S-TO-BE-NSI, Tetrastyle temple, Asklepios standing facing within, holding serpent staff, round shield on pediment; bold srike, fantastic portrait; rare; $225.00 (168.75)

Click for a larger photo In the first century A.D., the Roman satirist Juvenal observed that his countrymen were made content with two things: bread and circus games. Games were part of religious celebrations and holidays. At one time, across the Empire, Romans celebrated more than forty different games each year. Glory was the main reward for athletes. The actual prize was usually a simple palm frond, wreath, ribbon, or basket.
SH65286. Orichalcum semis, RIC II 687, BMCRE III 1069, Cohen 349 var (no drapery), cf. SRCV II 3247 (quadrans), gVF, nice green patina, weight 3.285 g, maximum diameter 17.2 mm, die axis 225o, Rome mint, 107 - 109 AD; obverse IMP CAES NERVA TRAIAN AVG, laureate bust right, drapery on left shoulder; reverse view of table from the front and right, on the table stands game prizes: an urn containing a palm frond (on left) and a wreath (on right), S C in exergue; scarce; $225.00 (168.75)

Click for a larger photo In the first century A.D., the Roman satirist Juvenal observed that his countrymen were made content with two things: bread and circus games. Games were part of religious celebrations and holidays. At one time, across the Empire, Romans celebrated more than forty different games each year. Glory was the main reward for athletes. The actual prize was usually a simple palm frond, wreath, ribbon, or basket.
RB59932. Copper quadrans, BMCRE III 1068, RIC II 687, Cohen 349, VF, weight 2.363 g, maximum diameter 17.3 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 98 - 102 AD; obverse IMP CAES NERVA TRAIAN AVG, laureate bust right, drapery on left shoulder; reverse S C, Urn containing palm frond and wreath set on three-quarter view table; $180.00 (135.00)

Click for a larger photo Trajan was a brilliant soldier and administrator. He restored the Senate to its full status, started a welfare program to feed and care for poor children, directed an extensive building program across the empire, annexed Dacia and invaded Arabia. Under Trajan, Rome reached its greatest extent. And he managed to do all this without a deficit or increasing taxes.
RB63728. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC II 658, BMCRE III 1019, aF, weight 23.403 g, maximum diameter 33.8 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 115 - 116 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES NER TRAIANO OPTIMO AVG GER DAC P M TR P COS VI P P, laureate and draped bust right; reverse IMPERATOR VIIII / S C in exergue, Trajan seated right on platform, placed on left, accompanied by two officers and addressing five soldiers; rare; $160.00 (120.00)

Roman Empire, Anonymous, Domitian to Antoninus Pius, c. 81 - 161 A.D.
Click for a larger photo RIC identifies this type as common but it appears to be rare with the dove facing left.
RB63623. Bronze quadrans, RIC II p. 218, 25, VF, weight 1.847 g, maximum diameter 14.4 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, c. 81 - 161 A.D.; obverse diademed and draped bust of Venus right; reverse dove standing left, S C in ex; rare; $160.00 (120.00)

Trajan, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D., Nakrasa, Lydia
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SH58872. Bronze AE 20, SNG Cop 298, SNGvA 3035, BMC Lydia p. 167, 16, VF, weight 3.651 g, maximum diameter 20.2 mm, die axis 0o, Nakrasa mint, obverse AY NEP TPAIANON C E ΓEP, laureate head right; reverse NAKPACITΩN, facing cult statue of Artemis within tetrastyle temple, bow in right, drawing arrow from quiver with left; very rare; $140.00 (105.00)

Trajan, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt
Click for a larger photo In 108 A.D., "doctor's offices" opened in Rome replacing "house calls."
RX64520. Bronze drachm, Kampmann-Ganschow 27.147; Milne 593; Dattari 945; BMC Alexandria p. 52, 437; Geissen 503 var (palm and reigns in left); Emmett 544, aVF, red patina with green encrustations, weight 28.813 g, maximum diameter 34.7 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 29 Aug 108 - 28 Aug 109 A.D.; obverse AVT TPAIAN CE-B ΓEPM ∆AKIK, laureate head right; reverse Nike in a slow biga right, wreath in right, reins in left, LIB (year 12) above; $140.00 (105.00)

Click for a larger photo In 107 A.D. Trajan received an ambassador from India.
RB59845. Orichalcum dupondius, RIC II 676, BMCRE III 1052, Cohen 356, aVF, nice green patina, weight 11.67 g, maximum diameter 25.8 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 107 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES NER TRAIANO OPTIMO AVG GER DAC PARTHICO P M TR P COS VI P P, radiate and draped bust right; reverse SENATVS POPVLVSQVE ROMANVS S C, Trajan advancing right, between two trophies; $140.00 (105.00)

Trajan, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D., Struck at Rome for use in Syria
Click for a larger photo This type is typically attributed to Antioch, but recent metallurgical tests suggest it was struck by the Rome mint for use in Syria.

