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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Themes & Provenance| ▸ |Gods, Olympians| ▸ |Artemis or Diana||View Options:  |  |  |   

Artemis or Diana

Virgin goddess of the hunt and the moon. Symbols include the deer and the bow. Twin sister of Apollo. Daughter of Zeus and Leto.

Caracalla, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D., Ephesos, Ionia

|Ephesos|, |Caracalla,| |28| |January| |198| |-| |8| |April| |217| |A.D.,| |Ephesos,| |Ionia|, |AE| |23|
At the beginning of the third century, Ephesus asked to build temples to Caracalla and Geta, brother-emperors and sworn enemies. Both agreed, but on separate temples. Caracalla allowed the honor of his to go to Ephesus' patron goddess Artemis. A new temple was to be built for Geta. After Caracalla killed Geta and any sign of worship for the dead brother was eradicated. Based on the youthful portrait and only two neokorie listed in the reverse legend, this coin was likely struck before the temples to Artemis and Geta were approved.
RP92639. Bronze AE 23, Apparently unpublished, Karwiese MvE -, SNG Cop -, SNGvA -, SNG Hunter -, SNG Mun -, SNG Turkey -, BMC Ionia -, Lindgren -, Mionnet -, Choice gF, well centered, uneven toning, porous, some legend weak, tiny edge crack, weight 5.660 g, maximum diameter 22.9 mm, die axis 180o, Ephesos mint, c. 198 - 202 A.D.; obverse AV K M AY ANTΩNINOC, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, without beard, seen from the front; reverse EΦECIΩN B NEOKOIC,PΩN (last O in the lower right field, the last three letters in exergue), Artemis right, bringing down stag right, knee on back and holding antlers; from the Errett Bishop Collection, possibly unique, this is the only specimen of this type known to Forum; extremely rare; $300.00 SALE |PRICE| $270.00


Macedonia Prima Merida (First Region), Roman Dependent Republic, c. 168 - 149 B.C.

|Roman| |Macedonia|, |Macedonia| |Prima| |Merida| |(First| |Region),| |Roman| |Dependent| |Republic,| |c.| |168| |-| |149| |B.C.|, |tetradrachm|
This type was minted with Artemis' age ranging from childhood to maturity. "Artemis is presented as ageless in the sense that she is every age. These coins were all struck at the same time and the same place as hoard evidence verifies." -- Wayne Sayles, "Ancient Coin Collecting III, Numismatic Art of the Greek World"
SH95247. Silver tetradrachm, SNG Cop 1310 - 1311; SNG Ashmolean 3290; BMC Macedonia p. 7, 2, aVF, toned, porous, light marks, small open flan crack, weight 14.637 g, maximum diameter 31.8 mm, die axis 270o, Amphipolis mint, c. 168 - 149 B.C.; obverse Macedonian shield (the whole obverse represents a shield) with bust of Artemis Tauropolos (Diana to the Romans) at the center facing right, bow and quiver at her shoulder; reverse MAKE∆ONΩN / ΠPΩTHΣ (First Macedonia Province) in two lines above and below club, AP monogram above, all within oak wreath, thunderbolt left; ex Forum (2014); $280.00 SALE |PRICE| $252.00


Ephesos, Ionia, c. 245 - 202 B.C.

|Ephesos|, |Ephesos,| |Ionia,| |c.| |245| |-| |202| |B.C.|, |obol|
Unpublished but there are eight sales of the type recorded on Coin Archives. The attribution to Ephesus and the date are less than certain. Lacking a legend, this rare issue has been attributed to Ephesos because Artemis and stag types are typical of Ephesos.
GS94046. Silver obol, SNG Cop -, SNGvA -, SNG Kayhan -, SNG Mn -, Klein -, BMC Ionia -; cf. CNG mail bid sale 75, lot 374, VF, etched surfaces, porous, weight 0.388 g, maximum diameter 7.7 mm, die axis 90o, Ephesos(?) mint, c. 245 - 202 B.C. or later; obverse bust of Artemis right, bow and quiver over shoulder; reverse forepart of stag left, head reverted; very rare; $150.00 SALE |PRICE| $135.00


Hadrian, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D.

