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ERIC Table of Contents


Title Page

Introduction

About Roman Coins

Denominations

Coins of Other Ancient Cultures

Identifying Roman Coins

How To Use This Book

Mintmarks

Mint Map

Pricing And Grading

Bibliography

Reference Catalogs Cited

Coin Terms Used

Glossary

Rarity Tables

Index of Rulers

Photography Credits

Additional Web Resources

Imperial Catalog:

AUGUSTUS
LIVA
AGRIPPA
NERO CLAUDIUS DRUSUS
GERMANICUS
AGRIPPINA I
TIBERIUS
DRUSUS
ANTONIA
CALIGULA
CLAUDIUS I
BRITANNICUS
AGRIPPINA II
NERO
GALBA
CLODIUS MACER
OTHO
VITELLIUS
VESPASIAN
DOMITILLA
TITUS
DOMITIAN
DOMITIA
JULIA TITI
NERVA
TRAJAN
PLOTINA
MARCIANA
MATIDIA
HADRIAN
SABINA
AELIUS
ANTONINUS PIUS
FAUSTINA I
MARCUS AURELIUS
FAUSTINA II
LUCIUS VERUS
LUCILLA
COMMODUS
CRISPINA
PERTINAX
DIDIUS JULIANUS
MANLIA SCANTILLA
DIDIA CLARA
PESCENNIUS NIGER
CLODIUS ALBINUS
SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS
JULIA DOMNA
CARACALLA
PLAUTILLA
GETA
MACRINUS
DIADUMENIAN
ELAGABALUS
JULIA MAESA
JULIA SOAEMIAS
JULIA PAULA
AQUILIA SEVERA
ANNIA FAUSTINA
SEVERUS ALEXANDER
JULIA MAMAEA
ORBIANA
MAXIMINUS I
PAULINA
MAXIMUS
GORDIAN I
GORDIAN II
BALBINUS
PUPIENUS
GORDIAN III
TRANQUILLINA
PHILIP I
OTACILIA SEVERA
PHILIP II
PACATIAN
JOTAPIAN
TRAJAN DECIUS
HERENNIA ETRUSCILLA
HERENNIUS ETRUSCUS
HOSTILIAN
TREBONIANUS GALLUS
VOLUSIAN
AEMILIAN
CORNELIA SUPERA
SILBANNACUS
URANIUS ANTONINUS
VALERIAN I
MARINIANA
VALERIAN II
GALLIENUS
SALONINA
SALONINUS
REGALIANUS
DRYANTILLA
POSTUMUS
LAELIANUS
MARIUS
VICTORINUS
DOMITIAN II
TETRICUS I
TETRICUS II
QUIETUS
MACRIANUS
CLAUDIUS II
QUINTILLUS
AURELIAN
SEVERINA
ZENOBIA
VABALATHUS
TACITUS
FLORIAN
PROBUS
SATURNINUS
CARUS
CARINUS
MAGNIA URBICA
NIGRIAN
NUMERIAN
JULIAN I
DIOCLETIAN
MAXIMIAN
CARAUSIUS
ALLECTUS
DOMITIUS DOMITIANUS
CONSTANTIUS I
THEODORA
GALERIUS
GALERIA VALERIA
SEVERUS II
MAXENTIUS
ROMULUS
CONSTANTINE I
HELENA
FAUSTA
ALEXANDER
LICINIUS I
CONSTANTIA
MAXIMINUS II
LICINIUS II
CRISPUS
VALERIUS VALENS
MARTINIAN
CONSTANTINE II
DELMATIUS
HANNIBALLIANUS
CONSTANS
CONSTANTIUS II
MAGNENTIUS
DECENTIUS
NEPOTIAN
VETRANO
CONSTANTIUS GALLUS
JULIAN II
JOVIAN
VALENTINIAN I
VALENS
PROCOPIUS
GRATIAN
VALENTINIAN II
THEODOSIUS I
AELIA FLACCILLA
MAGNUS MAXIMINUS
FLAVIUS VICTOR
EUGENIUS
HONORIUS
CONSTANTINE III
CONSTANS II
MAXIMINUS
PRISCUS ATTALUS
JOVINUS
SABASTIANUS
CONSTANTIUS III
GALLA PLACIDIA
JOHANNES
VALENTINIAN III
LICINIA EUDOXIA
HONORIA
PETRONIUS MAXIMINUS
AVITUS
MAJORIAN
LIBIUS SEVERUS
ANTHEMIUS
EUPHEMIA
ANICIUS OLYBRIUS
GLYCERIUS
JULIUS NEPOS
ROMULUS AUGUSTUS
ARCADIUS
EUDOXIA
PULCHERIA
THEODOSIUS II
EUDOCIA
MARCIAN
LEO I
VERINA
LEO II
ZENO
ARIADNE
BASILISCUS
ZENONIS
LEONTIUS I
ANASTASIUS I
ANONYMOUS COINAGE

