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ERIC Table of Contents


Title Page

Introduction

About Roman Coins

Denominations

Coins of Other Ancient Cultures

Identifying Roman Coins

How To Use This Book

Mintmarks

Mint Map

Pricing And Grading

Bibliography

Reference Catalogs Cited

Coin Terms Used

Glossary

Rarity Tables

Index of Rulers

Photography Credits

Additional Web Resources

Imperial Catalog:

AUGUSTUS
LIVA
AGRIPPA
NERO CLAUDIUS DRUSUS
GERMANICUS
AGRIPPINA I
TIBERIUS
DRUSUS
ANTONIA
CALIGULA
CLAUDIUS I
BRITANNICUS
AGRIPPINA II
NERO
GALBA
CLODIUS MACER
OTHO
VITELLIUS
VESPASIAN
DOMITILLA
TITUS
DOMITIAN
DOMITIA
JULIA TITI
NERVA
TRAJAN
PLOTINA
MARCIANA
MATIDIA
HADRIAN
SABINA
AELIUS
ANTONINUS PIUS
FAUSTINA I
MARCUS AURELIUS
FAUSTINA II
LUCIUS VERUS
LUCILLA
COMMODUS
CRISPINA
PERTINAX
DIDIUS JULIANUS
MANLIA SCANTILLA
DIDIA CLARA
PESCENNIUS NIGER
CLODIUS ALBINUS
SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS
JULIA DOMNA
CARACALLA
PLAUTILLA
GETA
MACRINUS
DIADUMENIAN
ELAGABALUS
JULIA MAESA
JULIA SOAEMIAS
JULIA PAULA
AQUILIA SEVERA
ANNIA FAUSTINA
SEVERUS ALEXANDER
JULIA MAMAEA
ORBIANA
MAXIMINUS I
PAULINA
MAXIMUS
GORDIAN I
GORDIAN II
BALBINUS
PUPIENUS
GORDIAN III
TRANQUILLINA
PHILIP I
OTACILIA SEVERA
PHILIP II
PACATIAN
JOTAPIAN
TRAJAN DECIUS
HERENNIA ETRUSCILLA
HERENNIUS ETRUSCUS
HOSTILIAN
TREBONIANUS GALLUS
VOLUSIAN
AEMILIAN
CORNELIA SUPERA
SILBANNACUS
URANIUS ANTONINUS
VALERIAN I
MARINIANA
VALERIAN II
GALLIENUS
SALONINA
SALONINUS
REGALIANUS
DRYANTILLA
POSTUMUS
LAELIANUS
MARIUS
VICTORINUS
DOMITIAN II
TETRICUS I
TETRICUS II
QUIETUS
MACRIANUS
CLAUDIUS II
QUINTILLUS
AURELIAN
SEVERINA
ZENOBIA
VABALATHUS
TACITUS
FLORIAN
PROBUS
SATURNINUS
CARUS
CARINUS
MAGNIA URBICA
NIGRIAN
NUMERIAN
JULIAN I
DIOCLETIAN
MAXIMIAN
CARAUSIUS
ALLECTUS
DOMITIUS DOMITIANUS
CONSTANTIUS I
THEODORA
GALERIUS
GALERIA VALERIA
SEVERUS II
MAXENTIUS
ROMULUS
CONSTANTINE I
HELENA
FAUSTA
ALEXANDER
LICINIUS I
CONSTANTIA
MAXIMINUS II
LICINIUS II
CRISPUS
VALERIUS VALENS
MARTINIAN
CONSTANTINE II
DELMATIUS
HANNIBALLIANUS
CONSTANS
CONSTANTIUS II
MAGNENTIUS
DECENTIUS
NEPOTIAN
VETRANO
CONSTANTIUS GALLUS
JULIAN II
JOVIAN
VALENTINIAN I
VALENS
PROCOPIUS
GRATIAN
VALENTINIAN II
THEODOSIUS I
AELIA FLACCILLA
MAGNUS MAXIMINUS
FLAVIUS VICTOR
EUGENIUS
HONORIUS
CONSTANTINE III
CONSTANS II
MAXIMINUS
PRISCUS ATTALUS
JOVINUS
SABASTIANUS
CONSTANTIUS III
GALLA PLACIDIA
JOHANNES
VALENTINIAN III
LICINIA EUDOXIA
HONORIA
PETRONIUS MAXIMINUS
AVITUS
MAJORIAN
LIBIUS SEVERUS
ANTHEMIUS
EUPHEMIA
ANICIUS OLYBRIUS
GLYCERIUS
JULIUS NEPOS
ROMULUS AUGUSTUS
ARCADIUS
EUDOXIA
PULCHERIA
THEODOSIUS II
EUDOCIA
MARCIAN
LEO I
VERINA
LEO II
ZENO
ARIADNE
BASILISCUS
ZENONIS
LEONTIUS I
ANASTASIUS I
ANONYMOUS COINAGE

ERIC The Encyclopedia of Roman Imperial Coins
by Rasiel Suarez


Marcus Aurelius 

Augustus 161-180 

Marcus Aurelius owes much of him becoming Augustus to Hadrian who groomed him from childhood for the post. He became Caesar shortly after Hadrian died and the political grooming continued under Antoninus Pius. He had to wait another twenty years or so to become Augustus himself in the year 161. No sooner did this happen than he was thrust in a series of wars that would eat up the rest of his time in office. He died while fighting the ever-harassing tribes of the Germanic region and power then passed to his son Commodus
During his lengthy reign he is remembered as being among the noblest and most even-keeled of emperors. He preferred to use the considerable power of his post to pursue a period of enlightenment out of character not only for his age but clear across time to our very own. Gibbon summarizes that he "was severe to himself, indulgent to the imperfections of others, just and beneficent to all mankind." 
 
From awesome, big Sestertii to pristine Denarii to gorgeous Aureii Marcus Aurelius continues to offer us the finest of Roman classical art on coins. While low grade material is ubiquitous and cheap the collector canít help but notice the often very affordable coins that have passed down through the ages with nary a scratch. 
 
