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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Greek Coins| ▸ |Geographic - All Periods| ▸ |Macedonia| ▸ |Pella||View Options:  |  |  | 

Pella, Macedonia

Pella was founded in 399 B.C. by King Archelaus (413 - 399 B.C.) as his capital. It was the seat Philip II and of his son, Alexander the Great. In 168 B.C., it was sacked by the Romans, and its treasury transported to Rome. Later the city was destroyed by an earthquake. By 180 A.D., Lucian could describe it in passing as "now insignificant, with very few inhabitants."

Macedonian Kingdom, Alexander the Great, 336 - 323 B.C.

|Pella|, |Macedonian| |Kingdom,| |Alexander| |the| |Great,| |336| |-| |323| |B.C.||tetradrachm|
The period 285 - 275 B.C. was chaotic for Macedonia. In 286 B.C., Lysimachos took Pella from Pyrrhus. In 281, Seleucus defeated and killed Lysimachus but before he could claim Macedonia as his prize, Ptolemy Keraunos, the son of Ptolemy, murdered him and seized the throne. Antigonus marched north to take the throne but Keraunos defeated him. In 279 B.C. a great horde of Gauls descended on Macedonia, crushed Keraunos' army, and killed him in battle. Two years of complete anarchy followed. After plundering Macedonia, the Gauls invaded Greece, but in 278 B.C. a Greek army forced them to retreat to Thrace. In 277, Antigonus beached his ships near Lysimachia, abandoned his camp, and concealed his men for an ambush. The Gauls, as expected, came to loot his camp and attack the ships. Antigonus' army trapped them with the sea to their rear and inflicted a crushing defeat. Antigonus' then claimed the Macedonian throne.
SH63693. Silver tetradrachm, Price 565, Mller Alexander 953, VF, nice style, weight 16.808 g, maximum diameter 27.1 mm, die axis 0o, Pella mint, posthumous, c. 285 - 275 B.C.; obverse head of Herakles right, wearing Nemean Lion skin, scalp over head, forepaws tied at neck; reverse AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus Atophoros enthroned left, eagle in extended right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left hand, legs crossed, right leg drawn back, oenochoe under throne; SOLD


Macedonian Kingdom, Philip II of Macedonia, 359 - 336 B.C.

|Macedonian| |Kingdom|, |Macedonian| |Kingdom,| |Philip| |II| |of| |Macedonia,| |359| |-| |336| |B.C.||stater|
Philip II expanded the size and influence of the Macedonian Kingdom but is perhaps best known as the father of Alexander the Great. He personally selected the design of his coins.
SH87496. Gold stater, Le Rider 113 (D53/R86), SNG ANS 130, SNG Cop 530, SNG Berry 87, SNG Munchen -, SNG Saroglos -, SNG Alpha Bank -, Choice VF, well centered, light bumps and marks, weight 8.518 g, maximum diameter 18.9 mm, die axis 0o, Macedonia, Pella mint, c. 340 - 328 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right; reverse charioteer in fast biga right, kentron in his right hand, reins in his left hand, thunderbolt below horses, ΦIΛIΠΠOY in exergue; SOLD


Macedonian Kingdom, Philip II of Macedonia, 359 - 336 B.C.

|Macedonian| |Kingdom|, |Macedonian| |Kingdom,| |Philip| |II| |of| |Macedonia,| |359| |-| |336| |B.C.||stater|
Philip II expanded the size and influence of the Macedonian Kingdom but is perhaps best known as the father of Alexander the Great. He personally selected the design of his coins.
SH62343. Gold stater, Le Rider pl. 57 ff. (no die matches), SNG ANS 172 ff. (same), SNG Alpha Bank -, VF, ex jewelry, scratches, weight 8.454 g, maximum diameter 18.5 mm, die axis 0o, Pella mint, 340 - 328 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right; reverse ΦIΛIΠΠOY (in exergue), charioteer in biga right, kantharos below horses; marks from jewelry mount, polished; fine style; ex Stack's Bowers and Ponterio, Sale 168, lot 20395; SOLD


Macedonian Kingdom, Philip III and Alexander IV, 323 - 315 B.C., Types of Philip II

|Macedonian| |Kingdom|, |Macedonian| |Kingdom,| |Philip| |III| |and| |Alexander| |IV,| |323| |-| |315| |B.C.,| |Types| |of| |Philip| |II||tetradrachm|
Philip II coin types remained prominent in the northern regions of the Macedonian Kingdom long after his death. This coin was struck after Alexander's death when the kingdom was nominally ruled by Alexander's mentally disabled half-brother Philip III Arrhidaeus, son of Philip II and Philinna, and Alexander IV, the great conqueror's young son. The two were made joint kings by Alexander's generals who only used them as pawns. Philip III was imprisoned upon his return to Macedonia, and in 317 B.C. he was executed under orders from Olympias. Alexander IV and his mother Roxana were executed by the boy's regent, Kassander, in 311 B.C.
SH72301. Silver tetradrachm, Le Rider p. 68 and pl. 22, 530 (D281/R437); SNG Lockett 1414, SNG ANS 450 var. (shield under foreleg), SNG Alpha Bank 276 var. (same), SNG Saroglos -, aEF, excellent centering, graffiti, weight 13.299 g, maximum diameter 24.4 mm, die axis 135o, Macedonia, Pella mint, c. 323 - 315 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Zeus right; reverse ΦIΛIΠΠOY, nude youth pacing right on horseback, palm frond in right, reins in left, coiled snake below, Boeotian shield in exergue; SOLD