ERIC The Encyclopedia of Roman Imperial Coins
by Rasiel Suarez


Augustus


Augustus 27 BCE -14 CE
Originally called Octavian, his name is today known simply as Augustus which was the title given him by the Senate in the year 27 B.C. He was the grandnephew of Julius Caesar and was following an illustrious military career when Caesar was murdered. On hearing of this he set in motion a series of alliances meant to avenge his great-uncle's assassins. He recruited Lepidus and Marc Antony for the task, defeated Brutus and his co-conspirators and then carved up the Roman world among the three. Lepidus was thus left in control of the African provinces, Marc Antony with Egypt and the eastern Octavian the rest including Rome itself.  The Triumvirate as it was called was unstable and they each began to plot against the other. Within a few years however Lepidus would be stripped of his powers and Marc Antony would be defeated in a major battle. Antony and his wife Cleopatra then committed suicide leaving Octavian as sole emperor. Octavian then became known and referred to by his title and went on to rule the Roman Empire for another 40 years. He did this while cooperating with the Senate and to him Romans owed much of the grandeur and influence that this empire became known for.

The coinage of Augustus is extensive and complicated. In fact, his long reign straddles two numismatic periods, the so-called Imperatorial and the Imperial with which this volume focuses on. The Imperatorial period is itself a transitional time that fuses elements of the former Republican coinage and the coming age of the emperors with the biggest innovation being the engraving of portraits of living people on the obverse. Julius Caesar was first among these and when coins started showing up in Rome with the face of the elderly dictator the outrage was so widespread that it helped solidify the conspiracy that ultimately ended his life.
 
But the genie was out of the bottle. Even the self-proclaimed defenders of the old Republic would henceforth find it increasingly more acceptable to strike coins with their own likenesses on them. The practice proved so popular (to heads of state if not the populace at large) that it would continue all the way into modern times. While many countries today would find issuing coins with the portrait of a sitting president or prime minister just as inappropriate as back in 44 B.C. in others it is considered normal and a stimulant to nationalistic pride, especially in countries with an active system of royalty.
 
In any case, it is beyond the scope of this book to list the near-endless amount of issues struck during the time of Augustus. This chapter will therefore list the various legends and types in longest use and which are today most common in the market.
 
During the record 56 years the man known as Octavian, and then as Augustus, ruled he had literally millions of handmade coins put into circulation. These ran the gamut from heavy silver and gold medals issued for presentation purposes to foreign dignitaries and military commanders, forerunners of todayís proof issues, to ordinary gold, silver and copper denominations used to pay the armies and meant to be exchanged for goods on the marketplace as well as a convenient system of paying the state taxes owed. Of the former very, very few are left over today and itís small wonder that on the few times theyíre offered for sale the selling prices are measured in the six digits. Among the latter many escaped the melting pot simply because they were lost prior to the point where they had become so worn that they stopped being useful as money.
 
Among these by far the most commonly available today is the series featuring Gaius and Lucius, the Caesars the aged Augustus intended to succeed him. Usually found fairly worn or porous they can be had for around $100 each. Mint-state examples can be located but for about ten times that much.     

Busts:
 
1) Bare head left
2) Bare head right 
3) Laureate head left
4) Laureate head right
5) Radiate head left
6) Radiate head right

 
a) Agrippa crowned head facing left on left and Augustus bare head right on right
b) Altar
c) Apollo laureate head right
d) Branches (2)
e) Cippus reading SPQR / IMP CAE / QVODV / M SEX / EAPQIS / ADADE
f) Cornucopia; S C across fields
g) Feronia diademed, draped bust right
h) Fortuna Victrix helmeted bust right, holding patera over Fortuna Felix, diademed bust
i) Hands, in handshake, holding caduceus
j) Hercules diademed head right with club
k) Honos head right
l) Liber head right, wearing crown of Ivy leaves
m) Quadriga right
n) Sol radiate head right
o) Simpulum on left and Lituus on right
p) Venus diademed head right
q) Venus diademed, draped bust right
r) Victory diademed bust right
s) Victory standing right on galley prow, holding wreath and palm
t) Virtus helmeted, draped bust right
u) Wreath, AVGVSTVS / TRIBVNIC / POTEST within
v) Wreath, OB above, CIVIS within, SERVATOS below

 

Obverses:

