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ERIC Table of Contents


Title Page

Introduction

About Roman Coins

Denominations

Coins of Other Ancient Cultures

Identifying Roman Coins

How To Use This Book

Mintmarks

Mint Map

Pricing And Grading

Bibliography

Reference Catalogs Cited

Coin Terms Used

Glossary

Rarity Tables

Index of Rulers

Photography Credits

Additional Web Resources

Imperial Catalog:

AUGUSTUS
LIVA
AGRIPPA
NERO CLAUDIUS DRUSUS
GERMANICUS
AGRIPPINA I
TIBERIUS
DRUSUS
ANTONIA
CALIGULA
CLAUDIUS I
BRITANNICUS
AGRIPPINA II
NERO
GALBA
CLODIUS MACER
OTHO
VITELLIUS
VESPASIAN
DOMITILLA
TITUS
DOMITIAN
DOMITIA
JULIA TITI
NERVA
TRAJAN
PLOTINA
MARCIANA
MATIDIA
HADRIAN
SABINA
AELIUS
ANTONINUS PIUS
FAUSTINA I
MARCUS AURELIUS
FAUSTINA II
LUCIUS VERUS
LUCILLA
COMMODUS
CRISPINA
PERTINAX
DIDIUS JULIANUS
MANLIA SCANTILLA
DIDIA CLARA
PESCENNIUS NIGER
CLODIUS ALBINUS
SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS
JULIA DOMNA
CARACALLA
PLAUTILLA
GETA
MACRINUS
DIADUMENIAN
ELAGABALUS
JULIA MAESA
JULIA SOAEMIAS
JULIA PAULA
AQUILIA SEVERA
ANNIA FAUSTINA
SEVERUS ALEXANDER
JULIA MAMAEA
ORBIANA
MAXIMINUS I
PAULINA
MAXIMUS
GORDIAN I
GORDIAN II
BALBINUS
PUPIENUS
GORDIAN III
TRANQUILLINA
PHILIP I
OTACILIA SEVERA
PHILIP II
PACATIAN
JOTAPIAN
TRAJAN DECIUS
HERENNIA ETRUSCILLA
HERENNIUS ETRUSCUS
HOSTILIAN
TREBONIANUS GALLUS
VOLUSIAN
AEMILIAN
CORNELIA SUPERA
SILBANNACUS
URANIUS ANTONINUS
VALERIAN I
MARINIANA
VALERIAN II
GALLIENUS
SALONINA
SALONINUS
REGALIANUS
DRYANTILLA
POSTUMUS
LAELIANUS
MARIUS
VICTORINUS
DOMITIAN II
TETRICUS I
TETRICUS II
QUIETUS
MACRIANUS
CLAUDIUS II
QUINTILLUS
AURELIAN
SEVERINA
ZENOBIA
VABALATHUS
TACITUS
FLORIAN
PROBUS
SATURNINUS
CARUS
CARINUS
MAGNIA URBICA
NIGRIAN
NUMERIAN
JULIAN I
DIOCLETIAN
MAXIMIAN
CARAUSIUS
ALLECTUS
DOMITIUS DOMITIANUS
CONSTANTIUS I
THEODORA
GALERIUS
GALERIA VALERIA
SEVERUS II
MAXENTIUS
ROMULUS
CONSTANTINE I
HELENA
FAUSTA
ALEXANDER
LICINIUS I
CONSTANTIA
MAXIMINUS II
LICINIUS II
CRISPUS
VALERIUS VALENS
MARTINIAN
CONSTANTINE II
DELMATIUS
HANNIBALLIANUS
CONSTANS
CONSTANTIUS II
MAGNENTIUS
DECENTIUS
NEPOTIAN
VETRANO
CONSTANTIUS GALLUS
JULIAN II
JOVIAN
VALENTINIAN I
VALENS
PROCOPIUS
GRATIAN
VALENTINIAN II
THEODOSIUS I
AELIA FLACCILLA
MAGNUS MAXIMINUS
FLAVIUS VICTOR
EUGENIUS
HONORIUS
CONSTANTINE III
CONSTANS II
MAXIMINUS
PRISCUS ATTALUS
JOVINUS
SABASTIANUS
CONSTANTIUS III
GALLA PLACIDIA
JOHANNES
VALENTINIAN III
LICINIA EUDOXIA
HONORIA
PETRONIUS MAXIMINUS
AVITUS
MAJORIAN
LIBIUS SEVERUS
ANTHEMIUS
EUPHEMIA
ANICIUS OLYBRIUS
GLYCERIUS
JULIUS NEPOS
ROMULUS AUGUSTUS
ARCADIUS
EUDOXIA
PULCHERIA
THEODOSIUS II
EUDOCIA
MARCIAN
LEO I
VERINA
LEO II
ZENO
ARIADNE
BASILISCUS
ZENONIS
LEONTIUS I
ANASTASIUS I
ANONYMOUS COINAGE