Having enjoyed a long reign starting with his Caesarship soon after Antoninus Pius came to power we are left with delicate renderings of his portraits as he passed from childhood into adolescence and then into the grave, bearded maturity of the wise philosopher-king. 
 
And because of the continued golden age of the empire we are assured of a good supply of these coins today. As a general pointer, superbly preserved Denarii can be bought in the $100 region on Ebay or somewhat more directly from a coin dealer. While museum-grade bronze pieces will undoubtedly cost an arm and a leg many will find comfort in knowing they can own a downright handsome Sestertius, Dupondius or As for just a few hundred dollars that may well become the highlight of their collection.  

Busts: 

 
1) Bare bust right 
2) Bare head left 
3) Bare head right 
4) Bare headed, cuirassed bust left 
5) Bare headed, cuirassed bust right 
6) Bare headed, draped and cuirassed bust left 
7) Bare headed, draped and cuirassed bust right 
8) Bare headed, draped bust left 
9) Bare headed, draped bust right 
10) Laureate head left 
11) Laureate head right 
12) Laureate, cuirassed bust left 
13) Laureate, cuirassed bust right 
14) Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right 
15) Laureate, draped bust left 
16) Laureate, draped bust right 
17) Radiate head right 
18) Radiate, cuirassed bust right 
19) Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right 

 
a) Eagle, standard on either side; LEG VI across lower fields 
b) Womanís laureate, draped bust right 

 

Obverses: 

 
1) ANTONINVS AVG 
2) ANTONINVS AVG ARMENIACVS 
3) ANTONINVS ET VERVS AVG REST 
4) ANTONIVS AVGVR III VIR R P C 
5) AVRELIVS CAES ANTON AVG P II F 
6) AVRELIVS CAES ANTON AVG P II FIL 
7) AVRELIVS CAES AVG P II FIL 
8) AVRELIVS CAESAR ANTONINI AVG P II F 
9) AVRELIVS CAESAR ANTONINI AVG P II FIL 
10) AVRELIVS CAESAR AVG P II F 
11) AVRELIVS CAESAR AVG P II F COS 
12) AVRELIVS CAESAR AVG P II F COS II 
13) AVRELIVS CAESAR AVG P II FIL 
14) CAES M AVREL ANTONINVS AVG COS III 
16) IMP CAES M AVR ANTONINVS AVG 
17) IMP CAES M AVREL ANTONINVS AVG 
18) IMP CAES M AVREL ANTONINVS AVG PM 
19) IMP M ANTONINVS AVG 
20) IMP M ANTONINVS AVG TR P XXV 
21) IMP M AVREL ANTONINVS AVG 
22) IMP M AVREL ANTONINVS AVG PM 
23) M ANTONINVS AVG 
24) M ANTONINVS AVG ARM PARTH MAX 
25) M ANTONINVS AVG ARM PARTH MAX MEDIC 
26) M ANTONINVS AVG ARMEN PM 
27) M ANTONINVS AVG ARMENIACVS 
28) M ANTONINVS AVG ARMENIACVS PM 
29) M ANTONINVS AVG GERM 
30) M ANTONINVS AVG GERM SARM 
31) M ANTONINVS AVG GERM SARM TR P XXXI 
32) M ANTONINVS AVG GERM SARMATICVS 
33) M ANTONINVS AVG GERM TR P XXIX 
34) M ANTONINVS AVG GERM TR P XXX 
35) M ANTONINVS AVG GERM TR P XXX PP 
36) M ANTONINVS AVG IMP II 
37) M ANTONINVS AVG PM 
38) M ANTONINVS AVG TR P XX 
39) M ANTONINVS AVG TR P XXIII 
40) M ANTONINVS AVG TR P XXIIII 
41) M ANTONINVS AVG TR P XXIX 
42) M ANTONINVS AVG TR P XXV 
43) M ANTONINVS AVG TR P XXVI 
44) M ANTONINVS AVG TR P XXVII 
45) M ANTONINVS AVG TR P XXVIII 
46) M ANTONINVS AVG TR P XXXI 
47) M AVREL ANTONINVS AVG 
48) M AVREL ANTONINVS AVG ARM PARTH 
49) M AVREL ANTONINVS AVG ARM PARTH MAX 
50) M AVREL ANTONINVS AVG ARMENIACVS PM 
51) M AVREL ANTONINVS AVG GERM SARM 
52) M AVREL ANTONINVS AVG PM 
53) M AVREL ANTONINVS AVG TR P XXXII 
54) M AVREL ANTONINVS AVG TR P XXXIII 
55) M AVREL ANTONINVS AVG TR P XXXIIII 
56) M AVREL CAESAR AVG F II FIL 
57) M AVRELIVS CAESAR ANTONINI AVG P II FIL 
58) M AVRELIVS CAESAR AVG P II F 
59) M AVRELIVS CAESAR AVG P II F COS 
60) M AVRELIVS CAESAR AVG P II FIL 
61) No legend 

 

Reverses: 

