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ERIC Table of Contents


Title Page

Introduction

About Roman Coins

Denominations

Coins of Other Ancient Cultures

Identifying Roman Coins

How To Use This Book

Mintmarks

Mint Map

Pricing And Grading

Bibliography

Reference Catalogs Cited

Coin Terms Used

Glossary

Rarity Tables

Index of Rulers

Photography Credits

Additional Web Resources

Imperial Catalog:

AUGUSTUS
LIVA
AGRIPPA
NERO CLAUDIUS DRUSUS
GERMANICUS
AGRIPPINA I
TIBERIUS
DRUSUS
ANTONIA
CALIGULA
CLAUDIUS I
BRITANNICUS
AGRIPPINA II
NERO
GALBA
CLODIUS MACER
OTHO
VITELLIUS
VESPASIAN
DOMITILLA
TITUS
DOMITIAN
DOMITIA
JULIA TITI
NERVA
TRAJAN
PLOTINA
MARCIANA
MATIDIA
HADRIAN
SABINA
AELIUS
ANTONINUS PIUS
FAUSTINA I
MARCUS AURELIUS
FAUSTINA II
LUCIUS VERUS
LUCILLA
COMMODUS
CRISPINA
PERTINAX
DIDIUS JULIANUS
MANLIA SCANTILLA
DIDIA CLARA
PESCENNIUS NIGER
CLODIUS ALBINUS
SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS
JULIA DOMNA
CARACALLA
PLAUTILLA
GETA
MACRINUS
DIADUMENIAN
ELAGABALUS
JULIA MAESA
JULIA SOAEMIAS
JULIA PAULA
AQUILIA SEVERA
ANNIA FAUSTINA
SEVERUS ALEXANDER
JULIA MAMAEA
ORBIANA
MAXIMINUS I
PAULINA
MAXIMUS
GORDIAN I
GORDIAN II
BALBINUS
PUPIENUS
GORDIAN III
TRANQUILLINA
PHILIP I
OTACILIA SEVERA
PHILIP II
PACATIAN
JOTAPIAN
TRAJAN DECIUS
HERENNIA ETRUSCILLA
HERENNIUS ETRUSCUS
HOSTILIAN
TREBONIANUS GALLUS
VOLUSIAN
AEMILIAN
CORNELIA SUPERA
SILBANNACUS
URANIUS ANTONINUS
VALERIAN I
MARINIANA
VALERIAN II
GALLIENUS
SALONINA
SALONINUS
REGALIANUS
DRYANTILLA
POSTUMUS
LAELIANUS
MARIUS
VICTORINUS
DOMITIAN II
TETRICUS I
TETRICUS II
QUIETUS
MACRIANUS
CLAUDIUS II
QUINTILLUS
AURELIAN
SEVERINA
ZENOBIA
VABALATHUS
TACITUS
FLORIAN
PROBUS
SATURNINUS
CARUS
CARINUS
MAGNIA URBICA
NIGRIAN
NUMERIAN
JULIAN I
DIOCLETIAN
MAXIMIAN
CARAUSIUS
ALLECTUS
DOMITIUS DOMITIANUS
CONSTANTIUS I
THEODORA
GALERIUS
GALERIA VALERIA
SEVERUS II
MAXENTIUS
ROMULUS
CONSTANTINE I
HELENA
FAUSTA
ALEXANDER
LICINIUS I
CONSTANTIA
MAXIMINUS II
LICINIUS II
CRISPUS
VALERIUS VALENS
MARTINIAN
CONSTANTINE II
DELMATIUS
HANNIBALLIANUS
CONSTANS
CONSTANTIUS II
MAGNENTIUS
DECENTIUS
NEPOTIAN
VETRANO
CONSTANTIUS GALLUS
JULIAN II
JOVIAN
VALENTINIAN I
VALENS
PROCOPIUS
GRATIAN
VALENTINIAN II
THEODOSIUS I
AELIA FLACCILLA
MAGNUS MAXIMINUS
FLAVIUS VICTOR
EUGENIUS
HONORIUS
CONSTANTINE III
CONSTANS II
MAXIMINUS
PRISCUS ATTALUS
JOVINUS
SABASTIANUS
CONSTANTIUS III
GALLA PLACIDIA
JOHANNES
VALENTINIAN III
LICINIA EUDOXIA
HONORIA
PETRONIUS MAXIMINUS
AVITUS
MAJORIAN
LIBIUS SEVERUS
ANTHEMIUS
EUPHEMIA
ANICIUS OLYBRIUS
GLYCERIUS
JULIUS NEPOS
ROMULUS AUGUSTUS
ARCADIUS
EUDOXIA
PULCHERIA
THEODOSIUS II
EUDOCIA
MARCIAN
LEO I
VERINA
LEO II
ZENO
ARIADNE
BASILISCUS
ZENONIS
LEONTIUS I
ANASTASIUS I
ANONYMOUS COINAGE