ERIC The Encyclopedia of Roman Imperial Coins
by Rasiel Suarez


 Tetricus

Augustus 271-274 

Tetricus was governor of Acquitaine in Gaul when Victorinus, the emperor of this secessionist region, was murdered. Victorinus' mother, who evidently had a certain degree of influence in the army, then appointed the Governor to emperor. The reign of Tetricus was potmarked by a string of battles against loyalist Romans, other secessionist states, would-be crown usurpers and barbarians. It all finally ended when Tetricus arranged for surrender to the forces of Aurelian in exchange for his life. The plot was carried off and Aurelian subsequently pardoned him as well as appointed him to office either as governor of Lucania or as corrector of Italy. Contemporary historians relate how the two former adversaries retained a strong friendship. 
 
As a whole, the coins of Tetricus I (and his son too) are easily available and cheap. The problem is that finding coins of either of these guys in desirable condition can be a challenge. 
 
By the closing years of the Gallic empire the coins were produced with wild carelessness and of very low grade metal. The dies, particularly obverse dies, were typically used until they were worn smooth or broke apart under ceaseless hammering. This left mint state coins nearly unrecognizable even back then. Add in over a dozen centuries of weathering and it’s understandable that nice coins are hard to come by. 
 
To complicate matters, many of the coins for this reign were minted in territories nominally under Tetricus’s control but more or less autonomous. The people who lived in these areas struck their own coins imitating the “official” Tetricus issues as best they could. These barbarous coins, as they’re now termed, range in style and workmanship from the good to the abominable and, unfortunately, often blend elements of the official coinage so close that telling the two apart is an academic exercise of little consequence.  

Busts: 

1) Laureate bust right of Tetricus I, bareheaded bust left of Tetricus II 
2) Laureate head left 
3) Laureate head right 
4) Laureate, cuirassed bust left 
5) Laureate, cuirassed bust left holding scepter over shoulder and shield 
6) Laureate, cuirassed bust right 
7) Radiate, cuirassed bust right 
8) Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right 

 

Obverses: 

 
1) IMP C C P ESV TETRICVS AVG 
2) IMP C C P ESVVIVS TETRICVS AVG 
3) IMP C P ESV TETRICVS AVG 
4) IMP C P ESVVIVS TETRICVS AVG 
5) IMP C TETRICVS 
6) IMP C TETRICVS AVG 
7) IMP C TETRICVS P AVG 
8) IMP C TETRICVS PF AV 
9) IMP C TETRICVS PF AVG 
10) IMP C TETRICVS PIVS AVG 
11) IMP TETRICI AVGG 
12) IMP TETRICVS 
13) IMP TETRICVS AVG 
14) IMP TETRICVS P AVG 
15) IMP TETRICVS PF AVG 
16) IMP TETRICVS PIVS AVG 
17) IMPP TETRICI AVGG 
18) No Legend 

 

Reverses: 