|Hadrian|, |Hadrian,| |11| |August| |117| |-| |10| |July| |138| |A.D.|, |sestertius|
In Roman mythology, Diana was the goddess of the hunt, the moon and childbirth, associated with wild animals and woodland, and having the power to talk to and control animals. Oak groves were especially sacred to her. She was equated with the Greek goddess Artemis, though she had an independent origin in Italy. In myth, Diana was born with her twin brother Apollo on the island of Delos, daughter of Jupiter and Latona. Diana was known to be the virgin goddess of childbirth and women. She was one of the three maiden goddesses, along with Minerva and Vesta, who swore never to marry.
RB92427. Orichalcum sestertius, BMCRE III 1543, Hunter II 562, RIC II-3 2398, Strack II 702, SRCV II 3645 var. (draped), Cohen II 1366 var. (same), Choice F, well centered and struck, brown tone, porous, weight 23.200 g, maximum diameter 31.5 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 134 - 138 A.D.; obverse HADRIANVS AVG COS III P P, laureate head right, slight drapery on left shoulder; reverse Diana standing left, examining arrow in right hand, bow in left hand, S - C (senatus consulto) flanking across field just below center; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $140.00 SALE |PRICE| $126.00


Pannonian Celts, Eravisci, Middle Danube, Imitative of Roman Republic, c. 74 - 40 B.C.

|Celtic| |&| |Tribal|, |Pannonian| |Celts,| |Eravisci,| |Middle| |Danube,| |Imitative| |of| |Roman| |Republic,| |c.| |74| |-| |40| |B.C.|, |imitative| |denarius|
The die wear indicates a large number of this type was struck. On some examples the reverse legend appears to match the Roman original, POSTVMI / TA (TA ligate). On this specimen and another handled by Forum, it is blundered and appears to read SIVSAV / A. The Roman Republic prototype, struck by the moneyer C. Postumius, commemorated prayers at the shrine of Diana before the Battle of Lake Regillus, when the moneyer's ancestor, A. Postumius Albus Regillensis, was a consul. The hound was the companion of Diana the Huntress. See Phil Davis' website, https://rrimitations.ancients.info/"Imitations of Roman Republican Denarii">.
SH95314. Silver imitative denarius, cf. Freeman Eraviscan 24; Davis class B, group II, E15; Chitescu 173; for Roman Republic C. Postumius prototype see Crawford 394/1, VF, although it appears worn, this coin is nearly as struck with very worn crude dies, weight 3.469 g, maximum diameter 19.1 mm, die axis 180o, tribal mint, c. 74 - 40 B.C.; obverse draped bust of Diana right, bow and quiver over shoulder; reverse hound bounding right, wearing collar, hunting spear below, remnants of legend POSTVMI TA (TA ligate) in exergue; rare; $140.00 SALE |PRICE| $126.00


Phokis, Greece, Federal Coinage, c. 440 - 420 B.C.

|Phokis|, |Phokis,| |Greece,| |Federal| |Coinage,| |c.| |440| |-| |420| |B.C.|, |triobol|
Phocis was mainly pastoral. The twenty-two confederate Phocian towns held their periodic synedrion (assembly) in a building called Phokikon, near Daulis, and here, perhaps, rather than at any one of the Phocian towns, the federal mint may have been established. Money would be issued at this mint only on the occasions of the meetings of the synedrion, when it may be supposed that a concourse of people from all parts of the Phocian territory was gathered together, and that a fair or market was held for the exchange and purchase of commodities, as at Delphi during the Pythian festivals. The bull's head likely commemorates the sacrifice of a prize bull for the community on one of these occasions. Part was burned for the god, but eating the meat was a mandatory religious duty.
GS92199. Silver triobol, cf. BCD Locris 257 ff., SNG Cop 99 ff., HGC 4 1043 (R2), F, obverse with dark thick toning, reverse lightly toned, light marks and scratches, minor encrustations, weight 2.727 g, maximum diameter 13.3 mm, die axis 180o, Phokis mint, c. 440 - 420 B.C.; obverse bull head facing; reverse ΦOKI, head of Artemis right, all within incuse square; ex Harlan J. Berk; scarce; $105.00 SALE |PRICE| $95.00


Keraeitai, Pisidia, c. 100 - 70 B.C.

|Pisidia|, |Keraeitai,| |Pisidia,| |c.| |100| |-| |70| |B.C.|, |AE| |13|
Keraeitai (also spelled Keraitai, Ceraitae) was about 9 km northeast of ancient Kremna, Pisidia, a few miles from the modern village Belren, in Buckak District, Turkey. Keraeitai was on a hill about 1300 meters high, concentrated east of the Acropolis on a plain 1100 - 1200 meters high, protected by a 5 - 6 meters high wall atop steep slopes. The city held a dominant point to control narrow the passages below. Known as "Sivri Tepe" and "Cene Sivrisi" by the local people, K. Drtlk identified the ruins as Keraitai after a coin reading KEPAEITΩN was found on the site in 1972. Keraitai produced homonia coins with Kremna in the 1st century B.C., and was placed under the authority of Kremna when Augustus designated Kremna a Roman colony in 25 B.C. The city had a substantial temple dedicated to Mn, the Anatolian moon god.
GB87155. Bronze AE 13, vA Pisidiens II, p. 97, 731 - 737; SNGvA 5055; SNG BnF 1421; SNG Cop 117; Waddington 3663; SNG PfPs 235 var. (no O), VF, green patina, light earthen deposits, light corrosion, weight 2.125 g, maximum diameter 13.4 mm, die axis 270o, Keraeitai mint, c. 100 - 70 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Artemis right, quiver over shoulder; reverse club, ⊦ O above, KE below; rare city; $100.00 SALE |PRICE| $90.00


