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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Themes & Provenance| ▸ |Gods, Olympians| ▸ |Artemis or Diana||View Options:  |  |  | 

Artemis or Diana

Virgin goddess of the hunt and the moon. Symbols include the deer and the bow. Twin sister of Apollo. Daughter of Zeus and Leto.

Ephesos, Ionia (or perhaps Bargylia, Caria or Amyntas, King of Galatia), c. 2nd - 1st Century B.C.

|Ephesos|, |Ephesos,| |Ionia| |(or| |perhaps| |Bargylia,| |Caria| |or| |Amyntas,| |King| |of| |Galatia),| |c.| |2nd| |-| |1st| |Century| |B.C.||trihemiobol|
The type is most often attributed to Ephesos, but the style and denomination/weight do not strongly support any link to that city. NGC tags for the type note the origin may be Bargylia, Caria. The style certainly fits Bargylia better than Ephesos. The consignor of this coin, a professional numismatist, believes it was struck under Amyntas, King of Galatia, 37 - 25 B.C. Amyntas also issued Artemis and stag types.
GS98643. Silver trihemiobol, cf. SNG Davis 270, SNG Cop -, SNG Kayhan -, SNGvA -, BMC Galatia -, aVF, toned, light marks and scratches, weight 1.337 g, maximum diameter 12.3 mm, die axis 0o, Ephesos mint, c. 2nd - 1st Century B.C.; obverse draped bust of Artemis right, quiver at shoulder; reverse forepart of stag right, head turned back left; extremely rare; $350.00 (353.50)


Gallienus, August 253 - September 268 A.D., Ephesos, Ionia

|Ephesos|, |Gallienus,| |August| |253| |-| |September| |268| |A.D.,| |Ephesos,| |Ionia||AE| |26|NEW
Ephesos, on the west coast of Anatolia, was famous for its Temple of Artemis, completed around 550 B.C., one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. The usual symbols of this nature-goddess and the city are the torch, stag, and the bee. Coins of Ephesos most frequently depict a bee on the obverse. The high-priest of the temple of Artemis was called the King Bee, while the virgin priestesses were called honey-bees (Melissae). Ephesus was one of the seven churches cited in the Book of Revelation and the Gospel of John may have been written there.
RP110652. Bronze AE 26, Karwiese MvE 5 1084 (same dies); BMC Ionia p. 107, 386 (same dies?, no plate); SNG Cop -; SNGvA -, aVF, dark green patina, light earthen deposits, scattered porosity, weight 7.251 g, maximum diameter 26.2 mm, die axis 180o, Ephesos mint, obverse AVT KΠOΛIKI ΓAΛΛIHNOC, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse EΦECIΩN A ACIAC, Artemis standing right, with right hand drawing arrow from quiver on right shoulder, bow in right hand, tree on far side with trunk to left, small hound (or stag?) at feet on right, seated left looking up at Artemis; $110.00 (111.10)


Hadrian, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D., Perga, Pamphylia

|Perga|, |Hadrian,| |11| |August| |117| |-| |10| |July| |138| |A.D.,| |Perga,| |Pamphylia||AE| |15|
Perga was the capital of Pamphylia. Today it is a large site of ancient ruins, 15 kilometers (9.3 mi) east of Antalya on the southwestern Mediterranean coast of Turkey. During the Hellenistic period, Perga was one of the richest and most beautiful cities in the ancient world, famous for its temple of Artemis. It also is notable as the home of the renowned mathematician Apollonius of Perga.Street in Perga
RP110437. Bronze AE 15, RPC Online III 2699 (5 spec.), SNG BnF 403, SNGvA 4671, SNG Cop -, BMC Lycia -, Lindgren-Kovacs -, VF, centered, attractive portrait, nice green patina, highlighting earthen deposits, scratches, weight 2.653 g, maximum diameter 15.2 mm, die axis 180o, Perga (near Antalya, Turkey) mint, 11 Aug 117 - 10 Jul 138 A.D.; obverse KAICAP A∆PIANOC, laureate bust right, drapery on far shoulder; reverse ΠEPΓ APTEMI, cult statue of Artemis of Perge in temple with two columns, eagle in pediment; $100.00 (101.00)


Hierocaesarea, Lydia, c. 100 - 150 A.D.

