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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |Constantinian Era| ▸ |Crispus||View Options:  |  |  |   

Crispus, Caesar, 1 March 317 - 326 A.D.

Flavius Julius Crispus was the son of Constantine I by his first wife. A brilliant soldier, Crispus was well loved by all until 326 A.D., when Constantine had him executed. It is said that Fausta, Crispus stepmother, anxious to secure the succession for her own sons falsely accused Crispus of raping her. Constantine, learning of Fausta's treachery, had her executed too.


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RIC VII Siscia 169 (R4) lists the symbol following the mintmark as a double crescent but we have seen a number of coins like this one, on which the symbol appears to be pellet within a crescent.
RL12085. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Siscia 169 (R4) var. (double crescent), SRCV IV 16773, Cohen VII 44, Hunter V -, Choice EF, nice portrait, attractive green patina, weight 3.075 g, maximum diameter 19.1 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 320 - 321 A.D.; obverse IVL CRISPVS NOB C, laureate head right; reverse CAESARVM NOSTRORVM (our prince), VOT / X in two lines within wreath, wreath tied at the bottom and decorated with a jewel at the top, BSIS and pellet within crescent in exergue; rare; $100.00 (€88.00)
 


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Londinium (London today), established around 43 A.D., was sacked in 60 A.D. by the Iceni led by queen Boudica, but quickly rebuilt. At the end of the 1st century, Londinium was a cosmopolitan community of merchants from across the Empire and the capital of Roman Britain. In 286, the usurper Carausius declared himself the Emperor of Britain. In 296, Rome invaded and reclaimed Britain from his successor Allectus. Twice British legions rebelled and elected their own emperors, Magnus Maximus in 382 and Constantine III, in 407. Both crossed the channel with their legions and were defeated, leaving Britain largely unprotected. As the Empire declined, Britain became increasingly isolated. In 410, the Romano-British authorities appealed to Honorius for help. He replied that the Britons would have to look after their own defenses, meaning Roman occupation of Britain had ended. Britain was increasingly vulnerable to attack by the Angles, Saxons, Jutes and Frisii. By the middle 5th century only a small number of wealthy families maintained a Roman lifestyle. At the end of the 5th century the city was largely an uninhabited ruin.Londinium
RL89618. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII London 174(c) (R2), SRCV IV 16824, Cohen VII 152, Hunter V -, Choice gVF, well centered bold strike, dark patina, traces of silvering, areas of slight porosity, weight 3.007 g, maximum diameter 18.1 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Londinium (London, England) mint, 319 - 321 A.D.; obverse FL IVL CRISPVS NOB CAES, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from front; reverse VICTORIAE LAETAE PRINC PERP (Joyous victory to the eternal Prince), two Victories standing confronted, together holding shield inscribed VOT / P R (vows of the Roman people) set on altar decorated with star within wreath, PLN in exergue; ex Beast Coins VLPP Collection, ex Lucie Courcy (2006); rare; $100.00 (€88.00)
 


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The reverse legend abbreviates, Victoriae Laetae Principium Perpertua, which translates, "Joyous victory to the eternal Prince." VOT P R on the shield abbreviates, Vota Populi Romani, which translates, "Vows (prayers) of the Roman people."
RL89632. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Siscia 97 (R2), SRCV IV 16818, Cohen VII 140, Hunter V -, Choice aEF, excellent centering and strike, attractive style, dark patina, weight 3.794 g, maximum diameter 19.4 mm, die axis 180o, 3rd officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 319 - 320 A.D.; obverse IVL CRIS-PVS NOB C, laureate draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse VICT LAETAE PRINC PERP (joyous victory to the eternal Prince), two Victories standing confronted, together holding shield inscribed VOT / P R (vows of the Roman people) set on altar inscribed with an S, ΓSIS* in exergue; ex Beast Coins VLPP Collection, ex Harlan Berk CICF (2009); scarce; $100.00 (€88.00)
 