 
1) ANNONA AVG IMP VII COS III 
2) ANTONIVS AVGVR 
5) COMMODVS CAES AVG FIL GERM 
6) CONCORD AVG TR P XV 
7) CONCORD AVG TR P XVI  
8) CONCORD AVG TR P XVII 
9) CONCORD AVG TR P XVIII 
10) CONCORD AVGVSTOR TR P XV 
11) CONCORD AVGVSTOR TR P XVI 
12) CONCORD EXERC IMP VII 
13) CONCORDIA 
16) CONCORDIA TR POT III 
17) CONCORDIAE AVGVSTOR TR P XV COS III 
18) CONCORDIAE AVGVSTOR TR P XVI COS III 
19) CONG AVG III TR P XX IMP III COS III 
21) CONG AVG IIII TR P XXI IMP IIII COS III 
23) COS DES II 
24) COS II 
25) COS III 
26) COS III PP 
27) DES II 
28) DIVVS VERVS 
29) FAVSTINAE AVG P II AVG F COMMOD CAES FIL AVG 
30) FEL TEMP TR P XV COS III 
31) FELIC AVG IMP VI COS III 
33) FELICITAS AVG IMP VI COS III 
36) FELICITATI CAES 
39) FORT DVCI TR P XXX IMP VIII COS III 
41) FORT RED TR P XXI IMP V 
42) FORT RED TR P XXIII IMP V  
43) GERMANIA SVBACTA IMP VI COS III 
44) GERMANICO AVG IMP VI COS III 
45) HILARITAS 
46) HONOS 
48) IMP VI COS III 
49) IMP VII COS III 
50) IMP VIII COS III 
52) IMP VIII COS III DE GERMANIS 
55) IMP VIIII COS III PP 
56) IMP X COS III PP 
57) IMPERATOR II 
58) IVSTITIA AVG TR P XXXIII IMP X COS III PP 
59) IVVENTAS 
60) L AVREL COMMODVS CAES AVG FIL GERM 
61) LIB AVG III TR P XX COS III 
62) LIB AVGVSTOR TR P XV 
63) LIB AVGVSTOR TR P XV COS III 
64) LIB AVGVSTOR TR POT XX IMP III COS III 
67) LIBERAL AVG VI IMP VII COS III 
68) LIBERAL AVGVSTOR IMP VIII COS III 
69) LIBERALITAS AVG VI IMP VII COS III 
70) LIBERALITAS AVG VII IMP VII COS III 
71) LIBERALITAS AVG VII IMP VIIII COS III PP 
72) M ANTONINVS AVG 
73) M ANTONINVS AVG TR P XXVIII 
74) MARTI VICTORI IMP VI COS III 
75) MARTI VICTORI IMP VII COS III 
76) PAX AVG TR P XX COS III 
77) PIET AVG TR P XXXI IMP VIII COS III PP 
80) PIETAS AVG IMP VIIII COS III PP 
82) PM TR P XIX IMP II COS III 
83) PM TR P XIX IMP III COS III 
84) PM TR P XVIII COS III 
85) PM TR P XVIII IMP II COS III 
86) PM TR P XX IMP III COS III 
92) PROV DEOR TR P XVIII COS III 
93) RELIG AVG IMP VI COS III 
94) RESTITVTORI ITALIAE IMP VI COS III 
95) SALVTI AVG COS III 
96) SALVTI AVGVSTAE 
100) SALVTI AVGVSTOR TR P XVIII 
101) SECVRIT PVB TR P XXIX  
102) SECVRIT PVB TR P XXX 
104) TR P XIX IMP II COS III 
105) TR P XV COS II VIRTVS 
106) TR P XV COS III 
107) TR P XVII IMP II COS III 
108) TR P XVIII COS III 
109) TR P XVIII IMP II COS III 
110) TR P XX IMP III COS III 
111) TR P XX IMP IIII COS III 
112) TR P XXI COS IIII 
113) TR P XXI IMP IIII COS III 
114) TR P XXII IMP IIII COS III 
115) TR P XXII IMP V COS III 
116) TR P XXIII IMP V COS III 
117) TR P XXIIII COS III 
118) TR P XXIX IMP VIII COS III 
119) TR P XXVI COS III 
120) TR P XXVII IMP VI COS III 
121) TR P XXX IMP VIII COS III 
122) TR P XXX IMP VIII COS III PP 
123) TR P XXXI IMP VIII COS III PP 
124) TR P XXXII IMP VIIII COS III PP 
125) TR P XXXIII IMP VIIII COS III PP 
126) TR P XXXIII IMP X COS III PP 
127) TR P XXXIII IMP X COS III PP 
128) TR P XXXIIII IMP X COS III 
129) TR P XXXIIII IMP X COS III PP 
130) TR POT COS II 
132) TR POT II COS II 
133) TR POT III COS II 
134) TR POT III COS II CLE 
135) TR POT III COS II CLEM 
136) TR POT III COS II HONOS 
138) TR POT III COS II PIETAS 
139) TR POT III COS II VIRTVS 
140) TR POT IIII COS II 
141) TR POT IIII COS II HONOS 
142) TR POT IIII COS II VIRTVS 
143) TR POT VI COS II 
144) TR POT VI COS II HONOS 
145) TR POT VI COS II VIRTVS 
146) TR POT VII COS II 
149) TR POT X COS II 
150) TR POT XI COS II 
151) TR POT XII COS II 
152) TR POT XIII COS II 
153) TR POT XIIII COS II 
154) TR POT XIIII COS II DESIG III 
155) TR POT XIX IMP II COS III 
156) TR POT XIX IMP III COS III 
157) TR POT XV COS II DESIG III 
158) TR POT XV COS II VIRTVS 
159) TR POT XV COS III 
161) TR POT XX IMP III COS III 
162) TR POT XX IMP IIII COS III 
163) TR POT XXI IMP IIII COS III 
164) TR POT XXII IMP IIII COS III 
165) TR POT XXII IMP V COS III 
166) TR POT XXIII IMP V COS III 
169) VICT AVG COS III PP 
172) VICT AVG TR P XX IMP IIII COS III 
173) VICT AVG TR POT XX IMP III COS III 
174) VICT AVG TR POT XX IMP IIII COS III 
177) VOTA DEC ANN SVSC TR P XX IMP IIII COS III 
180) VOTA PVBLICA IMP VIIII COS III PP 
181) VOTA SOL DECENN COS III 
182) VOTA SOLVTA DECENNALIVM COS III 
183) VOTA SVSCEP DECENN II 
184) No legend 
 

Types: 

