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ERIC Table of Contents


Title Page

Introduction

About Roman Coins

Denominations

Coins of Other Ancient Cultures

Identifying Roman Coins

How To Use This Book

Mintmarks

Mint Map

Pricing And Grading

Bibliography

Reference Catalogs Cited

Coin Terms Used

Glossary

Rarity Tables

Index of Rulers

Photography Credits

Additional Web Resources

Imperial Catalog:

AUGUSTUS
LIVA
AGRIPPA
NERO CLAUDIUS DRUSUS
GERMANICUS
AGRIPPINA I
TIBERIUS
DRUSUS
ANTONIA
CALIGULA
CLAUDIUS I
BRITANNICUS
AGRIPPINA II
NERO
GALBA
CLODIUS MACER
OTHO
VITELLIUS
VESPASIAN
DOMITILLA
TITUS
DOMITIAN
DOMITIA
JULIA TITI
NERVA
TRAJAN
PLOTINA
MARCIANA
MATIDIA
HADRIAN
SABINA
AELIUS
ANTONINUS PIUS
FAUSTINA I
MARCUS AURELIUS
FAUSTINA II
LUCIUS VERUS
LUCILLA
COMMODUS
CRISPINA
PERTINAX
DIDIUS JULIANUS
MANLIA SCANTILLA
DIDIA CLARA
PESCENNIUS NIGER
CLODIUS ALBINUS
SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS
JULIA DOMNA
CARACALLA
PLAUTILLA
GETA
MACRINUS
DIADUMENIAN
ELAGABALUS
JULIA MAESA
JULIA SOAEMIAS
JULIA PAULA
AQUILIA SEVERA
ANNIA FAUSTINA
SEVERUS ALEXANDER
JULIA MAMAEA
ORBIANA
MAXIMINUS I
PAULINA
MAXIMUS
GORDIAN I
GORDIAN II
BALBINUS
PUPIENUS
GORDIAN III
TRANQUILLINA
PHILIP I
OTACILIA SEVERA
PHILIP II
PACATIAN
JOTAPIAN
TRAJAN DECIUS
HERENNIA ETRUSCILLA
HERENNIUS ETRUSCUS
HOSTILIAN
TREBONIANUS GALLUS
VOLUSIAN
AEMILIAN
CORNELIA SUPERA
SILBANNACUS
URANIUS ANTONINUS
VALERIAN I
MARINIANA
VALERIAN II
GALLIENUS
SALONINA
SALONINUS
REGALIANUS
DRYANTILLA
POSTUMUS
LAELIANUS
MARIUS
VICTORINUS
DOMITIAN II
TETRICUS I
TETRICUS II
QUIETUS
MACRIANUS
CLAUDIUS II
QUINTILLUS
AURELIAN
SEVERINA
ZENOBIA
VABALATHUS
TACITUS
FLORIAN
PROBUS
SATURNINUS
CARUS
CARINUS
MAGNIA URBICA
NIGRIAN
NUMERIAN
JULIAN I
DIOCLETIAN
MAXIMIAN
CARAUSIUS
ALLECTUS
DOMITIUS DOMITIANUS
CONSTANTIUS I
THEODORA
GALERIUS
GALERIA VALERIA
SEVERUS II
MAXENTIUS
ROMULUS
CONSTANTINE I
HELENA
FAUSTA
ALEXANDER
LICINIUS I
CONSTANTIA
MAXIMINUS II
LICINIUS II
CRISPUS
VALERIUS VALENS
MARTINIAN
CONSTANTINE II
DELMATIUS
HANNIBALLIANUS
CONSTANS
CONSTANTIUS II
MAGNENTIUS
DECENTIUS
NEPOTIAN
VETRANO
CONSTANTIUS GALLUS
JULIAN II
JOVIAN
VALENTINIAN I
VALENS
PROCOPIUS
GRATIAN
VALENTINIAN II
THEODOSIUS I
AELIA FLACCILLA
MAGNUS MAXIMINUS
FLAVIUS VICTOR
EUGENIUS
HONORIUS
CONSTANTINE III
CONSTANS II
MAXIMINUS
PRISCUS ATTALUS
JOVINUS
SABASTIANUS
CONSTANTIUS III
GALLA PLACIDIA
JOHANNES
VALENTINIAN III
LICINIA EUDOXIA
HONORIA
PETRONIUS MAXIMINUS
AVITUS
MAJORIAN
LIBIUS SEVERUS
ANTHEMIUS
EUPHEMIA
ANICIUS OLYBRIUS
GLYCERIUS
JULIUS NEPOS
ROMULUS AUGUSTUS
ARCADIUS
EUDOXIA
PULCHERIA
THEODOSIUS II
EUDOCIA
MARCIAN
LEO I
VERINA
LEO II
ZENO
ARIADNE
BASILISCUS
ZENONIS
LEONTIUS I
ANASTASIUS I
ANONYMOUS COINAGE