 
1) AVGVR PONTIF
2) AVGVS TR POT
3) AVGVST
4) AVGVST DIVI F LVDOS SAE
5) AVGVST TRIB POTEST
6) AVGVSTVS
7) AVGVSTVS COS XI
8) AVGVSTVS DIVI F
9) AVGVSTVS TR POT
10) AVGVSTVS TR POT VII
11) AVGVSTVS TR POT VIII
12) C ANTISTI VETVS III VIR
13) C ANTISTIVS VETVS III VIR
14) C CAESAR COS PONT AVG
15) C CAESAR III VIR R P C
16) CAESAR
17) CAESAR / AVGVSTVS
18) CAESAR AVG TR POTEST
19) CAESAR AVG TRIB POT
20) CAESAR AVG TRIB POTEST
21) CAESAR AVG TRIBVN POTES
22) CAESAR AVG TRIBVNI POTES
23) CAESAR AVG TRIBVNIC POTEST
24) CAESAR AVGV TRIB POTEST
25) CAESAR AVGV TRIBVN POTES
26) CAESAR AVGVS TRIBVN POTEST
27) CAESAR AVGVST
28) CAESAR AVGVST PONT MAX TRIBVNIC POT
29) CAESAR AVGVST TRIB POTEST
30) CAESAR AVGVST TRIBVN POTEST
31) CAESAR AVGVST TRIBVNI POTEST
32) CAESAR AVGVSTVS
33) CAESAR AVGVSTVS DIVI F PATER PATRIAE
34) CAESAR AVGVSTVS TR POT
35) CAESAR AVGVSTVS TRIBVNIC POTEST
36) CAESAR COS VI
37) CAESAR DIVI F COS VI
38) CAESAR DIVI F COS VII
39) CAESAR III  VIR R P C
40) CAESAR IMP PONT III VIR R P C
41) CAESAR IMP VII
42) CAESAR PONT MAX
43) CAESARI / AVGVSTO
44) CAESARI AVGVSTO
45) CAISAR
46) COM ASIAE
47) COSSVS CN F LENTVLVS
48) COSSVS LENTVLVS M AGRIPPA COS TER
49) DIVO AVGVSTO
50) DIVVS AVGVSTVS
51) DIVVS AVGVSTVS PATER
52) GALLVS MESALLA III VIR
53) III VIR AAA F F
54) IMP / DIVI F
55) IMP AVGVST TR POT
56) IMP CAESAR
57) IMP CAESAR AVG TR POT VIII
58) IMP CAESAR AVGVS TR POT IIX
59) IMP CAESAR AVGVS TR POT VIII
60) IMP CAESAR AVGVSTV
61) IMP CAESAR AVGVSTVS
62) IMP CAESAR DIVI F AVGVST COS VII
63) IMP CAESAR DIVI F AVGVSTVS IMP XX
64) IMP CAESAR DIVI F COS VI LIBERTATIS
65) IMP CAESAR DIVI F III VIR ITER R P C
66) IMP CAESAR DIVI IVLI F
67) IMP CAESAR TR POT IIX
68) IMP CAISAR
69) L AQVILLIVS FLORVS III VIR
70) L CANINIVS GALLVS III VIR
71) L LENTVLVS FLAMEN MARTIALIS
72) L VINICIVS L F III VIR
73) LAMIA SILIVS ANNIVS
74) M DVRMIVS III VIR
75) M DVRMIVS III VIR HONORI
76) P PETRON TVRPILIAN III VIR
77) PVLCHER T AVRVS REGVLVS
78) Q RVSTIVS FORTVNA
79) SPQR CAESARI AVGVSTO
80) SPQR IMP CAESARI
81) SPQR IMP CAESARI AVG COS XI TRI POT VI
82) TVRPILIANVS III VIR
83) TVRPILIANVS III VIR FERO
84) TVRPILIANVS III VIR FERON
85) No legend

Reverses:

 
1) A LICIN NERVA SILIAN III VIR AAA FF
2) AEGVPT / CAPTA
3) AEGVPTO / CAPTA
4) APRONIVS SISENNA  AAA FF
5) ASIA RECEPTA
6) AVG F TR POT XV
7) AVGVST
8) AVGVSTI F COS DESIG PRINC IVVENT
9) AVGVSTVS
10) BALBVS PRO P R
11) C ANTIST VETVS FOED P R CVM GABINVS
12) C ANTIST VETVS III VIR
13) C ANTISTIVS REGIN GABINIS
14) C ANTISTIVS REGINVS
15) C ASINIVS C F GALLVS III VIR AAA FF
16) C CAES
17) C CAESAR DICT PERP PONT MAX
18) C CASSIVS C F CELER III VIR AAA FF
19) C CASSIVS CELER III VIR AAA FF
20) C CENSORINVS L F AVG III VIR AAA FF
21) C GALLIVS C F LVPERCVS III VIR AAA FF
22) C GALLIVS LVPERCVS III VIR AAA FF
23) C MARCI L F CENSORIN AVG III VIR AAA FF
24) C MARIVS C F TRO III VIR
25) C MARIVS TRO III VIR
26) C N PISO C N F III VIR AAA FF
27) C N PISO C PLOT L SVRDIN
28) C N PISO C PLOTIVS L SVRDIN
29) C N PISO L SVRDIN C PLOT RVF
30) C PLOTIVS RVFVS III VIR AAA FF
31) C SVLPIC PLATORIN
32) C SVLPICIVS PLATORIN
33) CAESAR / AVGVSTVS
34) CAESAR AVGVSTVS
35) CAESAR AVGVSTVS SIGN RECE
36) CAESAR COS VI
37) CAESAR COS VII CIVIBVS SERVATEIS
38) CAESAR DIVI F
39) CAESAR DIVI F ARME CAPT
40) CAESAR IMP VII
41) CAESARI AVGVSTO
42) CIVIB ET SIGN MILIT A PART RECVP
43) CIVIB ET SIGN MILIT A PART RECVPER
44) COL NEM
45) CONSECRATIO
46) CONSENSV SENAT ET EQ ORDIN P Q R
47) COS / IMP CAESAR AVG / XI
48) COS ITER ET TER DESIG
49) CRISPINV AAA FF
50) DIVA AVGVSTA
51) DIVVS IVLIVS
52) FORTVN REDV / CAESARI AVG / SPQR
53) III VIR AAA F
54) IMP / CAE SAR / DIVI F
55) IMP D CAES AVG RESTITVIT
56) IMP NERVA CAES AVG REST
57) IMP NERVA CAESAR AVGVSTVS REST
58) IMP T CAES AVG RESTITVIT
59) IMP T VESP AVG REST
60) IOVIS / TONANTIS
61) L AQVILLIVS FLORVS III VIR
62) L CANINIVS GALLVS III VIR
63) L MESCINIVS
64) L MESCINIVS RVFVS
65) L MESCINIVS RVFVS III VIR
66) L NAEVIVS SVRDINVS III VIR AAA FF
67) L SVRDINVS III VIR AAA FF
68) L VINICIVS L F III VIR
69) LENTVLVS FLAMEN MARTIALIS
70) M AGRIPPA COS TER COS SVS LENTVLVS
71) M AGRIPPA PLATORINVS III VIR
72) M ANT IMP AVG III VIR R P C M BARBA T Q P
73) M ANT IMP AVG III VIR R P CL GELL Q P
74) M DVRMIVS
75) M MAECILIVS TVLLVS III VIR AAA FF
76) M SALVIVS OTHO III VIR AAA FF
77) M SANQVINIVS III VIR
78) M SANQVINIVS Q F III VIR AAA FF
79) OB CIVIS / SERVATOS
80) P BETILIENVS BASSVS
81) P CARISI LEG
82) P CARISIVS / LEG / AVGVSTI
83) P CARISIVS AVGVSTI
84) P CARISIVS LEG PRO P R
85) P LICINIVS STOLO III VIR AAA FF
86) P LVRIVS AGRIPPA III VIR AAA FF
87) P PETRON TVRPILIAN III VIR
88) P STOLO / III VIR
89) P STOLO III VIR AAA FF
90) PLOTIVS RVFVS III VIR AAA FF
91) PLVRIVS AGRIPPA III VIR AAA F F
92) PONTIF MAXIM
93) PONTIF MAXIM TRIBVN POT XXXIIII
94) PRO VALETVDINE
95) Q AELIVS L F LAMIA III VIR AAA FF
96) Q AELIVS LAMIA III VIR AAA FF
97) Q SALVIVS IMP COS DES II
98) QVOD / VIAE / MVN / SVNT
99) QVOD VIAE MVN SVNT
100) SEX NONIVS QVINCTILIAN III VIR AAA FF
101) SIGNIS / PARTHIC / RECEPT
102) SIGNIS / PARTHIC / RECEPTIS
103) SIGNIS / PARTHICIS / RECEPTIS
104) SIGNIS / RECEPTIS
105) SIGNIS PARTHICIS RECEPTIS
106) SP / QR
107) SPQR
108) SPQR PARE / CONS SVO
109) SPQR PAREN / CONS SVO
110) SPQR PARENT / CONS SVO
111) SPQR PARENTI / CONS SVO
112) T CRISPINVS III VIR AAA FF
113) T CRISPINVS SVLPICIAN III VIR AAA FF
114) T CRISPINVS SVLPICIANVS III VIR AAA FF
115) T QVINCTI CRISPIN III VIR AAA FF
116) T QVINCTIVS CRISPIN III VIR AAA FF
117) T QVINCTIVS CRISPINVS III VIR AAA FF
118) TI CAESAR AVG F TR POT XV
119) TI SEMPRONIVS GRACCVS III VIR AAA FF
120) TVRPILIANVS III VIR
121) TR POT XXV
122) TR POT XXVII
123) TR POT XXVIIII
124) TR POT XXX
125) TR POT XXXI
126) VOLVSVS VALER MESSAL III VIR AAA FF
127) VOT P SVSC PRO SAL ET RED I O M SACR
128) No legend