 
1) Aequitas seated left, holding scale and cornucopia
2) Aequitas standing left, holding scale and scepter
3) Aesculapius standing left, holding staff with snake coiled around it. 
4) Altar, eagle atop 
5) Altar, FORT REDVCI within 
6) Annona standing left, holding grain ears over modius and cornucopia; galley prow to right 
7) Annona standing left, holding grain ears over modius and cornucopia
8) Annona standing left, pouring cornucopia into modius
9) Annona standing right, holding grain ears and fruit basket. 
10) Apollo standing left, holding patera and lyre
11) Armenia seated left, resting head on hand; trophy to right. 
12) Armenia seated left, shield and vexillum behind in background. 
13) Captive seated left, trophy in background. 
14) Captive seated right, trophy in background. 
15) Captive seated right, trophy, spear and shield in background. 
16) Captives (2), seated back to back on shields, trophy in between. 
17) Clementia standing left holding patera 
18) Clementia standing left, holding patera and raising skirt. 
19) Clementia standing left, holding patera and scepter 
20) Clementia standing left, holding patera in each hand 
21) Commodus bare-headed, cuirassed bust right. 
22) Commodus bare-headed, draped bust right. 
23) Commodus head right. 
24) Concordia seated left, holding patera and resting arm on Spes on cornucopia 
25) Concordia standing left, holding patera and two cornucopiae
26) Concordia standing left, holding standard in each hand. 
27) Diana standing left, holding arrow and bow. 
28) Eagle flying right, scepter in claws 
29) Eagle standing left on altar 
30) Eagle standing left on globe 
31) Eagle standing left, wreath in beak 
32) Eagle standing right 
33) Eagle standing right on altar 
34) Eagle standing right on globe 
35) Eagle standing right on thunderbolt 
36) Eagle standing right, wreath in beak 
37) Faustina II head right facing Commodus head left. 
38) Felicitas seated right, holding caduceus and cornucopia
39) Felicitas standing left, holding caduceus and cornucopia 
40) Felicitas standing left, holding caduceus and cornucopia; globe to lower left. 
41) Felicitas standing left, holding caduceus and scepter
42) Felicitas standing left, holding caduceus and standard 
43) Felicitas standing left, holding patera and caduceus
44) Felicitas standing left, leaning on column, holding caduceus and scepter
45) Fides standing left, holding globe and standard 
46) Fides standing left, holding spear; two standards on either side 
47) Fides standing left, holding Victory and standard
48) Fides standing right, holding grain ears and fruit basket. 
49) Fortuna seated left, holding rudder and cornucopia
50) Fortuna seated left, holding rudder and cornucopia; wheel under chair 
51) Fortuna seated left, holding rudder on globe and cornucopia
52) Fortuna standing left, holding rudder and cornucopia
53) Fortuna standing left, raising skirt and holding rudder. 
54) Fortuna standing right, holding rudder and raising skirt. 
55) Funeral pyre 
56) Galley sailing left 
57) Galley sailing right 
58) Genius standing left, holding patera and grain ears. 
59) Genius standing left, sacrificing over altar and holding grain ears 
60) Genius standing right, holding scepter and cornucopia
61) Germania seated left; trophy in background. 
62) Germania seated left; trophy with weapons in background. 
63) Germania seated right; trophy in background. 
64) Germania seated right; trophy with weapons in background. 
65) Hands, in handshake, holding caduceus
66) Hands, in handshake, holding grain ears 
67) Hands, in handshake, holding legionary eagle
68) Hands, in handshake, holding standard
69) Hilaritas standing left, holding palm and cornucopia
70) Honos standing left, holding branch and cornucopia 
71) Honos standing, facing, holding scepter and cornucopia 
72) Jupiter head right 
73) Jupiter seated left, holding thunderbolt and scepter
74) Jupiter seated left, holding Victory and scepter
75) Jupiter standing right, aiming thunderbolt at enemy lying to right. 
76) Justitia seated left, holding patera and scepter
77) Juventas standing left, holding branch and scepter
78) Juventas standing left, sacrificing over candelabrum and holding patera
79) Juventas standing left, holding branch; trophy to right with shield at base 
80) Liberalitas standing left, holding coin counter and cornucopia
81) Libertas standing left, holding pileus and scepter
82) Lucius Verus bare head right. 
83) Marcus Aurelius advancing left over bridge followed by 2 soldiers; three boats under bridge. 
84) Marcus Aurelius advancing left over bridge followed by 5 soldiers; three boats under bridge. 
85) Marcus Aurelius advancing left over bridge followed by 6 soldiers; three boats under bridge. 
86) Marcus Aurelius and Commodus riding quadriga right. 
87) Marcus Aurelius and Commodus seated left on platform, attended by lictor and officer giving donative to citizen on steps to lower left. 
88) Marcus Aurelius and Commodus seated left on platform; Liberalitas to left, holding coin counter and scepter, citizen on steps to lower left. 
89) Marcus Aurelius and Lucius Verus riding quadriga left. 
90) Marcus Aurelius and Lucius Verus seated left on platform, attended by lictor and officer giving donative to citizen on steps to lower left. 
91) Marcus Aurelius and Lucius Verus seated left on platform; Liberalitas to left, holding coin counter and scepter, citizen on steps to lower left. 
92) Marcus Aurelius and Lucius Verus standing, facing each other, shaking hands
94) Marcus Aurelius laureate head right 
95) Marcus Aurelius riding eagle right, holding scepter
96) Marcus Aurelius riding elephant quadriga right 
97) Marcus Aurelius riding horse right, holding spear, soldier to right and 2 soldiers to left 
98) Marcus Aurelius riding horse right, holding spear, soldier to right and 3 soldiers to left 
99) Marcus Aurelius riding horse right, raising hand and holding parazonium
100) Marcus Aurelius riding quadriga left, holding scepter with eagle atop. 
101) Marcus Aurelius riding quadriga right. 
102) Marcus Aurelius left on right, holding hand of kneeling Italia, holding globe, and scepter
