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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |The Twelve Caesars| ▸ |Titus||View Options:  |  |  | 

Titus, 24 June 79 - 13 September 81 A.D.

Titus Flavius Vespasianus was the hero of the Judean rebellion (from the Roman perspective) and a very popular emperor. He presided over the empire during the cataclysmic eruption of Vesuvius, which buried half the towns of the Bay of Naples, including Pompeii. He was described as handsome, charming and generous. Titus once complained that he had lost a day because twenty-four hours passed without his bestowing a gift. He was, however, generous to a fault, which depleted the treasury. If he had ruled longer, he might have brought the empire to bankruptcy and lost his popularity. He died of illness in 81 A.D., succeeded by his brother Domitian.

Titus, 24 June 79 - 13 September 81 A.D., Judea Capta, Caesarea, Judaea

|Judaea| |&| |Palestine|, |Titus,| |24| |June| |79| |-| |13| |September| |81| |A.D.,| |Judea| |Capta,| |Caesarea,| |Judaea||AE| |25|NEW
This Judaea Capta type was minted at Caesarea Maritima, Judaea. On 14 April 70 A.D. Titus surrounded Jerusalem. He allowed pilgrims to enter to celebrate Passover but this was a trap to put pressure on supplies of food and water; he refused to allow them to leave. On 10 May he began his assault on the walls. The third wall fell on 25 May. The second wall fell on 30 May. On 20 July Titus stormed the Temple Mount. On 4 August 70 A.D. Titus destroyed the Temple. The Jewish fast of Tisha B'Av mourns the Fall of Jerusalem annually on this date.
RP110760. Bronze AE 25, RPC Online II 2313; Meshorer TJC 384; Sofaer 13; Hendin 6476 (S); SNG Cop 106; SNG ANS 482; BMC Palestine p. 277, 8, aF, porosity, obv. legend weak/off flan, weight 12.262 g, maximum diameter 24.5 mm, die axis 0o, Caesarea Maritima (Keisaria, Israel) mint, as caesar, 71 - 73 A.D.; obverse AYTOKP TITO-Σ KAIΣAP, laureate head right; reverse IOY∆AIAΣ EAΛWKYIAΣ (Judaea Capta), trophy of captured arms: helmet, cuirass, shields, spears, etc.; female captive (Judaea) on left, mourning, seated left on the ground with arms bound behind, pelta-shaped shield on the ground to right; $170.00 (171.70)


Titus, 24 June 79 - 13 September 81 A.D., Germe ad Rhyndakos, Mysia, Domitian Reverse

|Other| |Mysia|, |Titus,| |24| |June| |79| |-| |13| |September| |81| |A.D.,| |Germe| |ad| |Rhyndakos,| |Mysia,| |Domitian| |Reverse||AE| |18|NEW
There were two towns named Germe, Germe ad Rhyndakos near Pergamum in Mysia and Germa ad Caicus in Lydia. BMC and SNG Cop include the city under Lydia. But recent scholarship indicates only Germe ad Rhyndakos in Mysia struck coins.
RP111205. Brass AE 18, RPC Online II 930, Ehling 14-25, SNG Cop 135, Weber 6809 (Germe, Lydia), SNGvA -, BMC Lydia -, VF, off center, porous, die break on rev., weight 4.340 g, maximum diameter 18.4 mm, die axis 315o, Mysia, Germe ad Rhyndakos mint mint, obverse AYTO KAI CEBAC, laureate head of Titus, stalks of grain before chin; reverse AYTO KAI CEBAC, laureate head of Domitian right; from the Michael Arslan Collection; $100.00 (101.00)


Titus, 24 June 79 - 13 September 81 A.D., Judea Capta, Caesarea Maritima, Samaria, Judaea

|Judaea| |Capta|, |Titus,| |24| |June| |79| |-| |13| |September| |81| |A.D.,| |Judea| |Capta,| |Caesarea| |Maritima,| |Samaria,| |Judaea||AE| |20|
This Judaea Capta type was minted at Caesarea Maritima, Judaea. After Herod's death, Caesarea was the seat of the Roman procurator and capital of Roman Palestine for about 500 years. A riot in 66 A.D. between Syrians and Jews in the city led to the First Jewish Revolt. Paul was delivered to Caesarea when his life was threatened in Jerusalem (Acts 9:30). From Caesarea, Paul departed to Tarsus, his birthplace. Paul met the church in Caesarea (Acts 18:22; 21:8,16). Finally, Paul was taken prisoner (Acts 23:23,33) and returned to Caesarea where he was tried before Festus and King Agrippa (Acts 25:1-4; 24:6-13)
JD111131. Bronze AE 20, Hendin 6473 (S); RPC II 2311; SNG ANS 466; Meshorer TJC 381a; Sofaer p. 275, 2, aF, scrapes, corrosion, weight 5.096 g, maximum diameter 20.1 mm, die axis 0o, Caesarea Maritima (Keisaria, Israel) mint, as caesar, 71 - 73 A.D.; obverse AYTOKP TITOC KAICAP (of Emperor Titus Caesar), laureate head right; reverse IOY∆AIAΣ EAΛWKYIAΣ (Judaea captured), Nike (Victory) standing right, nude to waist, left foot on helmet, writing on a shield hung on a palm tree; ex Amphora Coins (David Hendin) with his signed photo authenticity receipt; scarce; $90.00 (90.90)