|Other| |Lydia|, |Hierocaesarea,| |Lydia,| |c.| |100| |-| |150| |A.D.||AE| |16|
The name Hierocaesarea, is from the Greek for 'sacred' and the Latin for 'Caesar's. This town is mentioned by Ptolemy (VI, ii, 16). Judging from its coins, it worshiped the goddess Artemis Persica. The site of Hierocaesarea must have been between the modern Turkish villages of Beyova and Sasova, seven or eight miles south-east of Thyatira, on the left bank of the Koum-Chai, a tributary of the Hermus.
RP110163. Bronze AE 16, RPC Online III 1856 (13 spec.); SNGvA 2952; SNG Cop 174; SNG Mu 132; SNG Tub 3684; BMC Lydia p. 103, 7; Waddington 5000, VF, green patina, well centered, some legend letters unstruck, light deposits, weight 2.270 g, maximum diameter 15.6 mm, die axis 0o, Hierocaesarea (near Sazoba, Turkey) mint, c. 100 - 150 A.D.; obverse ΠEPCIKH, draped bust of Artemis Persica right, with bow and quiver over shoulder; reverse IEPOKAICAPEΩN, flaming and garlanded column altar; $70.00 (70.70)


Apameia, Phrygia, c. 88 - 40 B.C.

|Apameia|, |Apameia,| |Phrygia,| |c.| |88| |-| |40| |B.C.||AE| |16|
While playing the flute Athena saw her reflection in the water and disturbed by how her cheeks looked, puffed up while playing, threw away the instrument in disgust. The satyr Marsyas picked up the flute and since it had once been inspired by the breath of a goddess, it played beautifully on its own accord. Elated by his success, Marsyas challenged Apollo to a musical contest. For the prize, the victor could do what he pleased with the vanquished. The Muses were the umpires. Apollo played the cithara and Marsyas the flute. Only after Apollo added his voice to the music of his lyre was the contest decided in his favor. As a just punishment for the presumption of Marsyas, Apollo bound him to an evergreen tree and flayed him alive. His blood was the source of the river Marsyas, and Apollo hung up his skin, like a wine bag, in the cave out of which that river flows.
GB110567. Bronze AE 16, BMC Phrygia p. 77, 47; SNG Cop 191; SNGvA 3472; SNG Tbingen 3973; HGC 7 674; SNG Munchen -, F, tight flan, weight 3.469 g, maximum diameter 16.2 mm, die axis 0o, Phrygia, Apameia (Dinar, Turkey) mint, c. 88 - 40 B.C.; obverse turreted head of Artemis right, bow and quiver on shoulder behind; reverse satyr Marsyas walking right on a meander pattern, nude but for nebris (skin of a fawn) tied on his neck and flying behind, playing Athena's double flute, AΠAMEΩN downward on right, APIΣT / KHΦIΣ (Aristo... and Kephis...) magistrates' names in two downward lines on left; $50.00 (50.50)


Ephesos, Ionia, 48 - 27 B.C.

|Ephesos|, |Ephesos,| |Ionia,| |48| |-| |27| |B.C.||AE| |24|
As the goddess of the hung, Artemis' most distinctive attributes were her bow, arrows and quiver, hounds and stags, but she was also called the torch-bearing goddess. Artemis was honored at Amphipolis with torch-races called Lampadephoria.
GB110655. Bronze AE 24, SNGvA 1870; SNG Cop 339 var. (M above); BMC Ionia p. 69, 179 var. (A above); SNG Tbingen 2800 var. (same), aF, green patina, scratches, earthen deposits, weight 7.088 g, maximum diameter 24.2 mm, die axis 0o, Ephesos mint, 48 - 27 B.C.; obverse diademed and draped bust of Artemis right, bow and quiver on shoulder behind; reverse forepart of stag right, looking back left, flaming long torch behind, Θ above, E-Φ flanking stag's neck, ∆HMTPIOC (magistrate) below; $45.00 (45.45)


Hadrian, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D., Gerasa, Decapolis, Arabia

