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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Themes & Provenance ▸ Animals ▸ PigView Options:  |  |  | 

Boars, Sows and Piglets on Ancient Coins

Pontus (Amisos?), Roman Quaestor (Lucius Lucullus?), 100 - 50 B.C.

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The Q identifies the bare male head as a Roman Quaestor. This letter is not noted in RPC but is visible here and clear on other examples known to Forum. Perhaps the image is of Lucius Lucullus, an important Quaestor of Sulla, about whom Plutarch wrote. The reverse legend, the Latin FETIA, refers to the fetial ceremony, part of the treaty making process, during which a pig was sacrificed to sanctify the oaths. The mint location is unknown but Imhoof-Blumer placed it at Amisus, where Leypold acquired his specimen.
SH66800. Brass AE 20, RPC I 2156, SNG Leypold I p. 24, 69, F, cleaning scratches, weight 7.222 g, maximum diameter 19.8 mm, die axis 0o, uncertain Pontus(?) mint, c. 80 B.C.(?); obverse bare male head right, Q below; reverse two standing figures holding a pig between them, each with a hand raised, taking an oath of fealty, FETA IA in exergue; rare; $300.00 SALE PRICE $270.00

Athens, Attica, Greece, c. 340 - 335 B.C., Eleusinian Festival Coinage

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Triptolemus was a demigod of the Eleusinian mysteries who presided over the sowing of grain-seed and the milling of wheat. His name means He who Pounds the Husks. In myth, Triptolemos was one of the Eleusinian princes who kindly received Demeter when she came mourning the loss of her daughter Persephone. The young goddess was eventually returned to her from the Underworld, and Demeter in her munificence, instructed Triptolemos in the art of agriculture, and gave him a winged chariot drawn by serpents so that he might travel the world spreading her gift.
GB77129. Bronze dichalkon, Kroll 38h-k; BMC Attica p. 113, 14; SNG Cop 416; Svoronos Athens pl. 103, 5, F/aVF, pitting, light scratches, weight 2.993 g, maximum diameter 16.0 mm, die axis 45o, Athens mint, c. 340 - 335 B.C.; obverse Triptolemos seated left in winged chariot drawn by two serpents, stalk of grain in his right hand; reverse Piglet standing right on mystic staff, EΛEYΣI above, bucranium (control symbol) in exergue; rare; $200.00 SALE PRICE $180.00

Macedonian Kingdom, Amyntas III, 393 - 370 or 369 B.C.

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Amyntas III, son of Arrhidaeus and father of Philip II, was king of Macedon in 393 BC, and again from 392 to 370 BC. In 393, he was driven out by the Illyrians, but in the following year, with the aid of the Thessalians, he recovered his kingdom. He is historically considered the founder of the unified Macedonian state. He was also a paternal grandfather of Alexander the Great.
GB83702. Bronze dichalkon, SNG ANS 97; SNG Alpha Bank 231; BMC Macedonia p. 172, 9; Westermark Macedonian 2; Weber 2034; SNG Cop -; Lindgren -, F, green patina, small edge split, weight 2.288 g, maximum diameter 12.7 mm, die axis 270o, Aigai or Pella mint, 393 - 370/369 B.C.; obverse head of Herakles right clad in lion skin headdress; reverse AMY-NT-A, boar forepart right, club above; ex Sayles & Lavender; rare; $145.00 SALE PRICE $131.00

Arpi, Apulia, Italy, c. 325 - 275 B.C.

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Arpi was located 20 miles inland, 5 miles north of modern Foggia. Its territory extended to the sea, and Strabo says that from the extent of the city walls one could gather that it had once been one of the greatest cities of Italy. Legend attributed its foundation to Diomedes. The figure of a horse, which appears on its coins, shows the importance of horse-breeding in the district. As a protection against the Samnites, Arpi became an ally of Rome. In the war with Pyrrhus, the Arpi aided Rome with a contingent of 4000 infantrymen and 400 cavalrymen. Arpi remained faithful to Rome until Rome's defeat at the battle of Cannae. The consul Quintus Fabius Maximus captured it in 213 B.C. and it never recovered its former importance. No Roman inscriptions have been found there, and remains of antiquity are scanty.
GI76339. Bronze AE 21, HN Italy 642, SNG ANS 635, SNG Cop 603, SNG MŁnchen 438, SNG BnF 1228; BMC Italy p. 130, 4; SGCV I 569, gF, green patina, irregular flan with sprues, a little rough, scratches, weight 5.940 g, maximum diameter 20.7 mm, die axis 270o, Arpi (near Foggia, Italy) mint, c. 325 - 275 B.C.; obverse laureate and bearded head of Zeus left, thunderbolt behind; reverse Kalydonian boar right, spear head right above, APΠANΩN in exergue; $120.00 (Ä106.80)

Kyzikos, Mysia, 480 - 450 B.C.

