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ERIC Table of Contents


Title Page

Introduction

About Roman Coins

Denominations

Coins of Other Ancient Cultures

Identifying Roman Coins

How To Use This Book

Mintmarks

Mint Map

Pricing And Grading

Bibliography

Reference Catalogs Cited

Coin Terms Used

Glossary

Rarity Tables

Index of Rulers

Photography Credits

Additional Web Resources

Imperial Catalog:

AUGUSTUS
LIVA
AGRIPPA
NERO CLAUDIUS DRUSUS
GERMANICUS
AGRIPPINA I
TIBERIUS
DRUSUS
ANTONIA
CALIGULA
CLAUDIUS I
BRITANNICUS
AGRIPPINA II
NERO
GALBA
CLODIUS MACER
OTHO
VITELLIUS
VESPASIAN
DOMITILLA
TITUS
DOMITIAN
DOMITIA
JULIA TITI
NERVA
TRAJAN
PLOTINA
MARCIANA
MATIDIA
HADRIAN
SABINA
AELIUS
ANTONINUS PIUS
FAUSTINA I
MARCUS AURELIUS
FAUSTINA II
LUCIUS VERUS
LUCILLA
COMMODUS
CRISPINA
PERTINAX
DIDIUS JULIANUS
MANLIA SCANTILLA
DIDIA CLARA
PESCENNIUS NIGER
CLODIUS ALBINUS
SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS
JULIA DOMNA
CARACALLA
PLAUTILLA
GETA
MACRINUS
DIADUMENIAN
ELAGABALUS
JULIA MAESA
JULIA SOAEMIAS
JULIA PAULA
AQUILIA SEVERA
ANNIA FAUSTINA
SEVERUS ALEXANDER
JULIA MAMAEA
ORBIANA
MAXIMINUS I
PAULINA
MAXIMUS
GORDIAN I
GORDIAN II
BALBINUS
PUPIENUS
GORDIAN III
TRANQUILLINA
PHILIP I
OTACILIA SEVERA
PHILIP II
PACATIAN
JOTAPIAN
TRAJAN DECIUS
HERENNIA ETRUSCILLA
HERENNIUS ETRUSCUS
HOSTILIAN
TREBONIANUS GALLUS
VOLUSIAN
AEMILIAN
CORNELIA SUPERA
SILBANNACUS
URANIUS ANTONINUS
VALERIAN I
MARINIANA
VALERIAN II
GALLIENUS
SALONINA
SALONINUS
REGALIANUS
DRYANTILLA
POSTUMUS
LAELIANUS
MARIUS
VICTORINUS
DOMITIAN II
TETRICUS I
TETRICUS II
QUIETUS
MACRIANUS
CLAUDIUS II
QUINTILLUS
AURELIAN
SEVERINA
ZENOBIA
VABALATHUS
TACITUS
FLORIAN
PROBUS
SATURNINUS
CARUS
CARINUS
MAGNIA URBICA
NIGRIAN
NUMERIAN
JULIAN I
DIOCLETIAN
MAXIMIAN
CARAUSIUS
ALLECTUS
DOMITIUS DOMITIANUS
CONSTANTIUS I
THEODORA
GALERIUS
GALERIA VALERIA
SEVERUS II
MAXENTIUS
ROMULUS
CONSTANTINE I
HELENA
FAUSTA
ALEXANDER
LICINIUS I
CONSTANTIA
MAXIMINUS II
LICINIUS II
CRISPUS
VALERIUS VALENS
MARTINIAN
CONSTANTINE II
DELMATIUS
HANNIBALLIANUS
CONSTANS
CONSTANTIUS II
MAGNENTIUS
DECENTIUS
NEPOTIAN
VETRANO
CONSTANTIUS GALLUS
JULIAN II
JOVIAN
VALENTINIAN I
VALENS
PROCOPIUS
GRATIAN
VALENTINIAN II
THEODOSIUS I
AELIA FLACCILLA
MAGNUS MAXIMINUS
FLAVIUS VICTOR
EUGENIUS
HONORIUS
CONSTANTINE III
CONSTANS II
MAXIMINUS
PRISCUS ATTALUS
JOVINUS
SABASTIANUS
CONSTANTIUS III
GALLA PLACIDIA
JOHANNES
VALENTINIAN III
LICINIA EUDOXIA
HONORIA
PETRONIUS MAXIMINUS
AVITUS
MAJORIAN
LIBIUS SEVERUS
ANTHEMIUS
EUPHEMIA
ANICIUS OLYBRIUS
GLYCERIUS
JULIUS NEPOS
ROMULUS AUGUSTUS
ARCADIUS
EUDOXIA
PULCHERIA
THEODOSIUS II
EUDOCIA
MARCIAN
LEO I
VERINA
LEO II
ZENO
ARIADNE
BASILISCUS
ZENONIS
LEONTIUS I
ANASTASIUS I
ANONYMOUS COINAGE

