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ERIC Table of Contents


Title Page

Introduction

About Roman Coins

Denominations

Coins of Other Ancient Cultures

Identifying Roman Coins

How To Use This Book

Mintmarks

Mint Map

Pricing And Grading

Bibliography

Reference Catalogs Cited

Coin Terms Used

Glossary

Rarity Tables

Index of Rulers

Photography Credits

Additional Web Resources

Imperial Catalog:

AUGUSTUS
LIVA
AGRIPPA
NERO CLAUDIUS DRUSUS
GERMANICUS
AGRIPPINA I
TIBERIUS
DRUSUS
ANTONIA
CALIGULA
CLAUDIUS I
BRITANNICUS
AGRIPPINA II
NERO
GALBA
CLODIUS MACER
OTHO
VITELLIUS
VESPASIAN
DOMITILLA
TITUS
DOMITIAN
DOMITIA
JULIA TITI
NERVA
TRAJAN
PLOTINA
MARCIANA
MATIDIA
HADRIAN
SABINA
AELIUS
ANTONINUS PIUS
FAUSTINA I
MARCUS AURELIUS
FAUSTINA II
LUCIUS VERUS
LUCILLA
COMMODUS
CRISPINA
PERTINAX
DIDIUS JULIANUS
MANLIA SCANTILLA
DIDIA CLARA
PESCENNIUS NIGER
CLODIUS ALBINUS
SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS
JULIA DOMNA
CARACALLA
PLAUTILLA
GETA
MACRINUS
DIADUMENIAN
ELAGABALUS
JULIA MAESA
JULIA SOAEMIAS
JULIA PAULA
AQUILIA SEVERA
ANNIA FAUSTINA
SEVERUS ALEXANDER
JULIA MAMAEA
ORBIANA
MAXIMINUS I
PAULINA
MAXIMUS
GORDIAN I
GORDIAN II
BALBINUS
PUPIENUS
GORDIAN III
TRANQUILLINA
PHILIP I
OTACILIA SEVERA
PHILIP II
PACATIAN
JOTAPIAN
TRAJAN DECIUS
HERENNIA ETRUSCILLA
HERENNIUS ETRUSCUS
HOSTILIAN
TREBONIANUS GALLUS
VOLUSIAN
AEMILIAN
CORNELIA SUPERA
SILBANNACUS
URANIUS ANTONINUS
VALERIAN I
MARINIANA
VALERIAN II
GALLIENUS
SALONINA
SALONINUS
REGALIANUS
DRYANTILLA
POSTUMUS
LAELIANUS
MARIUS
VICTORINUS
DOMITIAN II
TETRICUS I
TETRICUS II
QUIETUS
MACRIANUS
CLAUDIUS II
QUINTILLUS
AURELIAN
SEVERINA
ZENOBIA
VABALATHUS
TACITUS
FLORIAN
PROBUS
SATURNINUS
CARUS
CARINUS
MAGNIA URBICA
NIGRIAN
NUMERIAN
JULIAN I
DIOCLETIAN
MAXIMIAN
CARAUSIUS
ALLECTUS
DOMITIUS DOMITIANUS
CONSTANTIUS I
THEODORA
GALERIUS
GALERIA VALERIA
SEVERUS II
MAXENTIUS
ROMULUS
CONSTANTINE I
HELENA
FAUSTA
ALEXANDER
LICINIUS I
CONSTANTIA
MAXIMINUS II
LICINIUS II
CRISPUS
VALERIUS VALENS
MARTINIAN
CONSTANTINE II
DELMATIUS
HANNIBALLIANUS
CONSTANS
CONSTANTIUS II
MAGNENTIUS
DECENTIUS
NEPOTIAN
VETRANO
CONSTANTIUS GALLUS
JULIAN II
JOVIAN
VALENTINIAN I
VALENS
PROCOPIUS
GRATIAN
VALENTINIAN II
THEODOSIUS I
AELIA FLACCILLA
MAGNUS MAXIMINUS
FLAVIUS VICTOR
EUGENIUS
HONORIUS
CONSTANTINE III
CONSTANS II
MAXIMINUS
PRISCUS ATTALUS
JOVINUS
SABASTIANUS
CONSTANTIUS III
GALLA PLACIDIA
JOHANNES
VALENTINIAN III
LICINIA EUDOXIA
HONORIA
PETRONIUS MAXIMINUS
AVITUS
MAJORIAN
LIBIUS SEVERUS
ANTHEMIUS
EUPHEMIA
ANICIUS OLYBRIUS
GLYCERIUS
JULIUS NEPOS
ROMULUS AUGUSTUS
ARCADIUS
EUDOXIA
PULCHERIA
THEODOSIUS II
EUDOCIA
MARCIAN
LEO I
VERINA
LEO II
ZENO
ARIADNE
BASILISCUS
ZENONIS
LEONTIUS I
ANASTASIUS I
ANONYMOUS COINAGE

