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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Judean & Biblical Coins| ▸ |Herodian Dynasty||View Options:  |  |  |   

Herodian Dynasty

Please select one of the Herodian kings using the left side menu.

Herod Archelaus, Ethnarch of Samaria, Judea, and Idumea, 4 B.C. - 6 A.D.

|Herod| |Archelaus|, |Herod| |Archelaus,| |Ethnarch| |of| |Samaria,| |Judea,| |and| |Idumea,| |4| |B.C.| |-| |6| |A.D.||prutah|
Herod's most famous and ambitious project was his magnificent expansion of the Second Temple in Jerusalem in 20 - 19 B.C. Although work on out-buildings continued another eighty years, the new Temple was finished in a year and a half. To comply with religious law, Herod employed 1,000 priests as masons and carpenters. The temple was destroyed in 70 A.D. Today, only the four retaining walls of the Temple Mount remain standing, including the Western Wall.
JD98786. Bronze prutah, cf. Meshorer TJC 68f, Hendin 6223 (S), RPC Online I 4912, Sofaer 62 (cruder than published specimens), VF, crude style, dark patina, highlighting earthen deposits, tight flan, uneven strike, remnant of pre-strike casting sprue, weight 0.844 g, maximum diameter 13.9 mm, die axis 135o, Jerusalem mint, 4 B.C. - 6 A.D.; obverse [HP]W-H∆ (or similar, clockwise from upper right, blundered Greek abbreviation: of King Herod), anchor; reverse double cornucopia, caduceus between horns, N (blundered, abbreviating Ethnarch) above; from an Israeli collection; rare crude variant; $270.00 (256.50)


Judaean Kingdom, Herod Agrippa II, c. 49 - 95 A.D., for Domitian

|Agrippa| |I|, |Judaean| |Kingdom,| |Herod| |Agrippa| |II,| |c.| |49| |-| |95| |A.D.,| |for| |Domitian||full| |unit|
We use the dating provided by RPC Online, which adopts 60/61 A.D. for year 1 of the era used by Agrippa II. This solves a number of issues with previous dating schemes, but adds the oddity of a large number of issues of posthumous coinage for Vespasian and Titus. This coin struck for Titus, for example; dated year 30 using this era is 89/90 A.D. Titus died in 81 B.C.
JD98847. Bronze full unit, Hendin 6328 (RR); RPC Online II 2296; BMC Palestine p. 243, 56; SNG ANS 315; Meshorer TJC 179; Sofaer p. 268 & pl. 218, 260, gF, rough, corrosion, scrapes, uneven strike, edge cracks, weight 12.238 g, maximum diameter 26.3 mm, die axis 0o, Caesarea Paneas (Banias, Golan Heights) mint, 94 - 95 A.D.; obverse AYTOKPA ∆OMITIA KAICAP A ΓEPMANI (Emperor Domitian Caesar Germanicus), laureate head of Titus right; reverse Tyche-Demeter standing slightly left, head left, stalks of barley in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, ETOY - EΛ BA / AΓPI-ΠΠA (year 35, King Agrippa) in two lines divided across the field below center; from an Israeli collection; rare; $270.00 (256.50)


Judaean Kingdom, Herod Agrippa II, c. 49 - 95 A.D., for Domitian

|Agrippa| |II|, |Judaean| |Kingdom,| |Herod| |Agrippa| |II,| |c.| |49| |-| |95| |A.D.,| |for| |Domitian||full| |unit|
We use the dating provided by RPC Online, which adopts 60/61 A.D. for year 1 of the era used by Agrippa II. This solves a number of issues with previous dating schemes, but adds the oddity of a large number of issues of posthumous coinage for Vespasian and Titus. This coin struck for Titus, for example; dated year 30 using this era is 89/90 A.D. Titus died in 81 B.C.
JD98848. Bronze full unit, Hendin 6328 (RR); RPC Online II 2296; BMC Palestine p. 243, 56; SNG ANS 315; Meshorer TJC 179; Sofaer p. 268 & pl. 218, 260, gF, well centered, earthen encrustation, edge split, weight 10.858 g, maximum diameter 26.2 mm, die axis 0o, Caesarea Paneas (Banias, Golan Heights) mint, 94 - 95 A.D.; obverse AYTOKPA ∆OMITIA KAICAP A ΓEPMANI (Emperor Domitian Caesar Germanicus), laureate head of Titus right; reverse Tyche-Demeter standing slightly left, head left, stalks of barley in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, ETOY - EΛ BA / AΓPI-ΠΠA (year 35, King Agrippa) in two lines divided across the field below center; from an Israeli collection; rare; $220.00 (209.00)