103) Marcus Aurelius left on right, shaking hands with Faustina II to left; Concordia between them, in background 
104) Marcus Aurelius seated left, holding branch and scepter
105) Marcus Aurelius standing left, holding branch and scepter
106) Marcus Aurelius standing left, holding globe. 
107) Marcus Aurelius standing left, holding thunderbolt and spear, being crowned by Victory from behind, holding palm
108) Marcus Aurelius standing left, sacrificing over altar 
109) Marcus Aurelius standing left, sacrificing over altar and holding scepter 
110) Marcus Aurelius standing left, sacrificing over altar and holding standard 
111) Marcus Aurelius standing left, sacrificing over altar; bull to left 
112) Marcus Aurelius standing right on platform, attended by two lictors, addressing three soldiers below. 
113) Mars advancing left, holding trophy and spear. 
114) Mars advancing left, holding Victory and trophy
115) Mars advancing right, holding spear and trophy
116) Mars standing right, holding shield reading SC and spear. 
117) Mars standing right, holding shield reading SC on captive and spear 
118) Mercury standing left, holding purse and caduceus
119) Mercury standing left, holding purse and caduceus; cock by feet. 
120) Minerva advancing right, aiming spear and holding shield
121) Minerva seated right, holding spear and pulling veil; shield to side. 
122) Minerva seated right, holding spear and shield
123) Minerva standing left, holding branch and spear with shield 
124) Minerva standing left, holding owl and resting hand on shield
125) Minerva standing left, holding owl and spear with shield
126) Minerva standing left, holding Victory and spear with shield
127) Minerva standing right, holding spear and resting hand on shield
128) Modius with grain ears 
129) Pax seated left, holding branch and cornucopia
130) Pax standing left, holding branch and cornucopia
131) Pax standing left, setting weapons on fire and holding cornucopia 
132) Pietas standing left, holding baby in either arm; child on either side. 
133) Pietas standing left, holding patera and scepter
134) Pietas standing left, raising hand over altar and holding incense box. 
135) Pietas standing left, raising hand over child and holding baby. 
136) Pietas standing left, raising hand over child and holding incense box 
137) Pietas standing left, sacrificing over altar and holding incense box. 
138) Pietas standing left, touching child to left and holding baby. 
139) Pietas standing, facing, holding patera and scepter
140) Providentia standing left, holding globe and cornucopia
141) Providentia standing left, holding wand over globe and scepter
142) Providentia standing left, leaning on column, raising hand over globe and holding scepter
143) Roma seated left, holding Palladium and parazonium; shield below 
144) Roma seated left, holding Palladium and spear; shield below 
145) Roma seated left, holding spear; shield below 
146) Roma seated left, holding Victory and cornucopia
147) Roma seated left, holding Victory and parazonium
148) Roma seated left, holding Victory and spear; shield below 
149) Roma standing left, holding Victory and spear 
150) Roma standing left, stepping on helmet, holding Victory and spear. 
151) Sacrificial implements: simpulum, cruet, lituus, etc. (variously arranged) 
152) Salus seated left, feeding snake 
153) Salus seated left, feeding snake on altar
154) Salus standing left, feeding snake on altar 
155) Salus standing left, feeding snake on altar and holding scepter
156) Salus standing right, holding and feeding snake. 
157) Securitas seated left, holding scepter 
158) Securitas seated right, resting head on hand and cradling scepter
159) Securitas standing left, holding wreath and palm
160) Securitas standing left, leaning on column, raising hand and holding scepter
161) Securitas standing right, holding wreath over head and palm
162) Spes advancing left, holding flower and raising skirt. 
163) Spes standing left, leaning on column, holding flower. 
164) Temple with (4) columns, Mercury within. 
165) Thunderbolt, winged 
166) Tiber lying left, resting arm on boat and cradling scepter
167) Trophies (3) 
168) Trophy; seated captive to left, standing captive to right. 
169) Trophy; standing captive to left, seated captive to right. 
170) Venus standing left, raising hand and holding shield
171) Vesta standing right, holding Palladium and scepter
172) Victory advancing left, holding opened wreath with both hands
173) Victory advancing left, holding trophy and wreath. 
174) Victory advancing left, holding wreath and palm 
175) Victory advancing left, holding wreath and trophy 
176) Victory advancing right, holding trophy and wreath. 
177) Victory advancing right, holding wreath and palm
178) Victory seated left, holding patera and palm
179) Victory standing left on globe, holding wreath and palm
180) Victory standing left on globe, holding wreath and trophy
181) Victory standing left, holding wreath and trophy
182) Victory standing right, holding palm and shield reading VIC / AVG on palm 
183) Victory standing right, holding palm and shield reading VIC / GER on palm 
184) Victory standing right, holding palm and shield reading VIC / PAR on palm 
185) Victory standing right, holding trophy; seated captive to right. 
186) Virtus seated left, holding parazonium and spear. 
187) Virtus seated left, holding patera and palm
188) Virtus seated right, holding spear and parazonium
189) Virtus standing left, holding parazonium and spear. 
190) Virtus standing left, holding Victory and parazonium 
191) Virtus standing right, holding spear and resting hand on shield
192) Virtus standing right, stepping on helmet, holding spear and parazonium
193) Weapons, in a pile. 
194) Wolf standing right, suckling Romulus and Remus 
195) Wreath, METAL / AVRELIA / NIS within 
196) Wreath, IVVENTVS within 
197) Wreath, PRIMI / DECEN / NALES / COS / III within 
198) Wreath, VICT / GERM / IMP VI / COS III  within 
199) Wreath, VICT / GERMA / IMP VI / COS III  within 
200) Wreath, VOTA PVBLICA within. 
                              