ERIC The Encyclopedia of Roman Imperial Coins
by Rasiel Suarez


 

Carinus 

Augustus 283-285 

Carinus became Caesar along with his brother Numerian soon after their father, Carus, arrived to the throne. When war broke out with the Persians, Carus elevated both sons and all three held the same title. Carus took Numerian along with him to war and both perished leaving him as the sole surviving emperor. He was a hated emperor with sources citing unprovoked murders within the Senate and various sadistic practices. Soon a usurper arose, Diocletian, whom he confronted in battle and just as he seemed to emerge victorious he was slain by one of his own soldiers who had an unrelated score to settle with him. 
 
In the dynasty that was to include his Dad Carus, brother Numerian, wife Magnia Urbica and son Nigrinian, Carinus is the most prominent member featured on coins. Among these, as usual, the vast majority will be the silvered Antoninianus which is long by now the workhorse of the economy. The Aureus is also struck and the predominantly militaristic themes on the reverses, paired with equally militaristic busts on the obverses, hints strongly at their intended duty: the soldiers pay. 
 
The Ants themselves are scarcer than those of Aurelian and Probus but not much more expensive.  

Busts: 

 
1) Helmeted, radiate, cuirassed bust left, holding scepter with eagle atop 
2) Laureate bust left, wearing imperial mantle, holding scepter with eagle atop 
3) Laureate head right 
4) Laureate head right right over Numerian laureate, draped bust right 
5) Laureate, cuirassed bust left, holding spear and shield 
6) Laureate, cuirassed bust right 
7) Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust left, holding spear and shield 
8) Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right 
9) Laureate, draped bust right 
10) Radiate, cuirassed bust left 
11) Radiate, cuirassed bust left, holding spear over shoulder and shield 
12) Radiate, cuirassed bust right 
13) Radiate, cuirassed bust right, holding spear 
14) Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right 
15) Radiate, draped bust left, holding spear 
16) Radiate, draped bust right 

 

Obverses: 

 
1) CARINVS AVG 
3) CARINVS ET NVMERIANVS AVGG 
4) CARINVS N CAES 
5) CARINVS NOBIL CAES 
6) CARVS ET CARINVS AVG 
7) IMP C CARINVS PF AVG 
10) IMP C M AVR CARINVS P AVG 
11) IMP C M AVR CARINVS PF AVG 
12) IMP C MAVR CARINVS NOB C 
13) IMP CAESAR M AVR CARINVS 
14) IMP CARINVS AVG 
15) IMP CARINVS P AVG 
16) IMP CARINVS PF AVG 
17) IMP M AVR CARINVS AVG 
18) IMP M AVR CARINVS NOB C 
19) IMP M AVR CARINVS PF AVG 
20) IMPP CARVS ET CARINVS AVGG 
21) KARVS ET KARINVS AVGG 
22) M  AVR CARINVS 
23) M  AVR CARINVS
24) M  AVR CARINVS CAES 
25) M  AVR CARINVS N CAES 
26) M  AVR CARINVS NOB C 
27) M  AVR CARINVS NOB CAE 
28) M  AVR CARINVS NOB CAES 
29) M  AVR CARINVS NOBIL CAES 
30) M  AVR CARINVS PF NOB CAES 
31) M  AVR KARINVS NOB CAE 
32) MAGNIA VRBICA AVG 
33) NVMERIANVS AVG 
34) VIRTVS CARINI NOB CAES 

 

Reverses: 

 
7) AETERNIT AVG 
8) AETERNIT AVGG 
12) FEDES MILITVM 
13) FELICI PVBLICA 
14) FELICIT PVBLICA 
17) FIDES MILIT 
18) FIDES MILITVM 
20) FORTVNA RED 
22) GENIVS EXERC 
32) ORIENS AVG 
34) PAX AETERNA 
35) PAX AVGG 
37) PAX AVGVSTORVM 
38) PAX EXERCITI 
39) PIETA AVG 
42) PM TR I P COS PP 
45) PRINCIPI IVVENTVTI 
46) PRINCIPIS IVVENTVTI 
47) PROVIDE AVGG 
48) PROVIDENT AVGG 
52) SALVS AVGG 
53) SPES AVG 
54) SPES AVGG 

Types: 