 
5) AEQVITAS AVGG
6) AETERNIT AVG 
9) COMES AVG 
10) COMIT AVG 
11) CONCORD 
14) CONSACRATIO 
15) CONSECR 
16) CONSECRA 
18) CONSERVAT AVG 
19) COS III 
21) FELICIT AVG 
24) FIDES MILITVM 
25) FORTVNA AVG 
27) HILARITAS 
28) HILARITAS AVG  
30) IMP C CLAVDIVS AVG 
31) IMP C POSTVMVS PF AVG 
32) IMP C VICTORINVS PF AVG 
33) INVICTVS 
38) LAETITIA AVG
46) ORIENS AVG 
48) P I TETRICVS
49) PA PVBLIC 
50) PAX AETERNA 
51) PAX AVG 
52) PAX AVGG 
55) PIETAS AVGVSTO 
56) PM TR P COS III PP 
57) PM TR P COS PP 
58) PM TR P I COS PP 
59) PM TR P II COS PP 
60) PM TR P III COS II PP 
61) PM TR P III COS PP 
62) PRINC IVVENT 
63) PRO AVG 
69) SALVS AVG 
70) SALVS AVGG 
71) SPES AVG 
72) SPES AVGG 
74) TVTELA 
77) VICTORIA 
79) VICTORIA AVG
80) VICTORIA AVG IIII 
 

Types: 

 
1) Abundantia standing left, holding grain ears and cornucopia 
2) Abundantia standing left, pouring cornucopia 
3) Abundantia standing right, pouring cornucopia 
4) Aequitas standing left, holding scale and cornucopiae 
5) Aeternitas standing left, holding phoenix on globe and holding robe 
6) Altar 
7) Altar, Concordia standing by holding patera and cornucopia 
8) Concordia standing left, holding patera and cornucopia 
9) Eagle 
10) Felicitas sacrificing over altar and holding caduceus 
11) Felicitas standing left with crossed legs, leaning on column and holding caduceus 
12) Felicitas standing left, holding patera and cornucopia 
13) Felicitas standing, facing, holding caduceus and cornucopia 
14) Feunditas standing left, holding two babies and two babies by feet 
15) Fides standing left, holding standard and scepter 
16) Fides standing left, holding standard in each hand 
17) Fortuna seated left on wheel, holding rudder and cornucopia 
18) Fortuna standing left, holding rudder and cornucopia 
19) Hercules standing right, leaning on club; lion skin lying on rock. 
20) Hilaritas standing left, holding palm and cornucopia 
21) Hilaritas standing left, holding palm and cornucopia, child on either side. 
22) Hilaritas standing left, holding palm and cornucopia, two children on either side. 
23) Hilaritas standing left, holding wreath and leaning on scepter
24) Hippocamp advancing right. 
25) Jupiter seated left, holding Victory and spear 
26) Jupiter standing left, holding thunderbolt and scepter, Tetricus to lower left. 
27) Jupiter standing right, holding thunderbolt and scepter 
28) Laetitia standing left, holding patera and rudder, child on right. 
29) Laetitia standing left, holding wreath and anchor 
30) Laetitia standing left, pouring cornucopia into vase 
31) Liberalitas standing left, holding coin counter and cornucopia 
32) Liberalitas standing left, holding palm and cornucopia 
33) Mars advancing right, holding spear and trophy 
34) Mars standing left, holding branch and spear 
35) Moneta standing left, holding scale and cornucopiae 
36) Nobilitas standing right, hold spear and globe. Galley prow by feet. 
37) Pax standing left, holding anchor and feeding serpent on altar 
38) Pax standing left, holding branch and scepter
39) Pax standing left, holding broken bow and cornucopiae 
40) Pax standing left, holding palm and cornucopiae 
41) Pax standing left, holding patera and scepter, facing snake. 
42) Pax standing left, holding scale and two cornucopiae 
43) Pax standing left, holding wreath and rudder 
44) Pietas standing left, holding branch and cornucopiae 
45) Pietas standing left, sacrificing over altar and holding box 
46) Providentia standing left, holding rudder and cornucopiae 
47) Providentia standing left, holding wand and cornucopiae, globe by feet. 
48) Providentia standing left, holding wand and cornucopiae
49) Roma seated left by shield, holding Victory and spear. 
50) Sacrificial implements: aspergillum, simpulum, cruet, lituus (variously arranged) 
52) Sacrificial implements: cruet with a lituus on either side 
53) Salus standing left, feeding snake on altar and holding rudder. 
54) Salus standing left, feeding snake on altar and holding scepter
55) Salus standing left, holding wreath and anchor
56) Salus standing left, holding wreath and anchor; altar by feet. 
57) Sol advancing left, raising hand and holding globe. 
58) Sol advancing left, raising hand and holding whip. 
59) Sol standing right 
60) Spes advancing left, holding flower and raising skirt 
61) Spes standing left, holding flower and palm 
62) Spes standing left, holding patera and scepter 
63) Tetricus I and Tetricus II, facing each other, jointly holding Victory on globe 
64) Tetricus I handing over globe to Tetricus II, both holding scepter, altar in between. 
65) Tetricus I riding horse left, raising hand and holding scepter 
66) Tetricus I sacrificing over altar, standing next to Tetricus II, holding globe and being crowned by Victory
67) Tetricus I seated left, holding branch and scepter 
68) Tetricus I seated left, holding globe and scepter 
69) Tetricus I standing left, holding globe and parazonium; seated captive to left. 
70) Tetricus I standing left, holding globe and scepter 
71) Tetricus I standing left, holding wand and scepter 
72) Tetricus I standing left, sacrificing over altar and holding scepter 
73) Tetricus I standing right, holding spear and globe 
74) Tetricus I standing right, stepping on globe, holding spear and parazonium
75) Tutela standing left, holding patera and spear 
76) Uberitas standing left, holding grapes and cornucopiae 
77) Victory advancing left, holding wreath and palm 
78) Victory advancing right, holding wreath and trophy 
79) Victory advancing right, trampling enemy, holding wreath and trophy 
80) Victory crowning globe held by Tetricus, captive by feet 
81) Victory standing left, holding wreath and palm 
82) Victory standing left, in front of altar, holding wreath and palm 
83) Victory standing right, holding trophy 
84) Virtus seated left, holding branch and spear. 
85) Virtus standing left, resting hand on shield and holding spear. 
86) Virtus standing right, holding spear and leaning on shield

