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Monogram

A design composed of one or more letters, typically the initials of a name, making a single character which is used as an identifying mark.  Ancient rulers, magistrates, moneyers and even die engravers would sometimes include their monograms on coins.  A ligature, which is two or more letters connected by a stroke, is a type of monogram but monograms with letters more completely united are not a ligatures. 

Transparent .gif Drawings by Pep

(Hint:  You can use the individual URLs of the images below to illustrate coins on the Classical Numismatics Discussion Board.  Usually, you can click your mouse's right button and copy the URL from the 'Properties' screen.)


Late Roman Imperial Monogram Coins

Source:  Kent, J. P. C., R. A. G. Carson, and A. M. Burnett, eds.  The Roman Imperial Coinage. Vol. XLondon: Spink and Son Ltd., 1994.

Theodosius II

1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

Marcian

1. , 2. 3. 4. 5. , , 6.

7. 8.

Leo I

1. , 2. 3. 4. 5. , 6.

Basiliscus

1.

Zenonis

1. 2.

Basiliscus and Marcus

1. 2.

Zeno

1. 2. 3. 4. 4a. 5. 6. 7.

8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14.

Libius Severus

1. , 2.

Anthemius

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.

Julius Nepos

1.

Odovacar

1. 2.


The following are additional Late Roman monograms that can be found in Late Roman Bronze Coinage, A.D. 234-498, by Hill, Kent, and Carson. These additional monograms are from page 110.

Marcian
           

Leo


Zeno


Anastasius



Byzantine Monogram Coins

Data Compiled by Howard Cole

Transparent .gif Drawings by Pep

The following drawings and attributions constitute a list of Coins with Monograms found in Byzantine Coins and Their Values, by David R. Sear, published by Seaby Ltd. in 1987. All coins with monograms are textually listed below. However, only the coins in BCV's Table of Monograms and the few others explicitly illustrated in the book are drawn below. This is a modification and expansion of an earlier table that Mr. Cole created listing the monograms by ruler. The coins in this article are listed by monogram number. If you would like to add a transparent .gif drawing, the average size of the ones below is 60 x 60 pixels with lines two pixels in width.

1. 2. 3. 4. 5.
6. 7. 8. 9. 10.
11. 12. 13. 14. 15.
16. 17. 18. 19. 20.
21. 22. 23. 24. 25.
26. 27. 28. 29. 30.
31. 32. 33. 34. 35.
36. 37. 38. 39. 40.
41. 42. 43. 44. 45.
46. 47. 48. 49. 50.
51. 52. 53. 54. 55.
56. 57. 58. 59. 60.
61.
S326A. S1233A. S1233B. S1308A.
S1444A. S1444B. S1534C.

The list below follows the following format: Monogram number, Ruler, Sear number, Denomination, Mint, (notes). Not all entries may have all of the listed information.