 
1) Abundantia standing left, pouring out cornucopia
2) Aequitas standing left, holding scale and cornucopia
3) Aeternitas standing left, holding phoenix on globe and raising skirt. 
4) Carinus and Carus standing, facing each other, holding Victory together 
5) Carinus and Carus standing, facing each other, holding Victory together who crowns them both. 
6) Carinus and Carus standing, facing each other, sacrificing over altar; two standards in background. 
7) Carinus riding horse left, raising hand and holding spear. 
8) Carinus riding horse right over enemy 
9) Carinus riding quadriga right, holding branch. 
10) Carinus standing left, being crowned by Victory, reaching for two kneeling captives to left. 
11) Carinus standing left, holding globe and spear. 
12) Carinus standing left, holding globe and spear; seated captive to left. 
13) Carinus standing left, holding globe and standard 
14) Carinus standing left on right, being crowned by Hercules, facing Carus to left, being crowned by Sol 
15) Carinus standing left, holding scepter; two standards to right. 
16) Carinus standing left, holding spear and globe. 
17) Carinus standing left, holding spear; two standards on either side
18) Carinus standing left, holding standard and scepter 
19) Carinus standing left, holding wand and spear 
20) Carinus standing left, holding wand and spear; two standards to right. 
21) Carinus standing right on left, receiving globe from Jupiter to right, holding scepter
22) Carinus standing right on left, receiving Victory from Carus to right, holding scepter 
23) Carinus standing right on left, receiving Victory from Jupiter to right, holding scepter 
24) Carinus standing right on left, receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter to right, holding scepter
25) Carinus standing right, holding spear and globe 
26) Concordia seated left, holding patera and cornucopia 
27) Felicitas standing left, leaning on column and with legs crossed, holding caduceus
28) Felicitas standing left, leaning on column, holding caduceus and scepter
29) Fides standing left, holding standard in each hand. 
30) Fortuna seated left, holding rudder and cornucopia
31) Genius standing left, holding patera and cornucopia
32) Hercules standing right, resting hand on club and holding bow with lion skin. 
33) Hercules standing right, resting hand on hip and holding club with lion skin. 
34) Jupiter standing left, holding Victory and scepter
35) Jupiter standing left, holding Victory and scepter; eagle to left. 
36) Laetitia standing left, holding wreath and rudder. 
37) Liberalitas standing left, holding coin counter and cornucopia
38) Mars advancing right, holding spear and shield 
39) Mars advancing right, holding spear and trophy 
40) Mercury standing left, holding purse and caduceus 
41) Monetae (3) standing, facing, each holding a scale and cornucopia; coins piled by feet. 
42) Pax advancing left, holding branch and scepter 
43) Pax advancing left, holding branch and standard
44) Sacrificial implements: simpulum, cruet, lituus, etc. (variously arranged) 
45) Providentia standing left, holding grain ears over modius and cornucopia
46) Providentia standing left, holding globe and scepter 
47) Providentia standing left, holding wand over globe and scepter 
48) Roma seated left, holding wreath and scepter
49) Salus seated left, feeding snake on altar
50) Salus standing right, holding and feeding snake. 
51) Sol advancing left, holding branch and scepter
52) Sol advancing left, raising hand and holding whip 
53) Sol standing, facing, raising hand and holding globe. 
54) Spes advancing left, holding flower and raising skirt. 
55) Venus standing left, holding Cupid and apple 
56) Victory advancing left, holding wreath and palm
57) Victory advancing left, holding wreath and palm; seated captive to left. 
58) Victory advancing right, holding trophy with both hands 
59) Victory advancing right, holding wreath and palm 
60) Victory riding biga left, holding wreath and palm 
61) Victory standing left on globe, holding wreath and palm
62) Victory standing left on globe, holding wreath and trophy
63) Victory standing right on globe, holding wreath and palm
64) Virtus standing left, holding spear and resting hand on shield
65) Virtus standing left, resting hand on shield and holding spear. 
66) Virtus standing right, stepping on helmet, holding spear and parazonium 

 

Mints: 

 
2) Antioch 
3) Cyzicus 
5) Roma 
6) Siscia 
7) Ticinum 
8) Tripolis 

 
AU Aureus Reference(s) 
 
1) B02, O16, R57, T56 
2) B04, O03, R58, T58 
3) B06, O07, R58, T56 RIC Vii 312, C 133 
4) B06, O12, R62, T59 Exe: SMA 
5) B06, O16, R63, T33  RIC Vii 233, C 160 
6) B06, O28, R57, T62 RIC Vii 190, C 139 
7) B07, O28, R29, T38 RIC Vii 188, C 50 
8) B07, O28, R50, T48 RIC Vii 189, C 114 
9) B08, O30, R59, T22 RIC Vii 193, C 156 
10) B09, O28, R60, T60 Exe: K RIC Vii 201 

 
AE Medallion Reference(s) 
 
11) B06, O11, R31, T41  

 
 
