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Home>Catalog>CollectingThemes>Animals>Pig PAGE 1/212

Boars, Sows and Piglets on Ancient Coins


Pontus(?), Roman Quaestor (Lucius Lucullus?), 100 - 50 B.C.
Click for a larger photo The Q identifies the bare male head as a Roman Quaestor. This letter is not noted in RPC but is visible here and clear on another example known to Forum. Perhaps the image is of Lucius Lucullus, an important Quaestor of Sulla, about whom Plutarch wrote. The reverse legend, the Latin FETIA, refers to the fetial ceremony, part of the treaty making process, during which a pig was sacrificed to sanctify the oaths.
SH66800. Brass AE 20, RPC I 2156, SNG Leypold I p. 24, 69, F, cleaning scratches, weight 7.222 g, maximum diameter 19.8 mm, die axis 0o, uncertain Pontus(?) mint, c. 80 B.C.(?); obverse bare male head right, Q below; reverse two standing figures holding a pig between them, each with a hand raised, taking an oath of fealty, FETIA in exergue; rare; $800.00 (600.00)

Lyttus, Crete, c. 450 - 320 B.C.
Click for a larger photo References do not describe the obverse legend, but it is also present on the Svoronos plate.
SH65976. Silver drachm, Svoronos Crete p. 231, 19 and pl.XXI, 13; BMC Crete p. 55, 7; SNG Cop 494, aVF, slightly grainy, well centered, weight 5.352 g, maximum diameter 19.9 mm, die axis 0o, Lyttus mint, c. 380 - 320 B.C.; obverse ΛY−TΣ (clockwise starting above, ΛY ligate), eagle flying left; reverse ΛYTTION, boars head right in beaded square border, all within incuse square; rare; $760.00 (570.00)

Phokis, Greece, Federal Coinage, c. 449 - 447 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Phocis was mainly pastoral. The twenty-two confederate Phocian towns held their periodic synedrion (assembly) in a building called Phokikon, near Daulis, and here, perhaps, rather than at any one of the Phocian towns, the federal mint may have been established. Money would be issued at this mint only on the occasions of the meetings of the synedrion, when it may be supposed that a concourse of people from all parts of the Phocian territory was gathered together, and that a fair or market was held for the exchange and purchase of commodities, as at Delphi during the Pythian festivals. The bull's head is perhaps symbolical of a special sacrifice held on behalf of the whole people, when a prize bull may have been the victim.
GA68398. Silver obol, cf. BCD Lokris 246, Williams Phokians 227, SNG Cop 104 ff., SNG Lockett 1713, VF, nice style, high relief bull head, weight 0.839 g, maximum diameter 9.4 mm, die axis 315mo, Phokis mint, c. 449 - 447 B.C.; obverse Φ−O, facing bull head, parallel lines for hair; reverse forepart of boar right, stippled hide, both legs showing, right foreleg bent; $200.00 (150.00)

Phokis, Greece, Federal Coinage, c. 478 - 460 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Phocis was mainly pastoral. Delphi, with its oracle, sanctuary dedicated to Apollo, Pythian Games, and treasuries was the main urban center.

The Phocians were unpopular with other Greeks. In 480 B.C., a Phokian force of 1,000 volunteer shepherd boys was assigned to the heights at Thermopylae. They took one look at the advancing Persians and fled leaving open the back trail, which allowed the Persians to destroy Leonidas and the Spartans. The following year the Phokians actually joined the Persian side, the losing side, in the Battle of Plataea.
GA68399. Silver obol, BCD Lokris 205 (same dies, dies not in Williams Phokians), gVF, toned, obverse off center, weight 0.925 g, maximum diameter 10.8 mm, die axis 90o, Phokis mint, c. 478 - 460 B.C.; obverse Φ−O, facing bull head; reverse Φ−O, forepart of boar right, showing both legs, right foreleg bent; $200.00 (150.00)

Kyzikos, Mysia, 525 - 450 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Cyzicus was one of the great cities of the ancient world. During the Peloponnesian War (431-404 B.C.) Cyzicus was subject to the Athenians and Lacedaemonians alternately. In the naval Battle of Cyzicus in 410, an Athenian fleet completely destroyed a Spartan fleet. At the peace of Antalcidas in 387, like the other Greek cities in Asia, it was made over to Persia. Alexander the Great captured it from the Persians in 334 B.C.
GA68738. Silver trihemiobol, SNG BnF 361 - 366; SNG Cop 45 47; BMC Mysia, p. 34, 108 ff.; SGCV II 3846, EF, weight 1.152 g, maximum diameter 9.6 mm, die axis 90o, Kyzikos mint, 525 - 450 B.C.; obverse forepart of boar running left, tunny fish upwards behind; reverse roaring lion head left within incuse square; $180.00 (135.00)

