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Hadrian, one of the "Five Good Emperors," abandoned the expansionist policy of Trajan and established a policy of defense and consolidation during which Hadrian's Wall in Britain was constructed. He traveled to nearly every province of the Empire, more than any other emperor, often ordering grandiose building programs to improve infrastructure and the quality of life in those regions. An ardent admirer of Greece, he sought to make Athens the cultural capital of the Empire and ordered the construction of many opulent temples in the city. He spent much of his time with the military; usually wore military attire and even dined and slept amongst the soldiers. He ordered military training and drilling to be more rigorous and made use of false reports of attack to keep the army alert. He suppressed the Bar Kokhba revolt in Judaea, renaming the province Syria Palaestina.
A coin this beautiful might sell for twice this price or more. This coin, however, was expertly smoothed and has an enhanced artificial patina. Here at FORVM we inform you of this issue, which might go unsubscribed by some sellers. This smoothing and patina were probably made necessary by active corrosion. It should be maintained in a climate controlled environment, waxed occasionally, and is at risk of returning active corrosion. This bargain priced coin is sold, as is, no returns.SH98432. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC II-3 2398, BMCRE III 1545, Strack II 702, Cohen II 1364, Banti 710, SRCV II 3645, Hunter II 561, VF, excellent portrait, well centered and struck, smoothing, enhanced patina, at risk for active corrosion - sold as is, no returns, weight 24.764 g, maximum diameter 31.4 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 137 - 138 A.D.; obverse HADRIANVS AVG COS III P P, laureate head right; reverse Diana standing left, arrow in right hand, bow in left, S - C (senatus consulto) flanking across field below center; sold as is, no returns; $500.00 (€410.00)
Pax, regarded by the ancients as a goddess, was worshiped not only at Rome but also at Athens. Her altar could not be stained with blood. Claudius began the construction of a magnificent temple to her honor, which Vespasian finished, in the Via Sacra. The attributes of Peace are the hasta pura, the olive branch, the cornucopia, and often the caduceus. Sometimes she is represented setting fire to a pile of arms.RS98046. Silver denarius, RIC II-3 124A4, RSC II 1015a, BMCRE III 78, Strack II 38, Hunter II 28, SRCV II 3511, aVF/F, flow lines, toned, light scratches, slightly off center on an oval flan, reverse die wear, tiny edge cracks, weight 2.645 g, maximum diameter 20.1 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 118 A.D.; obverse IMP CAESAR TRAIAN HADRIANVS AVG, laureate bust right, chest bare, seen from the front, aegis or light drapery on left shoulder; reverse P M TR P COS II, Pax standing slightly left, head left, olive branch downward in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, PAX in exergue; $120.00 (€98.40)
Hadrian, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D., Bostra, Arabia
Bostra was the northern Nabataean capital, until Trajan annexed the kingdom. It was then capital of Provincia Arabia, where the Third Legio Cyrenaica was garrisoned. The emperor Philip was born in Bostra and designated it a metropolis.RY94938. Bronze AE 20, Spijkerman 2 (same dies); RPC Online III 4083 (21 spec.); Kindler Bostra 16; Sofaer 3; BMC Arabia p. 14, 3 - 6; SNG ANS 1168; SNG Cop -, F, irregular flan, orange earthen highlights, weight 6.129 g, maximum diameter 20.2 mm, die axis 180o, Bostra (Bosra, Syria) mint, 11 Aug 117 - 10 Jul 138 A.D.; obverse AYTOKPAT KAICAP TPAIANOC A∆PIANOC CEBACTOC, laureate bust right, drapery on left shoulder; reverse bust of Arabia right, wearing turreted crown and mantle blown out behind, small figure of a seated child held in each arm, APABIA below; from the Ray Nouri Collection; $50.00 (€41.00)
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