Titus, 24 June 79 - 13 September 81 A.D., Germe ad Rhyndakos, Mysia

|Other| |Mysia|, |Titus,| |24| |June| |79| |-| |13| |September| |81| |A.D.,| |Germe| |ad| |Rhyndakos,| |Mysia||AE| |22|
There were two towns named Germe: Germe ad Rhyndakos near Pergamum in Mysia and Germa ad Caicus in Lydia. BMC and SNG Cop include the city under Lydia, but recent scholarship indicates only Germe ad Rhyndakos in Mysia struck coins.
RP97866. Bronze AE 22, Ehling 35 - 46; BMC Lydia p. 82, 14; RPC Online II 926 (15 spec); SNG Righetti 710; SNG Lewis 1356; Lindgren III 460; SNG Cop -, aVF, green patina with some chipping, scratches, oval flan, weight 3.408 g, maximum diameter 22.0 mm, die axis 0o, Mysia, Germe ad Rhyndakos mint, 24 Jun 79 - 13 Sep 81 A.D.; obverse AYTO T KAI CEBAC, laureate head right; reverse ΓEPMHNWN, Apollo standing facing, head left, patera in right hand, kithara (lyre) in left hand; scarce; $70.00 (70.70)


Vespasian, 1 July 69 - 24 June 79 A.D., Titus & Domitian Reverse

|Vespasian|, |Vespasian,| |1| |July| |69| |-| |24| |June| |79| |A.D.,| |Titus| |&| |Domitian| |Reverse||denarius|
On 14 April 70 A.D. Titus surrounded Jerusalem. He allowed pilgrims to enter to celebrate Passover but this was a trap to put pressure on supplies of food and water; he refused to allow them to leave. On 10 May he began his assault on the walls. The third wall fell on 25 May. The second wall fell on 30 May. On 20 July Titus stormed the Temple Mount. On 4 August 70 A.D. Titus destroyed the Temple. The Jewish fast of Tisha B'Av mourns the Fall of Jerusalem annually on this date.
SH77005. Silver denarius, RIC II-1 16 (R), BnF III 1, RSC II 5, BMCRE II 2, Hunter I 2, SRCV I 2399, EF/aEF, light toning, tight flan, some light bumps and marks, among the finest examples of the type, weight 3.414 g, maximum diameter 17.5 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, Jan - Jun (or later) 70 A.D.; obverse IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG, laureate head right; reverse CAESAR AVG F COS CAESAR AVG F PR, confronted bare heads of Titus right (on left) and Domitian left (on right); from the Jyrki Muona Collection; ex Helios Numismatik auction 4 (14 Oct 2009), lot 302; ex A. Lynn Collection; rare; SOLD


Titus, 24 June 79 - 13 September 81 A.D., Dora, Phoenicia

|Roman| |Phoenicia|, |Titus,| |24| |June| |79| |-| |13| |September| |81| |A.D.,| |Dora,| |Phoenicia||AE| |22|
Dora, on the coast eight miles north of Caesarea, was a Canaanite city. It fell to the Philistines early in the 12th century B.C. Solomon appointed the son of Abinadab as overseer of Dor (I Kings 4:11). In the Persian period Dor was a Sidonian colony. In Hellenistic times it was a Ptolemaic seaport and royal fortress, once besieged by Antiochus VII, (1 Macc. 15. 11-14). Under the Romans, Dora was a free city. See also Josh 11:2, 17:11; and Judg 1:27.
RP98117. Bronze AE 22, RPC Online II 2089 (15 spec.); Sofaer 25 (same obv. die); Meshorer Dora 32; BMC Phoenicia p. 116, 27; Rosenberger II 24 corr. (wrong obv. photo), nice gVF, excellent portrait, attractive patina, tight flan, rev. off center, light marks, light earthen deposits, scattered porosity, weight 9.551 g, maximum diameter 21.8 mm, die axis 0o, Dora (Tel Dor, Israel) mint, as caesar, c. 69 - 70 A.D; obverse T ΦΛAYI OYEΣΠ KAIC ETOY IEP, laureate head right; reverse ∆WPITWN (Dora), Tyche-Astarte standing facing, head right, wearing turreted crown, standard in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, BΛP ([year] 132) in outer left field; very attractive in hand; scarce; SOLD


