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ERIC Table of Contents


Title Page

Introduction

About Roman Coins

Denominations

Coins of Other Ancient Cultures

Identifying Roman Coins

How To Use This Book

Mintmarks

Mint Map

Pricing And Grading

Bibliography

Reference Catalogs Cited

Coin Terms Used

Glossary

Rarity Tables

Index of Rulers

Photography Credits

Additional Web Resources

Imperial Catalog:

AUGUSTUS
LIVA
AGRIPPA
NERO CLAUDIUS DRUSUS
GERMANICUS
AGRIPPINA I
TIBERIUS
DRUSUS
ANTONIA
CALIGULA
CLAUDIUS I
BRITANNICUS
AGRIPPINA II
NERO
GALBA
CLODIUS MACER
OTHO
VITELLIUS
VESPASIAN
DOMITILLA
TITUS
DOMITIAN
DOMITIA
JULIA TITI
NERVA
TRAJAN
PLOTINA
MARCIANA
MATIDIA
HADRIAN
SABINA
AELIUS
ANTONINUS PIUS
FAUSTINA I
MARCUS AURELIUS
FAUSTINA II
LUCIUS VERUS
LUCILLA
COMMODUS
CRISPINA
PERTINAX
DIDIUS JULIANUS
MANLIA SCANTILLA
DIDIA CLARA
PESCENNIUS NIGER
CLODIUS ALBINUS
SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS
JULIA DOMNA
CARACALLA
PLAUTILLA
GETA
MACRINUS
DIADUMENIAN
ELAGABALUS
JULIA MAESA
JULIA SOAEMIAS
JULIA PAULA
AQUILIA SEVERA
ANNIA FAUSTINA
SEVERUS ALEXANDER
JULIA MAMAEA
ORBIANA
MAXIMINUS I
PAULINA
MAXIMUS
GORDIAN I
GORDIAN II
BALBINUS
PUPIENUS
GORDIAN III
TRANQUILLINA
PHILIP I
OTACILIA SEVERA
PHILIP II
PACATIAN
JOTAPIAN
TRAJAN DECIUS
HERENNIA ETRUSCILLA
HERENNIUS ETRUSCUS
HOSTILIAN
TREBONIANUS GALLUS
VOLUSIAN
AEMILIAN
CORNELIA SUPERA
SILBANNACUS
URANIUS ANTONINUS
VALERIAN I
MARINIANA
VALERIAN II
GALLIENUS
SALONINA
SALONINUS
REGALIANUS
DRYANTILLA
POSTUMUS
LAELIANUS
MARIUS
VICTORINUS
DOMITIAN II
TETRICUS I
TETRICUS II
QUIETUS
MACRIANUS
CLAUDIUS II
QUINTILLUS
AURELIAN
SEVERINA
ZENOBIA
VABALATHUS
TACITUS
FLORIAN
PROBUS
SATURNINUS
CARUS
CARINUS
MAGNIA URBICA
NIGRIAN
NUMERIAN
JULIAN I
DIOCLETIAN
MAXIMIAN
CARAUSIUS
ALLECTUS
DOMITIUS DOMITIANUS
CONSTANTIUS I
THEODORA
GALERIUS
GALERIA VALERIA
SEVERUS II
MAXENTIUS
ROMULUS
CONSTANTINE I
HELENA
FAUSTA
ALEXANDER
LICINIUS I
CONSTANTIA
MAXIMINUS II
LICINIUS II
CRISPUS
VALERIUS VALENS
MARTINIAN
CONSTANTINE II
DELMATIUS
HANNIBALLIANUS
CONSTANS
CONSTANTIUS II
MAGNENTIUS
DECENTIUS
NEPOTIAN
VETRANO
CONSTANTIUS GALLUS
JULIAN II
JOVIAN
VALENTINIAN I
VALENS
PROCOPIUS
GRATIAN
VALENTINIAN II
THEODOSIUS I
AELIA FLACCILLA
MAGNUS MAXIMINUS
FLAVIUS VICTOR
EUGENIUS
HONORIUS
CONSTANTINE III
CONSTANS II
MAXIMINUS
PRISCUS ATTALUS
JOVINUS
SABASTIANUS
CONSTANTIUS III
GALLA PLACIDIA
JOHANNES
VALENTINIAN III
LICINIA EUDOXIA
HONORIA
PETRONIUS MAXIMINUS
AVITUS
MAJORIAN
LIBIUS SEVERUS
ANTHEMIUS
EUPHEMIA
ANICIUS OLYBRIUS
GLYCERIUS
JULIUS NEPOS
ROMULUS AUGUSTUS
ARCADIUS
EUDOXIA
PULCHERIA
THEODOSIUS II
EUDOCIA
MARCIAN
LEO I
VERINA
LEO II
ZENO
ARIADNE
BASILISCUS
ZENONIS
LEONTIUS I
ANASTASIUS I
ANONYMOUS COINAGE