 

Types:

1) Agrippa crowned head right
2) Altar
3) Altar reading FOR RE
4) Apex with ancile on either side
5) Apollo standing left, holding pick and harp
6) Apollo standing left on platform, sacrificing over altar and holding lyre
7) Augustus advancing left, raising hand and holding spear
8) Augustus advancing right, raising hand and holding spear.
9) Augustus and Agrippa seated left on platform
10) Augustus driving two oxen right, holding whip
11) Augustus riding chariot pulled by two elephants left, holding palm and scepter
12) Augustus riding horse right on pedestal reading SPQR / IMP / CAES; city walls in background
13) Augustus riding quadriga right, holding branch.
14) Augustus seated left on platform reading LVD.S giving money to one of two citizens standing to left; bowl in lower center
15) Augustus seated left on platform, receiving branch from soldier
16) Augustus seated left on platform, receiving branches from two citizens.
17) Augustus seated left on platform; reaching for baby held by citizen to left
18) Augustus seated left, holding branch
19) Augustus seated left, holding Victory
20) Augustus seated right on platform, handing out coins to two citizens; vase on floor between them.
21) Augustus standing left, holding arm of kneeling Sicilia and shield
22) Augustus standing on right, resting hand on shield and placing star on Julius Caesar, holding Victory and scepter
23) Barbarian kneeling right, holding vexillum reading X
24) Boar standing right, impaled by spear
25) Branches (2)
26) Bull butting left
27) Bull butting right
28) Bull standing right
29) Caius and Lucius standing, facing, between them shield and spears with simpulum and lituus above.
30) Caius riding horse right, holding sword; legionary eagle with standard on either side to left and in background.
31) Capricornus advancing left, bearing cornucopia and globe
32) Capricornus advancing right, bearing cornucopia and globe
33) Capricornus advancing right, bearing globe
34) Club
35) Column on thunderbolt; Augustus standing atop
36) Column; Augustus standing left atop, holding scepter
37) Comet
38) Cornucopia; large S and C on either side.
39) Crescent, star above
40) Crocodile chained to palm tree with wreath atop
41) Crocodile standing right
42) Diana (Luna) advancing right, pullin arrow from quiver and holding bow
43) Diana (Luna) standing left, holding spear and bow; dog to left
44) Eagle standing facing on globe; large S and C on either side
45) Eagle standing left on globe
46) Flower, in bloom
47) Globe with rudder in front
48) Grain ears, tied
49) Herm on thunderbolt
50) Julius Caesar bare head right, comet above
51) Julius Caesar laureate head right
52) Julius Caesar standing, facing, holding Victory on globe and spear, being crowned with star by Augustus to right, holding shield.
53) Large SC
54) Legend M AGRIPPA COS / DESIG
55) Livia seated left, holding grain ears and torch.
56) Livia seated right, holding patera and scepter; large S and C to either side.
57) Livia seated right, holding scepter and branch
58) Marc Antony bare head right
59) Mars standing left, holding vexillum and parazonium.
60) Mercury seated right on rock, holding lyre
61) Neptune standing left, stepping on globe, holding apluster and trident
62) Pax standing left, holding branch and cornucopia
63) Quadriga riding left
64) Quadriga riding right, carrying modius with grain ears
65) Quadriga riding right, carrying palm branch
66) Sacrificial implements: simpulum, cruet, lituus, etc. (variously arranged)
67) Senate building (Curia Julia); architrave reading IMP CAESAR with Victory and statue on either side on roof
68) Shield 
69) Shield reading CL.V
70) Shield reading CL.V, legionary eagle to left and standard to right; SPQR: letters arranged at each corner starting at top left.
71) Shield reading S.P.Q.R / CL.V
72) Sphinx crouching left.
73) Tarpeia buried to waist in shields, raising hands.
74) Temple with (4) columns, currus with legionary eagle within
75) Temple with (4) columns, Julius Caesar within and DIVO IVL on pediment above
76) Temple with (4) columns, Mars within, holding legionary eagle and standard.
77) Temple with (6) columns
78) Temple with (6) columns, Jupiter standing within, holding thunderbolt and scepter
79) Temple with (6) columns, legionary eagle and two standards within
80) Temple with (6) columns, Mars within, holding legionary eagle and standard.
81) Thunderbolt
82) Tiberius bare head right
83) Tiberius riding quadriga right, holding scepter with eagle atop
84) Toga; legionary eagle to left and wreath to right
85) Triumphal arch; Augustus riding elephant biga right atop, being crowned by Victory
86) Triumphal arch; Augustus riding oncoming quadriga atop; IMP CAESAR on pediment
87) Triumphal arch; Augustus riding oncoming quadriga atop with Victory on either side
88) Triumphal arch; Augustus riding oncoming quadriga atop with Victory on either side and central arch reading SPQR / IMP CAE
89) Triumphal arch; Augustus riding quadriga right atop, being crowned by Victory to left
90) Trophy with spears and shield set on galley prow with rudder and anchor
91) Victory advancing left, holding shield reading SP / QR
92) Victory hovering right over shield reading CLV; column in background
93) Victory standing left on cippus, holding wreath and palm, snake on either side.
94) Victory standing left on galley prow, holding wreath and palm
95) Victory standing left on globe, holding wreath and palm
96) Victory standing on globe, facing, holding palm and trophy.
97) Victory standing on globe, facing, holding wreath and vexillum
98) Victory standing right on globe, holding branch and legionary eagle
99) Victory standing right on globe, holding torch and palm
100) Victory standing right on globe, holding wreath and palm
101) Victory standing right, crowning trophy
102) Victory standing right, holding wreath and palm.
103) Victory standing, facing, holding shield reading SPQR
104) Wreath
105) Wreath, AVGVSTO / OBCS within
106) Wreath, AVGVSTVS within
107) Wreath, CA in dotted circle within
108) Wreath, candelabrum within
109) Wreath, Capricornus advancing right, bearing cornucopia within.
110) Wreath, OB / CIVIS / SERVATOS within
111) Wreath, SC within
112) Wreath, shield reading SPQR / CLV within

