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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Byzantine Coins| ▸ |Heraclean Dynasty| ▸ |Heraclius||View Options:  |  |  | 

Heraclius, 5 October 610 - 11 January 641 A.D.

Joint rule with Heraclius Constantine (his son), 23 January 613 - 3 July 638 A.D.
Joint rule with Heraclius Constantine and Heraclonas (his sons), 4 July 638 - 11 January 641 A.D.
Heraclius came to power in 610 following a successful revolt in North Africa against the tyrannical rule of the Emperor Focas. His son Heraclius Constantine was elevated to joint rule in 613 A.D. Heraclius' most spectacular military achievement was the total defeat of Rome's old enemy on the eastern frontier, the Sassanid Persians. Unfortunately, this only facilitated the Arab conquest of Persia and the eastern provinces of the Byzantine Empire. The Byzantines lost Syria and Palestine before Heraclius died in early 641 A.D. and Egypt fell to the Arabs soon after.

Byzantine Empire, Heraclius & Heraclius Constantine, 23 January 613 - 11 January 641 A.D.

|Heraclius|, |Byzantine| |Empire,| |Heraclius| |&| |Heraclius| |Constantine,| |23| |January| |613| |-| |11| |January| |641| |A.D.||hexagram|NEW
In 616, the Jews of Jerusalem gained complete control over the city, much of Judea and Galilee became an autonomous Jewish province of the Sasanian Persian Empire. The Jewish Temple was rebuilt by Nehemiah ben Hushiel (exilarch of Jerusalem) who establish a High Priesthood. In September 629 the Byzantines retook Jerusalem after 15 years of Persian occupation. In 630, Heraclius decreed that all Jews must become Christian; a massacre followed around Jerusalem and in Galilee, some survivors fled to the Dara'ah area.
BZ99096. Silver hexagram, DOC II-1 64, Wroth BMC 100, Morrisson BnF 10/Cp/AR/06, Tolstoi 216, Ratto 1390, Hahn MIB III 140, Sommer 11.47, SBCV 798, aVF, very broad flan toned, scratches, die wear, weight 6.432 g, maximum diameter 25.3 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 615 - 638 A.D.; obverse dd NN hERACLIUS ET hERA CONSTI (Our lords, Heraclius and Heraclius Constantine), Heraclius and Heraclius Constantine enthroned facing, each holds globus cruciger, cross above; reverse dEUS AdIUTA ROmANIS (May God help the Romans), cross potent on globe above three steps, K right; from the Robert Wachter Collection; scarce; $180.00 (171.00)


|Heraclius|, |Byzantine| |Empire,| |Heraclius| |and| |Heraclius| |Constantine,| |23| |January| |613| |-| |11| |January| |641| |A.D.||decanummium|
Heraclius offered peace to Khusro, presumably in 624, threatening otherwise to invade Persia, but Khusro rejected the offer. Heraclius marched into Persia with an army of probably less than 25,000 men, willingly abandoning any attempt to secure his rear or maintain lines of communication. Heraclius fought brilliantly and bravely repeatedly defeated the Persian forces. When the war ended in 628, Khusro had been murdered by his own men, the Byzantines regained all their lost territories, their captured soldiers, a war indemnity, and most importantly for them, the True Cross and other relics that were lost in Jerusalem in 614.
BZ93528. Bronze decanummium, Anastasi 61, DOC II-1 256 (not in collection), Ricotti 32 bis, Sommer 11.117, SBCV 886, Hahn MIB 241, Wroth -, Morrisson BnF -, Ratto -, Tolstoi -, VF, nicely centered reverse, green patina, weight 3.494 g, maximum diameter 14.9 mm, die axis 180o, Sicily, Catania mint, 624 - 625 A.D.; obverse facing busts of Heraclius on left, bearded, and Heraclius Constantine on right, beardless; both crowned, draped and cuirassed; cross between their heads; reverse large I (10 nummi), A/N/N/O (year) in column left, X/V (15) in two lines right, CAT in exergue; from the Errett Bishop Collection; scarce; $160.00 (152.00)


Byzantine Empire, Constans II with Constantine IV, Heraclius and Tiberius (his sons), 2 June 659 - 15 July 668 A.D.

|Constans| |II|, |Byzantine| |Empire,| |Constans| |II| |with| |Constantine| |IV,| |Heraclius| |and| |Tiberius| |(his| |sons),| |2| |June| |659| |-| |15| |July| |668| |A.D.||follis|
In 660, Constans II, paranoid about the ambitions of his younger brother, Theodosius, had him murdered. Hated by the citizens of Constantinople, Constans decided to move the capital to Syracuse, Sicily. Although the date is mostly off the flan, the I left can only be year 19 (IT). Curiously, this type sometimes includes the officina number on both the obverse and reverse and the numbers do not always match.
BZ93531. Bronze follis, DOC II-2 86d, Morrisson BnF 13/Cp/AE/29, Wroth BMC 199, Tolstoi 349, Hahn MIB III 175, Sommer 12.55, SBCV 1011, Ratto -, aVF/F, ragged tight flan, weak reverse strike, marks, light deposits, weight 4.432 g, maximum diameter 22.8 mm, die axis 0o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 659 - 665 A.D.; obverse Constans standing facing, with long beard, wearing helmet, long cross in right, left hand on hip, I/Θ (year 19) in left field, cross above M (40 nummi) over officina letter (off flan) in right field; reverse Constantine IV, Heraclius and Tiberius standing facing, each wearing crown with cross and chlamys, each holding globus cruciger in right hand; from the Errett Bishop Collection; scarce; $65.00 (61.75)


|Heraclius|, |Byzantine| |Empire,| |Heraclius,| |5| |October| |610| |-| |11| |January| |641| |A.D.||solidus|
SH53697. Gold solidus, DOC II-1 3; SBCV 731, ANACS AU 58, 5th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 610 - 613 A.D.; obverse D N hERACLI-VS PP AVC, bust facing with short beard and moustache, wearing plumed helmet and chlamys, holding a cross; reverse VICTORIA AVGu E (victory of the Emperor, 5th officina), cross potent on three steps, CONOB below; certified (slabbed) by ANACS; choice portrait; scarce; SOLD







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REFERENCES

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Wroth, W. Catalogue of the Imperial Byzantine Coins in the British Museum. (London, 1908).
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Catalog current as of Wednesday, July 6, 2022.
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