constructed the Via Traiana, an extension of the Via Appia from Beneventum to Brundisium, at his own expense in 109 A.D. Strabo wrote that traveling to Beneventum from Brundisium on the Via Traiana was a day shorter than on the old Republican road, Via Appia. While the distance was about the same, the Via Traiana climbs fewer difficult hills.RB77047. , 652, 998 var. ( , notes with ), 361 var. (slight dr.), 641 var. ( leg and slight dr.), VF, , grainy and porous surfaces, 13.195 g, maximum 26.1 mm, Rome mint, 112 - 114 A.D.; NERVAE TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P P, right, on far shoulder; SPQR , female personification of the Via Traiana reclining left, wheel on right knee balanced with right hand, branch cradled in left arm, left elbow resting on , VIA TRAIANA over S C in ; an interesting historical !; ; $380.00 (€334.40)
"Trajan, having crossed the Ister by means of the bridge, conducted the war with safe prudence rather than with haste, and eventually, after a hard struggle, vanquished the . In the course of the campaign he himself performed many deeds of generalship and bravery, and his troops ran many risks and displayed great prowess on his behalf. It was here that a certain horseman, after being carried, badly wounded, from the battle in the hope that he could be healed, when he found that he could not recover, rushed from his tent (for his injury had not yet reached his heart) and, taking his place once more in the line, perished after displaying great feats of valor." -- Roman History by Cassius Dio
RB77285. , 203o, 564, 535 (S), 360, 215, -, -, aF, , corrosion, pitting, 21.572 g, maximum 32.8 mm, 180o, Rome mint, c. 104 - 107 A.D.; NERVAE TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P P, laureate left; , on horseback galloping right, in military dress, brandishing spear at Dacian warrior who is falling on his left knee, looking back at , raising both , and being trampled by horse's fore-hooves, S C in ; very left; $300.00 (€264.00)
was the goddess of harvest and her main attribute is grain. This suggests the arrival of grain by sea from the provinces (especially from ) and its distribution to the people. By the Code De Naviculariis, the mariners appointed to carry grain from could be executed if they did not keep the proper course; and if they did not sail in the proper season, the master of the vessel would be banished.
RB77262. , 323bD, 118, 492, 782, 469, 3195 var. (no drapery), VF, , green , areas of corrosion, encrustations, 24.470 g, maximum 34.0 mm, 180o, Rome mint, 108 - 110 A.D.; NERVAE TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P P, laureate right, drapery on left shoulder; , standing left, grain in right, in left hand, filled with stalks of grain at feet on left, ship's stern decorated with garland right, flanking across ; $280.00 (€246.40)
, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D., Amphipolis,
Amphipolis was home to an imperial cult, worshiping the living emperor, and to a cult dedicated to . The depicts as a military and probably copies an imperial statue. The may depict a local statue of .GB90406. Bronze AE 20, 978 (same dies), 7179 (R7), 79, 37, 6068, -, -, , -, gF, centered, some , 5.099 g, maximum 20.4 mm, 180o, Amphipolis mint, 25 Jan 98 - 8/9 Aug 117 A.D.; TPAIANOC, emperor on horseback galloping right, brandishing spear to strike a prostrate foe below; AMΦIΠOΛEITWN, standing left, on , long torch before her in right hand, small branch in left hand downward at side, grounded behind; ; $200.00 (€176.00)
They look similar, but there is a significant physical difference between angels and . Angels are all male. ( ) is female.SL73455. Silver , 60, 242, 121, 3147, NGC Ch XF, strike 5/5, surface 3/5, deposits (2410838-004), 3.31 g, maximum 16.9 mm, 225o, Rome mint, 101 - 102 A.D.; TRAIAN AVG , laureate right, slight drapery on left shoulder; P·M·TR·P·COS·IIII·P·P, walking left, wreath in extended right hand, frond in left; $200.00 (€176.00)
, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D., ,
was the northern Nabataean capital, until annexed the kingdom. It was then capital of Provincia , where the Third was garrisoned. The emperor Philip was born in and designated it a .RS77327. Silver , 15; 1155; 184 ( ); p. 54, 62 var.( , no drapery); -, VF, on a cutting off parts of legends, , light marks, slight , 3.300 g, maximum 18.2 mm, (Bosra, ) mint, 112 A.D.; AYTOKP KAIC NEP TPAIAN CEB ΓEPM ∆AK, laureate right, slight drapery on left shoulder; ∆HMAPX EΞ Iς YΠAT ς (regnal year 16, COS 6), standing facing, left, branch in right, bundle of cinnamon sticks in left, camel left in background on left; $200.00 (€176.00)
, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D., Amphipolis,
Amphipolis was home to an imperial cult, worshiping the living emperor, and to a cult dedicated to . The depicts as a military and probably copies an imperial statue. The may depict a local statue of .GB90707. Bronze AE 20, 978 (same dies), 7179 (R7), 79, 37, 6068, -, -, , -, F, 6.620 g, maximum 20.2 mm, 180o, Amphipolis mint, 25 Jan 98 - 8/9 Aug 117 A.D.; TPAIANOC, emperor on horseback galloping right, brandishing spear to strike a prostrate foe below; AMΦIΠOΛEITWN, standing left, on , long torch before her in right hand, small branch in left hand downward at side, grounded behind; ; $195.00 (€171.60)
Lot of 5 Quadrantes and/or Semisses with Wolf Reverses
LT77401. Bronze Lot, Lot of 5 Quadrantes and/or Semisses, nice F+, Rome mint, 25 Jan 98 - 8/9 Aug 117 A.D.; laureate right; she-wolf left (one specimen she-wolf right); the actual coins in the photographs; $195.00 (€171.60)
Divus , Commemorative Issued by , 250 - 251 A.D.
RIC notes that the commencement of the divi series of may be attributed with certainty by their to and issue may have continued into the reign of .RS72388. Silver , 85b (R), 666, 9740, -, F, , 4.575 g, maximum 22.6 mm, 45o, Mediolanum ( , Italy) mint, 250 - 251 A.D.; TRAIANO, right, slight drapery on left shoulder; , standing half right, wings open, turned back left; ; $170.00 (€149.60)
in traditional Latin usage expressed a complex, highly valued Roman virtue; a man or woman with respected his or her responsibilities to the gods, family, other people and entities (such as the state), and understood his or her place in society with respect to others.
RS77017. Silver , 348b, 403, 135, 468, 199, 104 (C), 161, -, VF, nice portrait, , die wear, light marks and scratches, 2.950 g, maximum 18.5 mm, 180o, Rome mint, 111 A.D.; IMP TRAIANO AVG GER DAC , laureate right, drapery on far shoulder; P P , standing half left, right hand dropping incense over lit at feet on left, long in left hand, PIET in ; ; $150.00 (€132.00)
Pax, regarded by the ancients as a goddess, was worshipped not only at Rome but also at Athens. Her could not be stained with blood. began the construction of a magnificent temple to her , which finished, in the Via Sacra. The attributes of Peace are the , the olive branch, the , and often the . Sometimes she is represented setting fire to a pile of arms.
RS77336. Silver , 56, 238, 100, 43, -, VF, nice portrait, excellent centering, nice , scratch on neck, 3.329 g, maximum 18.6 mm, 180o, Rome mint, 100 A.D.; TRAIAN AVG , laureate right; P P, Pax standing left, olive branch in right hand, in left; $150.00 (€132.00)
In 110 A.D., the of was constructed in Rome by the Syrian architect of .RB73736. , 338a, 519, 459, 403, 543 var. (slight drapery), 810 var. (same), 3200 var. (same), F, nice portrait, green , corrosion, encrustation, 27.445 g, maximum 33.5 mm, 180o, Rome mint, c. 109 - 110 A.D.; NERVAE TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P P, laureate right; , advancing left, raising flower in right hand, raising drapery with left hand, flanking across ; $145.00 (€127.60)
In 107 A.D., received an ambassador from India.
