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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Themes & Provenance| ▸ |Gods, Non-Olympian| ▸ |Nymphs||View Options:  |  |  |   

Nymphs on Ancient Coins
Larissa, Thessaly, Greece, c. 356 - 320 B.C.

|Thessaly|, |Larissa,| |Thessaly,| |Greece,| |c.| |356| |-| |320| |B.C.||drachm|
When Larissa ceased minting the federal coins it shared with other Thessalian towns and adopted its own coinage in the late fifth century B.C., it chose local types for its coins. The obverse depicted the local fountain nymph Larissa, for whom the town was named, probably inspired by the famous coins of Kimon depicting the Syracusan nymph Arethusa. The reverse depicted a horse in various poses.
GS111232. Silver drachm, cf. BCD Thessaly 1432, BCD Thessaly II 316 ff., SNG Cop 121; HGC 4 454, VF, toned, scratches, encrustations, rev. off center, weight 4.820 g, maximum diameter 19.7 mm, die axis 315o, Larissa mint, c. 356 - 320 B.C.; obverse head of nymph Larissa facing slightly left, wearing pendant earring and necklace, hair is combed back behind ampyx; reverse horse crouching right, left foreleg raised, preparing to lie down, ΛAPIΣ/AIΩN in two lines above and in exergue; $325.00 SALE PRICE $293.00


Lampsakos, Mysia, 4th Century B.C.

|Lampsakos|, |Lampsakos,| |Mysia,| |4th| |Century| |B.C.||AE| |10|
Lampsakos was founded by Greek colonists from Phocaea in the 6th century B.C. Soon afterward it became a main competitor of Miletus, controlling the trade roots in the Dardanelles. During the 6th and 5th centuries B.C., Lampsacus was successively dominated by Lydia, Persia, Athens, and Sparta. Artaxerxes I assigned it to Themistocles with the expectation that the city supply the Persian king with its famous wine. When Lampsacus joined the Delian League after the battle of Mycale in 479 B.C., it paid a tribute of twelve talents, a testimony to its wealth.
GB99210. Bronze AE 10, SNG Cop 206, SNG BnF 1223, SNGvA 1300, Waddington 887, aVF, glossy green patina, corrosion, pitting, weight 1.725 g, maximum diameter 10.3 mm, die axis 270o, Lampsakos (Lapseki, Turkey) mint, 4th century B.C.; obverse ΛAM, female (nymph IO?) head right, hair in sakkos; reverse ΨA, forepart of Pegasos right; $60.00 SALE PRICE $54.00


Syracuse, Sicily, Deinomenid Tyranny, Time of Hieron, c. 478 - 467 B.C.

|Syracuse|, |Syracuse,| |Sicily,| |Deinomenid| |Tyranny,| |Time| |of| |Hieron,| |c.| |478| |-| |467| |B.C.||tetradrachm|
From the height of Syracuse preeminence amongst the Sicilian Greeks, shortly after the great victory over the Carthaginian invaders at Himera in 480 B.C.
SH86274. Silver tetradrachm, Boehringer 338 (V166/R236); Randazzo 507 - 509 (same dies); SNG ANS -, gVF, fantastic style, toned, centered on a tight flan, small areas struck a little flat, marks, pre-strike flan casting sprues remaining (as usual for the type), weight 16.971 g, maximum diameter 29.0 mm, die axis 0o, Syracuse mint, c. 478 - 467 B.C.; obverse slow quadriga driven right by male charioteer, kentron in right hand, reins in left hand, Nike above flying right crowning horses; reverse ΣVRA-KOS-I-ON (Latin R upside down, N reversed), Artemis-Arethusa right, archaic eye, hair slightly waved in front turned up in a krobylos under a diadem of beads, wearing earring and necklace, surrounded by four dolphins swimming clockwise; ex Roma Numismatics, auction 6 (29 Sep 2013), lot 441; ex Comery Collection; SOLD


Thasos, Thrace, c. 412 - 404 B.C.

