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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Themes & Provenance| ▸ |Gods, Olympians| ▸ |Demeter or Ceres||View Options:  |  |  | 

Demeter or Ceres

The known mythology of Demeter and Ceres is identical. Demeter's (Ceres') virgin daughter Persephone (Proserpina) was abducted by Hades (Pluto) to be his wife in the underworld. Demeter searched for her endlessly, lighting her way through the earth with torches. While Demeter searched, preoccupied with her loss and her grief, the seasons halted; living things ceased their growth, then began to die. Some say that in her anger she laid a curse that caused plants to wither and die, and the land to become desolate. Faced with the extinction of all life on earth, Zeus (Jupiter) sent his messenger Hermes (Mercury) to the underworld to bring Persephone back. However, because Persephone had eaten while in the underworld, Hades had a claim on her. It was decreed that she must spend four months each year in the underworld. During these months Demeter grieves for her daughter's absence, withdrawing her gifts from the world, creating winter. Persephone's return brings the spring.

Vespasian, 1 July 69 - 24 June 79 A.D.

|Vespasian|, |Vespasian,| |1| |July| |69| |-| |24| |June| |79| |A.D.||denarius|NEW
Ephesus peaked during the 1st and 2nd century A.D. when it was second in importance and size only to Rome, with a population estimated at 400,000 to 500,000 in 100 A.D. The city was famous for the Temple of Artemis, the Library of Celsus, and its theater, seating 25,000 spectators. Ephesus also had several large bath complexes and one of the most advanced aqueduct systems in the ancient world. Water powered numerous mills, one of which has been identified as a sawmill for marble. The city and temple were destroyed by the Goths in 263 A.D., marking the decline of the city's splendor.
RS99595. Silver denarius, RIC II-1 1428, RPC II 830, RSC II 67 (corr.), BMCRE II 453, BnF III 343, SRCV I 2269, gVF, attractive toning, scratches, flow lines, tiny edge cracks, weight 2.834 g, maximum diameter 17.5 mm, die axis 180o, Ephesus mint, 71 A.D.; obverse IMP CAESAR VESPAS AVG COS III TR P P P, laureate head right; reverse CONCORDIA AVG (harmony of the Emperor), Concordia (or Ceres) seated left on high-backed throne, feet on footstool, two stalks of grain and a poppy in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, EPE in exergue; ex Roma Numismatics e-sale 95 (13 Apr 2022), lot 928; ex Z.P. Collection (Austria); $360.00 (342.00)


Domitian, 13 September 81 - 18 September 96 A.D.

|Domitian|, |Domitian,| |13| |September| |81| |-| |18| |September| |96| |A.D.||dupondius| |(or| |as)|NEW
This type was struck as both a dupondius and an as, distinguishable only by the metal, orichalcum vs. copper, and weight, c. 13g vs. c. 9g. The as appears to be quite rare and the dupondius seems to be much more common. This coin is probably a dupondius.
RB99572. Copper dupondius (or as), RIC II-1 Titus 280 (R); BMCRE II T237; BnF III p. 230, T246; Hunter I p. 274, T21 (Lugdunum); Cohen I 32; SRCV I -, aF, well centered, brown patina, porous, part of reverse legend unstruck, weight 10.664 g, maximum diameter 28.7 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, as caesar, 80 - 81 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES DIVI AVG VESP F DOMITIAN COS VII, laureate head right; reverse CERES AVGVST, Ceres standing slightly left, head left, veiled and draped, two stalks of grain downwards in right hand, long torch vertical behind in left, S - C (senatus consulto) flanking low across field; from the Ed Strivelli Collection, ex FORVM (2018); $130.00 (123.50)


Faustina Sr., Augusta 25 February 138 - Early 141, Wife of Antoninus Pius

|Faustina| |Sr.|, |Faustina| |Sr.,| |Augusta| |25| |February| |138| |-| |Early| |141,| |Wife| |of| |Antoninus| |Pius||sestertius|NEW
Ceres a goddess of agriculture, grain crops, fertility and motherly relationships, was listed among the Di Consentes, Rome's equivalent to the Twelve Olympians of Greek mythology. The Romans saw her as the counterpart of the Greek goddess Demeter, whose mythology was reinterpreted for Ceres in Roman art and literature.
RB99279. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC III AP1117, BMCRE IV AP1512, Hunter II 116, Cohen II 79, SRCV II 4614 var. (long torch), gF, nice jade patina, some patina chipping, earthen encrustations, weight 26.248 g, maximum diameter 31.7 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 147 - 161 A.D.; obverse DIVA FAVSTINA, draped bust right, hair elaborately waived and banded, drawn up at the back and piled in a round coil at top; reverse AVGVSTA, Ceres standing slightly left, head left, draped, veiled, two grain-ears downward in right hand, short torch slightly inclined to the right in left hand, S - C (senatus consulto) divided across field below center; from the S. Lindner Collection, ex Wayne G. Sayles; $110.00 (104.50)