Roman Republic, Ti. Veturius, 137 B.C.
Click for a larger photo The reverse depicts the fetial ceremony, part of the ancient treaty making process, during which a pig was sacrificed to sanctify the oaths. This type revived the reverse of gold coinage issued in 217 - 216 B.C. and broke the 75-year tradition of Roma obverses with Dioscuri or chariot reverses on denarii.
RR66767. Silver denarius, SRCV 111, Crawford 234/1, Sydenham 527, RSC I Veturia 1, F, bumps, scratches, weight 3.731 g, maximum diameter 18.6 mm, die axis 45o, Rome mint, 137 B.C.; obverse head of Mars right in a winged and crested Corinthian helmet, X between neck and end of crest, TI VET (VET in monogram) behind; reverse Oath-taking scene, two standing warriors holding spears and facing attendant kneeling in center, holding sacrificial pig, ROMA above; $140.00 (105.00)

Persian Empire, Lycia, Uncertain Dynasts, c. 520 - 480 B.C.
Click for a larger photo In 546 B.C., Lycia was involuntary incorporated into the Persian Empire. The local population was decimated, and the area received an influx of Persians. Lycia fought for Persia in the Greco-Persian Wars. Intermittently free after the Greeks defeated the Achaemenid Empire, it briefly joined the Delian League, it seceded and became independent, was under the Persians again, revolted again, was conquered by Mausolus of Caria, returned to the Persians, and went under Macedonian hegemony at the defeat of the Persians by Alexander the Great.
GS65759. Silver diobol, cf. SNG Cop 1, SNGvA 4047 (trihemiobol), BMC Lycia 2 (forepart right), SNG Keckman 418 (stater), Rosen 684 (stater), Asyut Hoard 744 - 745 (staters), VF, weight 1.546 g, maximum diameter 9.4 mm, die axis 180o, Lycia mint, 525 - 480 B.C.; obverse forepart of boar left; reverse incuse square; rare; $135.00 (101.25)

Roman Republic, Ti. Veturius, 137 B.C.
Click for a larger photo The reverse depicts the fetial ceremony, part of the ancient treaty making process, during which a pig was sacrificed to sanctify the oaths. This type revived the reverse of gold coinage issued in 217 - 216 B.C. and broke the 75-year tradition of Roma obverses with Dioscuri or chariot reverses on denarii.
RR67797. Silver denarius, SRCV 111, Crawford 234/1, Sydenham 527, RSC I Veturia 1, aVF, porous, weight 3.641 g, maximum diameter 18.5 mm, die axis 45o, Rome mint, 137 B.C.; obverse head of Mars right in a winged and crested Corinthian helmet, X between neck and end of crest, TI VET (VET in monogram) behind; reverse Oath-taking scene, two standing warriors holding spears and facing attendant kneeling in center, holding sacrificial pig, ROMA above; $125.00 (93.75)

Nemausus, Gaul, 120 - 60 B.C.
Click for a larger photo The Volcae Arecomici surrendered of their own accord to the Roman Republic in 121 B.C., after which they occupied the Roman province of Gallia Narbonensis (the area around modern day Narbonne), the southern part of Gallia Transalpina. They held their assemblies in the sacred wood of Nemausus, the site of modern Nmes.
GB67906. Bronze AE 15, CCBM III 204 - 212; De la Tour 2698; Castelin 119; Blanchet 436, fig. 476; SNG Cop -; SNG Dreer -, VF, green patina, tight flan, weight 1.827 g, maximum diameter 14.5 mm, die axis 180o, Nemausus (Nimes) mint, 120 - 60 B.C.; obverse head of Apollo left; reverse boar left, NAMA/SAT starting above, the second line in exergue; $125.00 (93.75)

Roman Republic, C. Sulpicius C. f. Galba, 106 B.C.
Click for a larger photo In 106 B.C., Sulla captured Jugurtha, the King of Numidia, ending the Jugurthine War. Jugurtha was paraded through the streets in Gaius Marius' Triumph after which his royal robes were removed and his earrings were ripped off. He lost an ear lobe in the process. He was then thrown into the Tullianum where he died of starvation in 104 B.C.
RR54742. Silver denarius serratus, RSC I Sulpicia 1, SRCV I 189, Crawford 312/1, Sydenham 572, F/VF, wavy flan, weight 3.120 g, maximum diameter 20.3 mm, die axis 225o, Rome mint, obverse jugate laureate heads of the Dei Penates left, DPP before; reverse the Dei Penates standing facing, each holding spear and pointing at sow which lies between them, I above, C SVLPICI C F in ex; ; $115.00 (86.25)



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Catalog current as of Saturday, April 19, 2014.
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Pigs