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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Themes & Provenance| ▸ |Personifications| ▸ |Money||View Options:  |  |  | 

Money (Moneta)

Coins about...money! One of our favorite collecting themes. Roman propaganda often recorded largesses (represented by Liberalitas) on coins. She is usually depicted holding what was traditionally described as an abacus, a counting board. The object is also described as a tessera, type of banner, showing a number of painted marks equal to the number of aurei or denarii offered. Curtis Clay suggested it is actually a money shovel, a wooden shovel with shallow round depressions which could extract the exact number of coins needed from a chest. Another popular type is that of Moneta holding scales. One quite interesting coin is the Republic denarius of T.Carisius depicting mint tools: an anvil, tongs, a hammer and a die.

Galerius, 1 March 305 - 5 May 311 A.D.

|Galerius|, |Galerius,| |1| |March| |305| |-| |5| |May| |311| |A.D.||follis| |(large)|
Moneta was a surname given to Juno because she was said to have promised the Romans that if they fought only just wars, they would never be in want of money.
RT99297. Billon follis (large), RIC VI Aquileia p. 315, 34b; Paolucci-Zub 92 (R2); Hunter V p. 53, 30; SRCV IV 14401; Cohen VII 188, Choice aEF, excellent centering and strike, portrait with character, light marks, weight 9.370 g, maximum diameter 27.2 mm, die axis 180o, 3rd officina, Aquileia mint, c. 301 A.D.; obverse MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES, laureate head right; reverse SACRA MONET AVGG ET CAESS NOSTR (the sacred money of our two emperors and two princes), Moneta standing slightly left, head left, scales in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, crescent left, V right, AQΓ in exergue; from a private collector in New Jersey; rare; $150.00 SALE PRICE $135.00 ON RESERVE


Commodus, March or April 177 - 31 December 192 A.D.

|Commodus|, |Commodus,| |March| |or| |April| |177| |-| |31| |December| |192| |A.D.||denarius|
This type commemorates Commodus' accession largesse for the beginning of his sole reign. Liberality holds in her right hand a counting board on which are cut a certain number of holes. These boards were used to quickly count the proper number of coins or other items for distribution to each person. It appears they were held over a container, covered with coins and the excess swept away back into the container. The proper number of coins would fill the holes and then would be dumped out to the recipient. On coins, this symbol indicated the prince had given to the people money, grain, or other articles of consumption. Liberalitas holds a cornucopia to indicate the abundance of wheat contained in the public graineries.
RS99249. Silver denarius, BMCRE IV 70, RSC II 311, Hunter II 11, RIC III 36, SRCV II 5655, aVF, excellent portrait, toned, near full legends, flow lines, small edge cracks, weight 3.492 g, maximum diameter 18.4 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 181 - 182 A.D.; obverse M COMMODVS ANTONINVS AVG, laureate head right; reverse LIB AVG V TR P VII IMP IIII COS III P P, Liberalitas standing slightly left, head left, raising coin counting board in right hand, cornucopia in left hand; $120.00 SALE PRICE $108.00


Septimius Severus, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D.

|Septimius| |Severus|, |Septimius| |Severus,| |9| |April| |193| |-| |4| |February| |211| |A.D.||denarius|
In 199, Mesopotamia was partitioned into two Roman provinces divided by the Euphrates, Mesopotamia and Osroene. Two new legions, I Parthica and III Parthica, were formed as a permanent garrison. Septimius Severus laid siege to the city-state Hatra in Central-Mesopotamia, but failed to capture the city despite breaching the walls.
RS98470. Silver denarius, RIC IV 510a, RSC III 345, BMCRE V 669, SRCV II 6316, Hunter III 199, VF, toned, nice portrait, flow lines, frosty surfaces, weight 3.246 g, maximum diameter 19.0 mm, die axis 30o, Laodicea ad Mare (Latakia, Syria) mint, 198 - 202 A.D.; obverse L SEPT SEV AVG IMP XI PART MAX, laureate head right; reverse MONETA AVGG, Moneta seated left, scales in right hand, cornucopia in left hand; $100.00 SALE PRICE $90.00


