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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Greek Coins| ▸ |Geographic - All Periods| ▸ |Macedonia| ▸ |Koinon of Macedonia||View Options:  |  |  | 

Koinon of Macedonia

The Macedonian Koinon (community) was the political organization governing the autonomous Roman province of Macedonia and was responsible for issuing coinage. The individual cities, as members of the Koinon, sent representatives to participate in popular assembly several times each year.

The high point of the year was celebrations and matches in honor of Alexander and the Roman emperor held in Beroea (modern Verria) located about 75 km. west of Thessaloniki. This was the provincial center of the emperor cult, with the appropriate temple and privileges, first granted to the Koinon by Nerva. The title Neokoros, or "temple guardians" was highly prized and thus advertised on coins. Under Elagabalus, the Koinon received a second Neokorie, indicated by B (the Greek number two) or rarely ΔIC (double in Greek). The title was rescinded but later restored by Severus Alexander, probably in 231 A.D.

Claudius, 25 January 41 - 13 October 54 A.D., Koinon of Macedonia

|Koinon| |of| |Macedonia|, |Claudius,| |25| |January| |41| |-| |13| |October| |54| |A.D.,| |Koinon| |of| |Macedonia||AE| |23|
The Macedonian Koinon (community) was the political organization governing the autonomous Roman province of Macedonia and responsible for issuing coinage. Member cities sent representatives to participate in the popular assembly. The Koinon held celebrations and games annually at Beroea (modern Verria) in honor of Alexander the Great and the Roman emperor.
SH62394. Bronze AE 23, RPC I 1612; Varbanov III 305; AMNG III 238; SNG Cop 1334; SGICV 425; BMC Macedonia p. 27, 145; Lindgren II 1354, gVF, green patina, coppery high-points, weight 8.594 g, maximum diameter 22.8 mm, probably Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, 41 - 54 A.D.; obverse TI KΛAYΔIOΣ KAIΣAP, bare head left; reverse ΣEBAΣTOΣ MAKEΔONΩN, Macedonian shield; SOLD


Koinon of Macedonia, Alexander and Bucephalus, c. 238 - 244 A.D.

|Koinon| |of| |Macedonia|, |Koinon| |of| |Macedonia,| |Alexander| |and| |Bucephalus,| |c.| |238| |-| |244| |A.D.||AE| |27|
Plutarch tells the story of how, in 344 B.C. Philonicus the Thessalian, a horse dealer, offered a massive wild stallion to Alexander's father, King Philip II. Since no one could tame the animal, Philip was not interested. Alexander, however, seeing that the horse was afraid of his own shadow, promised to pay for the horse himself should he fail to tame it. He was given a chance and surprised all by subduing it. Alexander spoke soothingly to the horse and turned it towards the sun so that it could no longer see its shadow. Eventually, Bucephalus allowed Alexander to ride him. Embarrassed, Philip commented, "O my son, look thee out a kingdom equal to and worthy of thyself, for Macedonia is too little for thee." Alexander named the horse Bucephalus because the horse's head seemed "as broad as a bull's." Bucephalus died of battle wounds in 326 B.C., in Alexander's last battle. Alexander founded the city of Bucephala (thought to be the modern town of Jhelum, Pakistan) in memory of his wonderful horse.
RP85007. Bronze AE 27, SNG Cop 1356; SNG Hunt 748 var. (star below horse); BMC Macedonia p. 24, 121 var. (B NE); SNG Saroglos 982 var. (same); Lindgren II 1374 var. (same), Choice VF, well centered and struck, nice green patina, weight 11.761 g, maximum diameter 26.7 mm, die axis 225o, Beroea (Verria, Greece) mint, reign of Gordian III, c. 238 - 244 A.D.; obverse AΛEΞANΔPOY, diademed head of Alexander the Great right; reverse KOINON MAKEΔONΩN B N, Alexander riding his horse Bucephalus right, wearing military garb, cloak flying behind, couched spear in right hand; rare; SOLD


