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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |Roman Mints| ▸ |Mediolanum||View Options:  |  |  | 

Mediolanum (Milan), Italy

Dates of operation: c. 250 - c. 275 and 364 - 475 (also, Theoderic, the Gothic king of Italy minted coins at Mediolanum, 493 - 526). Mintmarks: MD, MDOB, MDPS, MED.

Theodosius I, 19 January 379 - 17 January 395 A.D.

|Theodosius| |I|, |Theodosius| |I,| |19| |January| |379| |-| |17| |January| |395| |A.D.|, |solidus|
Theodosius I abolished the last remaining expressions of Roman religion by making its holidays into workdays, banning blood sacrifices, closing Roman temples, confiscating Temple endowments, and disbanding the Vestal Virgins. He ordered, authorized, or at least failed to punish, the closure or destruction of many temples, holy sites, images and objects of piety throughout the empire. In 393, he issued a comprehensive law that prohibited any public non-Christian religious customs. He discontinued the ancient Olympic Games, last recorded in 393, though archeological evidence indicates that some games were still held after this date.
SH94407. Gold solidus, RIC X Theodosius I 20b (S); Depeyrot p. 169, 9/2; SRCV V 20412; Cohen VIII 37; Hunter V -, gVF, well centered, nice portrait, slight double strike, die wear, part of flan edge ragged with splits, weight 4.375 g, maximum diameter 22.3 mm, die axis 180o, Mediolanum (Milan, Italy) mint, Jan 389 - Apr 391 A.D.; obverse D N THEODOSIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse VICTORIA AVGG (victory of the two emperors), two emperors, crowned and nimbate, seated facing on double-throne, legs draped, holding a globe together, the emperor on right holding mappa in left hand, Victory behind above center facing with spread wings, palm frond low center, M-D divided across field, COM in exergue; ex Gorny & Mosch Auction 196 (7 March 2011), lot 3040; scarce; $1650.00 SALE |PRICE| $1485.00


Claudius II Gothicus, September 268 - August or September 270 A.D.

|Claudius| |II|, |Claudius| |II| |Gothicus,| |September| |268| |-| |August| |or| |September| |270| |A.D.|, |antoninianus|
Spes was the Roman personification of Hope. On coins she is almost invariably depicted holding a flower in her extended right hand, and raising a fold of her dress with her left hand. She was also named "ultima dea" - the last resort of men.
RA93331. Billon antoninianus, RIC V-1 168, Cohen VI 284, SRCV III 11374 var. (1st officina), MER-RIC T26 var. (same), Venra 9073 var. (same), Hunter IV 62 var. (same), EF, excellent portrait and reverse style, centered on a tight flan, brown town with traces of silvering, small edge crack, weight 4.100 g, maximum diameter 19.9 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Mediolanum (Milan, Italy) mint, issue 1, c. September 268 - mid 269; obverse IMP CLAVDIVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse SPES PVBLICA (the hope of the public), Spes standing left, flower in right, raising fold of drapery with left, S in exergue; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $80.00 SALE |PRICE| $92.00 ON RESERVE


Claudius II Gothicus, 268-270 AD

|Claudius| |II|, |Claudius| |II| |Gothicus,| |268-270| |AD|, |antoninianus|
Pax, regarded by the ancients as a goddess, was worshiped not only at Rome but also at Athens. Her altar could not be stained with blood. Claudius began the construction of a magnificent temple to her honor, which Vespasian finished, in the Via Sacra. The attributes of Peace are the hasta pura, the olive branch, the cornucopia, and often the caduceus. Sometimes she is represented setting fire to a pile of arms.
RA91014. Billon antoninianus, MER-RIC T60, RIC V-1 157, Normanby 1031, Venra 9303 - 9364, Cunetio 2263, Hunter IV 58, SRCV III 3215, Cohen VI 202, EF, dark brown patina, traces of silvering, well centered, parts of legends weak, edge splits/cracks, weight 3.128 g, maximum diameter 19.3 mm, die axis 0o, 3rd officina, Mediolanum (Milan) mint, 2nd issue, mid 269 - spring 270; obverse IMP CLAVDIVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind; reverse PAX AVG, Pax walking left, raising olive branch in right hand, long scepter transverse in right hand, T in exergue; ex Eric J. Engstrom Collection; $80.00 SALE |PRICE| $72.00


Quintillus, August or September - October or November 270 A.D.