Judean Kingdom, Herod the Great, 37 - 4 B.C.

|Herod| |the| |Great|, |Judean| |Kingdom,| |Herod| |the| |Great,| |37| |-| |4| |B.C.||prutah|
Herod the Great, a Roman client king of Judea, has been described as a madman who murdered his own family and a great many rabbis, prepared to commit any crime in order to gratify his unbounded ambition, and as the greatest builder in Jewish history. He is known for his colossal building projects throughout Judea, including his expansion of the Second Temple in Jerusalem, the construction of the port at Caesarea Maritima, the fortress at Masada and Herodium. Vital details of his life are recorded in the works of the 1st century Roman-Jewish historian Josephus.
JD98783. Bronze prutah, Hendin 6207 (R); RPC Online I 4904; Meshorer TJC 47; HGC 10 655 (S); BMC Palestine p. 222, 18; Cohen DCA 807, F, obverse off center, earthen deposits, porous, reverse edge beveled, weight 2.951 g, maximum diameter 15.3 mm, die axis 0o, Samaria mint, 37 B.C.; obverse palm frond, uncertain objects (leaves?) on both sides; reverse HPΩ∆OY BAΣIΛEΩΣ (Greek: of King Herod), aphlaston, LΓ (year 3) left, P right; from an Israeli collection; rare; $180.00 (171.00)


Judean Kingdom, Herod the Great, 37 - 4 B.C.

|Herod| |the| |Great|, |Judean| |Kingdom,| |Herod| |the| |Great,| |37| |-| |4| |B.C.||lepton|
This was the first Jewish coin type to feature a graven image - the golden eagle Herod erected above the gate of the Temple. After their Pharisee teachers declared it was idolatrous, a group of young men tore down and smashed the golden eagle. Forty of them, along with their teachers, were captured and brought before Herod. They confessed, explaining they were upholding the laws of Moses. Herod had teachers and leaders burned alive, and all the participants were executed.
JD98790. Bronze lepton, Hendin 6221, Meshorer TJC 66, RPC I 4909, Sofaer 56, HGC 10 669, F, off center, struck with a broken obv. die (diagonal line lower right), small edge cracks, obv. edge beveled, casting sprue remnant, weight 0.851 g, maximum diameter 13.0 mm, die axis 270o, Jerusalem mint, c. 22 - 12 B.C.; obverse BACIΛ HPW∆ (Greek abbreviation: of King Herod), cornucopia; reverse eagle standing right, head right, wings closed; scarce; $160.00 (152.00)


Herod Archelaus, Ethnarch of Samaria, Judea, and Idumea, 4 B.C. - 6 A.D.

|Herod| |Archelaus|, |Herod| |Archelaus,| |Ethnarch| |of| |Samaria,| |Judea,| |and| |Idumea,| |4| |B.C.| |-| |6| |A.D.||prutah|
A brockage occurs when a blank is struck with a previously struck coin which adhered to the opposite die. Click here to read a detailed explanation.

In his will, his father named his younger brother king. Archelaus sailed to Rome to appeal and was awarded a share of the kingdom. The galley reminded those that thought to challenge him that he had the backing of Rome.
JD98793. Bronze prutah, Hendin 6228; Meshorer TJC 72; Meshorer AJC 5; SNG ANS 243; RPC Online I 4916; BMC Palestine p. 233, 27, VF, brockage, scratches, green patina, weight 1.070 g, maximum diameter 13.7 mm, die axis 0o, Jerusalem mint, 4 B.C. - 6 A.D.; obverse H P W, prow of war galley left; reverse incuse of obverse (brockage, normal reverse: EΘN (Ethnarch), surrounded by wreath); from an Israeli collection; $160.00 (152.00)


Judean Kingdom, Herod Agrippa I, 37 - 44 A.D.

|Agrippa| |I|, |Judean| |Kingdom,| |Herod| |Agrippa| |I,| |37| |-| |44| |A.D.||prutah|NEW
Agrippa was son of Aristobulus and Bernice, a grandson of Herod the Great. He spent his boyhood at the imperial court in Rome. His friend Caligula bestowed former territories of Philip and Herod Antipas. Claudius bestowed Judaea. He had James, the brother of John, executed (Acts 12:1-2) and imprisoned Peter (Acts 12:3-5).
JD98795. Bronze prutah, Hendin 6274, Meshorer TJC 120, RPC I 4981, SNG ANS 262, Sofaer 153, Choice aVF, well centered on a broad flan, dark patina, highlighting earthen deposits, weight 2.549 g, maximum diameter 19.1 mm, die axis 0o, Jerusalem mint, 41 - 42 A.D.; obverse AΓPIΠA BACIΛEWC (King Agrippa), umbrella-like canopy with fringes; reverse three heads of barley between two leaves, L - ς (year 6) divided across field; $145.00 (137.75)