 

Mints:

1) Antioch
2) Ephesus
3) Lugdunum
4) Nemausus
5) Pergamum 
6) Roma
7) Spain


AU Aureus  / Reference

 1) B2, O03, R128, T099  / RIC I 121, C 331
2) B2, O06, R128, T072 / RIC I 511, C 334
3) B2, O08, R128, T016 Exe: IMP X / RIC I 164a, C 132
4) B2, O08, R128, T027 Exe: IMP X / RIC I 166a, BMC 450, C 136
5) B2, O08, R128, T042 Exe: SICIL and IMP XII across fields / RIC I 196, BMC 489, C 171
6) B2, O08, R128, T043 Exe: SICIL and IMP X across fields / RIC I 172, C 145
7) B2, O14, R017, T051 / BMC 74
8) B2, O85, R128, T097 IMP CAESAR across fields / RIC I 268, BMC 622, C 113
9) B4, O08, R016, T030 Exe: AVGVST / RIC I 198, C 39
10) B4, O33, R006, T083 Exe: TI CAESAR / RIC I 223, BMC 508, C 299
11) B4, O33, R008, T029 Exe: C L CAESARES / RIC I 206, BMC 513, C 42 
12) B4, O33, R092, T056 / RIC I 219, BMC 544, C 222
13) B4, O58, R063, T014 Exe: AVG SVF P / RIC I 350, C 466
14) Bd, O17, R128, T110 / RIC I 206 (1st ed.), BMC 317
15) Bl, O82, R128, T105 / RIC I 278, BMC 5, C 476 

AU Quinarius/ Reference

Augustus, 27 BC-14 AD. Gold Quinarius (3.86g), uncertain Spanish mint (Colonia Patricia?), struck c. 18-16 BC. Bare head of Augustus right; AVG - VST. Reverse: Victory standing on globe right, holding aequilia up while holding branch down. RIC 121 (same reverse die); BMCRE 424.  Joe Geranio- Old archive photo at cngcoins.com


 

AR Tetradrachm

 16) B2, O56, R009, T002 / RIC I 482, C 33
17) B2, O56, R128, T048 AVGV STVS across fields / RIC I 481, C 32b
18) B2, O56, R128, T048 AVGV STVS across rev. fields, lituus in front of bust in obv. / RIC I 490, C 32a
19) B2, O56, R128, T109 AVGVSTVS under capricornus / RIC I 480, C 16

 

AR Antoninianus (Posthumous)

 20) B6, O49, R045, T002 / RIC 78 (IViii, Trajan Decius)

 