Monograms Listed by Number in the Table of Monograms, BCV p. 32

Monogram number, Ruler, Sear number, Denomination, Mint, (notes)
1, Justinian I, S197, (Monogram of Cherson), Pentanummium, Cherson
2, Justinian I, Pentanummium, S245, Theoupolis/Antioch
3, Justinian I, S255, Siliqua, Carthage
4, Justinian I, S328C, Half Follis, Perugia(?)
5, Justinian I, S340, Nummus, Uncertain
6, Justinian I, S341, Nummus, Uncertain
7, Justinian I, S342, Nummus, Uncertain
8, Justin II, S363, Pentanummium, Constantinople
8, Justin II, S364, Pentanummium, Constantiople
8, Justin II, S375, Pentanummium, Cyzicus
8, Justin II, S385, Pentanummium, Theoupolis/Antioch
9, Justin II, S386, Pentanummium, Theoupolis/Antioch
10, Justin II, S384, Pentanummium, Theoupolis/Antioch
11, Justin II, S387, Nummus, Theoupolis/Antioch
12, Justin II, S392A, 100 Nummi, Carthage
13, Justin II, S396A, Half Follis, Carthage
14, Justin II, S402, Pentanummium, Carthage
15, Maurice Tiberius, S539, Pentanummium, Theoupolis/Antioch
16, Maurice Tiberius, S540, Pentanummium, Theoupolis/Antioch
17, Maurice Tiberius, S542, Pentanummium, Theoupolis/Antioch
18, Tiberius II Constantine, S459, Pentanummium, Theoupolis/Antioch
19, Maurice Tiberius, S572, Nummus, Carthage
20, Phocas, S676A, Pentanummium, Theouplis/Antioch
21, Heraclius, S757, Solidus, Constantinople, (in field)
21, Heraclius, S761, Solidus, Constantinople, (in field)
21, Heraclius, S776, light weight Solidus, Constantinople, (in field)
21, Heraclius, S780, light weight Solidus, Constantinople, (in field)
21, Heraclius, S782, light weight Solidus, Constantinople, (in field)
21, Heraclius, S783, light weight Solidus, Constantinople, (in field)
21, Heraclius, S810, Follis, Constantinople, (beneath M)
21, Heraclius, S811, Follis, Constantinople, (beneath M)
21, Heraclius, S812, Follis, Constantinople, (in left field)
21, Heraclius, S815, Half Follis, Constantinople
21, Heraclius, S904, Hexagram (Double Miliarense), Ravenna
21, Heraclius, S915, Follis, Ravenna, (above M)
21, Heraclius, on Heraclian Follis, Year 20, Countermarks (Page 197)
22, Heraclius, S884, Follis, Sicily (countermark on Heraclius and Heraclius Constantine of Constantinople, also on ½ and ¾ Folles)
22, Heraclius, on Follis of Maurice, Countermarks (Page 197)
22, Heraclius, on Heraclian Follis, Year 20, Countermarks (Page 197)
23, Heraclius, S808, Follis, Constantinople, (in left field)
23, Heraclius, S836, Follis, Nicomedia, (in left field)
23, Heraclius, S841, Follis, Cyzicus, (in left field)
23, Heraclius, S849, Follis, Cyprus, (above M)
24, Heraclius, S808, Follis, Constantinople, (in left field)
24, Heraclius, S841, Follis, Cyzicus, (in left field)
25, Heraclius, S810, Follis, Constantinople, (beneath M)
26, Heraclius, S841, Follis, Cyzicus, (in left field)
27, Heraclius, S861, 12 Nummi, Alexandria, (beneath cross)
28, Heraclius, S881, Nummus, Carthage
29, Heraclius, on Heraclian Follis, Year 20 to 23, Countermarks (Page 197)
30, Heraclius, on Heraclian Follis, Year 20 to 23, Countermarks (Page 197)
31, Heraclius, S904A, Siliqua, Ravenna
31, Heraclius, S906, Half Siliqua (120 Nummi), Ravenna
32, Heraclius, S926, 8 Pentanummia (Follis), Cherson, (as a countermark)
33, Heraclius, on Follis of Maurice, Countermarks (Page 197)
34, Heraclius, on Follis of Maurice, Countermarks (Page 197)
35, Constans II, S1000, Follis, Constantinople, (as a countermark)
35, Constans II, S1004, Follis, Constantinople, (as a countermark)
35, Constans II, S1005A, Follis, Constantinople, (as a countermark)
35, Constans II, S1006, Follis, Constantinople, (as a countermark)
35, Constans II, S1007, Follis, Constantinople, (as a countermark)
35, Constans II, S1008, Follis, Constantinople, (as a countermark)
35, Constans II, S1009, Follis, Constantinople, (as a countermark)
35, Constans II, S1010, Follis, Constantinople, (as a countermark)
35, Constans II, S1013, Follis, Constantinople, (as a countermark)
35, Constans II, S1014, Follis, Constantinople, (as a countermark)
35, Constans II, S1020, Follis, Constantinople, (as a countermark)