Judaean Kingdom, Herod Agrippa II, c. 49 - 95 A.D., Judaea Capta for Domitian

|Agrippa| |II|, |Judaean| |Kingdom,| |Herod| |Agrippa| |II,| |c.| |49| |-| |95| |A.D.,| |Judaea| |Capta| |for| |Domitian||half| |unit|
A Judaea Capta issue minted by a Jewish king! Agrippa was a devout Jew and a loyal vassal of Rome. It may seem strange he would commemorate the defeat of his people but he believed the Jews could flourish under Rome and sided with Rome during the rebellion. Agrippa II sent 2,000 men, archers, and cavalry to support Vespasian. He accompanied Titus on campaigns and was wounded at the siege of Gamla. He ruled until at least 95 A.D., but his territories were in Syria, Northern Palestine, and Galilee and excluded Jerusalem and Judaea.
JD98846. Bronze half unit, Hendin 6315 (S); RPC Online II 2278; BMC Palestine p. 244, 40; Hunterian III, p. 291, 6; Meshorer TJC 165; SNG ANS 309; Sofaer -, gF, nice portrait, brown patina, scratches, tight flans, small edge flaws, weight 6.980 g, maximum diameter 21.3 mm, die axis 0o, Caesarea Paneas (Banias, Golan Heights) mint, 85 - 86 A.D.; obverse ∆OMITIANOC KAICAP, laureate head of Domitian right; reverse ETO Kς BA - AΓPIΠΠA (year 26, King Agrippa), Nike (Victory) standing right, nude to waist, inscribing shield resting on left knee, ∆O on shield, left foot on crested helmet; from an Israeli collection; scarce; $140.00 (133.00)


Judean Kingdom, Herod the Great, 37 - 4 B.C.

|Herod| |the| |Great|, |Judean| |Kingdom,| |Herod| |the| |Great,| |37| |-| |4| |B.C.||lepton|
This was the first Jewish coin type to feature a graven image - the golden eagle Herod erected above the gate of the Temple. After their Pharisee teachers declared it was idolatrous, a group of young men tore down and smashed the golden eagle. Forty of them, along with their teachers, were captured and brought before Herod. They confessed, explaining they were upholding the laws of Moses. Herod had teachers and leaders burned alive, and all the participants were executed.
JD98791. Bronze lepton, Hendin 6221, Meshorer TJC 66, RPC I 4909, Sofaer 56, HGC 10 669, F, centered on a tight ragged edged flan, flatly struck, highlighting earthen deposits, obverse edge beveled, weight 0.920 g, maximum diameter 13.6 mm, die axis 180o, Jerusalem mint, c. 22 - 12 B.C.; obverse BACIΛ HPW∆ (Greek abbreviation: of King Herod), cornucopia; reverse eagle standing right, head right, wings closed; scarce; $130.00 (123.50)


Nabataean Kingdom, Aretas IV, 9 B.C. - 40 A.D.

|Nabataean| |Kingdom|, |Nabataean| |Kingdom,| |Aretas| |IV,| |9| |B.C.| |-| |40| |A.D.||AE| |12|
Aretas' daughter was married to Herod Antipas, Herod the Great's son, and the Tetrarch of Galilee. This coin resembles a coin minted by King Herod and the reverse probably depicts the golden bird Herod placed above the entrance to the Jerusalem Temple. But the political alliance and family ties celebrated by this coin were broken when Antipas left Aretas' daughter to marry Herodias. In response to this breach and personal insult, Aretas attacked and defeated Antipas' army in Galilee and brought his daughter home to Petra. It was Herodias' daughter, Salome, who requested John the Baptist's head on a platter.
GB94750. Bronze AE 12, Barkay CN 154a, Meshorer Nabataean 91, Al-Qatanani 130t1, SNG ANS 6 -, Huth -, BMC Arabia -, VF, ragged flan, light deposits, porosity, reverse off center, weight 1.032 g, maximum diameter 11.6 mm, die axis 0o, Petra (Jordan) mint, 5 - 6 A.D.; obverse Nabataean het ros (Aretas) monogram within wreath; reverse eagle standing right, head right, wings closed, Nabataean het ros (Aretas) monogram left; from the Ray Nouri Collection; $125.00 (118.75)




  







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