Macedonian Kingdom, Philip II of Macedonia, 359 - 336 B.C.

|Macedonian| |Kingdom|, |Macedonian| |Kingdom,| |Philip| |II| |of| |Macedonia,| |359| |-| |336| |B.C.||tetradrachm|
Philip II became the ruler of all Greece when he defeated the Athenians at the Battle of Chaeroneia in 338 B.C. Philip personally selected the design of his coins. His horse, on the reverse of this coin, won a race in the Olympic Games in 356 B.C., the year his son Alexander the Great was born.
SH84347. Silver tetradrachm, Le Rider 248 (D116/R428); SNG ANS 504; SNG Cop 552; SNG Berry 116, gVF, superb style, bold high relief, well centered on a tight flan, rose toning, weight 14.422 g, maximum diameter 25.3 mm, die axis 180o, Macedonia, Pella mint, c. 340 - 328 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Zeus right; reverse ΦIΛIΠΠOY, naked youth on horse pacing right, holding palm frond, bunch of grapes on vine with leaves below; ex Wolfshead Gallery (Ridgewood, NJ); SOLD







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REFERENCES

Burnett, A., M.Amandry, et al. Roman Provincial Coinage. (1992 - ).
Gaebler, H. Die antiken Mnzen von Makedonia und Paionia, Die antiken Mnzen Nord-Griechenlands Vol. III. (Berlin, 1906).
Head, B. V. British Museum Catalogue of Greek Coins, Macedonia, etc. (London, 1879).
Le Rider, G. Le monnayage d argent et d or de Philippe II frapp en Macdoine de 359 294. (Paris 1977).
Lindgren, H. C. Ancient Greek Bronze Coins: European Mints from the Lindgren Collection. (1989).
Lindgren, H. Ancient Greek Bronze Coins. (Quarryville, 1993).
MacKay, P. A. "Bronze Coinage in Macedonia, 168-166 B.C." in ANS MN 14 (1968), pp. 5 - 13, pl. III.
Mller, L. Numismatique dAlexandre le Grand; Appendice les monnaies de Philippe II et III, et Lysimaque. (Copenhagen, 1855-58).
Newell. E.T. The Coinage of Demetrius Poliorcetes. (London, 1927).
Price, M. J. The Coinage in the name of Alexander the Great and Philip Arrhidaeus. Vol. 1-2. (Zurich - London, 1991).
RPC Online - http://rpc.ashmus.ox.ac.uk/coins/
Sear, D. Greek Coins and Their Values, Volume 1: Europe. (London, 1978).
Sear, D. Greek Imperial Coins and Their Values. (London, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Austria, Klagenfurt, Landesmuseum fr Krnten, Sammlung Dreer, Part 3: Thracien-Macedonien-Ponien. (Klagenfurt, 1990).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum. Volume 2: Macedonia and Thrace. (New Jersey, 1981).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland, Mnchen Staatlische Mnzsammlung, Makedonien - Knige, 10/11 Heft. (Berlin, 2001).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain V, Ashmolean Museum, Oxford, Part 3: Macedonia. (London, 1976).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain XII, The Hunterian Museum, University of Glasgow, Part 1: Roman Provincial Coins: Spain-Kingdoms of Asia Minor. (Oxford, 2004).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Greece II. The Alpha Bank Collection, Macedonia I: Alexander I - Perseus. (Athens, 2000).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, SNG Grce, Collection Rna H. Evelpidis, Part 2: Macdoine-Thessalie-Illyrie-Epire-Corcyre. (Athens, 1975).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Greece, Volume IV, Numismatic Museum, Athens, The Petros Z. Saroglos Collection, Part 1: Macedonia. (Athens, 2005).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Schweiz II. Mnzen derAntike. Katalog der Sammlung Jean-Pierre Righetti im Bernischen Historischen Museum. (Bern, 1993).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, USA, The Collection of the American Numismatic Society, Part 7: Macedonia 1 (Cities, Thraco-Macedonian Tribes, Paeonian kings). (New York, 1997).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, USA, The Collection of the American Numismatic Society, Part 8: Macedonia 2 (Alexander I - Philip II). (New York, 1994).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, USA, Burton Y. Berry Collection, Part 1: Macedonia to Attica. (New York, 1961).
Thompson, M. "The Mints of Lysimachus," in Essays Robinson.
Varbanov, I. Greek Imperial Coins And Their Values, Volume III: Thrace (from Perinthus to Trajanopolis), Chersonesos Thraciae, Insula Thraciae, Macedonia. (Bourgas, 2007).

Catalog current as of Friday, February 3, 2023.
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