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The object on the reverse was long considered somewhat mysterious. Roger identified it as a lyre. Robinson suggested a diadem or more probably a sling. Warren argued it is a stylized depiction of a dart sling, or Kestrosphendone, a weapon first introduced during the Third Macedonian War between Rome and Perseus of Macedon. Warren suggests this type was struck at Demetrias in Magnesia, under orders from Perseus, to commemorate the success of the weapon.GB96459. Bronze chalkous, Warren, "Two Notes," NC 1961, pl. I, 11; BCD Thessaly II 24.2; HGC 4 236; Rogers 4 var., gVF, well centered, nice green patina, light earthen deposits, marks, weight 3.065 g, maximum diameter 14.8 mm, Magnesia, Demetrias (near Volos, Greece) mint, c. 170 B.C.; obverse Macedonian round shield, pellets and five double arcs/crescents around star in central boss; reverse kestrosphendone (dart sling) with dart inside, ΘEΣΣA/ΛΩN divided in two lines, the first above, ending below; ex David Wray Collection, ex John Jencek; very rare; $225.00 (€207.00)
Termessos Major, Pisidia, 3rd Century A.D.
Alexander the Great likened Termessos, high in the Taurus Mountains, to an eagle's nest after he surrounded it but failed to conquer it in 333 B.C. An ally of Rome, Termessos was granted independent status by the Roman Senate in 71 B.C. Independence was maintained continuously for a long time, the only exception being an alliance with Amyntas king of Galatia (reigned 36 - 25 B.C.). This independence is documented also by the coins of Termessos, which bear the title "Autonomous." Termessos was abandoned after its aqueduct was destroyed by an earthquake (date unknown).GB83542. Bronze AE 38, SNGvA 5364; BMC Lycia p. 273, 41; SNG BnF -; SNG Cop -; SNG PfPs -; SNG Righetti -; SNG Tüb -, aVF, green patina, rough, pitting, corrosion, smoothing, edge chip, central cavities, weight 28.152 g, maximum diameter 37.8 mm, die axis 0o, Termessos Major mint, pseudo-autonomous, c. 238 - 268 A.D.; obverse TEPMHCCEΩN AVTONOMΩN, laureate and bearded head of Zeus right; reverse TΩN MEIZONΩN, Athena standing slightly left, head left, wearing helmet, long chiton, and peplos, holding Nike offering wreath in right hand, spear in left hand, shield at feet on far side of right leg, trophy of captured arms behind, Θ left; about twice the weight of the similar smaller and less rare coin with the same types (SNG BnF 2189, AE33, 14.06g); very rare; $120.00 (€110.40)
Neandria(?), Troas, c. 480 - 400 B.C.
Both SNG Arikantürk and SNG Kayhan note the attribution to Neandria is uncertain.GS96092. Silver hemiobol, SNG Arikantürk I 672 ff., SNG Kayhan 1137, SNG Cop -, SNGvA -, SNG Mun -, SNG Tub -, BMC Troas -, VF, toned, tight flan, light marks, slight porosity, tiny edge crack, weight 0.235 g, maximum diameter 6.2 mm, Neandria (Çigri Dag, Turkey) mint, c. 480 - 400 B.C.; obverse crested Corinthian helmet right; reverse Amphora within a square border of dots, within an incuse square; rare; $110.00 SALE |PRICE| $99.00 ON RESERVE
Thyatira, Lydia, 2nd Century B.C.
We were unable to identify another specimen with the monogram right. It may be present on some published or online specimens that are just too worn or off center. This same monogram is found on other types from Thyatira.GB91506. Bronze AE 16, SNG Cop 571 var.; SNGvA 3199 var.; SNG Munchen 574 var.; SNG Tübingen 3836 var.; BMC Lydia p. 292, 4 var.; et al. - (none with monogram), gF, beautiful jade-like patina, earthen deposits, small edge chips, weight 3.125 g, maximum diameter 15.5 mm, die axis 0o, Thyatira (Akhisar, Turkey) mint, 2nd Century B.C.; obverse head of Apollo right; reverse double-axe (labrys), ΘYATEI/PH-NΩN in two lines staring above, below divided by shaft, monogram to right of axe blade; from the Maxwell Hunt Collection; rare variety; $90.00 (€82.80)
Severus Alexander, 13 March 222 - March 235 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt
NEW In 230, King Ardashir I, ruler of the Persia, invaded the Roman province of Mesopotamia and unsuccessfully besieged the fortress town of Nisibis. His army threatened the border outposts of Syria and Cappadocia. Severus Alexander marched the Roman army and established his headquarters at Antioch. He made an attempt for diplomatic solutions, but the Sassanid Persians declined and chose war. Alexander increased taxes in order to maintain the war and strengthen the defenses of the Empire.RX92522. Billon tetradrachm, Geissen 2491; Milne 3166; Dattari 4404; BMC Alexandria p. 217, 1701; RPC Online VI T10618; Kampmann 62.205; Emmett 3138/13 (R1), VF, centered on a tight flan, rough areas, spot of corrosion on obverse at 2:30, tiny edge cracks, weight 11.157 g, maximum diameter 22.9 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 29 Aug 229 - 28 Aug 230 A.D.; obverse A KAI MAP AVP CEV AΛEΞAN∆POC, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind; reverse trophy of helmet with cheek pieces, cuirass, four shields, and four javelins, two captives seated back to back at base, their hands bound behind their backs, palm frond left, L IΓ (year 13) right; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $90.00 (€82.80)
Herod Archelaus, Ethnarch of Samaria, Judea, and Idumea, 4 B.C. - 6 A.D.