Uncertain City (Panormos?), Sicily, Roman Rule, c. 211 - 190 B.C.

|Roman| |Italy| |&| |Sicily|, |Uncertain| |City| |(Panormos?),| |Sicily,| |Roman| |Rule,| |c.| |211| |-| |190| |B.C.||triens|
In 254 B.C. Panormus was captured by the Romans. It retained its municipal freedom, and remained for many years one of the principal cities of Sicily. It continued to issue bronze coins, bearing the names of various resident magistrates, and following the Roman system. Under Augustus, Panormus received a Roman colony.
GI89312. Bronze triens, Semuncial standard; Calciati I p. 365, 205 (Panormos); SNG Munchen 835 (Panormos); HGC 2 1691 (R1, uncertain Romano-Sicilian); SNG Cop -, aVF, off center but types on flan, a little rough, weight 3.239 g, maximum diameter 17.1 mm, die axis 90o, uncertain Romano-Sicilian mint, c. 211 - 190 B.C.; obverse veiled and draped bust of Demeter-Ceres left, small cornucopia behind neck; reverse double cornucopia, overflowing with bunches of grapes, tied with fillets, four pellets (mark of value) in a vertical line to left; rare; $70.00 (66.50)


Metapontion, Lucania, Italy, 334 - 330 B.C.

|Italy|, |Metapontion,| |Lucania,| |Italy,| |334| |-| |330| |B.C.||1/3| |stater|
Gold coins of Magna Graecia are scarce and were only minted for exceptional occasions, such as paying mercenaries. Most likely this rare issue was struck when Alexander Molossus, the Epirote King, helped Metapontion against the Lucanians and Bruttians. Molossus was Alexander the Great's uncle and Olympia's brother.
SH86428. Gold 1/3 stater, SNG Lockett 406; SNG ANS 395; HN Italy 1578; Noe-Johnston 3, G1 and pl. 18; SNG Lloyd -; SNG Cop -; Jameson -; Gulbenkian -; Pozzi -; Weber -, aVF+, fine style, marks, reverse double struck, weight 2.574 g, maximum diameter 13.6 mm, die axis 180o, Metapontion (Metaponto, Italy) mint, c. 334 - 332 B.C.; obverse head of Demeter right, wearing stephane and pendant earring; reverse METAΠON, barley stalk, bird right on leaf to right; ex Forum (2007), ex Christie's Auction (1993) ; very rare; SOLD


Nero, 13 October 54 - 9 June 68 A.D.

|Nero|, |Nero,| |13| |October| |54| |-| |9| |June| |68| |A.D.||sestertius|
After the Great Fire of Rome in July 64, Lugdunum sent a fortune to Rome to aid in the reconstruction. However, during the winter of 64 - 65, Lyon suffered its own catastrophic fire. Nero reciprocated, sending money to Lugdunum for their reconstruction.
RB37367. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC I 431, Choice VF, some smoothing, weight 27.786 g, maximum diameter 35.6 mm, die axis 180o, Lugdunum (Lyon, France) mint, 65 A.D.; obverse NERO CLAVD CAESAR AVG GER P M TR P IMP P P, laureate head left, large globe at point of bust; reverse ANNONA AVGVSTI CERES S C, Annona standing right, right hand on hip, cornucopia in left hand, facing Ceres enthroned left, holding grain-ears and torch; in center modius on garlanded altar, prow behind; ex CNG 217, 345 (8/26/09, sold for $1045); dark green restored patina; SOLD


Athens, Attica, Greece, c. 111 - 110 B.C., New Style Tetradrachm

|Athens|, |Athens,| |Attica,| |Greece,| |c.| |111| |-| |110| |B.C.,| |New| |Style| |Tetradrachm||tetradrachm|
This coin is a die match for plate 74, 701c, but the description for 701c in the text is not this coin. Thompson 702c was struck by these magistrates but has ΣΦ below the amphora. This coin is not described in the text.
SH96812. Silver tetradrachm, Thompson Athens pl. 74, 701c (same dies, not described in the text), HGC 4 1602; magistrates Phanokles, Apollonios, and Sostratos, Choice VF, well centered, bumps, scratches, weight 16.680 g, maximum diameter 30.6 mm, die axis 0o, Athens mint, c. 111 - 110 B.C.; obverse helmeted head of Athena Parthenos right, triple-crested helmet decorated with curvilinear ornament on the shell, a griffin right above the raised earpiece, and protomes of horses above the visor; reverse A−ΘE / ΦANO−KΛHΣ / AΠOΛ/ΛΩNIOΣ / ΣΩ/ΣTP/ATOΣ, owl standing right on amphora on its side, Artemis Phosphoros on right standing facing holding torch transverse right in both hands, Γ on amphora, ME under amphora, all within olive wreath; from the CEB Collection; SOLD







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