 

Mints: 

 
1) Colonia Agrippinensis 
2) Gaul 
3) Treveri 

 
 
AU Aureus Reference(s) 
 
1) B4, O16, R83, T69 RIC Vii 41, C 205 
2) B5, O13, R83, T69 
3) B6, O09, R60, T74 RIC Vii 7, C 130 
4) B6, O09, R83, T84 RIC Vii 21, C 202 

 
 
5) B7, O09, R29, T20 RIC Vii 79 
6) B7, O09, R78, T77 RIC Vii 141 
7) B7, O13, R24, T16 RIC Vii 71, C 43 
8) B7, O15, R29, T20 RIC Vii 80 
9) B7, O15, R39, T29 RIC Vii 88 
10) B7, O15, R49, T38  
11) B7, O15, R70, T53 RIC Vii 127f, C 152 
12) B8, O06, R22, T12 
13) B8, O06, R24, T16 RIC Vii 69 
14) B8, O09, R09, T81 RIC Vii 56, C 17 
15) B8, O09, R51, T36 RIC Vii 100, C 95 
16) B8, O09, R70, T53 RIC Vii 126c, C 154 
17) B8, O09, R70, T53 RIC Vii 128 
18) B8, O09, R73, T60 RIC Vii 136 
19) B8, O09, R84, T85 RIC Vii 148 
20) B8, O15, R09, T77 RIC Vii 57 

 

Tetricus I Busts 

Tetricus I Types