ERIC The Encyclopedia of Roman Imperial Coins
by Rasiel Suarez


Otho

Augustus 69


A former friend of Nero's and a key figure in the Roman political elite, Othoís fortunes turned for the worse when he became involved with a woman desired by Nero himself. In order to remove his competition, Nero simply exiled him to faraway Portugal under the guise of a promotion. Some ten years later, after Nero's own ill-fated end, Otho hoped to return to Rome as Caesar under Galba who had gathered an army and prepared to claim the crown. Galba had had a politically favorable relationship with Otho and it's conceivable that the two could have had such an agreement. On becoming Augustus, however, Galba for whatever reason sidestepped Otho and named Piso Licianus, a garden variety aristocrat, as his successor. Infuriated at hearing the news of this betrayal, Otho summoned a sympathetic army and within days had Galba executed and placed himself as emperor. 
Otho still had to deal with the approaching army of Vitellius who were already en route to fight Galba. Although he set out with an able army to meet Vitellius's forces an unexpected turn of events had Otho commit suicide just prior to a major engagement. He did this, apparently, out of a patriotic need to end the civil war.
 
Perhaps one of the most popular sets among collectors of Roman coins is the gathering of one of each of the so-called ď12 CaesarsĒ as popularized by the ancient Roman historian Suetonius in his book of the same name. Well, for those collectors Otho is usually the last coin of the set because the coins are rarely found for under $200-$300 each with $500-$1,000 being more typical. And Otho stands alone among the long roster of emperors who did not issue any copper coinsÖ not counting late-3rd century emperors who issued silvered coins with bronze cores.
 
But, on the other hand, at least Othoís Denarii are fairly plentiful and even an Aureus appears from time to time for the well-heeled.      

Busts:

1) Bare head left

2) Bare head right


 

Obverses:

 
1) IMP M OTHO CAESAR AVG TR P
2) IMP OTHO CAESAR AVG TR P

 

Reverses:

 
1) CERES AVG
2) PAX ORBIS TERRARVM
3) PONT MAX
4) SECVRITAS P R
5) VICTORIA OTHONIS

 

Types:

 
1) Aequitas standing left, holding scale and scepter.
2) Ceres standing left, holding grain ears and cornucopia
3) Jupiter seated right, holding thunderbolt and scepter
4) Otho riding horse right, aiming spear
5) Pax standing left, holding branch and caduceus.
6) Securitas standing left, holding wreath and scepter.
7) Vesta seated left, holding patera and scepter.


8) Victory advancing left, holding wreath and palm.
9) Victory advancing right, holding wreath and palm.

 

Mints:

 
1) Roma

 
 
AU Aureus Reference(s)

 
1) B2, O1, R2, T5 RIC I 3, BMC 1
2) B2, O1, R4, T6 RIC I 7, BMC 13, C 16

 
AR Denarius

 
3) B1, O1, R4, T6 RIC I 10, C 15
4) B2, O1, R2, T5 RIC I 4
5) B2, O1, R4, T6 RIC I 8, C 17
6) B2, O1, R5, T8 RIC I 16
7) B2, O1, R5, T9 RIC I 14, C 27
8) B2, O2, R2, T5 C 4a
9) B2, O2, R3, T1 RIC I 19
10) B2, O2, R3, T2 RIC I 20, C 11
11) B2, O2, R3, T3 RIC I 21
12) B2, O2, R3, T4 RIC I 22, C 12
13) B2, O2, R3, T7 RIC I 24
14) B2, O2, R4, T6 RIC I 12

 
 

Otho Bust

 


 

Otho Types