In 115, Trajan was in Antioch for his war against Parthia, when the city was struck by an earthquake. He was forced to take shelter in the circus for several days. He and his successor restored the city.
RB68079. Orichalcum as, McAlee 509, BMCRE III 1093, RIC II 647, SRCV II 3243, VF, areas if corrosion, weight 7.572 g, maximum diameter 24.0 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, c. 115 - 116 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES NER TRAIANO OPTIMO AVG GERM, radiate and draped bust right; reverse DAC PARTHICO P M TR POT XX COS VI P P, large S C in wreath; $130.00 (97.50)

Trajan, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt
Click for a larger photo In 98 A.D., Trajan reopened a canal between the Nile and the Red Sea.
RX66490. Bronze dichalkon, Kampmann-Ganschow 27.575; Savio 7346; BMC Alexandria p. 60, 500; SNG BnF 1206; Emmett 719; cf. Geissen 655 (hippopotamus); SNG Cop -, VF, nice green patina, edge chip, weight 1.135 g, maximum diameter 13.9 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 29 Aug 113 - 28 Aug 114 A.D.; obverse no legend, laureate head right; reverse rhinoceros walking right, L IZ (year 17) above; rare; $125.00 (93.75)

Trajan, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt
Click for a larger photo The sistrum was a type of timbrel, or rattle, made of brass. It was oval, and its circumference perforated with several holes opposite each other, through which were inserted horizontally small metallic rods. Shaken in cadence it emitted a harsh sound. Isis is sometimes depicted holding a sistrum and it was carried by her priests.
RX58096. Bronze dichalkon, Dattari 1114, Kampmann-Ganschow 27.308, SRCV II 3319, Emmett 720, Geissen -, Milne -, SNG Cop -, BMC Alexandria -, SNG Milan -, SNG Hunterian -, VF, weight 1.576 g, maximum diameter 13.6 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 29 Aug 109 - 28 Aug 110 A.D.; obverse no legend, laureate head right; reverse sistrum, L - IΓ (year 13) flanking in lower fields; very rare (Emmett R5); $110.00 (82.50)

Click for a larger photo In 106 A.D., King Rabbel II of Nabataea died, after ruling since 70 A.D. Although there is no evidence of a pretext for annexation and Rabbel II had an heir named Obodas, Trajan moved Third Cyrenaica from Egypt into Petra and the Sixth Ferrata, a Syrian garrison unit, to occupy Bostra. It seems was some resistance from the Nabataean royal guard, but annexation was not widely resisted and there was little fighting. Trajan did not adopt the appellation Arabicus, as he did Dacius when he conquered Dacia, and Nabataean troops served as Roman auxiliary troops soon after conquest.
RS59853. Silver denarius, RIC II 142, Cohen 89, gVF, minor porosity, weight 3.419 g, maximum diameter 19.1 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 103 - 111 A.D.; obverse IMP TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P M TR P, laureate bust right, slight drapery on left shoulder; reverse COS V P P S P Q R OPTIMO PRINCE, Arabia standing front, head left, holding branch and bundle of cinnamon sticks, camel walking left behind at feet; ex FORVM 2009; $100.00 (75.00)

Click for a larger photo Herakles' fourth labor was to capture the giant fear-inspiring Erymanthian Boar that lived on Mount Erymanthos in the primitive highlands of Arcadia. The centaur Chiron advised Herakles to drive the boar into thick snow. Herakles caught the boar and carried it back to Eurystheus, who was frightened, hid and begged Herakles to get rid of the beast. Three days later, Eurystheus, still trembling with fear, sent Herakles to clean the Augean stables.
RB65623. Copper quadrans, RIC II 702 var, BMCRE III 1062 var, Cohen 341 var, SRCV II 3248 var (all refs Hercules is diademed, not laureate), VF, green patina with some edge flaking, weight 1.454 g, maximum diameter 16.1 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, c. 101 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES TRAIAN AVG GERM, laureate bust Hercules right, Nemean lion skin tied around his neck; reverse Erymanthian Boar walking right, S C in exergue; scarce; $90.00 (67.50)