Mints: 

 
2) Roma 

 
 
AU Aureus Reference(s) 
 
1) B02, O09, R143, T018 RIC 456c (III, A. Pius), C 26 
2) B03, O11, R045, T069 RIC 432a (III, A. Pius), BMC 606, C 233 
3) B03, O11, R078, T151 RIC 424a (III, A Pius), BMC 276, C 450 
4) B03, O12, R178, T103 RIC 434 (III, A. Pius), BMC 610, C 1021 
5) B06, O19, R099, T155 Exe: COS III RIC 77 (III, M. Aurelius), BMC 226, C 560 
6) B07, O07, R153, T115 RIC 481 (III, A. Pius), C 753 
7) B07, O09, R146, T147 RIC 457b (III, A. Pius), C 660 
8) B07, O24, R113, T184  
9) B09, O10, R132, T127 RIC 438a (III, A. Pius), C 606 
10) B09, O11, R045, T069 RIC 432b (III, A. Pius), BMC 608, C 234 
11) B11, O24, R115, T001 RIC 189 (III, M. Aurelius), BMC 465, C 898 
12) B13, O45, R048, T099 RIC 295 (III, M. Aurelius
13) B14, O17, R089, T140 RIC 20 (III, M. Aurelius), BMC 14 
14) B14, O20, R182, T106 RIC 250 (III, M. Aurelius), BMC 552a 
15) B14, O24, R113, T174 RIC 174 (III, M. Aurelius), C 883 
16) B14, O26, R107, T011 Exe: ARMEN RIC 86 (III, M. Aurelius), C 11 
17) B14, O27, R083, T040 RIC 136 (III, M. Aurelius), BMC 375, C 479 
18) B14, O30, R121, T041 
19) B14, O47, R129, T109 RIC 408 (III, M. Aurelius), BMC 792 

 
 
20) B03, O13, R146, T190 RIC 457a (III, A. Pius), C 26 

 
 
