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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Greek Coins| ▸ |Geographic - All Periods| ▸ |Greece| ▸ |Euboia||View Options:  |  |  | 

Euboia, Greece

Euboia, separated from the mainland of Greece by the narrow Euripus channel, is the second largest Greek island, after Crete. It was an important source of grain and cattle. Euboia's two principal cities, Chalcis and Eretria, both were Ionian settlements from Attica. Their early importance is shown by their numerous colonies in Magna Graecia, Sicily, and Macedonia. In 490 B.C., Eretria was utterly ruined and its inhabitants transported to Persia. It was restored after the Battle of Marathon, but it never regained its former eminence. In 506 B.C., Athens defeated Chalcis, established 4,000 Attic settlers, and reduced the island to dependence. In 446 B.C., when Euboia endeavored to throw off the yoke, it was reduced by Pericles. In the north, the inhabitants of Histiaea were expelled and replaced by settlers. The Athenians recognized its importance, for supplying them with grain and cattle and, because of its proximity to the coast of Attica, for securing their commerce against piracy. In 410 B.C. the island regained its independence. After this Euboia took sides with other leading states, until, after the Battle of Chaeronea, it passed to Philip II of Macedon, and finally to Rome.Central Greece

Chalkis, Euboia, Greece, c. 338 - 308 B.C.

|Euboia|, |Chalkis,| |Euboia,| |Greece,| |c.| |338| |-| |308| |B.C.||drachm|
Khalks, also Chalkis or Chalcis, is a city in eastern Greece, capital of the Aegean island department of Euboea (vvoia), on the strait of Evripos near Athens. The ancient city, inhabited by Ionians, was an important commercial and industrial center. In the 8th and 7th centuries BC, Khalks was a base for the establishment of colonies in Macedonia (there giving its name to the peninsula of Chalcidice) and in Sicily. It was successively thereafter an Athenian, a Macedonian, and a Roman possession.
SH54910. Silver drachm, BCD Euboia 139, Picard emission 8; BMC Central p. 111, 61 ff., Choice gVF, nicely toned, weight 3.728 g, die axis 270o, Chalkis (Chalkida, Greece) mint, c. 338 - 308 B.C.; obverse head of Hera(?) right, hair rolled, wearing pendant earring and necklace; reverse eagle flying right, snake in beak and claws, concave field, monogram above, ΛΑΧ below; ex Edward Gans (2/28/1968); SOLD


Chalkis, Euboea, Greece, c. 290 - 271 B.C.

|Euboia|, |Chalkis,| |Euboea,| |Greece,| |c.| |290| |-| |271| |B.C.||drachm|
Khalks, also Chalkis or Chalcis, is a city in eastern Greece, capital of the Aegean island department of Euboea (vvoia), on the strait of Evripos near Athens. The ancient city, inhabited by Ionians, was an important commercial and industrial center. In the 8th and 7th centuries BC, Khalks was a base for the establishment of colonies in Macedonia (there giving its name to the peninsula of Chalcidice) and in Sicily. It was successively thereafter an Athenian, a Macedonian, and a Roman possession.
SH35422. Silver drachm, BCD Euboia 178; BMC Central p. 110, 53; Picard emission 30; SNG Cop 438, Choice VF, of the finest style, toned, weight 3.482 g, maximum diameter 17.1 mm, die axis 270o, Chalkis (Chalkida, Greece) mint, c. 290 - 271 B.C.; obverse head of nymph Chalkis right, wearing hair rolled, earring and necklace; reverse ΧΑΛ, eagle flying right, carrying snake in talons and beak, kerykeion (caduceus) right below; ex BCD collection, ex Wallace collection; SOLD


Euboean League, Euboea, Greece, 304 - 290 B.C.

|Euboia|, |Euboean| |League,| |Euboea,| |Greece,| |304| |-| |290| |B.C.||drachm|
 
SH13410. Silver drachm, SGCV I 2467; BMC Central, p. 95, 8; Wallace 74, Choice VF, weight 3.897 g, maximum diameter 17.1 mm, die axis 0o, Euboia mint, 304 - 290 B.C.; obverse head of the nymph Euboia left; reverse EY, head and neck of bull right, head turned 3/4 facing, fillets hanging from horns, katharos right; nicely toned, excellent centering, fine style; SOLD







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REFERENCES|

Babelon, E. Trait des Monnaies Grecques et Romaines. (Paris, 1901-1932).
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Grose, S. Catalogue of the McClean Collection of Greek Coins, Fitzwilliam Museum, Vol. II: The Greek mainland, the Aegaean islands, Crete. (Cambridge, 1926).
Head, B. Catalog of the Greek Coins in the British Museum, Central Greece (Locris, Phocis, Boeotia, and Euboea). (London, 1884).
Hoover, O. Handbook of Coins of Northern and Central Greece: Achaia Phthiotis...Euboia, Attica, Megaris, and Corinthia, Sixth to First Centuries BC. HGC 4. (Lancaster, PA/London, 2014).
Kraay, C. Archaic and Classical Greek Coins. (London, 1976).
Mildenberg, L. & S. Hurter, eds. The Dewing Collection of Greek Coins. ACNAC 6. (New York, 1985).
Newell, E. The Coinage of Demetrius Poliorcetes. (London, 1927).
Numismatik Lanz. Mnzen von Euboia: Sammlung B|C|D, Auction 111. (25 Nov 2002, Mnchen).
Picard, O. Chalcis et la Confdration eubenne, Etude de numismatique et d'histoire (IVe - Ier sicle). (Paris, 1979).
Price, M. & N. Waggoner. Archaic Greek Silver Coinage, The "Asyut" Hoard. (London, 1975).
Robinson, E. & G. Jenkins. A Catalogue of the Calouste Gulbenkian Collection of Greek Coins, Vol. II: Greece to East. (Lisboa, 1971-89).
Sear, D. Greek Coins and Their Values, Volume 1: Europe. (London, 1978).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Vol. 3: Greece: Thessaly to Aegean Islands. (West Milford, NJ, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland, Mnzsammlung Universitt Tbingen, Part 3: Akarnanien - Bithynien. (Berlin, 1985).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, France, Bibliothque National, Collection Jean et Marie Delepierre. (Paris, 1983).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Greece 6, The Alpha Bank Numismatic Collection, From Thessaly to Euboea. (Athens, 2011).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain V, Ashmolean Museum, Oxford, Part 4: Paeonia - Thessaly. (London, 1981).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, USA, Burton Y. Berry Collection, Part 1: Macedonia to Attica. (New York, 1961).
Wallace, W. The Euboian League and its Coinage. ANSNNM 134. (New York, 1956).

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