35, Constans II, S1023, Follis, Constantinople, (as a countermark)
35, Constans II, S1025, Follis, Constantinople, (as a countermark)
35, Constans II, S1055, Follis, Carthage, (above M)
35, Constans II, S1059, Follis, Carthage, (as a countermark)
35, Constans II, S1104, Follis, Syracuse, (above M)
35, Constans II, S1110, Follis, Syracuse, (above M)
35, Constans II, S1111, Half Follis, Syracuse
35, Constans II, S1112, Half Follis, Syracuse
35, Constans II, S1113, Half Follis, Syracuse
35, Constantine IV, S1195, Follis, Carthage, (above M)
35, Constantine IV, S1198, Half Follis, Carthage
35, Constantine IV, S1199, Half Follis, Carthage
35, Constantine IV, S1207, Follis, Syracuse, (above M)
35, Constantine IV, S1208, Follis, Syracuse, (above M)
35, Constantine IV, S1209, Follis, Syracuse, (above M)
35, Constantine IV, S1210, Follis, Syracuse, (above M)
35, Constantine IV, S1211, Follis, Syracuse, (above M)
36, Constans II, S1009, Follis, Constantinople, (as a countermark)
36, Constans II, S1010, Follis, Constantinople, (as a countermark)
36, Constans II, S1023, Follis, Constantinople, (as a countermark)
36, Constans II, S1025, Follis, Constantinople, (as a countermark)
37, Constans II, S1124, 1/8 Siliqua (30 Nummi), Rome
37, Constans II, S1125, 1/8 Siliqua (30 Nummi), Rome
37, Constans II, S1125A, 1/8 Siliqua (30 Nummi), Rome
37, Constantine IV, S1232, 1/8 Siliqua (30 Nummi), Rome
37, Constantine IV, S1233, 1/8 Siliqua (30 Nummi), Rome
37, Anastasius II, S1482A, 1/8 Siliqua (30 Nummi), Rome
37, Leo III, S1534A, 1/8 Siliqua (30 Nummi), Rome
37, Leo III, S1534B, 1/8 Siliqua (30 Nummi), Rome
37, Constantine V, S1579, 1/8 Siliqua (30 Nummi), Rome
38, Justinian II-First Reign, S1270,), Follis, Carthage, (on reverse, and monogram 39 or 61 on obverse)
38, Justinian II-First Reign, S1273, Follis, Carthage, (above M)
38, Justinian II-First Reign, S1297, Follis, Syracuse, (above M)
38, Justinian II-First Reign, S1299, Follis, Syracuse, (above M)
38, Justinian II-First Reign, S1300, Follis, Syracuse, (above M)
38, Justinian II-First Reign, S1304, Follis, Syracuse, (above M)
38, Justinian II-First Reign, S1305, Half Follis, Syracuse, (above K)
38, Justinian II-Second Reign, S1435, Follis, Carthage, (above M)
38, Justinian II-Second Reign, S1436, Follis, Carthage, (above M)
38, Justinian II-Second Reign, S1437, Follis, Carthage, (above M)
38, Justinian II-Second Reign, S1438, Follis, Carthage, (above M)
39, Justinian II-First Reign, S1270,), Follis, Carthage, (on obverse, and monogram 38 on reverse)
40, Leontius, S1343, Follis, Syracuse, (above M)
41, Leontius, S1344, Follis, Syracuse, (above M)
42, Tiberius III, S1395, Follis, Syracuse, (above M)
42, Tiberius III, S1395A, Follis, Syracuse, (above M)
42, Tiberius III, S1396, Follis, Syracuse, (above M)
43, Anastasius II, S1474, Follis, Syracuse, (above M)
43, Anastasius II, S1475, Follis, Syracuse, (above M)
43, Anastasius II, S1475A, Follis, Syracuse, (above M)
43, Anastasius II, S1475B, Follis, Catania, (above M)
44, Theodosius III, S1495, Follis, Syracuse, (above M)
44, Theodosius III, S1496, Follis, Syracuse, (above M)
45, Leo III, S1529, Follis, Syracuse
46, Constantine VII and Romanus I, S1767, AE, Cherson
47, Constantine VII and Romanus I, S1767, AE, Cherson
48, Constantine VII and Romanus I, S1768, AE, Cherson
49, Constantine VII and Romanus I, S1772, AE, Cherson
50, Constantine VII and Romanus I, S1772, AE, Cherson
51, Romanus II, S1775, AE Cherson
52, Nicephorus II, Phocas, S1784, AE, Cherson
53, Nicephorus II, Phocas, S1784, AE, Cherson
54, John I Tzimisces, S1794, AE, Cherson
55, John I Tzimisces, S1794, AE, Cherson
55, Basil II, S1814, AE, Cherson
56, Basil II, S1814, AE, Cherson
57, Manuel I, S1977, AE 1/2 Tetarteron, Thessalonica
58, Manuel I, S1979, AE 1/2 Tetarteron, Uncertain Greek Mint
59, John III, Ducas-Vatatzes, The Empire of Nicaea, Not listed in Sear, billon and AE coins, Magnesia
60, Maurice Tiberius, S541, Pentanummium, Theoupolis/Antioch
61, Justinian II-First Reign, S1270,), Follis, Carthage, (on obverse, and monogram 38 on reverse)