Grapes, the vine and wine were an important part of the ancient economy and ritual. Grapes were brought to the Temple as offerings of the first-fruits and wine was offered upon the altar. The vine and grapes decorated the sacred vessels in the sanctuary and a golden vine with clusters of grapes stood at its entrance.JD97061. Bronze prutah, Hendin 1196, Meshorer TJC 73, SGICV 5539, RPC I 4917, VF, dark green patina with highlighting red earthen fill, tight flan, obverse a little of center, reverse edge beveled, weight 2.406 g, maximum diameter 16.7 mm, die axis 90o, Jerusalem mint, 4 B.C. - 6 A.D.; obverse HPω∆OY (of Herod), bunch of grapes, with leaf on left; reverse EΘNOPXOY (Ethnarch), tall helmet with crest and neck straps viewed from the front, small caduceus in lower left field; $100.00 SALE |PRICE| $90.00 ON RESERVE
Tisna, Aeolis, c. 350 - 300 B.C.
GB68074. Bronze AE 10, Traité II 2074, pl. CLVII, 22; Klein 345 var. (head right); SNG Cop -; SNGvA -, SNG Munchen -, BMC Troas -, Lindgren -, VF, weight 1.214 g, maximum diameter 10.3 mm, die axis 225o, Tisna mint, c. 350 - 300 B.C.; obverse youthful head of river-god Tisnaios left; reverse sword in scabbard with strap, TIΣNA/ON (in two lines, one above, one below); very rare; $80.00 (€73.60)
Thyatira, Lydia, 2nd Century B.C.
Thyateira (also Thyatira) is the ancient name of the modern Turkish city of Akhisar ("white castle"). In Revelation, Thyatira is the church that had a false prophetess (Revelation 2:20).GB89864. Bronze AE 16, SNG Cop 571; SNGvA 3199; BMC Lydia p. 292, 4; Klein 578, gF, well centered, blue-green and brown patina, light marks, weight 3.300 g, maximum diameter 15.6 mm, die axis 0o, Thyatira (Akhisar, Turkey) mint, 2nd century B.C.; obverse head of Apollo right; reverse ΘYATEI/PH−NΩN, double-axe (labrys); $70.00 (€64.40)
Kingdom of Thrace, Lysimachos, 305 - 281 B.C.
Athena is the Greek goddess of wisdom, courage, inspiration, civilization, law and justice, strategic warfare, mathematics, strength, strategy, the arts, crafts, and skill. She was believed to lead soldiers into battle as the war goddess Athena Promachos. The Parthenon on the Athenian Acropolis was dedicated to her, along with numerous other temples and monuments across Europe, West Asia, and North Africa. Her usual attribute is the owl and Nike is her frequent companion.GB87740. Bronze AE 20, SNG Cop 1164, Lindgren I 908, Müller 13, HGC 3.2 1755 (S), VF, nice glossy green patina, bumps and scratches, small edge split, weight 4.968 g, maximum diameter 20.1 mm, die axis 0o, uncertain W. Anatolian mint, 301 - 281 B.C.; obverse male head right, wearing Phrygian helmet; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΛYΣIMAXOY, trophy of captured arms, arranged to resemble Athena Parthenos standing left, with helmet, shield, and spear; scarce; $65.00 (€59.80)
Seleukid Kingdom, Demetrius I Soter, 162 - 150 B.C.
As required by the Treaty of Apamea, Demetrius, the son of Seleucus IV, was held in Rome as a hostage. After Antiochus IV (his uncle) died, he claimed the right to rule but Rome preferred Antiochus V, a weak child. Demetrius escaped, was welcomed in Syria and took his throne. Antiochus V and his regent were executed. Demetrius defeated Judas Maccabaeus and restored Seleukid control over Judaea.GB95287. Bronze serrated AE 20, Houghton-Lorber II 1645; Houghton CSE 170; SNG Spaer 1295 ff.; BMC Seleucid p. 80, 3 - 4; Babelon 727 ff.; HGC 9 826 (S), F, well centered, porous, small central cavities, weight 7.680 g, maximum diameter 20.4 mm, die axis 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 162 - 150 B.C.; obverse bust of Artemis right wearing stephane, bow and quiver at shoulder; reverse bow and quiver with strap, BAΣIΛEΩΣ (king) downward on right, ∆HMHTPIOY downward on left, no control symbols; $65.00 (€59.80)