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Macedonian Kingdom, Philip III Arrhidaeus and Alexander IV, 323 - 317 B.C.
Struck shortly after Alexander's death during the joint reign of Alexander's mentally disabled half-brother, Philip III, and Alexander's infant son with Roxana, Alexander IV. Kolophon also struck coins during this period in the name of Philip. Traditionally coins naming Alexander have been attributed to Alexander III the Great, but undoubtedly the Alexander named on this coin was the infant son of Roxana, Alexander IV. The two were made joint kings by Alexander's generals who only intended to use them as pawns. Philip III was imprisoned upon his return to Macedonia, and in 317 B.C. he was executed under orders from Olympias. Olympias was Alexander the Great's mother and Alexander IV's grandmother, but not Philip III's mother. Alexander IV and his mother Roxana were executed by the boy's regent, Kassander, in 311 B.C. The ruins of Kolophon are south of the town Degirmendere Fev in the Menderes district of Izmir Province, Turkey.
GS76145. Silver drachm
1759, Müller Alexander
317, SNG Cop
950, SNG Alpha Bank
606, SNG Saroglos
731, SNG Munchen
Colophon 6, VF, toned
, tight flan
, porous, scrape on reverse
, Kolophon (near Degirmendere Fev, Turkey) mint, weight
3.936g, maximum diameter
17.8mm, die axis
, Menander or Kleitos
, c. 323 - 319 B.C.; obverse head
of Herakles right, clad in Nemean Lion
scalp headdress tied at neck; reverse
Zeus Aëtophoros seated left on throne without back, nude to waist, himation
around hips and legs, feet on footstool, right leg drawn back, eagle
in extended right hand, long scepter
vertical behind in left hand, AΛEΞAN∆POY downward on right, star
with eight rays left, spearhead upward outer right; SOLD
Catalog current as of Thursday, August 16, 2018.
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