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The reverse legend abbreviates, Victoriae Laetae Principium Perpertua, which translates, "Joyous victory to the eternal Prince." VOT P R on the shield abbreviates, Vota Populi Romani, which translates, "Vows (prayers) of the Roman people."
RL89682. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Ticinum 93 (R3), SRCV IV 16827, Cohen VII 154, Hunter V 40 var. (1st officina), Choice gVF, excellent centering and strike, dark green patina with some silvering, edge split, weight 2.835 g, maximum diameter 19.4 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Ticinum (Pavia, Italy) mint, 319 A.D.; obverse FL IVL CRISPVS NOB C, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse VICTORIAE LAETAE PRINC PERP (joyous victory to the eternal Prince), two Victories standing confronted, together holding shield inscribed VOT / P R (vows of the Roman people) set on altar inscribed with a C, S T in exergue; ex Beast Coins VLPP Collection, ex 5 Empires (2004); scarce; $100.00 (€88.00)
 


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On 7 March 321, Constantine issued an edict proclaiming Dies Solis Invicti (Sunday) as the day of rest; trade was forbidden but agriculture was allowed.
RL84258. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Lyons 133, Hunter V 25, SRCV IV 16734, Bastien XIII 102, Cohen VII 6, Choice EF, traces of silvering, attractive nice surfaces, nearly as struck, weight 3.186 g, maximum diameter 18.7 mm, die axis 0o, Lugdunum (Lyon, France) mint, 321 A.D.; obverse CRISPVS NOB CAES, laureate and cuirassed bust right; reverse BEATA TRANQVILLITAS (blessed tranquility), altar inscribed VO/TIS / XX in three lines, surmounted by globe, three stars above, C left, R right, PLG crescent in exergue; $80.00 (€70.40)
 


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Flavius Julius Crispus was a brilliant soldier, well loved by all until 326 A.D. when Constantine had him executed. Fausta, Crispus stepmother, anxious to secure the succession for her own sons falsely accused Crispus of raping her. Constantine, learning of Fausta's treachery, had her executed too.
RL89636. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Siscia 87 (R4), SRCV IV 16818, Cohen VII 140, Hunter V -, Choice VF, well centered and struck, dark patina, some bumps and scratches, weight 3.422 g, maximum diameter 19.6 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 319 - 320 A.D.; obverse IVL CRISPVS NOB C, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse VICT• LAETAE PRINC PERP, two Victories standing confronted, together holding shield inscribed VOT / P R (vows of the Roman people) set on altar inscribed with an I, •ASIS• in exergue; ex Beast Coins VLPP Collection; rare; $80.00 (€70.40)
 


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On 7 March 321, Constantine I proclaimed the dies Solis Invicti (Sunday) as the day of rest; trade was forbidden but agriculture allowed. Jews continued to observe the Sabbath on Saturday, and Constantine himself, despite his acceptance of Christianity, continued to worship the sun god, Sol.
RL89657. Billon centenionalis, Hunter V 59 (also first officina), RIC VII Siscia 181, SRCV IV 16773, Cohen VII 44, Choice EF, excellent centering and strike, much silvering, flow lines, light die wear, edge crack, weight 3.252 g, maximum diameter 18.9 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 321 - 324 A.D.; obverse IVL CRISPVS NOB C, laureate head right; reverse CAESARVM NOSTRORVM (our prince), VOT / X in two lines within wreath, wreath tied at the bottom and decorated with a jewel at the top, ASIS (A appearing as H, common in this period) and sunrise in exergue; ex Beast Coins; $80.00 (€70.40)
 


Click for a larger photo
The reverse legend abbreviates, Victoriae Laetae Principium Perpertua, which translates, "Joyous victory to the eternal Prince." VOT P R on the shield abbreviates, Vota Populi Romani, which translates, "Vows (prayers) of the Roman people."
RL89669. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Siscia 97 (R3), SRCV IV 16818, Cohen VII 140, Hunter V -, Choice gVF, well centered and struck, areas of light corrosion, small encrustations, weight 3.526 g, maximum diameter 20.0 mm, die axis 0o, 5th officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 319 - 320 A.D.; obverse IVL CRISPVS NOB C, laureate draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse VICT LAETAE PRINC PERP (joyous victory to the eternal Prince), two Victories standing confronted, together holding shield inscribed VOT / P R (vows of the Roman people) set on altar inscribed with an S, ESIS* in exergue; ex Beast Coins VLPP Collection, ex Martin Griffiths Collection (2004); rare; $80.00 (€70.40)
 