Roman Empire, Anonymous, Domitian to Antoninus Pius, c. 81 - 161 A.D.
Click for a larger photo  
RB65624. Bronze quadrans, RIC II p. 218, 24; Vagi 196; Cohen 10, F, weight 2.565 g, maximum diameter 15.3 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, c. 81 - 161 A.D.; obverse diademed and draped bust of Venus right; reverse dove standing right, S - C flanking across field; $80.00 (60.00)

Trajan, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D., Laodikeia ad Mare, Syria
Click for a larger photo In 114, Trajan defeated the Parthians and overran Armenia and northern Mesopotamia. In 115, he captured the Parthian capital Ctesiphon.
RP59685. Bronze AE 27, SNG Cop 345; BMC Syria p. 253, 42, aVF, weight 10.37 g, maximum diameter 27.1 mm, die axis 0o, Laodicea ad Mare mint, 114 - 115 A.D.; obverse AYTOKP NER TRAIANOC APICT KAIC CEB ΓEP ∆AK, laureate head right; reverse IOYΛIEWNTWN KAI ΛAO∆IKEWN BΞP, turreted bust of Tyche right, IOY below chin; $75.00 (56.25)

Roman Empire, Domitian to Antoninus Pius, c. 81 - 161 A.D.
Click for a larger photo The affectionate dove, the bird of love, was sacred to Venus. Doves drew her heavenly chariot, and the Syrian Aphrodite Astarte was hatched from an egg tended by doves.
RB66974. Bronze quadrans, RIC II p. 218, 24; Vagi 196; Cohen 10, F, rough, weight 2.136 g, maximum diameter 14.2 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, c. 81 - 161 A.D.; obverse diademed and draped bust of Venus right; reverse dove standing right, S - C flanking across field; $75.00 (56.25)

Trajan, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt
Click for a larger photo This crown is sometimes erroneously identified in dealer listings as a hemhem crown, an entirely different Egyptian crown.
RX66496. Bronze dichalkon, Emmett 710 (R4), otherwise apparently unpublished for year 17; cf. Dattari 1097 (year 16), VF, obverse off center, nice patina with earthen highlighting, weight 0.986 g, maximum diameter 12.3 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 29 Aug 113 - 28 Aug 114 A.D.; obverse no legend, laureate head right; reverse no legend, headdress of Isis (feathers, disk and horns), LI - Z (year 17) flanking feathers; very rare; $60.00 (45.00)

Trajan, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt
Click for a larger photo The Hemhem crown, also known as the triple Atef crown, was symbol of Pharaonic power and authority credited with magical abilities that would protect Egypt from any enemy. It originated during the 18th dynasty was first seen in an image of the pharaoh Akhenaten in a tomb at Amarna. A Hemhem crown is worn Tutankhamen on the back of the gilded throne discovered in his tomb. No examples of this type of crown are known to have survived.
RX66494. Bronze dichalkon, Kampmann-Ganschow 27.574, Geissen 643, SRCV II 3320, BMC Alexandria 561, Milne 710, aVF, weight 1.845 g, maximum diameter 13.9 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 29 Aug 113 - 28 Aug 114 A.D.; obverse no legend, laureate head right; reverse no legend, Hemhem crown, L I-Z (year 17) in lower field flanking ram horns; $50.00 (37.50)

Click for a larger photo Pietas in traditional Latin usage expressed a complex, highly valued Roman virtue; a man or woman with pietas respected his or her responsibilities to the gods, faimily, other people and entities (such as the state), and understood his or her place in society with respect to others.
RB69301. Bronze as, RIC II 392, Cohen 613, SRCV 3240, BMCRE III 724, F, porous, weight 11.855 g, maximum diameter 30.7 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 98 - 99 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES NERVA TRAIAN AVG GERM P M, laureate head right; reverse P M TR POT COS II, Pietas standing half left, veiled, right hand raised, left on breast, altar at feet left, S - C flanking across field; $45.00 (33.75)

Antioch, Roman Syria, 77 - 78 A.D.
Click for a larger photo In 76 - 77, Trajan's father, M. Ulpius Traianus, was Governor of Syria (Legatus pro praetore Syriae). Trajan was also in Syria as Tribunus legionis.
RP62981. Bronze trichalkon, McAlee 118, RPC I 2020, SNG Cop 112, BMC 97, Fine, weight 5.394 g, maximum diameter 20.3 mm, die axis 0o, Antioch mint, 77 - 78 A.D.; obverse ANTIOXEΩN, turreted and veiled bust of Tyche right; reverse burning, garlanded altar, ET RKP (Caesarean Era year 126 ) in ex; scarce; $40.00 (30.00)

