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ERIC Table of Contents


Title Page

Introduction

About Roman Coins

Denominations

Coins of Other Ancient Cultures

Identifying Roman Coins

How To Use This Book

Mintmarks

Mint Map

Pricing And Grading

Bibliography

Reference Catalogs Cited

Coin Terms Used

Glossary

Rarity Tables

Index of Rulers

Photography Credits

Additional Web Resources

Imperial Catalog:

AUGUSTUS
LIVA
AGRIPPA
NERO CLAUDIUS DRUSUS
GERMANICUS
AGRIPPINA I
TIBERIUS
DRUSUS
ANTONIA
CALIGULA
CLAUDIUS I
BRITANNICUS
AGRIPPINA II
NERO
GALBA
CLODIUS MACER
OTHO
VITELLIUS
VESPASIAN
DOMITILLA
TITUS
DOMITIAN
DOMITIA
JULIA TITI
NERVA
TRAJAN
PLOTINA
MARCIANA
MATIDIA
HADRIAN
SABINA
AELIUS
ANTONINUS PIUS
FAUSTINA I
MARCUS AURELIUS
FAUSTINA II
LUCIUS VERUS
LUCILLA
COMMODUS
CRISPINA
PERTINAX
DIDIUS JULIANUS
MANLIA SCANTILLA
DIDIA CLARA
PESCENNIUS NIGER
CLODIUS ALBINUS
SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS
JULIA DOMNA
CARACALLA
PLAUTILLA
GETA
MACRINUS
DIADUMENIAN
ELAGABALUS
JULIA MAESA
JULIA SOAEMIAS
JULIA PAULA
AQUILIA SEVERA
ANNIA FAUSTINA
SEVERUS ALEXANDER
JULIA MAMAEA
ORBIANA
MAXIMINUS I
PAULINA
MAXIMUS
GORDIAN I
GORDIAN II
BALBINUS
PUPIENUS
GORDIAN III
TRANQUILLINA
PHILIP I
OTACILIA SEVERA
PHILIP II
PACATIAN
JOTAPIAN
TRAJAN DECIUS
HERENNIA ETRUSCILLA
HERENNIUS ETRUSCUS
HOSTILIAN
TREBONIANUS GALLUS
VOLUSIAN
AEMILIAN
CORNELIA SUPERA
SILBANNACUS
URANIUS ANTONINUS
VALERIAN I
MARINIANA
VALERIAN II
GALLIENUS
SALONINA
SALONINUS
REGALIANUS
DRYANTILLA
POSTUMUS
LAELIANUS
MARIUS
VICTORINUS
DOMITIAN II
TETRICUS I
TETRICUS II
QUIETUS
MACRIANUS
CLAUDIUS II
QUINTILLUS
AURELIAN
SEVERINA
ZENOBIA
VABALATHUS
TACITUS
FLORIAN
PROBUS
SATURNINUS
CARUS
CARINUS
MAGNIA URBICA
NIGRIAN
NUMERIAN
JULIAN I
DIOCLETIAN
MAXIMIAN
CARAUSIUS
ALLECTUS
DOMITIUS DOMITIANUS
CONSTANTIUS I
THEODORA
GALERIUS
GALERIA VALERIA
SEVERUS II
MAXENTIUS
ROMULUS
CONSTANTINE I
HELENA
FAUSTA
ALEXANDER
LICINIUS I
CONSTANTIA
MAXIMINUS II
LICINIUS II
CRISPUS
VALERIUS VALENS
MARTINIAN
CONSTANTINE II
DELMATIUS
HANNIBALLIANUS
CONSTANS
CONSTANTIUS II
MAGNENTIUS
DECENTIUS
NEPOTIAN
VETRANO
CONSTANTIUS GALLUS
JULIAN II
JOVIAN
VALENTINIAN I
VALENS
PROCOPIUS
GRATIAN
VALENTINIAN II
THEODOSIUS I
AELIA FLACCILLA
MAGNUS MAXIMINUS
FLAVIUS VICTOR
EUGENIUS
HONORIUS
CONSTANTINE III
CONSTANS II
MAXIMINUS
PRISCUS ATTALUS
JOVINUS
SABASTIANUS
CONSTANTIUS III
GALLA PLACIDIA
JOHANNES
VALENTINIAN III
LICINIA EUDOXIA
HONORIA
PETRONIUS MAXIMINUS
AVITUS
MAJORIAN
LIBIUS SEVERUS
ANTHEMIUS
EUPHEMIA
ANICIUS OLYBRIUS
GLYCERIUS
JULIUS NEPOS
ROMULUS AUGUSTUS
ARCADIUS
EUDOXIA
PULCHERIA
THEODOSIUS II
EUDOCIA
MARCIAN
LEO I
VERINA
LEO II
ZENO
ARIADNE
BASILISCUS
ZENONIS
LEONTIUS I
ANASTASIUS I
ANONYMOUS COINAGE