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Cyzicus was one of the great cities of the ancient world. During the Peloponnesian War (431-404 B.C.) Cyzicus was subject to the Athenians and Lacedaemonians alternately. In the naval Battle of Cyzicus in 410, an Athenian fleet completely destroyed a Spartan fleet. At the peace of Antalcidas in 387, like the other Greek cities in Asia, it was made over to Persia. Alexander the Great captured it from the Persians in 334 B.C.
GA84061. Silver trihemiobol, SNG BnF 361; SNG Cop 45; BMC Mysia, p. 34, 108; SGCV II 3846, F, dark toning, tight flan, edge split, weight 1.210 g, maximum diameter 10.3 mm, die axis 180o, Kyzikos (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 480 - 450 B.C.; obverse forepart of boar running left, tunny fish upwards behind; reverse roaring lion head left, within incuse square; ex-Tom Cederlind; $100.00 SALE PRICE $90.00

Paestum, Lucania, Italy, c. 264-241 B.C. B.C.

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Paestum (originally Poseidonia) was founded near the end of the 7th century B.C. by Greek colonists from Sybaris. From the archaeological evidence it appears that Greeks and Oscans thrived alongside one another. Poseidonia became the Roman city of Paestum in 273 B.C. after the residents sided with Pyrrhus, the loser in a war against Rome. Paestum remained faithful to Rome against Hannibal and afterward was granted special favors, including minting coins. The city declined after the 4th century and was abandoned during the Middle Ages. Its ruins only came to notice again in the 18th century, after the rediscovery Pompeii and Herculaneum.

On 9 September 1943, the U.S. 36th Infantry Division landed at Paestum. Heavy fighting persisted within and around the town for nine days before the Germans withdrew.
RR75812. Bronze sextans, Crawford Paestum 12/1; SNG ANS 757; HN Italy 1218; BMC Italy p. 276, 21; SGCV I 633, VF, attractive style and dark green patina, edge splits, weight 3.948 g, maximum diameter 16.5 mm, die axis 180o, Paestum mint, c. 218 - 201 B.C.; obverse head of Ceres right, wreathed with grain, two pellets left; reverse ΠAIS, forepart of wild boar running right, two pellets below; from the Andrew McCabe Collection, private purchase from Ancient Imports (2006); scarce; $90.00 SALE PRICE $81.00

Lesbos, c. 500 - 450 B.C.

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A most unusual use of illusion on a coin. The two confronting boars' heads can also be viewed as the facing head of a panther.
GA70935. Billon 1/10th stater, BMC Troas p. 151, 14; SNG Cop 287; Traitť I, p. 350, 564; SNGvA 7712 var. (no ethnic); SNG MŁnchen 645 ff. var. (same); Rosen 542 var. (same), VF, dark toning, tight flan, weight 1.264 g, maximum diameter 9.6 mm, die axis 0o, uncertain Koinon of Lesbos mint, c. 500 - 450 B.C.; obverse ΛEΣ (above), confronting boar heads, creating the illusion of a facing head of a panther; reverse incuse square punch; from Matt Kreuzer, ex Mediterranean Coins; $70.00 SALE PRICE $63.00

Lesbos, c. 500 - 450 B.C.

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A most unusual use of illusion on a coin. The two confronting boars' heads can also be viewed as the facing head of a panther.
GA59008. Billon 1/10th stater, SNGvA 7712, SNG MŁnchen 645, Rosen 542, Traitť 566, SGCV II 3488, SNG Cop -, aVF, weight 1.046 g, maximum diameter 9.2 mm, uncertain Koinon of Lesbos mint, c. 500 - 450 B.C.; obverse confronting boar heads, creating the illusion of a facing head of a panther; reverse tripartite incuse square punch; $45.00 SALE PRICE $40.50


Catalog current as of Friday, October 28, 2016.
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