21) B03, O02, R082, T191 RIC 123 (III, M. Aurelius), C 472 
22) B03, O02, R085, T191 RIC 91 (III, M. Aurelius), C 468 
23) B03, O05, R149, T002 RIC 466a (III, A. Pius), S 4792 
24) B03, O05, R149, T189 RIC 468 (III, A. Pius
25) B03, O05, R150, T041 RIC 470 (III, A. Pius), C 709 
26) B03, O05, R150, T189 RIC 473 (III, A. Pius), C 721 
27) B03, O05, R151, T041 RIC 475a (III, A. Pius), C 727 
28) B03, O05, R151, T162 RIC 476 (III, A. Pius), C 731 
29) B03, O10, R023, T070 RIC 426 (III, A. Pius), C 100 
30) B03, O10, R024, T163 RIC 431 (III, A. Pius), S 4783 
31) B03, O10, R130, T192 RIC 433 (III, A. Pius), C 1006 
32) B03, O10, R132, T048 RIC 436 (III, A. Pius), C 602 
33) B03, O10, R133, T127 RIC 438b (III, A. Pius), C 608 
34) B03, O10, R149, T002 RIC 466b (III, A. Pius), C 701 
35) B03, O11, R024, T070 RIC 429a (III, A. Pius), S 4784, C 105 
36) B03, O11, R046, T070 RIC 422 (III, A. Pius), C 236 
37) B03, O11, R078, T151 RIC 424 (III, A. Pius), S 4786, C 451 
38) B03, O13, R133, T018 RIC 448b (III, A. Pius), S 4781 
39) B03, O13, R133, T141 RIC 446 (III, A. Pius), S 4789, C 628 
40) B03, O13, R143, T110 RIC 453 (III, A. Pius), C 645 
41) B03, O13, R146, T110 RIC 458 (III, A. Pius), C 661 
42) B03, O13, R147, T110 RIC 461 (III, A. Pius), C 673 
43) B03, O13, R148, T125 RIC 463a (III, A. Pius), C 676 
44) B03, O13, R153, T120 RIC 483 (III, A. Pius), C 762 
45) B03, O19, R008, T024 Exe: COS III RIC 59 (III, M. Aurelius
46) B03, O21, R006, T024 Exe: COS III RIC 2 (III, M. Aurelius), C 30 
47) B03, O21, R007, T024 Exe: COS III RIC 35 (III, M. Aurelius), C 35 
48) B03, O21, R089, T140 RIC 22 (III, M. Aurelius), C 507 
49) B03, O21, R090, T140 RIC 50 (III, M. Aurelius), C 519 
50) B03, O36, R008, T024 Exe: COS III RIC 62 (III, M. Aurelius), C 42 
51) B03, O36, R091, T140 RIC 70 (III, M. Aurelius), C 526 
52) B03, O36, R108, T038 RIC 110 (III, M. Aurelius), C 852 
53) B03, O36, R108, T123 RIC 102 (III, M. Aurelius), C 847 
54) B11, O02, R082, T008 RIC 125 (III, M. Aurelius), C 474 
55) B11, O02, R082, T012 Exe: ARMEN RIC 122 (III, M. Aurelius), C 9 
56) B11, O02, R082, T040 RIC 132 (III, M. Aurelius), C 476 
57) B11, O02, R082, T191 RIC 124 (III, M. Aurelius), C 473 
58) B11, O02, R085, T012 Exe: ARMEN RIC 81 (III, M. Aurelius), S 4881 
59) B11, O02, R085, T191 RIC 92 (III, M. Aurelius), C 469 
60) B11, O16, R006, T024 Exe: COS III RIC 1 (III, M. Aurelius),C 32 
61) B11, O19, R008, T024 Exe: COS III RIC 60 (III, M. Aurelius), C 40 
62) B11, O19, R091, T140 RIC 73 (III, M. Aurelius), C 525 
63) B11, O20, R025, T073 RIC 228 (III, M. Aurelius), S 4884, C 114 
64) B11, O20, R183, T108 Exe: COS III RIC 251 (III, M. Aurelius), C 1036 
65) B11, O20, R184, T197 RIC 245 (III, M. Aurelius), S 4924, C 493 
66) B11, O21, R006, T024 Exe: COS III RIC 3 (III, M. Aurelius), C 31 
67) B11, O21, R007, T024 Exe: COS III RIC 37 (III, M. Aurelius), BMC 185, C 36 
68) B11, O21, R030, T039 RIC 14 (III, M. Aurelius), C 196 
69) B11, O21, R089, T140 RIC 23 (III, M. Aurelius), C 508 
70) B11, O21, R090, T140 RIC 51 (III, M. Aurelius), C 518 
71) B11, O23, R026, T191 RIC 418 (III, M. Aurelius), C 147 
72) B11, O24, R041, T049 RIC 185 (III, M. Aurelius), C 208 
73) B11, O24, R081, T137 RIC 149 (III, M. Aurelius), C 464 
74) B11, O24, R111, T130 RIC 164 (III, M. Aurelius), C 880 
75) B11, O24, R111, T184 RIC 163 (III, M. Aurelius), S 4933, C 878 
76) B11, O24, R113, T002 RIC 171 (III, M. Aurelius), C 882 
77) B11, O24, R113, T141 RIC 170 (III, M. Aurelius), C 881 
78) B11, O24, R114, T002 RIC 178 (III, M. Aurelius), C 892 
79) B11, O24, R114, T141 RIC 176 (III, M. Aurelius), C 890 
80) B11, O24, R115, T001 RIC 191 (III, M. Aurelius), C 899 
81) B11, O24, R115, T002 RIC 192 (III, M. Aurelius), C 901 
82) B11, O26, R109, T191 RIC 120 (III, M. Aurelius), C 868 
83) B11, O27, R081, T137 RIC 148 (III, M. Aurelius), C 463 
84) B11, O27, R083, T006 RIC 142 (III, M. Aurelius), C 484 
85) B11, O27, R083, T144 RIC 138 (III, M. Aurelius), C 481 
86) B11, O30, R077, T133 RIC 380 (III, M. Aurelius), C 442 
87) B11, O30, R101, T157 RIC 325 (III, M. Aurelius
88) B11, O30, R118, T058 RIC 327 (III, M. Aurelius), C 917 
89) B11, O30, R121, T002 RIC 359 (III, M. Aurelius), C 938 
90) B11, O30, R121, T039 RIC 356 (III, M. Aurelius), C 93 
91) B11, O30, R121, T115 RIC 349 (III, M. Aurelius), C 926 
92) B11, O30, R121, T149 RIC 352 (III, M. Aurelius
93) B11, O30, R123, T045 RIC 374 (III, M. Aurelius), C 945 
94) B11, O30, R123, T069 RIC 375 (III, M. Aurelius), C 946 
95) B11, O30, R123, T174 RIC 378 (III, M. Aurelius), S 4944, C 949 
96) B11, O30, R123, T193 RIC 367 (III, M. Aurelius), C 173 
97) B11, O36, R108, T038 RIC 112 (III, M. Aurelius
98) B11, O39, R032, T041 RIC 203 (III, M. Aurelius), S 4498 
99) B11, O39, R066, T080 RIC 206 (III, M. Aurelius
100) B11, O39, R095, T155 RIC 207 (III, M. Aurelius), C 543 
101) B11, O40, R025, T027 RIC 212 (III, M. Aurelius), C 130 
102) B11, O40, R025, T120 RIC 211 (III, M. Aurelius), C 211 
103) B11, O40, R025, T156 RIC 216 (III, M. Aurelius), C 139 
104) B11, O40, R040, T049 RIC 220 (III, M. Aurelius), C 205 
105) B11, O40, R095, T155 RIC 222 (III, M. Aurelius), C 546 
106) B11, O40, R168, T175 RIC 225 (III, M. Aurelius), 9 
107) B11, O41, R049, T039 RIC 314 (III, M. Aurelius
108) B11, O41, R049, T115 RIC 310 (III, M. Aurelius), C 315 
109) B11, O41, R049, T149 RIC 316 (III, M. Aurelius), C 341 
110) B11, O41, R049, T178 RIC 312 (III, M. Aurelius
111) B11, O41, R050, T178 RIC 324 (III, M. Aurelius), C 355 
112) B11, O42, R025, T074 RIC 227 (III, M. Aurelius), C 113 
113) B11, O42, R048, T174 RIC 237 (III, M. Aurelius
114) B11, O43, R048, T002 RIC 252 (III, M. Aurelius), S 4903 
115) B11, O43, R048, T148 RIC 259 (III, M. Aurelius), S 4902, C 280 
116) B11, O43, R048, T191 RIC 261 (III, M. Aurelius), S 4901, C 290 
117) B11, O44, R048, T015 RIC 278 (III, M. Aurelius), C 297 
118) B11, O44, R048, T105 RIC 282 (III, M. Aurelius
119) B11, O44, R048, T177 RIC 273 (III, M. Aurelius), S 4904, C 261 
120) B11, O44, R048, T191 RIC 276 (III, M. Aurelius), C 292 
121) B11, O45, R031, T043 RIC 285b (III, M. Aurelius
122) B11, O45, R048, T014 RIC 289 (III, M. Aurelius), C 298 
123) B11, O45, R048, T106 RIC 296 (III, M. Aurelius), C 306 
124) B11, O45, R048, T115 RIC 286 (III, M. Aurelius), C 254 
125) B11, O45, R048, T177 RIC 287 (III, M. Aurelius), C 263 
126) B11, O45, R049, T039 RIC 304 (III, M. Aurelius), C 331 
127) B11, O47, R026, T147 RIC 420 (III, M. Aurelius), C 148 
128) B11, O47, R124, T152 RIC 385 (III, M. Aurelius), C 954 
129) B11, O47, R125, T153 RIC 399 (III, M. Aurelius), C 965 
130) B11, O47, R125, T191 RIC 396 (III, M. Aurelius), C 963 
131) B11, O47, R129, T153 RIC 403 (III, M. Aurelius), C 968 
132) B13, O02, R082, T008 RIC 126 (III, M. Aurelius
133) B13, O23, R026, T006 RIC 424 (III, A. Pius), C 151 
134) B13, O43, R048, T191 RIC 262 (III, M. Aurelius), C 291 
135) B13, O44, R048, T148  
136) B14, O24, R113, T002 
137) B14, O27, R085, T012 Exe: ARMEN RIC 82a (III, M. Aurelius), C 7d 
138) B14, O44, R048, T105 RIC 283 (III, M. Aurelius
139) B14, O45, R048, T177 RIC 288 (III, M. Aurelius), C 264 
140) B14, O47, R129, T050 RIC 409 (III, M. Aurelius), C 972 
141) B16, O21, R089, T140 RIC 25 (III, M. Aurelius), C 510 
142) Ba, O03, R002, T058 RIC 443 (III, M. Aurelius