Koinon of Macedonia, Reign of Severus Alexander, c. 231 - 235 A.D., Portrait of Alexander the Great

|Koinon| |of| |Macedonia|, |Koinon| |of| |Macedonia,| |Reign| |of| |Severus| |Alexander,| |c.| |231| |-| |235| |A.D.,| |Portrait| |of| |Alexander| |the| |Great||AE| |26|
Zagreus, a son of Zeus and Persephone (who Zeus seduced in the guise of a serpent) was a god of the Orphic Mysteries, the "first-born Dionysos." Zeus armed child god with lightning bolts and set him upon the throne of heaven. The Titans, inspired by jealous Hera, crept into Olympus, tempted Zagreus with toys into setting aside his lightning bolts, and then dismembered him with knives. Zeus recovered the child's heart, made it into a potion, and fed it to his love Semele. From the drink she conceived the younger Dionysos, as a reincarnation of the first. The Cabeiri were the dwarf-like sons of the god Hephaistos and famed metal-workers. The Cabeiri recovered the phallus of Zagreus.
SH72856. Bronze AE 26, AMNG III 334 var. (NO not mentioned), Lindgren -, BMC Macedonia -, SNG Cop -, SNG Hunterian -, VF, perfect centering, weight 14.747 g, maximum diameter 25.6 mm, die axis 180o, Beroea (Verria, Greece) mint, c. 231 A.D.; obverse ANTΛΕΞANTNΔPOY, diademed head of Alexander the Great right, N behind, O below neck; reverse KOINON MAKEΔONΩN OMONOIA, helmeted Athena seated left, Kabeiros in her right hand, spear vertical behind in her left hand, back leg of the seat is in the form of a lion leg, Kabeiros in her hand is standing facing with uncertain object (phallus of Zagreus?) in his right hand and hammer in left; extremely rare; SOLD


Philippi, Macedonia, c. 356 - 345 B.C.

|Philippi|, |Philippi,| |Macedonia,| |c.| |356| |-| |345| |B.C.||AE| |17|
Philippi was established by Philip II of Macedonia on the site of the Thasian colony of Krinides. It was founded to take control of the neighboring gold mines and control the route between Amphipolis and Neapolis. Philip constructed fortifications to control the passage, sent colonists, and established a mint in the city. Philippi preserved its autonomy until it was fully integrated into the Macedonian Kingdom under Philip V.
GB90394. Bronze AE 17, Bellinger Philippi 10; SNG Cop 297; BMC Macedonia p. 97, 16; SNG ANS 658 - 659 var. (control symbols), VF, beautiful green patina, attractive Herakles head, weight 6.039 g, maximum diameter 17.2 mm, die axis 225o, Macedonia, Philippi (near Filippoi, Greece) mint, time of Philip II, c. 356 - 345 B.C.; obverse head of Herakles left, clad in lion's skin headdress; reverse tripod lebes with three loop handles, M and stalk of grain left, ΦIΛIΠΠΩN downward on right; SOLD







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REFERENCES|

Burnett, A. & M. Amandry. Roman Provincial Coinage II: From Vespasian to Domitian (AD 69-96). (London, 1999).
Head, B. British Museum Catalogue of Greek Coins, Macedonia, etc. (London, 1879).
Gaebler, H. Die antiken Mnzen von Makedonia und Paionia, Die antiken Mnzen Nord-Griechenlands Vol. III. (Berlin, 1935).
Lindgren, H. Ancient Greek Bronze Coins: European Mints. (San Mateo, 1989).
Lindgren, H. Ancient Greek Bronze Coins. (Quarryville, 1993).
Macdonald, G. Catalogue of Greek Coins in the Hunterian Collection, University of Glasgow. (Glascow, 1899).
RPC Online - http://rpc.ashmus.ox.ac.uk/coins/
Sear, D. Greek Imperial Coins and Their Values. (London, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Volume 2: Macedonia and Thrace. (West Milford, NJ, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain XII, The Hunterian Museum, University of Glasgow, Part 1: Roman Provincial Coins: Spain-Kingdoms of Asia Minor. (Oxford, 2004).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Greece, Volume IV, Numismatic Museum, Athens, The Petros Z. Saroglos Collection, Part 1: Macedonia. (Athens, 2005).
Varbanov, I. Greek Imperial Coins And Their Values, Vol. III: Thrace (from Perinthus to Trajanopolis), Chersonesos Thraciae, Insula Thraciae, Macedonia. (Bourgas, 2007).

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