ERIC The Encyclopedia of Roman Imperial Coins
by Rasiel Suarez


Theodosius II

Augustus 402-450

Staying at the post of Roman emperor for a remarkable 48 years, equivalent to a dozen U.S. presidential terms, Theodosius II set remarkably few other records in all this time. He was the last emperor to rule both east and west halves, albeit briefly, after the death of Honorius and before the puppet emperor Johannes came onto the scene. As for his own achievements, he wasn't much more than a figurehead ensconced in his palace. His sister Pulcheria took the active role in steering the empire. He died a few days after a hunting accident.

Theodosius II is one of the less challenging to find emperors of the fifth century. As mentioned under the heading for Arcadius, as the economy of the empire began crumbling there was little incentive to create money for a dysfunctional marketplace and meager resources to do so in any case. And the average citizen who bought and sold goods used not precious coinage by now but, if they used coins at all, the small near-worthless coppers the government made which today we classify as AE4‟s
 
Almost all of these coins from now until halfway into the reign of Anastasius will measure somewhere between 4-12mm in diameter. They are almost never found with full legends nor full anything for that matter. For this reason most, sadly, are unattributable as found when recovered or even after careful restoration. The easiest ones to ID will be those that make use of monograms unique to each emperor (or empress).
 
Even in a poor state these tiny coins are prized by collectors today as long as they can be attributed. Theodosius II is the first emperor who finally cuts off production of the larger AE3‟s in favor of the AE4. With very few exceptions this will be the case for the remainder of the century. While not unique to his reign, his AE4‟s will often feature a simple Christian cross within a wreath as the reverse design. Depending solely on condition, one of these can cost anywhere from $5 to over $100.
 
Many collectors will find that their first ancient Roman gold coin purchase will be of Theodosius II or one of his contemporaries. These are so widely available that they almost come close to becoming a commodity. In today‟s market a near-mint state Solidus of this reign should cost somewhere between $350 and $600 and are actively traded on eBay as well as the inventories of most major dealers.

Busts:

 
1) Diademed bust left, wearing consular robes, holding mappa and scepter with crossed tip
2) Diademed, draped and cuirassed bust left
3) Diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right
4) Helmeted, diademed, cuirassed bust facing, holding spear and shield.
5) Helmeted, diademed, cuirassed bust right, holding shield and spear

 

Obverses:

 
1) DN TEODOSIVS PF AVG
2) DN THEODOSIVS PF AVG

 

Reverses:

 
1) ADVENTVSS DN AVG
2) CONCORDIA AGV
3) CONCORDIA AVG
4) CONCORDIA AVGG
5) CONCORDIA AVGGG
6) FELICITER NVBTIIS
7) GLOR ORVIS TERRAR
8) GLORIA REIPVBLICAE
9) GLORIA ROMANORVM
10) IMP XXXXII COS XVII PP
11) IMP XXXXIIII COS XVIII
12) SALVS ORIENTIS FELICITAS OCCIDENTIS
13) SALVS REIPVBLICAE
14) SALVS REIPVBLICE
15) SECVRITAS REIPVBLICAE
16) VICTORIA AVGG
17) VICTORIA AVGGG
18) VICTORIA AVGVSTORVM
19) VICTORIA ROMANORVM
20) VIRT EXERC ROM
21) VOT XX MVLT XXX
22) VOT XXX MVLT XXXX
23) VRBS ROMA
24) VRTVS ROMANORVM
25) No legend