 
AR Denarius (Posthumous) Reference(s) 
 
143) B03, O15, R022, T030 RIC 274 (III, Commodus), C 88 
144) B03, O15, R022, T031 RIC 267 (III, Commodus), C 80 
145) B03, O15, R022, T032 RIC 265 (III, Commodus
146) B03, O15, R022, T033 RIC 272 (III, Commodus), C 84 
147) B03, O15, R022, T034 RIC 273 (III, Commodus), C 91 
148) B03, O15, R022, T035 RIC 269 (III, Commodus), C 83 
149) B03, O15, R022, T055 RIC 275 (III, Commodus), C 97 
150) Ba, O02, R002, T056 RIC 443 (III, Commodus

 
 
151) B03, O12, R184, T120 RIC 1243a (III, A. Pius), C 576 
152) B03, O18, R010, T092 Exe: COS III RIC 795 (III, M. Aurelius
153) B03, O54, R132, T048 RIC 1270 (III, A. Pius), C 614 
154) B03, O59, R059, T079 RIC 1233a (III, A. Pius), C 394 
155) B03, O59, R078, T151 Exe: SC RIC 1234a (III, A. Pius), C 454 
156) B09, O60, R148, T125 RIC 1321 (III, A. Pius), C 678 
157) B11, O18, R011, T092 Exe: COS III RIC 826 (III, M. Aurelius), C 54 
158) B11, O18, R098, T155 Exe: COS III RIC 835 (III, M. Aurelius
159) B11, O18, R099, T155 Exe: COS III RIC 844 (III, M. Aurelius), C 564 
160) B11, O31, R055, T193 Exe: DE GERMANIS RIC 1184 (III, M. Aurelius), C 163 
161) B11, O40, R025, T098 Exe: PROFECTIO AVG / SC RIC 977 (III, M. Aurelius), C 502 
162) B11, O40, R095, T155 RIC 979 (III, M. Aurelius), C 547 
163) B11, O41, R050, T042 RIC 1136 (III, M. Aurelius), C 163 
164) B11, O42, R025, T073 RIC 989 (III, M. Aurelius
165) B11, O42, R025, T115 RIC 992 (III, M. Aurelius), C 127 
166) B11, O42, R048, T183 RIC 1001 (III, M. Aurelius), C 269 
167) B11, O42, R184, T197 RIC 1003 (III, M. Aurelius), C 495 
168) B11, O43, R043, T013 RIC 1021 (III, M. Aurelius
169) B11, O43, R048, T183 RIC 1029 (III, M. Aurelius), C 272 
170) B11, O44, R044. T168 Exe: SC RIC 1062 (III, M. Aurelius), C 229 
171) B11, O44, R184, T198 Exe: SC RIC 1090 (III, M. Aurelius), C 995 
172) B11, O48, R161, T184 RIC 931 (III, M. Aurelius), C 807 
173) B11, O50, R160, T191 RIC 898 (III, M. Aurelius), C 796 
174) B13, O44, R048, T164 Exe: RELIG AVG RIC 1076 (III, M. Aurelius), C 534 
175) B13, O54, R034, T041 RIC 1237 (III, A. Pius), C 185 
176) B13, O55, R175, T188 RIC 1250 (III, M. Aurelius), C 576 

 
 
177) B03, O15, R022, T029 RIC 658 (III, Commodus
178) B03, O15, R022, T033  RIC 657 (III, Commodus
179) B03, O15, R022, T055 RIC 662 (III, Commodus), C 98 

 
 
180) B17, O18, R011, T092  Exe: COS III RIC 828 (III, M. Aurelius), S 5021, C 58 
181) B17, O20, R037, T047 RIC 999 (III, M. Aurelius), C 200 
182) B17, O39, R095, T155 RIC 965 (III, M. Aurelius
183) B17, O42, R184, T197 RIC 1004 (III, M. Aurelius), C 496 
184) B17, O43, R048, T148 RIC 1035 (III, M. Aurelius

 
AE As 
 
185) B03, O05, R149, T071 HO NOS and S C across fields RIC 1279 (III, A. Pius), S 4803, C 242 
186) B03, O07, R176, T192  
187) B03, O10, R130, T048 RIC 1288 (III, A. Pius
188) B03, O10, R152, T192  
189) B03, O11, R045, T069 RIC 1260 (III, A. Pius
190) B03, O11, R078, T151 Exe: SC  RIC 1240a (III, A. Pius), S 4834, C 455 
191) B03, O12, R184, T127 RIC 1264 (III, A. Pius), C 573 
192) B09, O05, R149, T137 RIC 1333 (III, A. Pius
193) B09, O11, R078, T151 Exe: SC  RIC 1234b (III, A. Pius), C 457 
194) B11, O44, R103, T161  RIC 1083 (III, M. Aurelius), C 584 
195) B11, O46, R054, T131 RIC 1202 (M. Aurelius), C 363 

 
AE As (Posthumous
 
196) B03, O15, R022, T033 RIC 664 (III, Commodus), C 86 

 
AE Semis 
 
197) Bb, O61, R184, T195   

 

Marcus Aurelius Busts 


Marcus Aurelius Types 





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