(Amisos?), Roman ( Lucullus?), 100 - 50 B.C.
The Q identifies the bare male as a Roman . This letter is not noted in RPC but is visible here and clear on other examples known to . Perhaps the image is of Lucullus, an important of , about whom Plutarch wrote. The , the Latin FETIA, refers to the fetial ceremony, of the treaty making process, during which a pig was sacrificed to sanctify the oaths. The mint location is unknown but Imhoof-Blumer placed it at Amisus, where Leypold acquired his specimen.SH66800. Brass AE 20, 2156, I p. 24, 69, F, cleaning scratches, 7.222 g, maximum 19.8 mm, 0o, uncertain (?) mint, c. 80 B.C.(?); bare male right, Q below; two standing figures holding a pig between them, each with a hand raised, taking an oath of fealty, FETA IA in ; ; $340.00 (€302.60)
Athens, , , c. 340 - 335 B.C., Eleusinian Festival Coinage
was a demigod of the Eleusinian mysteries who presided over the sowing of grain-seed and the milling of wheat. His name means He who Pounds the Husks. In myth, Triptolemos was one of the Eleusinian princes who kindly received Demeter when she came mourning the loss of her daughter . The young goddess was eventually returned to her from the Underworld, and Demeter in her munificence, instructed Triptolemos in the art of agriculture, and gave him a winged chariot drawn by serpents so that he might travel the world spreading her gift.GB77129. Bronze , 38h-k; p. 113, 14; 416; pl. 103, 5, F/aVF, pitting, light scratches, 2.993 g, maximum 16.0 mm, 45o, Athens mint, c. 340 - 335 B.C.; Triptolemos seated left in winged chariot drawn by two serpents, stalk of grain in his right hand; Piglet standing right on mystic staff, EΛEYΣI above, (control symbol) in ; ; $200.00 (€178.00)
, , Federal Coinage, c. 449 - 447 B.C.
was mainly pastoral. The twenty-two confederate Phocian towns held their periodic synedrion (assembly) in a building called Phokikon, near Daulis, and here, perhaps, rather than at any one of the Phocian towns, the federal mint may have been established. Money would be issued at this mint only on the occasions of the meetings of the synedrion, when it may be supposed that a concourse of people from all parts of the Phocian territory was gathered together, and that a or market was held for the exchange and purchase of commodities, as at during the Pythian festivals. The bull's is perhaps symbolic of a special sacrifice held on behalf of the whole people, when a prize bull may have been the victim.GA68398. Silver ON RESERVE
, cf. 246, 227, 104 ff., 1713, VF, nice , high relief bull , 0.839 g, maximum 9.4 mm, 315mo, Phokikon mint, c. 449 - 447 B.C.; Φ−O, facing bull , parallel lines for hair; forepart of right, stippled hide, both legs showing, right foreleg bent; $140.00 (€124.60)
Kyzikos, , c. 480 - 400 B.C.
Cyzicus was one of the great cities of the ancient world. During the Peloponnesian War (431-404 B.C.) Cyzicus was subject to the Athenians and Lacedaemonians alternately. In the naval Battle of Cyzicus in 410, an Athenian fleet completely destroyed a Spartan fleet. At the peace of Antalcidas in 387, like the other Greek cities in , it was made over to . Alexander the Great captured it from the Persians in 334 B.C.GA71821. Silver , 386; 1215, 540, 13, -, aEF, porous, 0.399 g, maximum 9.9 mm, 0o, Kyzikos (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, c. 480 - 400 B.C.; forepart of running left, retrograde K on shoulder, tunny fish upwards behind; of roaring left, small facing above left, all within a shallow square; $110.00 (€97.90)
, , Italy, c. 264-241 B.C. B.C.
(originally Poseidonia) was founded near the end of the 7th century B.C. by Greek from Sybaris. From the archaeological evidence it appears that Greeks and Oscans thrived alongside one another. Poseidonia became the Roman city of in 273 B.C. after the residents sided with Pyrrhus, the loser in a war against Rome. remained faithful to Rome against Hannibal and afterward was granted special favors, including minting coins. The city declined after the 4th century and was abandoned during the Middle Ages. Its ruins only came to notice again in the 18th century, after the rediscovery Pompeii and Herculaneum.
On 9 September 1943, the U.S. 36th Infantry Division landed at . Heavy fighting persisted within and around the town for nine days before the Germans withdrew.RR75812. Bronze , 12/1; 757; 1218; p. 276, 21; 633, VF, attractive and dark green , edge splits, 3.948 g, maximum 16.5 mm, 180o, mint, c. 218 - 201 B.C.; of right, wreathed with grain, two pellets left; ΠAIS, forepart of wild running right, two pellets below; from the Andrew McCabe Collection, private purchase from Ancient Imports (2006); ; $105.00 (€93.45)
, Gaul, 120 - 60 B.C.
The surrendered of their own accord to the Roman Republic in 121 B.C., after which they occupied the Roman province of (the around modern day Narbonne), the southern of Transalpina. They held their assemblies in the sacred wood of , the site of modern Nîmes.GB67906. Bronze AE 15, III 204 - 212; 2698; 119; 436, fig. 476; -; -, VF, green , , 1.827 g, maximum 14.5 mm, 180o, (Nimes) mint, 120 - 60 B.C.; of left; left, NAMA/SAT starting above, the second line in ; $75.00 (€66.75)
, c. 500 - 450 B.C.
A most unusual use of illusion on a coin. The two boars' heads can also be viewed as the facing of a .GA70935. 1/10th , p. 151, 14; 287; I, p. 350, 564; 7712 var.(no ); 645 ff. var. (same); 542 var. (same), VF, dark , , 1.264 g, maximum 9.6 mm, 0o, uncertain of mint, c. 500 - 450 B.C.; ΛEΣ (above), heads, creating the illusion of a facing of a ; square punch; from Matt , ex Mediterranean Coins; $70.00 (€62.30)
, c. 500 - 450 B.C.
A most unusual use of illusion on a coin. The two boars' heads can also be viewed as the facing of a .GA59008. 1/10th , 7712, 645, 542, 566, 3488, -, aVF, 1.046 g, maximum 9.2 mm, uncertain of mint, c. 500 - 450 B.C.; heads, creating the illusion of a facing of a ; tripartite square punch; $45.00 (€40.05)
Arpi, , Italy, c. 325 - 275 B.C.
Arpi was located 20 miles inland, 5 miles of modern Foggia. Its territory extended to the sea, and Strabo says that from the extent of the city walls one could gather that it had once been one of the greatest cities of Italy. attributed its foundation to Diomedes. The figure of a horse, which appears on its coins, shows the importance of horse-breeding in the district. As a protection against the Samnites, Arpi became an ally of Rome. In the war with Pyrrhus, the Arpi aided Rome with a contingent of 4000 infantrymen and 400 cavalrymen. Arpi remained faithful to Rome until Rome's defeat at the battle of Cannae. The consul Quintus Fabius captured it in 213 B.C. and it never recovered its former importance. No Roman inscriptions have been found there, and remains of antiquity are scanty.GB90742. Bronze AE 23, 642, 35, 603, 438, 1228; p. 130, 4; 569, F, edge chip, 6.677 g, maximum 22.7 mm, 270o, Arpi (near Foggia, Italy) mint, c. 325 - 275 B.C.; laureate and bearded of Zeus left, thunderbolt behind; Kalydonian right, spear right above, APΠANΩN in ; ex Numismatics; $45.00 (€40.05)
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