 

Types:

 
1) Constantinopolis seated left, stepping on galley prow, holding cross on globe and scepter.
2) Constantinopolis seated left, stepping on galley prow, holding Victory on globe and scepter.
3) Constantinopolis seated, facing, stepping on galley prow, holding scepter and shield reading X / VOT / XX
4) Constantinopolis seated, facing, stepping on galley prow, holding scepter and Victory on globe.
5) Cross
6) Monogram
7) Roma and Constantinopolis seated, facing, each holding a Victory on globe and scepter.
8) Roma and Constantinopolis seated, facing, each holding a scepter and together shield reading VOT / XV / MVL / XX
9) Roma seated left, holding Victory on globe and cross.
10) Roma seated left, holding Victory on globe and spear.
11) Theodosius II advancing right, dragging captive and holding trophy
12) Theodosius II and Honorius standing, facing, each holding a spear and resting hand on shield between them
13) Theodosius II and Valentinian III seated, facing, each holding a mappa and cross; star above
14) Theodosius II and Valentinian III standing, facing, each holding spear and resting hand on shield.
15) Theodosius II and Valentinian III standing, facing, each holding spear and together holding a globe.
16) Theodosius II and Valentinian III standing, facing, each holding spear and together holding cross
17) Theodosius II and Valentinian III standing, facing, holding mappa and cross.
18) Theodosius II riding horse left, raising hand.
19) Theodosius II seated facing on left, holding mappa and cross next to Valentinian III standing to right, holding mappa and cross; star above
20) Theodosius II seated, facing, holding mappa and cross
21) Theodosius II standing, facing, holding labarum and Christogram on globe.
22) Theodosius II standing, facing, holding labarum and cross on globe
23) Theodosius II standing, facing, holding spear and resting hand on shield.
24) Theodosius II standing, facing, raising hand and holding globe
25) Theodosius II, Honorius and Arcadius standing, facing, each holding a spear and resting arm on shield
26) Trophy
27) Valentinian III and Licinia Eudoxia seated, facing, holding hands.
28) Victory advancing forward, holding a wreath in each hand.
29) Victory advancing forward, holding wreath and cross on globe.
30) Victory advancing left, holding trophy and dragging captive
31) Victory advancing left, holding wreath and palm.
32) Victory advancing right, holding wreath and cross on globe.
33) Victory seated right, holding shield reading X / XXV  on lap
34) Victory seated right, holding shield reading X / XXX on lap
35) Victory seated right, holding shield reading X / XXXV on lap
36) Victory seated right, holding shield reading XV / XXX on lap
37) Victory seated right, holding shield reading XX / XXX on lap
38) Victory seated right, holding shield reading XXX / XXXX on lap
39) Victory standing left, holding cross.
40) Victory standing right, stepping on captive, holding standard and Victory on globe.
41) Wreath, cross within
42) Wreath, VOT / MVLT / XXXX within
43) Wreath, VOT / X / MVLT / XX within
44) Wreath, VOT / XV / MVLT / XX within
45) Wreath, VOT / XX / MVLT / XXX within
46) Wreath, VOT / XXX within
47) Wreath, VOT / XXXV / MVLT / XXXX within
48) Wreath, VT / XXX / V within

 

Mints:

 
1) Alexandria
2) Antioch
3) Aquileia
4) Constantinopolis
5) Cyzicus
6) Heraclea
7) Mediolanum
8) Nicomedia
9) Ravenna
10) Roma
11) Thessalonica

 
 
AU Medallion Reference(s)