ERIC The Encyclopedia of Roman Imperial Coins
by Rasiel Suarez


Eudoxia

b.380 – d.404

Wife The wife of Arcadius, Eudoxia had no desire to remain in the political background that was expected of an empress. Instead, she thoroughly dominated not only the will of Arcadius (who was, incidentally, content to relax well out of the limelight) but also play an active role in the political issues of the day and the religious ones as well. In this light she was resented by many who saw her self-acquired role unwelcome and was denounced as arrogant and materialistic. Those who had the nerve to condemn her could always count on swift retribution on her orders and this only served to further alienate those who weren't on her "good side". Honorius himself was said to complain to his brother Arcadius about the situation but the eastern emperor apparently never took any steps to suppress his wife's activities. 

Despite the negative view of her that has survived it seems apparent that she took advantage of her imperial position to live life to its fullest as she saw fit without regard for keeping appearances. 

She died at the age of only 21 due to complications following childbirth.

Appearing every now and then among “uncleaned” Roman coins, Eudoxia ranks about fourth most common empresses among the 4th- and 5th-century coins. This would be behind Helena, Fausta, Galeria Valeria and, perhaps, Aelia Flaccilla none of whom had very extensive coin runs despite being in otherwise very prolific minting periods.

It is often possible to identify her bronzes even when the obverse details have been obliterated or worn smooth because the reverses are unique to her during this period. 

The silver and gold coins will be much rarer and valuable. The by now venerable Tremissis will be the most often found denomination. Relative to the entire output of Solidi for these years, these small coins featured empresses much more frequently.

One such Tremissis will still cost a few hundred dollars with $1,000 not being uncommon. Being rather thin and flimsy they tend to have slight bends and scratches. Of course, the flawless coin will fetch the highest prices at auction.
An “entry-level” bronze need only cost around $20.

Busts:

1) Diademed, draped bust right
2) Diademed, draped bust right, being crowned by Hand of God

 

Obverses:

 
1) AEL EVDIXIA AVG
2) AEL EVDOXIA AVG

 

Reverses:

 
1) GLORIA ROMANORVM
2) SALVS REIPVBLICAE
3) VIRTVS EXERCITI
4) No legend

 

Types:

 
1) Arcadius standing left, holding spear and resting hand on shield; being crowned by Victory, holding palm.
2) Eudoxia seated, facing
3) Victory seated right, holding shield with Chi-Rho design
4) Victory seated right, holding shield with Chi-Rho design on column
5) Wreath, Chi-Rho within
6) Wreath, cross within

 

Mints:

 
1) Alexandria
2) Antioch
3) Constantinopolis
4) Cyzicus
5) Nicomedia

 
 
AU Solidus Reference(s)

 
1) B2, O2, R2, T4, M3 Exe: CONOB   Officina at end of reverse legend RIC 14 (X, Arcadius)

 
AU Tremissis

 
2) B1, O2, R4, T6, M3 Exe: CON   RIC 21 (X, Arcadius)
3) B1, O2, R4, T6, M3 Exe: CONOB*

 
AR Miliarense

 
4) B1, O2, R4, T6, M3 Exe: CONS RIC 46 (X, Arcadius)

 
AE3

 
5) B2, O2, R1, T2, M1 Exe: '/ALE` RIC 84 (X, Arcadius), L 2926 
6) B2, O2, R1, T2, M2 Exe: '/ANT` RIC 83 (X, Arcadius), L 2805
7) B2, O2, R1, T2, M3 Exe: '/CONS`  RIC 77 (X, Arcadius), L 2218
8) B2, O2, R1, T2, M4 Exe: '/SMK`  RIC 81 (X, Arcadius), L 2593
9) B2, O2, R2, T4, M2 Exe: ANT`  RIC 104 (X, Arcadius), L 2218
10) B2, O2, R2, T4, M3 Exe: CONS`  RIC 101 (X, Arcadius), L 2210
11) B2, O2, R2, T4, M4 Exe: SMK` RIC 103 (X, Arcadius), L 2589
12) B2, O2, R2, T4, M5 Exe: SMN` RIC 102 (X, Arcadius), L 2445

 

Eudoxia Busts

Eudoxia Types