RS77076. Silver , 270b, 128, 74, 328, 128, 277, 3129, VF, slightly off center, small edge cracks, 3.010 g, maximum 19.7 mm, 180o, Rome mint, 107 - 108 A.D.; IMP TRAIANO AVG GER DAC , laureate right, slight drapery on far shoulder; P P , standing slightly left, naked to hips, raising wreath in right, frond in left; $145.00 (€127.60)
, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D., Perinthus,
Perinthos, later called and Marmara Eregli today, is 90 km of Istanbul near a small pointed headland on the of the Marmara Sea. It is said to have been a Samian colony, founded about 599 B.C. It is famous chiefly for its stubborn and successful resistance to of Macedon in 340 B.C.; at that time it seems to have been more important than itself. In 46 A.D., after the death of the Thracian Rhoemetalces III and after an unsuccessful anti-Roman revolt, the Thracian Kingdom was annexed by as the Roman province of . Perinthus was made the capital of Roman .RB90419. Bronze AE 23, Perinthos 340; RPC III 694 (2 spec.); 68 (R3) var. ( ); 960 var. (same); p. 149, 19 var. (same), F, rough green , double struck, light corrosion, cleaning marks, 7.809 g, maximum 23.0 mm, 225o, Perinthus mint, 98 - 102 A.D.; AV K NE TPAIANOIΣ ΣEBA Γ, right; ΠEPIN−ΘIΩN, Tyche-Fortuna standing left, on , holding rudder by tiller in right hand, in left; $140.00 (€123.20)
to the ancient Romans included valor, manliness, excellence, courage, character, and worth, perceived as masculine strengths (from Latin vir, "man"). Curiously, despite the masculine characteristics of , the personification or deity was usually depicted as a female warrior, in armor holding a spear, , or a . and can usually be distinguished since is usually shown nude and is always shown clothed.
RS76085. Silver , 334, 193, 631, 204, 256, -, gVF, nice portrait, , 3.375 g, maximum 18.9 mm, 225o, Rome mint, 114 - 117 A.D.; NER TRAIAN OPTIM AVG DAC, laureate and draped right, right shoulder forward; P P , standing right, inverted spear in right hand, in left, left foot on helmet; $140.00 (€123.20)
, the god of war, was, according to the common belief of the ancients, the son of Jupiter and of ; or as some of the later poets have pretended, the son of , by whom solely he was generated, as the goddess was brought forth from Jupiter alone. was regarded as a great leader in battle; as presiding over discord and contest, everywhere exciting slaughter and war. Although this divinity had numerous adorers in and in many other countries, there was no place where his worship became more popular than in Rome.
RS76150. Silver , 104c, 30, 336, 52 var. (drapery vs. ), 228a (same), 94 var. (same), 137 var. (same), VF, excellent portrait, , light marks and scratches, 2.929 g, maximum 18.1 mm, 180o, Rome mint, 101 - 102 A.D.; TRAIAN AVG , laureate right, on left shoulder; P P, advancing right, helmeted, nude but for cloak around waist, transverse spear in right hand, of arms over left shoulder in left hand; $135.00 (€118.80)
RS76174. Silver , 520e, 270a, 339, 230, 819 var. (draped), 178 var. (draped), 537 var. (draped), VF, , light marks, 2.891 g, maximum 19.0 mm, 180o, Rome mint, 114 - 117 A.D.; NER TRAIANO AVG GER DAC, laureate right, on front and back of left shoulder, bare chest showing; P P , walking right, helmeted, nude but for cloak billowing behind and sword on belt around waist, transverse spear in right hand, over shoulder in left; $135.00 (€118.80)
In Roman mythology, was the minor goddess of trade and honest merchants. was also the personification of the virtues equity and fairness of the emperor ( ). The , a natural emblem of equity, express righteousness. The signifies the prosperity which results from and .RS77080. Silver , 278b, 118, 85, 281, 257, 144, aVF, centered on a , die wear, 3.199 g, maximum 17.3 mm, 180o, Rome mint, c. 108 - 109 A.D.; IMP TRAIANO AVG GER DAC , laureate right, slight drapery on far shoulder; P P , standing left, in right hand, in left hand; $125.00 (€110.00)
, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D., Ascalon, Philistia
Askalon lies on the of the Mediterranean, ten miles of Gaza and about 40 miles south of Joppa. Herod the Great ruled all of , except Askalon, which remained a free city. Today, a national park at Ashqelon, Israel includes ruins of Canaanite, Greek, Roman, and Crusader walls and buildings. Ascalon's era of autonomy, used to date this coin, began in 104 B.C.BB75616. Bronze AE 22, 105; 138; 151, p. 124, 145; -; -, F, porous, 9.954 g, maximum 22.1 mm, 0o, Askalon (Ashqelon, Israel) mint, 111 - 112 A.D.; CEBACTOS (or similar), laureate right; ACKAΛO, Tyche-Astarte standing left on galley, vertical before in right hand, cradled in left arm, in left , dove over EIC (year 215) lower right; ; $120.00 (€105.60)
Roman Empire, Anonymous, to , c. 81 - 161 A.D.
RIC identifies this as common but it appears to be with the dove facing left.
Quadrantes, like quinarii, were issued only occasionally, perhaps exclusively for imperial distributions. Suetonius reported that, from the roof of the "Caligula threw coins among the people." Perhaps this small coin was thrown to the crowd by the emperor himself at a similar event.RB63623. Bronze , p. 218, 25, VF, 1.847 g, maximum 14.4 mm, 180o, Rome mint, c. 81 - 161 A.D.; diademed and draped of right; dove standing left, S C in ; ; $115.00 (€101.20)
kneeling before Rome! After his defeat in 101 A.D., complied with Rome for a time, but then incited the tribes to pillage Roman colonies across the Danube. marched into in 105 A.D. After defeating the surrounding mountain fortresses, in 106 A.D. besieged Sarmizegetusa, the Dacian capital. With the aid of a Dacian traitor, the Romans found and destroyed water pipes supplying the city. Running out of water and food the city fell and was burned to the ground. fled but, followed by the Roman cavalry, committed suicide rather than capture. The Romans found Decebalus' treasure, estimated at 165,500 kg of gold and 331,000 kg of silver, in the river of Sargesia.RB73669. Copper as, 252b, 486, 925, 371, 387 var. ( ), 605 var. ( ), 273 var. (same), -, F, perfect centering, glossy dark green , corrosion, some pitting, 10.799 g, maximum 28.3 mm, 180o, Rome mint, 106 - 107 A.D.; NERVAE TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P P, laureate right, slight drapery on far shoulder; , standing left, wearing crested helmet and military dress, in right, spear vertical behind in left; small Dacian at her feet on left, kneeling right and raising hand in supplication; flanking across ; ex Richard L. Horst; ; $100.00 (€88.00)
, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D., Gabala, Seleucis & Pieria,
This year is unpublished for the types in references held by , but several examples have been sold at auction and are on Coin Archives. The most recent is the references CNG auction in 2011.
The local civic era began in 47 B.C. The Actian Era began in autumn 31 B.C. The dual dates on this coin only overlap for some months in autumn - winter 112 A.D.RP69627. Bronze AE 23, CNG e-auction 261, lot 220; cf. p. 244, 4 - 5 ( , dated BNP, etc.); -, aF, 6.241 g, maximum 22.7 mm, 0o, Gabala (Jableh, ) mint, c. autumn - winter 112 A.D.; AYT NEP KAI TPAIA CEB ΓEPM, laureate right, wearing ; ΓABAΛEΩN, seated left, on , stalks of grain and poppy in right hand, vertical behind in left, seated left on far side of chair, HNP (year 158 of the civic era) left, ΓMP (year 143 of Actian Era) inner right; from the Butte College Foundation, ex ; very date; $75.00 (€66.00)
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