Click for a larger photo Trajan constructed the Via Traiana, an extension of the Via Appia from Beneventum to Brundisium, at his own expense in 109 A.D. Strabo wrote that traveling to Beneventum from Brundisium on the Via Traiana was a good day shorter than on the old Republican road, Via Appia. While the distance was about the same, the Via Traiana climbs fewer difficult hills.
RB69496. Orichalcum dupondius, BMCRE III 998, RIC II 641, Cohen 652, SRCV II 3226, aF, rough, weight 12.362 g, maximum diameter 30.0 mm, die axis 225o, Rome mint, 112 - 114 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES NERVAE TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P M TR P COS VI P P, radiate bust right, drapery on far shoulder; reverse SPQR OPTIMO PRINCIPI, VIA TRAIANA / SC, female personification of the Via Traiana reclining left, wheel on right knee balanced with right hand, branch cradled in left arm, left elbow resting on rocks; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; an interesting historical type!; scarce; $40.00 (30.00)

Click for a larger photo In 115, Jews in Egypt and Cyrene revolted (Kitos War) against Rome. The revolt spread to Cyprus, Judea, and Mesopotamia. Alexandria was devastated by fighting between Greeks and Jews. Marcus Rutilius Lupus, the governor, sent Legio XXII Deiotariana to protect the inhabitants of Memphis. Lusius Quietus, governor of Judea, conducted a brutal campaign to restore peace there. In 116, Quintus Marcius Turbo sailed to Alexandria and ended the rebellion by defeating the Jewish rebels in several pitched battles.
RB69668. Bronze dupondius, RIC II 674, Cohen 353, BMCRE III 1027, BnF IV 850, F, weight 13.266 g, maximum diameter 27.2 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 114 - 117 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES NER TRAIANO OPTIMO AVG GER DAC P M TR P COS VI P P, radiate draped bust right; reverse SENATVS POPVLVSQVE ROMANVS S C, Felicitas standing left, caduceus in right, cornucopia in left; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; $40.00 (30.00)


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Obverse legends:

BONEVENTLIBO
DIVOTRAIANO
DIVOTRAIANOPARTHAVGPATRI
DIVVSTRAIANVSPATERAVGVSTVS
IMPCAESNERTRAIANOOPTIMOAVGGERDAC
IMPCAESNERTRAIANOPTIMAVGGERDACPARTHICOPMTRPCOSVIPP
IMPCAESNERTRAIANOPTIMAVGGERDACPMTRPCOSVIPP
IMPCAESNERTRAIANOPTIMAVGGERMDAC
IMPCAESNERTRAIANOPTIMAVGPMTRPCOSVI
IMPCAESNERVAETRAIANOAVGGERDACPMTRPCOSVPP
IMPCAESNERVAETRAIANOAVGGERDACPMTRPCOSVIPP
IMPCAESNERVATRAIANAVGGERM
IMPCAESNERVATRAIANAVGGERMDACICVSPM
IMPCAESNERVATRAIANAVGGERMPM
IMPCAESNERVATRAIANAVGGERMPMTRPPP
IMPCAESNERVATRAIANOGERM
IMPCAESNERTRAIANAVG
IMPCAESNERTRAIANOOPTIMOAVGGERDAC
IMPCAESNERTRAIANOOPTIMOAVGGERDACPARTHICOPMTRPCOSVIPP
IMPCAESNERTRAIANOOPTIMOAVGGERM
IMPCAESTRAIANAVGGERDACPPREST
IMPCAESTRAIANAVGGERM
IMPNERVATRAIANAVGGERMPM
IMPNERVACAESTRAIANAVGGERMPM
IMPNERVACAESTRAIANAVGGERMPMTRPPP
IMPNERVATRAIANVSAVGGERDACICVS
IMPTRAIANOAVGGERDACPMTRP
IMPTRAIANOAVGGERDACPARTHICO
IMPTRAIANOAVGGERDACPMTRPCOSVPP
IMPTRAIANOAVGGERDACPMTRPCOSVDESVI
IMPTRAIANOAVGGERDACPMTRPCOSVIPP
IMPTRAIANOPTIMAVGGERMDAC
IMPTRAIANOOPTIMOAVGGERDACPMTRP
IMPTRAIANOPIOFELAVGPP
IMPTRAIANVSAVGGERDACPMTRPCOSVIPP
IMPTRAIANVSAVGGERMDACICVS



Catalog current as of Saturday, April 19, 2014.
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Roman Coins of Trajan