Monograms Not Listed in The Table of Monograms

Anastasius, S13, Follis, Constantinople, (monogram of Anastasius)
Anastasius, S31, Nummus, Nicomedia, (monogram of Anastasius)
Anastasius, S37, Follis, Nicomedia, (monogram of Anastasius)
Justinian I, S326A, Nummus, Ravenna
Constantine IV, S1233A, 1/8 Siliqua (30 Nummi), Rome (monogram of Pope Vitalian)
Constantine IV, S1233B, 1/8 Siliqua (30 Nummi), Rome (monogram of Pope Adeodatus)
Justinian II-First Reign, S1308A, 1/8 Siliqua (30 Nummi), Rome, (monogram of Roma)
Justinian II-Second Reign, S1444A, 1/8 Siliqua (30 Nummi), Rome, (monogram of Pope Constantine in left field)
Phillippicus, S1460A, Follis, Syracuse
Leo III, S1534C, 1/8 Siliqua (30 Nummi), Rome (monogram of Pope Gregory III)
Andronicus II, Palaeologus, Restored Byzantine Empire, S2329, Billon Tornese, Constantinople, (Palaeologan monogram, )
Andronicus II, Palaeologus, Restored Byzantine Empire, S2395, AE Trachy, Constantinople, (Palaeologan monogram)
Andronicus II and Michael IX, Restored Byzantine Empire, S2433, AE Assarion, Constantinople, (not in table-Palaeologan monogram)
Andronicus II and Michael IX, Restored Byzantine Empire, S2449, AE Assarion, Constantinople, (Palaeologan monogram pictured)
Andronicus II and Michael IX, Restored Byzantine Empire, S2452, AE Assarion, Constantinople, (Palaeologan monogram pictured)
Andronicus III, Restored Byzantine Empire, S2497, AE Trachy, Constantinople, (Palaeologan monogram pictured)
Andronicus IV, Palaeologus, Restored Byzantine Empire, S2547, AE Tornese, Constantinople, (Palaeologan monogram pictured)
Manuel II, Palaeologus, Restored Byzantine Empire, S2554, AE Tornese, Constantinople, (Palaeologan monogram pictured)
Manuel II, Palaeologus, Restored Byzantine Empire, S2554, AE Tornese, Constantinople, (Palaeologan monogram)
John V, Politikon Coinage, S2576, AE Stamenon, (Palaeologan monogram)
Anonymous, Politikon Coinage, S2583, Billon Tornese, (Palaeologan monogram)
Anonymous, Politikon Coinage, S2588, AE Trachy, (Palaeologan monogram)
Uncertain Attribution, Politikon Coinage, S2596, Billion Tornese, (Palaeologan monogram)


Source:  Hendy, Michael F.  Catalogue of the Byzantine Coins in the Dumbarton Oaks Collection and in the Whittemore Collection, Volume 4, Alexius I to Michael VIII, 1081-1261.  eds. Alfred R. Bellinger and Philip GriersonCambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1999.

Alexius I DO 41.

Alexius I, DO 41, AE Tetarteron, Thessalonica, (monogram of Alexius I)


Secondary Byzantine Monograms

Source:  Feissel, Denis.  "Le préfet de Constantinople, les poids-étalons et l’estampillage de l’argenterie au VIe et au VIIe siècle."  Revue numismatique 28 (1986): 135.

No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17A
17B
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
No.
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
No.
54A
54B
55A
55B
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78

Estampilles d'argenterie oblongues et cruciformes (Dodd, Table III. Secondary Monograms).

Imperial Groups:
1-5:  Anastasius I
6-19:  Justinian I
20-27:  Justin II
28, 29:  Tiberius Constantine
30, 31:  Maurice Tiberius
32-36:  Phocas
37-74:  Heraclius
75-78:  Constans II

In Triangle:  1 (), 2 (), 3 ();  In Round:  3 (), 78 ()
Blank spaces indicate stamp is illegible or non-existent.

1-3:  ΙΩΑΝΝΟV
4-13:  ΠΕΤΡΟV
14-16:  ΙΟVΑΙΑΝΟV
17-26:  ΘΕΟΔΩΡΟV
27, 28:  ΠΕΤΡΟV
29-31:  ΙΩΑΝΝΟV
32, 33:  ΑΘΑΝΑCΙΟV
34-36:  ΚΟCΜΑC?
37-50:  CΕΡΓΙΟV
51, 52:  ΦΩΤΙΝΟV
53-57:  ΒΑCΙΛΙΟV
58-67:  ΘΕΟΔΩΡΟV
68, 69:  ΔΑΜΙΑΝΟV
70-73:  ΜΗΝΑ
74-77:  ΚΩΝCΤΑΝΤΙΝΟV
78:  ΙΩΑΝΝΟV

(Disclaimer for this table:  Monograms are drawn as seen in the original paper article with the limitations of size and print quality.)