Click for a larger photo
On 7 March 321, Constantine I proclaimed the dies Solis Invicti (Sunday) as the day of rest; trade was forbidden but agriculture allowed. Jews continued to observe the Sabbath on Saturday, and Constantine himself, despite his acceptance of Christianity, continued to worship the sun god, Sol.
RL87900. Billon centenionalis, Hunter V 59 (also first officina), RIC VII Siscia 181, SRCV IV 16773, Cohen VII 44, Choice aEF, well centered, much silvering, areas of small areas of some porosity, weight 2.955 g, maximum diameter 18.8 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 321 - 324 A.D.; obverse IVL CRISPVS NOB C, laureate head right; reverse CAESARVM NOSTRORVM (our prince), VOT / X in two lines within wreath, wreath tied at the bottom and decorated with a jewel at the top, ASIS and sunrise in exergue; ex Beast Coins; $75.00 (€66.00)
 


Click for a larger photo
On 7 March 321, Constantine issued an edict proclaiming Dies Solis Invicti (Sunday) as the day of rest; trade was forbidden but agriculture was allowed.
RL77203. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Lyons 133, Hunter V 25, SRCV IV 16734, Bastien XIII 102, Cohen VII 6, Choice EF, charming portrait, some silvering, weight 3.162 g, maximum diameter 18.8 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Lugdunum (Lyon, France) mint, 321 A.D.; obverse CRISPVS NOB CAES, laureate and cuirassed bust right; reverse BEATA TRANQVILLITAS (blessed tranquility), altar inscribed VO/TIS / XX in three lines, surmounted by globe, three stars above, C left, R right, PLG crescent in exergue; $70.00 (€61.60)
 




  



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OBVERSE| LEGENDS|

CRISPVSCAESAR
CRISPVSNOBCAES
CRISPVSNOBILC
CRISPVSNOBILCAES
CRISPVSNOBILISSCAES
DNCRISPONOBCAES
DNCRISPVSNOBCAESAR
DNFLIVLCRISPVSNOBCAES
FLIVLCRISPVSNOBC
FLIVLCRISPVSNOBCAES
IVLCRISPVSNOBC
IVLCRISPVSNOBCAES


REFERENCES|

Alföldi, A. "il tesoro di Nagytétény" in RIN 1921, pp. 113 - 190.
Bastien, P. Le monnayage de l'atelier de Lyon. De la réouverture de l'atelier en 318 à la mort de Constantin (318 - 337). Numismatique Romaine XIII. (Wetteren, 1982).
Bruun, P. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol VII, Constantine and Licinius A.D. 313 - 337. (London, 1966).
Carson, R., P. Hill & J. Kent. Late Roman Bronze Coinage. (London, 1960).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappées sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 7: Carausius to Constantine & sons. (Paris, 1888).
Depeyrot, G. Les monnaies d'or de Dioclétien a Constantin I (284 - 337). (Wetteren, 1995).
Failmezger, V. Roman Bronze Coins From Paganism to Christianity, 294 - 364 A.D. (Washington D.C., 2002).
King, C. & D. Sear. Roman Silver Coins, Volume V, Carausius to Romulus Augustus. (London, 1987).
Milchev, S. The Coins of Constantine the Great. (Sophia, 2007).
Paolucci, R. & A. Zub. La monetazione di Aquileia Romana. (Padova, 2000).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. V. Diocletian (Reform) to Zeno. (Oxford, 1982).
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol. IV: The Tetrarchies and the Rise of the House of Constantine: The Collapse of Paganism and the Triumph of Christianity, Diocletian To Constantine I, AD 284 - 337. (London, 2011).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).
Voetter, O. Die Münzen der romischen Kaiser, Kaiserinnen und Caesaren von Diocletianus bis Romulus: Katalog der Sammlung Paul Gerin. (Vienna, 1921).

Catalog current as of Wednesday, October 16, 2019.
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Roman Coins of Crispus