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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Themes & Provenance| ▸ |Gods, Non-Olympian| ▸ |River God||View Options:  |  |  | 

River Gods
Valerian I, October 253 - c. June 260 A.D., Tyre, Phoenicia

|Phoenicia|, |Valerian| |I,| |October| |253| |-| |c.| |June| |260| |A.D.,| |Tyre,| |Phoenicia||dichalkon|
Romans refounded Tyre as a colony in 64 B.C., when Pompey annexed Phoenicia to the Roman Empire. Tyre flourished under the Rome and remained a Roman port city, even under the Byzantine Empire, until the 7th century when it was taken by Muslim conquest.
RP96396. Bronze dichalkon, BMC Phoenicia p. 289, 465 var. (murex shell on right); Rouvier -; Baramki AUB -; SNG Hunt -; SNG Cop -, F, rough dark green patina, earthen deposits, weight 16.345 g, maximum diameter 27.5 mm, die axis 0o, Tyre (Lebanon) mint, Oct 253 - Jun 260 A.D.; obverse IMP C P LIC VALERIANVS AVG, laureate bust right; reverse COL TVRO METR, river-god (Adonis?) standing facing, head left, nude to waist, himation around hips and legs, right hand dropping incense on flaming altar at her feet on left, long grounded reed vertical in left hand, murex shell on left; from the J. Berlin Caesarea Collection, 1971 Caesarea Maritima surface find; Coin Archives records only one specimen of the type at auction in the last two decades; extremely rare; $320.00 SALE PRICE $288.00


Saitta, Lydia, c. 198 - 222 A.D.

|Other| |Lydia|, |Saitta,| |Lydia,| |c.| |198| |-| |222| |A.D.||AE| |22|
In Greek mythology, Hyllos was the eldest son of Herakles and his wife Deianira. Heracles had an affair with the younger and more beautiful Iole. Years earlier, the centaur Nessus had attempted to rape Deianira. Herakles saved her by shooting Nessus with poisoned arrows. The centaur told her in his dying breath that if she were to give Herakles a cloak soaked in his blood, it would be a love charm. Deianira, believed him and saved some of Nessus' blood. Worried by Herakles' infidelity, she gave Herakles a blood soaked cloak, but Nessus' blood was deadly poison. Upon realizing she had unwittingly poisoned her husband, Deianira killed herself. Before Herakles died, because of his love for Iole, he asked his eldest son, Hyllus to marry her so that she would be well cared for. Iole and Hyllus had a son called Cleodaeus, and three daughters, Evaechme, Aristaechme, and Hyllis.
RP110433. Bronze AE 22, GRPC Lydia 39; RPC Online VI T4428; BMC Lydia p. 216, 24; SNG Cop 396; SNGvA 3089; Winterthur 3884; Hochard 1795, aVF, broad flan, strike a little flat, areas of corrosion, light earthen deposits, scratches, weight 5.719 g, maximum diameter 21.7 mm, die axis 0o, Saitta (Sidaskale, Turkey) mint, c. 198 - 222 A.D.; obverse AZIOTTHNOC, draped bust of Mn Aziottenos right, wearing Phrygian cap, crescent behind shoulders; reverse CAITTHNΩN / YΛΛOC, river-god Hyllos reclining left, reed in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, resting elbow on inverted vase from which water flows; $90.00 SALE PRICE $81.00


Hierapolis-Kastabala, Cilicia, 2nd - 1st Century B.C.

|Cilicia|, |Hierapolis-Kastabala,| |Cilicia,| |2nd| |-| |1st| |Century| |B.C.||AE| |20|
Hierapolis-Kastabala is located three kilometers north of the Ceyhan River (the ancient Pyramus) in the southern Turkish province of Osmaniye. Alexander the Great stopped at Kastabala before the Battle of Issus in 333 B.C. Antiochus IV renamed the city Hierapolis.
GB110012. Bronze AE 20, SNG BnF 2217 var. (monogram); SNGvA 5570 var. (same); BMC Lycaonia p. 82, 3 var. (same); SNG Levante 1569 var. (same); SNG Cop 144 var. (same), gF, green patina, scratches, weight 6.685 g, maximum diameter 20.1 mm, die axis 0o, Cilicia, Hierapolis-Castabala (Kirmitli, Turkey) mint, 2nd - 1st century B.C.; obverse veiled head of Tyche right with turreted crown, monogram (control) behind; reverse The river-god Pyramos swimming right, eagle standing right on right hand, IEPO/ΠOΠITΠN in two lines above, TΩN ΠPOΣ TΩ/I ΠYP AMΩI in two lines below; ex Classical Numismatic Group, ex Richard L. Horst Collection; monogram missing from references but one specimen on coin archives; $85.00 SALE PRICE $76.50


Tabala, Lydia, 178 - 220 A.D.

|Other| |Lydia|, |Tabala,| |Lydia,| |178| |-| |220| |A.D.||AE| |20|
There is almost nothing about Tabala online or in the numismatic references. Online there are conflicting opinions of its location. In BMC Lydia head writes, 'Tabala, on the north side of the Hermus, near the modern village Burgas Kale, where there still stands a medieval citadel which once commanded the entrance of the Hermus gorge."
MA95602. Bronze AE 20, GRPC Lydia 8, LRPC Online IV-2 T9941 (21 spec.), SNG Tb 3833, SNG Lewis 1542, SNG Righetti 1096, SNG Cop 562, Lindgren I 825, Weber 6917, BMC -, F, tight flan, weak legends, weight 4.870 g, maximum diameter 20.4 mm, die axis 180o, Tabala (Diskaya, Turkey?) mint, 178 - 220 A.D.; obverse IEPA CYNKΛHTOC (clockwise from upper right), draped youthful bust of the Roman Senate right; reverse TABAΛEΩN, river-god Hermos reclining left, reed in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, resting left arm on urn, EPMOC in exergue; $60.00 SALE PRICE $54.00







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REFERENCES|

Imhoof-Blumer, F. "Fluss- und Meergtter auf griechischen und rmischen Mnzen (Personifikationen der Gewsser)" in RSN 23 (1923), pp. 173-421.
Malloy, A. "The Danubian Celts" in Alex G. Malloy Auction Sale XLVI, June 24, 1997. NumisWiki webpage
Molinari, N.J. & N. Sisci. Potamikon: Sinews of Acheloios. A Comprehensive Catalog of the Bronze Coinage of the Man-Faced Bull, With Essays on Origin and Identity. (Oxford, 2016).

Catalog current as of Saturday, January 28, 2023.
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