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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |The Late Empire| ▸ |Leo I||View Options:  |  |  | 

Leo I, 7 February 457 - 18 January 474 A.D.

Leo I, a native of Dacia, assumed the purple after the death of Marcian in 457 A.D. Leo came to the throne at a time when the Eastern Roman army was made up almost entirely of Germans, and it is through the efforts of Leo that the powerful German military faction's influence was destroyed. After being struck down by illness, he raised his infant grandson to the purple, then died shortly after.

|Leo| |I|, |Leo| |I,| |7| |February| |457| |-| |18| |January| |474| |A.D.||solidus|
RIC X divides this type into two phases. The earlier phase (457 - 468) is distinguished by an angular form of the letter G and the spear usually pointing between the second P and E of PERPET. The later phase (468 - 473) the G's are rounded and the spear usually points between the E and T.
SH87295. Gold solidus, DOCLR 525, Hunter V 6, Tolstoi 8, Ratto 245, RIC X 605, Depeyrot 93/1, SRCV V 21404, Choice EF, well centered on a broad flan, nearly as struck with much mint luster, radiating flow lines, weight 4.425 g, maximum diameter 19.9 mm, die axis 0o, 6th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, early phase 457 - 468 A.D.; obverse D N LEO PERPET AVG, pearl-diademed, helmeted and cuirassed bust facing, spear in right over shoulder, shield on left decorated with horseman; reverse VICTORIA AVGGG S (victory of the three emperors, 6th officina), Victory half left supporting long jeweled cross, star right, CONOB in exergue; ex Dutch Numismatic Auction, auction 1, lot 485; SOLD


|Leo| |I|, |Leo| |I,| |7| |February| |457| |-| |18| |January| |474| |A.D.||solidus|
In 462, the statue of Zeus, which had been moved from Olympia to Constantinople, was destroyed by a fire.
SH98709. Gold solidus, DOCLR 521, Hunter V 5, Tolstoi 6, Ratto 243, RIC X 605 (S), Depeyrot 93/1, SRCV V 21404, Choice aEF, well centered on a broad flan, flow lines, weight 4.331 g, maximum diameter 20.0 mm, die axis 180o, 4th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, early phase, 457 - 468 A.D.; obverse D N LEO PERPET AVG, pearl-diademed, helmeted, and cuirassed bust facing, spear in right hand over right shoulder, shield on left arm decorated with horseman spearing a prone enemy; reverse VICTORIA AVGGG ∆ (victory of the three emperors, 4th officina), Victory standing half left, head left, supporting long jeweled cross, star right, CONOB in exergue; SOLD







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OBVERSE| LEGENDS|

DNLEOPERPETAV
DNLEOPERPETAVG
DNLEOPERPETVVSAVG
DNLEOPFAVG


REFERENCES|

Carson, R., P. Hill & J. Kent. Late Roman Bronze Coinage. (London, 1960).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappes sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 8: Nepotian to Romulus Augustus, plus tesserae & cotorniates. (Paris, 1888).
Depeyrot, G. Les monnaies d'or de Constantin II Zenon (337-491). Moneta 5. (Wetteren, 1996).
Grierson, P. & M. Mays. Catalogue of Late Roman Coins in the Dumbarton Oaks Collection. (Washington D.C., 1992).
Hahn, W. Moneta Imperii Romani-Byzantinii. (Vienna, 1989).
Kent, J. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol. X, The Divided Empire and the Fall of the Western Parts, AD 395 - 491. (London, 1994).
King, C. & D. Sear. Roman Silver Coins, Vol. V, Carausius to Romulus Augustus. (London, 1987).
Ranieri, E. La monetazione di Ravenna antica dal V all' VIII secolo: impero romano e bizantino, regno ostrogoto e langobardo. (Bologna, 2006).
Ratto, R. Monnaies Byzantines et d'autre Pays contemporaines l'poque byzantine. (Lugano, 1930).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. V. Diocletian (Reform) to Zeno. (Oxford, 1982).
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol. V: The Christian Empire...Constantine II to Zeno, AD 337 - 491. (London, 2014).
Tolstoi, I. Monnaies byzantines. (St. Petersburg, 1913 - 14).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).

Catalog current as of Wednesday, November 30, 2022.
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