AR Denarius

21) B1, O32, R104, T070  RIC I 86b, C 267
22) B1, O81, R043, T087  RIC I 132, C 85
23) B1, O85, R038, T100 CAESAR DIVI F across fields  RIC I 254
24) B1, O85, R128, T095 CAESAR DIVI F across fields  RIC I 255, C 64
25) B2, O06, R024, T065 Lituus behind obv. bust  RIC I 399, C 456
26) B2, O06, R062, T023  RIC I 416, C 383
27) B2, O06, R069, T022 RIC I 415
28) B2, O08, R077, T050  RIC I 338, C 1
29) B2, O08, R128, T005 Exe: ACT and IMP X across fields RIC I 171a, S 1611
30) B2, O08, R128, T015 Exe: IMP X RIC I 162a, C 131
31) B2, O08, R128, T016 Exe: IMP X RIC I 165a, S 1609
32) B2, O08, R128, T026 Exe: IMP X RIC I 169, C 141
33) B2, O08, R128, T027 Exe: IMP X RIC I 167a, S 1610
34) B2, O08, R128, T033 Exe: IMP XI RIC I 174
35) B2, O08, R128, T042 Exe: SICIL and IMP XII across fields RIC I 197a, C 172
36) B2, O08, R128, T043 Exe: SICIL and IMP XII across fields RIC I 182, C 168
37) B2, O09, R088, T004 RIC I 343, C 438
38) B2, O15, R010, T034 Legend is arranged vertically on either side of club Cr. 518/1
39) B2, O16, R007, T108 RIC I 540
40) B2, O16, R009, T028 RIC I 475, S 1593
41) B2, O32, R014, T066 RIC I 410, C 347
42) B2, O32, R031, T008 RIC I 406, C 529
43) B2, O32, R061, T021 Exe: SICIL RIC I 310, C 366
44) B2, O32, R061, T046 RIC I 309
45) B2, O32, R074, T025 Exe: III VIR RIC I 317, C 430
46) B2, O32, R079, T104 RIC I 40a
47) B2, O32, R079, T112 RIC I 79a, S 1626
48) B2, O32, R104, T070 RIC I 86a, S 1633
49) B2, O32, R106, T069 RIC I 43a
50) B2, O32, R120, T039 RIC I 300, C 495
51) B2, O32, R120, T073 RIC I 299, C 494
52) B2, O32, R128, T071 RIC I 42a, C 294
53) B2, O32, R128, T076 RIC I 74a
54) B2, O32, R128, T103 RIC I 93, C 283
55) B2, O32, R128, T110 RIC I 77a, C 208
56) B2, O36, R003, T041  RIC I 275a, C 2
57) B2, O39, R097, T081 Cr. 523/1a
58) B2, O40, R072, T058 Lituus behind rev. bust Cr. 517/1
59) B2, O40, R073, T058 S 1504
60) B2, O58, R012, T006  RIC I 366, C 343
61) B2, O65, R048, T066 Cr. 538/1
62) B2, O65, R048, T075 Cr. 540/2
63) B2, O66, R128, T054 Cr. 534/3
64) B2, O79, R099, T089 RIC I 144, C 233
65) B2, O79, R127, T058 RIC I 148, C 325
66) B2, O81, R042, T087 RIC I 136
67) B2, O85, R038, T062 RIC I 252, C 69
68) B2, O85, R054, T068 RIC I 543a, C 126
69) B2, O85, R128, T031 Exe: AVGVSTVS RIC I 128
70) B2, O85, R128, T032 Exe: AVGVSTVS RIC I 126, S 1592
71) B2, O85, R128, T049 IMP CAESAR across fields RIC I 269a, C 114
72) B2, O85, R128, T060 CAESAR DIVI F across fields RIC I 257, S 1550, C 61
73) B2, O85, R128, T067 RIC I 266, C 122
74) B2, O85, R128, T077 RIC I 472, C 182
75) B2, O85, R128, T086 RIC I 267, C 123
76) B2, O85, R128, T088 Exe: L VINICIVS RIC I 359, C 544
77) B2, O85, R128, T090 IMP CAESAR across fields RIC I 265, C 119
78) B3, O32, R051, T037 DIVVS IVLIVS across fields RIC I 37b, C 98
79) B3, O44, R107, T062 RIC I 113b, C 277a
80) B4, O08, R016, T030 Exe: AVGVS F RIC I 199, C 40
81) B4, O08, R128, T017 Exe: IMP XIIII RIC I 201a, C 133
82) B4, O08, R128, T027 Exe: IMP XII RIC I 176
83) B4, O32, R051, T037 DIVVS IVLIVS across fields RIC I 37a, C 98
84) B4, O32, R070, T001 RIC I 414
85) B4, O32, R128, T092
86) B4, O33, R006, T083 Exe: TI CAESAR RIC I 222, C 301
87) B4, O33, R008, T029 Exe: C L CAESARES RIC I 207, C 43
88) B4, O33, R092, T057 RIC I 220, C 223
89) B4, O33, R118, T082 RIC I 226, C 2
90) B4, O44, R128, T074 SP QR across fields RIC I 119, C 279
91) B4, O44, R128, T079 MAR VLT across fields RIC I 105a, S 1623
92) B4, O85, R033, T025  RIC 32a
93) B4, O85, R128, T019 IMP CAESAR across fields, thunderbolt behind obv. Bust RIC I 270, C 116
94) Bc, O85, R128, T010 Exe: IMP CAESAR RIC I 272, C 117
95) Bc, O85, R128, T036 CAESAR DIVI F across fields RIC I 271, S 1559
96) Be, O72, R128, T012 RIC I 362
97) Bg, O84, R035, T023 RIC I 288, C 484
98) Bh, O78, R041, T003 Exe: EX SC, Obv. Exe: ANTIAT RIC I 322, S 1605
99) Bk, O74, R009, T011 RIC I 311, C 427
100) Bl, O74, R035, T023 RIC I 314, C 433b
101) Bm, O43, R108, T084  RIC I 99, C 78b
102) Bm, O85, R109, T084 RIC I 100, C 80
103) Bn, O69, R034, T064 RIC I 303, C 357
104) Bp, O85, R038, T008 CAESAR DIVI F across fields RIC I 253
105) Bp, O85, R128, T007 CAESAR DIVI F across fields RIC I 251, C 70
106) Bq, O12, R047, T066 RIC I 367, C 348
107) Br, O85, R128, T061 CAESAR DIVI F across fields RIC I 256, C 60
108) Bs, O85, R128, T013 Exe: IMP CAESAR RIC I 264
109) Bt, O69, R009, T011  RIC I 301, C 354
 

