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Joint rule with Heraclius Constantine (his son), 23 January 613 - 3 July 638 A.D. Joint rule with Heraclius Constantine and Heraclonas (his sons), 4 July 638 - 11 January 641 A.D.
Heraclius came to power in 610 following a successful revolt in North Africa against the tyrannical rule of the Emperor Focas. His son Heraclius Constantine was elevated to joint rule in 613 A.D. Heraclius' most spectacular military achievement was the total defeat of Rome's old enemy on the eastern frontier, the Sassanid Persians. Unfortunately, this only facilitated the Arab conquest of Persia and the eastern provinces of the Byzantine Empire. The Byzantines lost Syria and Palestine before Heraclius died in early 641 A.D. and Egypt fell to the Arabs soon after.
SH10981. Gold solidus, DOC II part 1, 8e; Wroth BMC 18 - 21; Sommer 11.6.1; Morrisson BnF 12 - 13; Ratto 1359; Hahn MIB 8a; SBCV 734; Tolstoi -, Superb EF, weight 4.415 g, maximum diameter 21.3 mm, die axis 180o, 5th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 613 - 616 A.D.; obverse dd NN hERACLIuS et hERA CONSt pp AVG, facing busts of Heraclius, on left with short beard, and his son Heraclius Constantine, beardless and smaller, each wearing an elaborate crown with cross, cross between them above; reverse VICTORIA AVGu E (victory of the Emperor, 5th officina), cross potent on three steps, CONOB in exergue; sharp, bold strike, ex Tom Cederlind; SOLD
SH53697. Gold solidus, DOC II part 1, 3; SBCV 731, ANACS AU 58, 5th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 610 - 613 A.D.; obverse D N hERACLI-VS PP AVC, bust facing with short beard and moustache, wearing plumed helmet and chlamys, holding a cross; reverse VICTORIA AVGu E (victory of the Emperor, 5th officina), cross potent on three steps, CONOB below; certified (slabbed) by ANACS; choice portrait; scarce; SOLD
Byzantine Empire, Heraclius & Heraclius Constantine, 23 January 613 - 11 January 641 A.D.
This variant is missing from the major collections except Dumbarton Oaks, but they do not have this officina.SH56778. Gold solidus, Hahn MIB 33 (refs Birmingham and Nikertai 212 for this officina); SBCV 753; DOC II part 1, 28 var. (officina not listed); BMC -; BN -; R -; T -, VF, graffiti, uneven strike, weight 4.504 g, maximum diameter 21.0 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 629 - 631 A.D.; obverse dd NN hERACLIuS et hERA CONSt pp AV, facing busts of Heraclius, wearing long beard and his son Heraclius Constantine, short beard, both wear a simple crown with a cross on a circlet, cross above; reverse VICTORIA AVGYST (S reversed), cross potent on three steps, CONOB in exergue; extremely rare; SOLD
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