Magnesia ad Maeander, Ionia, c. 190 - 30 B.C.

|Magnesia| |ad| |Meandrum|, |Magnesia| |ad| |Maeander,| |Ionia,| |c.| |190| |-| |30| |B.C.|, |AE| |17|
Magnesia ad Maeandrum was an inland city of Ionia, located on a small tributary of the Maeander River about 12 miles southeast of Ephesus. "..the temple of Artemis Leukophryene, which in the size of its shrine and in the number of its votive offerings is inferior to the temple at Ephesos, but in the harmony and skill shown in the structure of the sacred enclosure is far superior to it. And in size it surpasses all the sacred enclosures in Asia except two, that at Ephesos (to Artemis) and that at Didymoi (to Apollo)" -- Strabo, Geography 14. 1. 40.
GB89370. Bronze AE 17, SNG Cop 853; SNG Tbingen 2958; BMC Ionia p. 164, 47, aVF, green patina, scratches, light earthen deposits, weight 5.575 g, maximum diameter 17.2 mm, die axis 0o, Magnesia ad Maeandrum (near Tekin, Turkey) mint, c. 190 - 30 B.C.; obverse stag standing right, star above left, MAΓNHT below; reverse cult statue of Artemis Leukophryene facing, KPATINOΣ (magistrate Kratinos) downward on left, EYKΛHΣ (magistrate Eukles) downward on right; rare; $100.00 SALE |PRICE| $90.00


Amisos, Pontos, c. 120 - 100 B.C.

|Pontos|, |Amisos,| |Pontos,| |c.| |120| |-| |100| |B.C.|, |AE| |20|
Amisos was settled c. 760 - 750 B.C. by people from Miletus, who established a flourishing trade relationship with the ancient peoples of Anatolia. Amisos came under the rule of the Persian Empire, Alexander the Great's Macedonian Empire, and then the Kingdom of Pontus. The Romans took control in 47 B.C. and Amisos remained within the Byzantine Empire after the fall of Rome. In 1200, the city was captured by the Seljuks, to be later taken over by the Ilhanlilar. Amisos today is Samsun, a city of about half a million people on the north coast of Turkey.
GB89153. Bronze AE 20, SNG BM 1138; SNG Stancomb 671; BMC Pontos p. 37; HGC 7 226 (R1), VF, dark patina, light marks, slightly porous, weight 8.195 g, maximum diameter 19.8 mm, die axis 0o, Amisos (Samsun, Turkey) mint, c. 120 - 100 B.C.; obverse head of Artemis right, wearing stephane, hair rolled, bow and quiver at shoulder behind; reverse tripod lebes, AMI-ΣOY divided across field; rare; $90.00 SALE |PRICE| $81.00


Hierocaesarea, Lydia, c. 100 - 150 A.D.

|Other| |Lydia|, |Hierocaesarea,| |Lydia,| |c.| |100| |-| |150| |A.D.|, |AE| |17|
Hierocaesarea from the Greek for 'sacred' and the Latin for 'Caesar's', also known as Hieracome or Hierakome, was a town and bishopric in the late Roman province of Lydia, the metropolitan see of which was Sardis. Judging from its coins, it worshiped the goddess Artemis Persica.
RP92869. Bronze AE 17, Imhoof-Blumer LS 23; RPC III Online 1854; BMC Lydia p. 103, 6; SNG Cop 176; Waddington 5001; SNGvA -; Weber -, VF, nice green patina, obverse off center, broad flan, weight 3.163 g, maximum diameter 16.7 mm, die axis 0o, Hierocaesarea (near Sazoba, Turkey) mint, c. 100 - 150 A.D.; obverse ΠEPCIKH, bust of Artemis Persica right, bow and quiver at shoulder; reverse IEPOKAICA-PE-ΩN (the last two letters in exergue), stag walking right; scarce; $90.00 SALE |PRICE| $81.00




  



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