AR Quinarius

 
110) B2, O03, R081, T101 RIC I 1a
111) B2, O16, R128, T094 RIC I 474, S 1643
112) B2, O41, R005, T093 RIC I 276, S 1568

Note: The entire bronze coinage series until the mid-3rd century normally features an S and C across the reverse fields of each coin which stand for Senatus Consulto, ďBy authority of the SenateĒ. To avoid repetition these will be omitted but may be assumed to be present unless otherwise noted.
 

AE Sestertius

 
113) B2, O06, R128, T107 RIC I 501, C 570
114) Bv, O85, R015, T053 RIC I 370
115) Bv, O85, R066, T053 RIC I 383
116) Bv, O85, R078, T053 RIC I 341, C 520
117) Bv, O85, R085, T053 RIC I 345, C 441

 

AE Sestertius (Posthumous)

 
118) B4, O50, R057, T053 RIC 136 (II, Nerva), C 570

 

AE Dupondius

 
119) B3, O28, R076, T053 RIC I 429, C 518
120) Ba, O54, R044, T041 RIC I 155, C 7
121) Bu, O85, R015, T053 RIC I 372, S 1659
122) Bu, O85, R019, T053 RIC I 375, C 408
123) Bu, O85, R078, T053 RIC I 342, S 1666
124) Bu, O85, R089, T053 RIC I 347, C 440

 

AE Dupondius (Posthumous)

 
125) B5, O50, R046, T018 RIC 56 (I, Caligula), S 1811, C 87
126) B5, O50, R050, T055 RIC 101 (I, Claudius)
127) B5, O51, R059, T091 RIC 189 (II, Titus)
128) B5, O51, R128, T111 RIC 79 (I, Tiberius), S 1787
129) B6, O50, R056, T047 Exe: SC RIC 131 (I, Nerva), C 568

 

AE As

 
130) B1, O28, R076, T053 RIC I 432, S 1686
131) B1, O28, R091, T053 RIC I 428
132) B1, O63, R093, T053 RIC I 471, S 1689
133) B2, O16, R009, T106 RIC I 486
134) B2, O28, R075, T053 RIC I 435
135) B2, O28, R091, T053 RIC I 427
136) B4, O42, R128, T002 Exe: ROM ET AVG RIC I 230

 

AE As (Posthumous)

 
137) B2, O50, R056, T002 Exe: SC RIC 133 (II, Nerva), C 566
138) B5, O51, R055, T045 RIC 156 (II, Domitian), C 562
139) B5, O51, R058, T045 RIC 198 (II, Titus)
140) B5, O51, R128, T002 Exe: PROVIDENT RIC 81 (I, Tiberius), S 1789, C 228
141) B5, O51, R128, T044 RIC 82 (I, Tiberius), S 1790
142) B5, O51, R128, T056 RIC 72 (I, Tiberius)
143) B5, O51, R128, T081 Large S C across fields RIC 83 (I, Tiberius)

 

AE Quadrans

 
144) Bb, O52, R004, T053 RIC I 447, S 1701
145) Bb, O53, R080, T053 RIC I 465
146) Bf, O73, R053, T038 RIC I 422, S 1695
147) Bf, O77, R053, T002 RIC I 425, C 415
148) Bo, O73, R053, T053 RIC I 421, S 1694

 
 

Augustus Busts


 

Augustus Types

 


 
 

Augustus From the J. Paul Getty Museum- Photo Joe Geranio