ERIC The Encyclopedia of Roman Imperial Coins
by Rasiel Suarez


Eugenius

Augustus 392-394

After the death of Valentinian II followed one of the most embarrassing low-points in Roman history. Italy and what was left of the Roman empire was left leaderless. The barbarian warlord Arbogast wielded power but was unable to call himself the emperor because to do so would have been an outrage so scandalous that it would likely throw the entire empire into complete turmoil. Thus evaluating his response over what to do next, a period that lasted over a year, he decided to name Eugenius the emperor. Needless to say, Eugenius served merely as a figurehead for Arbogast's desires. To the end of making it all seem legitimate, he sent a series of diplomats to the court of Theodosius in hopes of gaining Eugenius the East's blessing. Theodosius prepared an army instead and eventually the two met in battle. When the dust settled, Eugenius was dead and Arbogast fled the scene, reportedly committing suicide. This left Theodosius himself as emperor of the entire empire; this being the last such time this would happen. 
Eugenius himself was apparently a scholar and respected former government administrator. He might have found favor with Theodosius had his pedigree not been tainted with Arbogast's role and had he not shown inclinations to favor paganism instead of Christianity. He is reported to have meant to turn the church in Mediolanum (Milan) into a stable for Arbogast's horses! This aneote, however, might be but propaganda from the enemies of Eugenius.

By the late fourth century the mints throughout the western empire begin shutting down one by one. Those that remain open for business slow production to a trickle. Rome, once the most prolific and important of mints also limps along with a skeleton crew that manufacture increasingly less skillfully made coins and then only erratically as metal becomes available.
 
Eugenius may be one of the first emperors who becomes rare not on account of his length in office, over a year‟s time, but rather because there just weren‟t many coins made during this time.
 
A few hardscrabble, tiny copper coins turn up on the market with some frequency. Silver siliquae, the most commonly found of his coins, tend to go from $200 to over $1,000 a piece.

Bust:

 

1) Diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right

 

Obverse:

 
1) DN EVGENIVS PF AVG

 

Reverses:

 
1) GLORIA ROMANORVM
2) SPES ROMANORVM
3) VICTORIA AVGG
4) VICTORIA AVGGG
5) VICTORIA AVGVSTORVM
6) VIRTVS ROMANORVM
7) VOT / V / MVLT / X
8) VRBS ROMA

 

Types:

 
1) Eugenius and Theodosius I seated, facing, together holding globe; between them, Victory above and palm below.
2) Eugenius standing left, holding labarum and resting hand on shield.
3) Roma seated left, holding Victory on globe and spear.
4) Victory advancing left, holding wreath and palm.

 

Mints:

 
1) Aquileia
2) Arelate 
3) Lugdunum 
4) Mediolanum 
5) Roma
6) Treveri 

 
 
AU Solidus Reference(s)

 
1) B1, O1, R3, T1, M3 Exe: L/D/COM RIC 45 (IX, Lugdunum), C 6
2) B1, O1, R3, T1, M4 Exe: M/D/COM RIC 28 (IX, Mediolanum), C 6

 
AU Tremissis

 
3) B1, O1, R5, T4, M6 Exe: T/R/COM RIC 103 (IX, Treveri), C 10

 
AR Miliarense
 

4) B1, O1, R1, T2, M6 Exe: TRPS RIC 104 (IX, Treveri), C 2

 
AR Siliqua Reference(s)
 

5) B1, O1, R6, T3, M4 Exe: MDPS RIC 32c (IX, Mediolanum), C 14b
6) B1, O1, R6, T3, M6 Exe: TRPS RIC 106d (IX, Treveri), C 14a
7) B1, O1, R8, T3, M3 Exe: LVGPS RIC 46 (IX, Lugdunum), C 18a

 
AE4

 
8) B1, O1, R2, T4, M1 Exe: AQ` RIC 59 (IX, Aquileia), L 1108
9) B1, O1, R4, T4, M2 Exe: CON RIC 30f (IX, Arelate), C 8

 

Eugenius Bust

Eugenius Types