|Quintillus|, |Quintillus,| |August| |or| |September| |-| |October| |or| |November| |270| |A.D.|, |antoninianus|
In 270, the Empire suffered an economic crisis due to usurpations, partition of the empire, invasions, and sackings of the countryside and cities. Agricultural and industrial production were significantly decreased, and mines went unused. A monetary crisis ensued. Inflation was up to 1,000% in some areas of the empire.
RA91608. Billon antoninianus, MER-RIC 1116, RIC V-1 52, Hunter IV 25, Venra 10284 - 10305, Normanby 1224, Canakkale Hoard 2616, SRCV III 11438, aVF, uneven strike with bust back and shoulder weak, tight flan, porous, light scratch on rev., edge cracks, weight 2.769 g, maximum diameter 19.6 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Mediolanum (Milan, Italy) mint, 1st issue, c. end Aug - Nov 270; obverse IMP QVINTILLVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse FIDES MILIT (the loyalty of the soldiers), Fides standing facing, head left, flanked by two standards, one held in each hand, S in exergue; from the Maxwell Hunt Collection; $70.00 SALE |PRICE| $63.00


Gallienus, August 253 - September 268 A.D.

|Gallienus|, |Gallienus,| |August| |253| |-| |September| |268| |A.D.|, |antoninianus|
RIC lists this type as common, but Gbl lists only a single specimen, and Coin archives lists only one from the first officina and none from the second.
RA93318. Billon antoninianus, RIC V-1 S494, Cohen V 685, SRCV III 10295, Hunter IV 167 var. (1st officina), aVF, well centered, dark patina, weight 2.540 g, maximum diameter 19.8 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Mediolanum (Milan, Italy) mint, 266 A.D.; obverse GALLIENVS AVG, radiate head right, drapery on left shoulder; reverse ORIENS AVG (the rising sun of the Emperor), Sol standing half left, radiate, nude but for chlamys over shoulders and left arm, raising right hand commanding the sun to rise, whip in left, S in exergue; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $60.00 SALE |PRICE| $54.00


Salonina, Augusta 254 - c. September 268 A.D.

|Salonina|, |Salonina,| |Augusta| |254| |-| |c.| |September| |268| |A.D.|, |antoninianus|
This type was struck during Salonina's lifetime, so the unusual reverse legend was not struck in memorial. There has been some fanciful speculation that "IN PACE," meaning "in peace," was a Christian phrase indicating the empress had converted to Christianity.
RA65809. Billon antoninianus, Gbl MIR 1377e, RIC V-1 S58, RSC IV 17, SRCV III 10626 var. (mint mark), Hunter IV S27 var. (obv. legend), aVF, slightly ragged flan, weight 3.539 g, maximum diameter 21.2 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Mediolanum (Milan, Italy) mint, 266 - 268 A.D.; obverse SALONINA AVG, draped bust right, wearing stephane, hair in ridges and in plait looped below ear up the back of head, crescent behind shoulders; reverse AVG IN PACE, Salonina seated left, olive-branch downward in right hand, long transverse scepter in left hand, MS in exergue; $40.00 SALE |PRICE| $36.00


Gallienus, August 253 - September 268 A.D.

|Gallienus|, |Gallienus,| |August| |253| |-| |September| |268| |A.D.|, |antoninianus|
Virtus is the personification of valor and courage. Valor was, of course, essential for the success of a Roman emperor and Virtus was one of the embodiments of virtues that were part of the Imperial cult. During his joint reign with his father, Gallienus proved his courage in battle; but his failure to liberate his father from Persian captivity was perceived as cowardice and a disgrace to the Emperor and Empire. It was not, however, actually fear that prevented a rescue. While others mourned Valerian's fate, Gallienus rejoiced in his new sovereignty.
RA92627. Billon antoninianus, Gbl MIR 1149k, RIC V-1 534, RSC IV 1236, SRCV III -, Hunter IV -, F, well centered, porous, centers weak, edge cracks, weight 2.846 g, maximum diameter 21.6 mm, die axis 0o, Mediolanum (Milan, Italy) mint, 266 - 267 A.D.; obverse GALLIENVS AVG, radiate, cuirassed bust right, slight drapery on far shoulder; reverse VIRTVS AVG (the valor of the Emperor), Virtus standing left, helmeted and wearing military garb, resting right hand on shield set on ground, spear with point up in left, P in exergue; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $30.00 SALE |PRICE| $27.00







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