|Thasos|, |Thasos,| |Thrace,| |c.| |412| |-| |404| |B.C.||drachm|
During the period when this coin was minted there was much chaos on the island. Thasos had revolted against their Athenian aggressors and was subsequently occupied by the Spartans (Lacedaemonians). In the following years Thasos was occupied by one or the other of the two opposing powers and did not regain freedom until the Battle of Cynoscephalae in 197 B.C. Only drachms were struck in this late and final issue of the satyr and nymph type. Despite the chaos of the time and the archaized punch reverse, the obverse dies were engraved in elegant fine classical style.
SH87191. Silver drachm, Le Rider Thasiennes 8; HGC 6 336 (R1); Svoronos HPM -; SNG Cop -, aEF, superb classical style, dark old cabinet toning, some die wear/rust, scattered porosity, light bumps and marks, weight 3.438 g, maximum diameter 16.7 mm, Thasos mint, 5th type, c. 412 - 404 B.C.; obverse nude ithyphallic satyr kneeling-running right, carrying in his arms a struggling nymph, he is balding and is crowned with an ivy wreath, her hair is rolled and she wears a long chiton, her right arm is behind his back; reverse pebbled quadripartite square punch; ex Shanna Schmidt Numismatics; ex Nomos AG, obolos 8 (2 Dec 2017), lot 157; ex W. F. Stoecklin Collection, Amriswil, Switzerland; ex Bank Leu, Zurich (prior to 1975); rare, last satyr and nymph type, final issue struck only as a drachm!; SOLD


Neapolis, Campania, Italy, c. 320 - 300 B.C.

|Italy|, |Neapolis,| |Campania,| |Italy,| |c.| |320| |-| |300| |B.C.||didrachm|
Naples is one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world. Bronze Age Greek settlements were established in the second millennium B.C. The city was refounded as Neapolis in the sixth century B.C. and became an important hub of Magna Graecia, playing a key role in the merging of Greek culture into Roman society. Naples remained influential under Rome and more so after the fall of the Western Roman Empire, serving as the capital city of the Kingdom of Naples between 1282 and 1816. Thereafter, it became the capital of the Two Sicilies until the unification of Italy in 1861.
GI95914. Silver didrachm, SNG BnF 687, SNG ANS 380, SNG Cop 439, HN Italy 586, HGC Italy 454 (S), Sambon -, SNG Mnchen -, BMC Italy -, gVF, toned, tight flan cutting off ethnic in reserve, flow lines, obverse off center, mild die wear, weight 7.309 g, maximum diameter 20.3 mm, die axis 90o, Neapolis (Naples, Italy) mint, c. 320 - 300 B.C.; obverse diademed head of nymph left, wearing triple-pendant earring and pearl necklace; reverse man-faced bull walking left, head turned facing, being crowned with wreath by Nike flying left above, NEOΠOΛITΩN in exergue (off flan); from the Errett Bishop Collection; scarce; SOLD


Neapolis, Campania, Italy, 320 - 300 B.C.

|Italy|, |Neapolis,| |Campania,| |Italy,| |320| |-| |300| |B.C.||didrachm|
Naples is one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world. Bronze Age Greek settlements were established in the second millennium B.C. The city was refounded as Neapolis in the sixth century B.C. and became an important hub of Magna Graecia, playing a key role in the merging of Greek culture into Roman society. Naples remained influential under Rome and more so after the fall of the Western Roman Empire, serving as the capital city of the Kingdom of Naples between 1282 and 1816. Thereafter, it became the capital of the Two Sicilies until the unification of Italy in 1861.
SH79834. Silver didrachm, SNG ANS 325; Sambon 450; BMC Italy p. 99, 53; Head HN 571; HGC 1 451 (R1); SNG Cop -; SNG Munchen -, VF, finest style, well centered and struck on a tight flan, toned, scratches and bumps, small edge splits, weight 7.252 g, maximum diameter 18.9 mm, die axis 180o, Neapolis (Naples, Italy) mint, magistrate Olympios, 320 - 300 B.C.; obverse diademed head of siren Parthenope right, wearing pendant earring and pearl necklace, no legends or symbols; reverse river-god Achelous in the form of a man-faced bull walking right, head turned facing, Nike above flying right and placing wreath on bull's head, OΛ-YM-ΠI below, NEOΠOΛITHΣ exergue; ex Fritz Rudolf Knker GmbH & Co. KG, auction 216 (8 Oct 2012), lot 48; rare; SOLD


Larissa, Thessaly, Greece, c. 405 - 370 B.C.