12) B11, O05, R44, T11 ( in left field RIC Vii 150, C 92 
13) B11, O05, R51, T25 ( in right field RIC Vii 152, C 117 
14) B11, O16, R51, T25 D in right field RIC Vii 215 
15) B12, O07, R64, T23 Exe: `/XXI RIC Vii 326f 
16) B12, O09, R64, T23 Exe: `/XXI RIC Vii 206f, C 177 
17) B12, O11, R24, T21 Exe: `/SMSXXI RIC Vii 314f, C 41 
18) B12, O11, R64, T21 Exe: * over TR/XXI RIC Vii 329f, C 184 
19) B12, O11, R64, T21 Exe: `/XXI RIC Vii 325f 
20) B12, O11, R69, T06 Exe: SMSXXI` RIC Vii 315f, C 194 
21) B12, O16, R08, T03 Exe: KA` RIC Vii 244f, C 10 
22) B12, O16, R08, T03 Exe: KA` RIC Vii 244f, C 10 
23) B12, O16, R08, T03 Exe: KA` RIC Vii 244f, C 10 
24) B12, O16, R18, T29 Exe: KA`  
25) B12, O16, R18, T29 Exe: KA` 
26) B12, O16, R18, T29 Exe: KA` 
27) B12, O16, R25, T35 Exe: KA` RIC Vii 258f, C 45 
28) B12, O16, R25, T35 Exe: KA` RIC Vii 257f, C 44 
29) B12, O16, R26, T36 Exe: KA` RIC Vii 261f 
30) B12, O16, R32, T52 Exe: K RIC Vii 262f 
31) B12, O16, R40, T40 Exe: K`Δ RIC Vii 264f, C 72  
32) B12, O28, R43, T19 Exe: * over `/XXI RIC Vii 197f, C 89 
33) B12, O28, R43, T20 Exe: */XXI` RIC Vii 198f, C 87 
34) B14, O05, R51, T25 ( in right field RIC Vii 152c, C 115 
35) B14, O08, R06, T02 Officina in right field RIC Vii 212c, C 8 
36) B14, O08, R06, T02 Exe: KA` RIC Vii 238c, C 8 
37) B14, O08, R08, T02 Exe: KA` RIC Vii 247c, C 16 
38) B14, O08, R08, T03 Exe: KA` RIC Vii 243c, C 11 
39) B14, O08, R51, T25 D in right field RIC Vii 214c, C 120 
40) B14, O08, R52, T50 D in right field RIC Vii 216 
41) B14, O11, R17, T29 Exe: KA` RIC Vii 251f, C 31 
42) B14, O11, R23, T31 Exe: KA` RIC Vii 254c, C 39 
43) B14, O11, R68, T32 Exe: KA` RIC Vii 271c, C 191 
44) B14, O11, R69, T06 Exe: SMSXXI`  
45) B14, O16, R14, T27 Exe: `XXI RIC Vii 295c, C 24 
46) B14, O16, R18, T29 Exe: KA` RIC Vii 253f, C 28 
47) B14, O16, R18, T29 Exe: KA` RIC Vii 253f, C 28 
48) B14, O16, R21, T30 Exe: `XXIT RIC Vii 298c, C 34 
49) B14, O16, R23, T31 C 37 
50) B14, O16, R44, T12 Exe: `XXI RIC Vii 302c, C 99 
51) B14, O16, R68, T32 Exe: KA` RIC Vii 272c, C 192 
52) B14, O19, R10, T23 Exe: `/XXI RIC Vii 202c, C 19 
53) B14, O24, R44, T18 Exe: KA` RIC Vii 160c, C 102 
54) B14, O26, R41, T44 Exe: KA` RIC Vii 156c, C 75 
55) B14, O26, R44, T11 Exe: `KA RIC Vii 161c, C 91 
56) B14, O26, R44, T13 Exe: `XXI RIC Vii 182c, C 98 
57) B14, O26, R44, T18 Exe: VIXXI RIC Vii 177c, C 84 
58) B14, O26, R45, T20 Exe: VIXXI RIC Vii 183c, C 107 
59) B14, O28, R41, T44 Exe: `AK RIC Vii 155c, C 74 
60) B14, O28, R43, T19 Exe: KA` RIC Vii 158c, C 83 
61) B14, O28, R43, T20 Exe: */XXI`  
62) B14, O28, R44, T19 Exe: R` RIC Vii 158c, C 83 
63) B14, O28, R49, T46 Exe: VI/XXI 
64) B16, O11, R10, T24 Exe: `/XXI RIC Vii 323a, C 21 
65) B16, O12, R08, T03 Exe: KA` RIC Vii 248f, C 14 
66) B16, O12, R08, T03 Exe: KA` RIC Vii 248f, C 14 
67) B16, O19, R10, T24 Exe: `/XXI RIC Vii 324a, C 20 

 
 
68) B06, O16, R58, T57 Exe: SMS 

 
 

Carinus Busts 

Carinus Types