Pupienus, 22 April - 29 July 238 A.D.

|Pupienus|, |Pupienus,| |22| |April| |-| |29| |July| |238| |A.D.||sestertius|
A.D. 238 was the year of six emperors. Maximinus Thrax was killed (along with his son Maximus Caesar) when his soldiers mutinied. Gordian II was killed in battle. Gordian I hanged himself. Pupienus was lynched by his bodyguard. Balbinus was beaten and dragged naked through the streets of Rome before being killed by the Praetorians. Gordian III lived to become sole emperor.
SH58649. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC IV-1 14 (S), Cohen V 15, BMCRE VI 10, Hunter III 16, SRCV III 8531, VF, flan crack, weight 20.102 g, maximum diameter 31.0 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 22 Apr - 29 Jul 238 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES M CLOD PVPIENVS AVG, Laureate and draped bust right; reverse LIBERALITAS AVGVSTORVM (the generosity of the Emperor), Liberalitas standing half-left, coin counting board in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, S - C divided across lower half of the field; scarce; SOLD


Hadrian, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D.

|Hadrian|, |Hadrian,| |11| |August| |117| |-| |10| |July| |138| |A.D.||denarius|
Liberalitas coin types attest to occasions when the emperor has displayed his generosity towards the people by a distribution to them of money, provisions, or both. The first mention of Liberalitas was on coins of Hadrian. It was a type frequently repeated by the succeeding emperors. Indeed these instances of imperial generosity are more carefully recorded on coins than they are by history.
SH33871. Silver denarius, RIC II-3 1105 (R2), BMCRE II 562 var. (no drapery), RSC II 919a (Vienna, drapery not certain), Strack II 345, Hunter II -, SRCV II -, nice VF, nice portrait, well centered, small edge splits, weight 3.105 g, maximum diameter 19.5 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 129 - 130 A.D.; obverse HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS, bust left, drapery (aegis?) on right shoulder; reverse LIBERALITAS AVG (the generosity of the Emperor) COS III P P, Liberalitas standing half-left, coin counting board in right hand, cornucopia in left hand; very rare; SOLD


Hadrian, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D.

|Hadrian|, |Hadrian,| |11| |August| |117| |-| |10| |July| |138| |A.D.||denarius|
Liberalitas coin types attest to occasions when the emperor has displayed his generosity towards the people by a distribution to them of money, provisions, or both. The first mention of Liberalitas was on coins of Hadrian. It was a type frequently repeated by the succeeding emperors. Indeed these instances of imperial generosity are more carefully recorded on coins than they are by history.
RS42471. Silver denarius, RIC II-3 1103 (R), RSC II 920, BMCRE II 559 var. (laureate), Strack II 345, Hunter II -, SRCV II -, EF, mint luster, well centered, nice style, small edge splits, weight 3.276 g, maximum diameter 19.2 mm, die axis 225o, Rome mint, 129 - 130 A.D.; obverse HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS, bust right, drapery on left shoulder; reverse LIBERALITAS AVG COS III P P (the generosity of the Emperor, consul three times, father of the country), Liberalitas standing half-right, emptying cornucopia held in both hands; SOLD


Roman Republic, Dictatorship of Julius Caesar, T. Carisius, c. 46 B.C.

|after| |50| |B.C.|, |Roman| |Republic,| |Dictatorship| |of| |Julius| |Caesar,| |T.| |Carisius,| |c.| |46| |B.C.||denarius|
"This remarkable type celebrates the Roman mint itself which was located adjacent to the temple of Juno Moneta on the Arx summit of the Capitoline Hill. -- Roman Coins and Their Values, Millennium Edition, Volume One by David R Sear
SH09049. Silver denarius, SRCV I 447, RSC I Carisia 1, Crawford 464/2, Sydenham 982a, gVF, weight 3.56 g, maximum diameter 20.6 mm, die axis 90o, Rome mint, obverse MONETA, head of Juno Moneta right, hair in knot, earring and necklace, one lock of hair falls down on her neck; reverse TCARISIVS above minting implements, die as wreathed cap of Vulcan above anvil, between tongue and hammer; all in wreath; SOLD







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