|Decapolis,| |Arabia| |&| |Syria|, |Hadrian,| |11| |August| |117| |-| |10| |July| |138| |A.D.,| |Gerasa,| |Decapolis,| |Arabia||AE| |15|NEW
Jerash, Jordan is north of the national capital Amman. Inhabited since the Bronze Age, its known for the ruins of the walled Greco-Roman city Gerasa just outside the modern city. Josephus mentions the city as being principally inhabited by Syrians, but also having a small Jewish community. In 106, Jerash was absorbed into the Roman province of Arabia, which included Philadelphia (modern day Amman). Jerash is considered one of the largest and most well-preserved sites of Roman architecture outside of Italy. It is sometimes referred to as the "Pompeii of the Middle East" due to its size, extent of excavation and level of preservation.Gerasa
RP110795. Bronze AE 15, RPC Online III 4087 (10 spec.), Sofaer p. 172 & pl. 143, 7 (same dies); SNG Righetti 2533 (same); Spijkerman 6 (same), Rosenberger 9 (same); SNG ANS -, aF, green patina, earthen deposits, corrosion, weight 2.722 g, maximum diameter 14.8 mm, die axis 0o, Gerasa mint, 129 - 130 A.D.; obverse AYT K TPA A∆PIANOC C, laureate head right, ID (year 14 below); reverse APTEMI TYXH ΓEPACWN (Artemis Tyche of the people of Gerasa), draped bust of Artemis-Tyche right, hair knotted with taenia behind, bow before, quiver on left shoulder; $40.00 (40.40)


Ephesos, Ionia, 133 - 88 B.C.

|Ephesos|, |Ephesos,| |Ionia,| |133| |-| |88| |B.C.||stater|
The Ephesians believe that Artemis was born in Ephesus and her temple at Ephesus, the Artemision, was one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. Antipater of Sidon described the temple in his list of the world's Seven Wonder: "I have set eyes on the wall of lofty Babylon on which is a road for chariots, and the statue of Zeus by the Alpheus, and the hanging gardens, and the colossus of the Sun, and the huge labour of the high pyramids, and the vast tomb of Mausolus; but when I saw the house of Artemis that mounted to the clouds, those other marvels lost their brilliancy, and I said, "Lo, apart from Olympus, the Sun never looked on aught so grand."
SH87300. Gold stater, Jenkins Hellenistic, pl. B, 6; Montagu I 567; SNGvA 1869 var. (control); Head HN p. 69, 2 ff. var. (control); Gulbenkian 985 var. (same); SNG Cop -, Choice gVF, well centered and struck, attractive style, die wear, bumps and marks, weight 8.463 g, maximum diameter 21.1 mm, die axis 0o, Ephesos mint, c. 123 - 119 B.C.; obverse draped bust of Artemis right, wearing stephane and single-pendant earring, hair drawn together and tied in the back, bow and quiver over shoulder; reverse Ephesian Artemis cult statue facing, kalathos on head, fore-arms outward horizontal at sides, fillet hanging from each hand, E−Φ flanking head, thymiaterion (control) inner right between legs and fillet; rare; SOLD


Magnesia ad Maeandrum, Ionia, c. 155 - 145 B.C.

|Magnesia| |ad| |Meandrum|, |Magnesia| |ad| |Maeandrum,| |Ionia,| |c.| |155| |-| |145| |B.C.||stephanophoric| |tetradrachm|
The magistrate's name is written EYΦHMOΣ ΠAYΣANIOY, with the last name in genitive, which means Euphemos was the son of Pausanios.
SH35578. Silver stephanophoric tetradrachm, BMC Ionia p. 162, 36; SNGvA 2042, SNG Cop -, superb EF, weight 16.836 g, maximum diameter 34.2 mm, die axis 0o, Magnesia ad Maeandrum (near Tekin, Turkey) mint, c. 160 - 150 B.C.; obverse bust of Artemis the Hunter wearing stephane, bow and quiver at shoulder; reverse MAΓNHTΩN / EYΦHMOΣ / ΠAYΣANIOY, Apollo naked standing half left, left arm resting on tripod, filleted branch in right hand, Maeander pattern below, magistrate's name with patronymic left, all within laurel wreath; luster, golden toning, wonderful style, beautiful!, ex CNG; SOLD


Augustus, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D.

|Augustus|, |Augustus,| |16| |January| |27| |B.C.| |-| |19| |August| |14| |A.D.||denarius|
IMP X SICIL refers to the victory at Naulochus over Sextus Pompey on 3 September 36 B.C.

In the forest of Arcadia, Pan gave Artemis two black-and-white dogs, three reddish ones, and one spotted one - these dogs were able to hunt even lions. Pan also gave Artemis seven bitches of the finest Arcadian breed. However, Artemis only ever brought seven dogs hunting with her at any one time.
SH56961. Silver denarius, RIC I 173a, RSC I 146, VF, banker's mark, toned, weight 3.822 g, maximum diameter 19.9 mm, die axis 180o, Lugdunum (Lyon, France) mint, 15 B.C.; obverse AVGVSTVS DIVI F, bare head right; reverse IMP - X / SICIL, Diana standing half-left, looking right, wearing short tunic, spear vertical in right, bow at side in left, dog standing left at feet on left; SOLD







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