 
1) B3, O2, R01, T18, M04 Exe: */CONOB  1-½ Solidi weight 

 
AU Solidus

 
2) B4, O2, R04, T04, M04 Exe: */CONOB  Officina at end of reverse legend RIC 202 (X, Theodosius II)
3) B4, O2, R07, T22, M04 Exe: */CONOB  Officina at end of reverse legend RIC 232 (X, Theodosius II)
4) B4, O2, R07, T22, M11 Exe: */TESOB RIC 361 (X, Theodosius II)
5) B4, O2, R07, T22, M11 Exe: */TESOB• RIC 365 (X, Theodosius II)
6) B4, O2, R10, T01, M04 Exe: */COMOB RIC 293 (X, Theodosius II)
7) B4, O2, R10, T01, M04 Exe: */CONOB RIC 323 (X, Theodosius II)
8) B4, O2, R13, T13, M04 Exe: CONOB  Officina at end of reverse legend RIC 237 (X, Theodosius II)
9) B4, O2, R13, T19, M04 Exe: CONOB RIC 234 (X, Theodosius II)
10) B4, O2, R20, T11, M04 Exe: */CONOB  Officina at end of reverse legend RIC 261 (X, Theodosius II)
11) B4, O2, R20, T11, M04 Exe: */CONOB RIC 284 (X, Theodosius II)
12) B4, O2, R20, T11, M11 Exe: */TESOB RIC 367 (X, Theodosius II)
13) B4, O2, R21, T39, M04 Exe: CONOB  Officina at end of reverse legend RIC 219 (X, Theodosius II)
14) B4, O2, R22, T01, M04 Exe: */CONOB  Officina at end of reverse legend RIC 257 (X, Theodosius II)
15) B4, O2, R22, T01, M11 Exe: */TESOB RIC 366 (X, Theodosius II)
16) B5, O2, R08, T08, M04 Exe: */CONOB RIC 207 (X, Theodosius II)

 
AU Semissis

 
17) B3, O2, R17, T35, M04 Exe: */¤/CONOB RIC 331 (X, Theodosius II
18) B3, O2, R17, T37, M04 Exe: */¡/CONOB RIC 223 (X, Theodosius II)

 
AU Tremissis

 
19) B3, O2, R18, T29, M04 Exe: */CONOB RIC 213 (X, Theodosius II)
20) B3, O2, R25, T26, M04 Exe: */*/CONOB RIC 333 (X, Theodosius II)

 
AR Miliarense

 
21) B2, O2, R09, T24, M04 Exe: */CON RIC 370 (X, Theodosius II)
22) B3, O2, R09, T23, M04 Exe: */COM RIC 392 (X, Theodosius II)
23) B3, O2, R09, T23, M04 Exe: */CON RIC 394 (X, Theodosius II)

 
AR Siliqua

 
24) B3, O2, R25, T42, M04 Exe: CONS* RIC 389 (X, Theodosius II)
25) B3, O2, R25, T45, M04 Exe: CONS* RIC 381 (X, Theodosius II)

 
AE2

 
26) B5, O2, R02, T16, M04 Exe: CONS RIC 460 (X, Theodosius II), L 2231 

AE3 Reference(s)

 
27) B4, O2, R04, T04, M02 Exe: ANT` RIC 100 (X, Arcadius), L 2799 
28) B4, O2, R04, T04, M04 Exe: CONS` RIC 90 (X, Arcadius)
29) B4, O2, R04, T04, M08 Exe: SMN` RIC 93 (X, Arcadius), L 2444

 
AE4 
 

30) B3, O2, R03, T28, M05 Exe: SMK` RIC 437 (X, Theodosius II), L 2602
31) B3, O2, R03, T28, M06 Exe: SMH` RIC 431 (X, Theodosius II), L 2002
32) B3, O2, R04, T05, M01 Exe: ALE` RIC 122 (X, Arcadius), L 2922
33) B3, O2, R09, T12, M06 Exe: SMH`    * behind bust RIC 398 (X, Theodosius II), L 2001
34) B3, O2, R09, T12, M11 Exe: TES`     * behind bust RIC 396 (X, Theodosius II), L 1877
35) B3, O2, R09, T25, M01 Exe: ALE`  * behind bust RIC 159 (X, Arcadius)
36) B3, O2, R25, T06, M04 
37) B3, O2, R25, T41, M04 Exe: CONS RIC 444 (X, Theodosius II), L 2239
38) B3, O2, R25, T41, M05 Exe: SMK` RIC 449 (X, Theodosius II)
39) B3, O2, R25, T30, M10 Exe: `/RM RIC 1915 (X, Johannes), L 831

Theodosius II Busts

Theodosius II Types