|Thessaly|, |Larissa,| |Thessaly,| |Greece,| |c.| |405| |-| |370| |B.C.||drachm|
"With typical prescience, Colin Kraay conjectured that Larissa's staters and mass drachm issues belonged to the early Macedonian period and in fact resulted from the intervention of Philip II, who probably placed Macedonian silver at the disposal of Larissa. Several of the hoards cited above support the general thrust of Kraay's hypothesis though they illustrate a flow of Larissaean coinage to Macedon, probably before 348, rather than provision of Macedonian silver to Larissa." -- C. Lorber, "A Hoard of Facing Head Larissa Drachms" in SNR 79 (2000).
GS68671. Silver drachm, Lorber-Shahar, Early Group 6, head type 25 (O118/R1); SNG Cop -, VF, fine style, well centered, a few marks, lightly etched surfaces, weight 5.483 g, maximum diameter 19.0 mm, die axis 180o, Larissa mint, c. 405 - 370 B.C.; obverse head of nymph Larissa facing slightly left, hair floating freely. Small eyes. Round earring and wire choker well above the neck truncation; reverse ΛAPI above, horse grazing right; SOLD


Ra Melqart (Lilybaion?), Punic Sicily, c. 311 - 306 B.C.

|Punic| |Sicily|, |Ra| |Melqart| |(Lilybaion?),| |Punic| |Sicily,| |c.| |311| |-| |306| |B.C.||tetradrachm|
This type was struck by Carthage at the Attic weight standard, likely to pay mercenaries during their war with Agathokles, the tyrant of Syracuse. The interpretation of the Punic inscription to read "Cape of Melqart" suggests Lilybaion is the most likely mint. Lilybaion was on Cape Lilibeo, the extreme western point of Sicily.
SH96807. Silver tetradrachm, cf. Jenkins SNR 50, pl. 16, 18, (same obv. die O8, rev. die not listed); Viola 327; HGC Sicily 734 (R2); SNG ANS 727, SNG Cop 224, VF, centered on a tight flan, light corrosion, die wear, remnants of pre-strike casting sprues, weight 17.017 g, maximum diameter 24.1 mm, die axis 0o, probably Lilybaion (Marsala, Sicily) mint, c. 311 - 306 B.C.; obverse charioteer driving galloping quadriga left, kentron in right hand, reins in left hand; Nike flying left above crowning charioteer with wreath; Punic inscription in exergue (off flan): RSMLQRT - Ra Melqart (Cape of Melqart); reverse head of Kore-Persephone left, wreathed in grain, wearing earring with pendants and bead necklace, three dolphins around; from the CEB Collection; ex Superior Galleries, The Moreira Sale, Part 2 (10-11 Dec 1988), lot 1802; very rare; SOLD


Eryx, Sicily, c. 344 - 339 B.C.

|Punic| |Sicily|, |Eryx,| |Sicily,| |c.| |344| |-| |339| |B.C.||litra|
Eryx was founded by Elymians on the summit of a mountain in northwest Sicily, about 10 km from Drepana (modern Trapani), and 3 km from the sea-coast, at the site of modern Erice. The Elymians maintained friendly relations and alliances with Carthage and came into frequent conflict with the Greeks. In 397 B.C., however, Eryx joined Dionysius I of Syracuse. It was speedily recovered by Himilco the following year. It again fell into the hands of Dionysius shortly before his death in 367 B.C., but was soon recovered by the Carthaginians, and probably was subject to their rule until the expedition of Pyrrhus in 278 B.C.
GS84640. Silver litra, Campana CNAI 47; Jenkins I pl. 24, 24; SNG ANS 1348; Jameson 1894; Winterthur 630; HGC 2 324 (????) corr. (male head/man-faced bull); SNG Cop -, VF, toned, tight flan, obverse slightly off center, weight 0.567 g, maximum diameter 10.1 mm, die axis 270o, Eryx (Erice, Sicily) mint, Punic rule, c. 344 - 339 B.C.; obverse head of nymph left, hair in a bun at the crown, wearing triple-pendant earring and necklace; reverse bull standing left, Punic "RK" above; from the Nicholas Molinari Collection; very rare; SOLD


Phokaia, Ionia, c. 477 - 388 B.C.

|Phokaia|, |Phokaia,| |Ionia,| |c.| |477| |-| |388| |B.C.||Hekte| |(1/6| |Stater)|
Phokaia was the most northerly of the Ionian communities in Asia Minor and was the mother city of many colonies in the western Mediterranean area, including Massalia (modern Marseille, France).
SH38617. Electrum Hekte (1/6 Stater), Bodenstedt 90, SNGvA 2126, VF, weight 2.558 g, maximum diameter 10.2 mm, Phokaia (Foca, Turkey) mint, c. 477 - 388 B.C.; obverse head of a nymph left, seal below; reverse quadripartite incuse square; SOLD




  



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REFERENCES

Imhoof-Blumer, F. Nymphen und Chariten auf griechischen Mnzen in JIAN 11 (1908).

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