ERIC The Encyclopedia of Roman Imperial Coins
by Rasiel Suarez


Valentinian III

Augustus 425-455

The grandson of Valentinian II, Valentinian III was the son of Constantius III (who in turn had no relation to the Constantines). He grew up like royalty and became Caesar, then emperor very early in life. However, he had no real power as first his mother and then the general Aetius restricted his ability to rule by imposing their own will. Apparently in an effort to rid himself of the influence of Aetius he managed to get the general assassinated but rather than free him, Aetius's bodyguard avenged his murder by killing the emperor a few months later.

Although the listings below show a rather lengthy corpus the fact is that outside of a Solidus or two the coins of Valentinian III are much rarer than a thirty-year reign might suggest. And if that Solidus could be considered ďcommonĒ, which it really isn‟t, it is only because it was being struck by prolific moneyer Theodosius II in faraway Constantinople. The issues struck in Italy are for the most part pretty rare and expensive.
 
Bronzes are also difficult to come by. Oddly, it is easier to find an AE4 of Johannes, who ruled less than two years, than one of Valentinian. Even odder, despite being rarer the Johannes AE4's are always worth a lot more anyway! However, affordability aside, do not expect his bronzes to be exactly objets d‟art as they are invariably poorly preserved and with most features obliterated. Whatever is left will likely have been shoddily done in the first place making attribution a nightmare.
 
Well, at least there's that eastern-mint Solidus which is found easily enough and should cost around $600 each.
 

Busts:

 
1) Diademed (pearls), draped and cuirassed bust right
2) Diademed (rosettes), draped and cuirassed bust right
3) Diademed bust left, wearing consular robes, holding mappa and cross
4) Diademed bust left, wearing consular robes, holding mappa and scepter with eagle atop
5) Helmeted, diademed, draped and cuirassed bust facing, holding spear and shield
6) Helmeted, diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right, holding spear and shield
7) Helmeted, diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right

 

Obverses:

 
1) DN PL VALENTINIANVS PF AG
2) DN PL VALENTINIANVS PF AVG
3) DN PLA VALENTINIANVS PF AVG
4) DN PLACIDVS VALENTINIANVS PF AVG
5) DN VAL CHA
6) DN VALEN AVG
7) DN VALENTINIANO PF AVG
8) DN VALENTINIANVS PF AVG

 

Reverses:

 
1) ADVENT S S DN AVG
2) CAS VIC
3) CONCORDIA AVG
4) CONCORDIA AVGV
5) FELICITER NVBTIIS
6) GLORIA ROMANORVM
7) IMP XXXXII COS XVII PP
8) INVICTISSIMO
9) ROMA
10) SALVS REIPVBLICAE
11) SALVS REIPVBLICE
12) VICTO AVG
13) VICTOR AVGVS
14) VICTORIA AGG
15) VICTORIA AVG
16) VICTORIA AVGG
17) VICTORIA AVGGG
18) VICTORIA AVGVSTORVM
19) VIRTVS ROMANORVM
20) VOT PVB
21) VOT X MVLT XX
22) VOT XX MVLT XXX
23) VOT XXX MVLT XXXX
24) VOTIS XXX MVLTIS XXXX
25) VRBIS ROMA
26) VRBS ROMA
27) No legend

 

Types:

 
1) City gate with (2) turrets.
2) Constantinopolis seated left, holding cross on globe and scepter; shield to side.
3) Cross
4) Roma seated left on cuirass, holding Victory on globe and spear
5) Roma seated left, holding Victory on globe and cross.
6) Roma seated, facing, holding globe and scepter.
7) Valentinian III advancing right, dragging captive and holding labarum.
8) Valentinian III and Licinia Eudoxia standing, facing, holding hands with Theodosius II between and behind them, hands on their shoulders
9) Valentinian III and Theodosius II seated, facing, each holding mappa and cross; star above.
10) Valentinian III and Theodosius II seated, facing, each holding spear and cross between them
11) Valentinian III and Theodosius II standing, facing, together holding a cross and each a spear
12) Valentinian III riding horse left, raising hand
13) Valentinian III seated, facing, holding mappa and cross
14) Valentinian III seated, facing, holding mappa and scepter with eagle atop.
15) Valentinian III standing, facing, holding hand of kneeling person to left and holding scepter with crossed tip.
16) Valentinian III standing, facing, holding labarum and Christogram on globe
17) Valentinian III standing, facing, stepping on human-headed snake, holding cross and Victory on globe.
18) Valentinian III to left, standing, facing, holding mappa and scepter with crossed tip and Licinia Eudoxia to right, standing, facing, holding cross
19) Valentinian III to right, standing, facing, holding cross on globe and globe, being crowned by Hand of God, facing Theodosius II to left, standing, facing, holding cross and globe
20) Victories (2) standing, facing each other, together holding palm
21) Victory advancing forward, holding wreath and cross on globe.
22) Victory advancing forward, holding wreath in each hand
23) Victory advancing left, holding wreath and palm.
24) Victory advancing right, dragging captive and holding trophy
25) Victory advancing right, holding wreath and cross on globe.
26) Victory seated right, holding shield reading VOT/X/MVLT/XX on column; Genius below and to right also holding shield.
27) Victory seated right, holding shield reading XV/ XX
28) Victory standing left, holding cross
29) Victory standing, facing, holding wreath in each hand.
30) Wreath, Chi-Rho within
31) Wreath, cross within
32) Wreath, VOT / XV within
33) Wreath, VOT / XX within

 

Mints:

 
1) Aquileia
2) Constantinopolis
3) Cyzicus
4) Mediolanum
5) Ravenna
6) Roma
7) Thessalonica
8) Treveri

 
 
AU Medallion Reference(s)

 
1) B1, O7, R01, T12, M02 Exe: */CONOB 

 
AU Solidus 

 
2) B1, O3, R16, T19, M06 Exe: R/M/COMOB RIC 2002 (X, Valentinian III)
3) B1, O3, R17, T17, M06 Exe: R/M/COMOB RIC 2005 (X, Valentinian III)
4) B2, O3, R17, T17, M04 Exe: M/D/COMOB RIC 2025 (X, Valentinian III)
5) B2, O3, R17, T17, M05 Exe: R/V/COMOB RIC 2010 (X, Valentinian III)
6) B2, O3, R17, T17, M06 Exe: R/M/COMOB RIC 2006 (X, Valentinian III)
7) B3, O3, R21, T13, M06 Exe: R/M/COMOB RIC 2034 (X, Valentinian III)
8) B5, O8, R07, T02, M02 Exe: */COMOB RIC 315 (X, Theodosius II)
9) B7, O3, R05, T08, M07 Exe: COMOB 

 
AU Semissis

 
10) B2, O3, R18, T26, M05 Exe: R/V/COMOB RIC 2050 (X, Valentinian III)

 
AU Tremissis

 
11) B1, O3, R27, T31, M04 Exe: COMOB RIC 2031 (X, Valentinian III)
12) B1, O8, R18, T21, M02 Exe: */COMOB RIC 251 (X, Theodosius II)
13) B2, O3, R27, T31, M05 Exe: COMOB RIC 2064 (X, Valentinian III)

 
AR Ĺ Siliqua

 
14) B1, O3, R16, T23, M05 Exe: RV RIC 2085 (X, Valentinian III)

 
AE3

 
15) B6, O8, R04, T11, M02 Exe: CON RIC 461 (X, Theodosius II)

 
AE4

 
16) B1, O3, R11, T23, M06 Exe: `/RM RIC 2110 (X, Valentinian III)
17) B1, O5, R16, T23, M06 Exe: ROM RIC 2158 (X, Valentinian III), L 865
18) B1, O8, R15, T23, M06 Exe: */RM RIC 2122 (X, Valentinian III)
19) B1, O8, R16, T20, M06 Exe: `/RM RIC 2132 (X, Valentinian III), L 860
20) B1, O8, R20, T01, M06 Exe: RSM RIC 2123 (X, Valentinian III)

 
 

Valentinian III Busts

Valentinian III Types