(Amisos?), Roman ( Lucullus?), 100 - 50 B.C.
The Q identifies the bare male as a Roman . This letter is not noted in RPC but is visible here and clear on other examples known to . Perhaps the image is of Lucullus, an important of , about whom Plutarch wrote. The , the Latin FETIA, refers to the fetial ceremony, of the treaty making process, during which a pig was sacrificed to sanctify the oaths. The mint location is unknown but Imhoof-Blumer placed it at Amisus, where Leypold acquired his specimen.SH66800. Brass AE 20,
Athens, , , c. 340 - 335 B.C., Eleusinian Festival Coinage
was a demigod of the Eleusinian mysteries who presided over the sowing of grain-seed and the milling of wheat. His name means He who Pounds the Husks. In myth, Triptolemos was one of the Eleusinian princes who kindly received Demeter when she came mourning the loss of her daughter . The young goddess was eventually returned to her from the Underworld, and Demeter in her munificence, instructed Triptolemos in the art of agriculture, and gave him a winged chariot drawn by serpents so that he might travel the world spreading her gift.GB77129. Bronze
, Amyntas III, 393 - 370 or 369 B.C.
Amyntas III, son of Arrhidaeus and father of , was of Macedon in 393 BC, and again from 392 to 370 BC. In 393, he was driven out by the Illyrians, but in the following year, with the aid of the Thessalians, he recovered his kingdom. He is historically considered the founder of the unified Macedonian state. He was also a paternal grandfather of Alexander the Great.GB83702. Bronze
Arpi, , Italy, c. 325 - 275 B.C.
Arpi was located 20 miles inland, 5 miles of modern Foggia. Its territory extended to the sea, and Strabo says that from the extent of the city walls one could gather that it had once been one of the greatest cities of Italy. attributed its foundation to Diomedes. The figure of a horse, which appears on its coins, shows the importance of horse-breeding in the district. As a protection against the Samnites, Arpi became an ally of Rome. In the war with Pyrrhus, the Arpi aided Rome with a contingent of 4000 infantrymen and 400 cavalrymen. Arpi remained faithful to Rome until Rome's defeat at the battle of Cannae. The consul Quintus Fabius captured it in 213 B.C. and it never recovered its former importance. No Roman inscriptions have been found there, and remains of antiquity are scanty.
GI76339. Bronze AE 21, 642, 35, 603, 438, 1228; p. 130, 4; 569, gF, green , with sprues, a little rough, scratches, 5.940 g, maximum 20.7 mm, 270o, Arpi (near Foggia, Italy) mint, c. 325 - 275 B.C.; laureate and bearded of Zeus left, thunderbolt behind; Kalydonian right, spear right above, APΠANΩN in ; $120.00 (Ä106.80)
Kyzikos, , 480 - 450 B.C.
Cyzicus was one of the great cities of the ancient world. During the Peloponnesian War (431-404 B.C.) Cyzicus was subject to the Athenians and Lacedaemonians alternately. In the naval Battle of Cyzicus in 410, an Athenian fleet completely destroyed a Spartan fleet. At the peace of Antalcidas in 387, like the other Greek cities in , it was made over to . Alexander the Great captured it from the Persians in 334 B.C.
, , Italy, c. 264-241 B.C. B.C.
(originally Poseidonia) was founded near the end of the 7th century B.C. by Greek from Sybaris. From the archaeological evidence it appears that Greeks and Oscans thrived alongside one another. Poseidonia became the Roman city of in 273 B.C. after the residents sided with Pyrrhus, the loser in a war against Rome. remained faithful to Rome against Hannibal and afterward was granted special favors, including minting coins. The city declined after the 4th century and was abandoned during the Middle Ages. Its ruins only came to notice again in the 18th century, after the rediscovery Pompeii and Herculaneum.
On 9 September 1943, the U.S. 36th Infantry Division landed at . Heavy fighting persisted within and around the town for nine days before the Germans withdrew.RR75812. Bronze
, c. 500 - 450 B.C.
A most unusual use of illusion on a coin. The two boars' heads can also be viewed as the facing of a .GA70935.
, c. 500 - 450 B.C.
A most unusual use of illusion on a coin. The two boars' heads can also be viewed as the facing of a .GA59008.
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