Augustus, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D., Restitution Issue Struck in Thrace under Titus

|Augustus|, |Augustus,| |16| |January| |27| |B.C.| |-| |19| |August| |14| |A.D.,| |Restitution| |Issue| |Struck| |in| |Thrace| |under| |Titus||sestertius|
The restoration coins of Titus and Domitian attributed by BMC to Lugdunum have been reattributed in RPC II and the new RIC II, part 1 to Thrace, and perhaps Perinthus. The types are rarely found in the west and are most frequently found in the Balkans, some share a countermark identical to some coins of Perinthus, the epigraphy does not fit Lugdunum or Rome, and the inconsistent die axis is characteristic of the Perinthus mint.
SH73458. Brass sestertius, RPC II 511, RIC II-1 Titus 403 (R); BMCRE II Titus 263; BnF III -; Hunter I -; Cohen I -; SRCV I -, gF, centered, nice green patina, weight 24.742 g, maximum diameter 35.0 mm, die axis 180o, Thrace, Perinthus(?) mint, 80 A.D.; obverse DIVVS AVGVSTVS PATER, Augustus seated left on curule chair, feet on footstool, radiate and togate, patera in right, long scepter vertical behind in left; reverse IMP T CAES DIVI DIVI VESP F AVG P M TR P P COS VIII (clockwise starting at 12:00), large S C, REST above; huge 35 mm bronze!; rare; SOLD







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|OBVERSE |LEGENDS

DIVOTITO
IMPERATORTCAESARAVGVSTIF
IMPTCAESARCOSIII
IMPTCAESARVESPASIANVSAVG
IMPTCAESVESPASIANAVGPM
IMPTCAESVESPAVGPMTRPCOSVIII
IMPTCAESVESPAVGPMTRPPPCOSVIII
IMPTITVSCAESVESPASIANAVGPM
IMPTITVSCAEVESPASIANVSAVGPM
IMPTVESPAVGCOSVIII
TCAESARIMPCOSIIICENS
TCAESARIMPCOSIIII
TCAESARIMPVESP
TCAESARIMPVESPASIAN
TCAESARIMPVESPASIANVS
TCAESARIMPVESPASIANVSCOSIII
TCAESARIMPVESPASIANVSCOSVI
TCAESARVESPASIANVS
TCAESIMP
TCAESIMPAVGFTRPCOSVICENSOR
TCAESIMPPONTRPCOSIICENS
TCAESIMPVESPCEN
TCAESIMPVESPCENS
TCAESIMPVESPPONTRPOT
TCAESIMPVESPPONTRPCENS
TCAESVESPASIANIMPPONTRPOTCOSIIICENS
TCAESVESPASIANIMPPTRPCOSII


REFERENCES|

American Numismatic Society (ANS) Collections Database Online - http://numismatics.org/search/search
Banti, A. & L. Simonetti. Corpus Nummorum Romanorum. (Florence, 1972-1979).
Burnett, A. & M. Amandry. Roman Provincial Coinage II: From Vespasian to Domitian (AD 69-96). (London, 1999).
Butcher, Kevin. Coinage in Roman Syria: Northern Syria, 64 BC - AD 253. Royal Numismatic Society Special Publication 34. (London, 2004).
Calic, E. Xavier. The Roman Avrei, Vol. I: From the Republic to Pertinax, 196 BC - 193 AD. (Barcelona, 2003).
Carradice, I.A. & T.V. Buttrey. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol. II, Part 1: From AD 69 to 96. (London, 2007).
Cayn, J. Los Sestercios del Imperio Romano, Vol. I: De Pompeyo Magno a Matidia (Del 81 a.C. al 117 d.C.). (Madrid, 1984).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappes sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 1: Pompey to Domitian. (Paris, 1880).
Giard, J-B. Le monnayage de l'atelier de Lyon, De Claude Ier Vespasien (41-78 aprs J.-C.), et au temps de Clodius Albinus (196-197 aprs J.-C.). (Wetteren, 2000).
Giard, Jean-Baptiste. Monnaies de l'Empire romain, III Du soulvement de 68 aprs J.-C. a Nerva. Catalogue Bibliothque nationale de France. (Paris, 1998).
Hendin, D. Guide to Biblical Coins, 6th Edition. (Amphora, 2021).
Mattingly, H. & R.A.G. Carson. Coins of the Roman Empire in the British Museum, Vol. 2: Vespasian to Domitian. (London, 1930).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. I. Augustus to Nerva. (Oxford, 1962).
Seaby, H.A. & R. Loosley. Roman Silver Coins, Vol. II: Tiberius to Commodus. (London, 1979).
Sear, D.R. Roman Coins and Their Values, The Millennium Edition, Volume One, The Republic and the Twelve Caesars 280 BC - AD 86. (London, 2000).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).

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