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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Greek Coins| ▸ |Geographic - All Periods| ▸ |Anatolia| ▸ |Lycia||View Options:  |  |  | 

Ancient Coins of Lycia, Anatolia

Lycia, on the southern coast of Anatolia, was first recorded in the Late Bronze Age records of ancient Egypt and the Hittite Empire. In 546 B.C. when Lycia was involuntary incorporated into the Persian Empire, the local population was decimated, and the area received an influx of Persians. Lycia fought for Persia in the Persian Wars. Intermittently free after the Greeks defeated the Achaemenid Empire, it briefly joined the Athenian Empire, it seceded and became independent, was under the Persians again, revolted again, was conquered by Mausolus of Caria, returned to the Persians, and went under Macedonian hegemony at the defeat of the Persians by Alexander the Great. Lycia was totally Hellenized under the Macedonians. The Lycian language disappeared from inscriptions and coinage. On defeating Antiochus III in 188 the Romans gave Lycia to Rhodes for 20 years, taking it back in 168 B.C. The Romans allowed home rule under the Lycian League, a federation with republican principles, which later influenced the framers of the United States Constitution. In 43 A.D. Claudius dissolved the league and made Lycia a Roman province. It was an eparchy of Byzantine Empire. A substantial Christian Greek community lived in Lycia until the 1920s when they were forced to migrate to Greece following the Greco-Turkish War.Lycia

Phaselis, Lycia, c. 550 - 580 B.C.

|Lycia|, |Phaselis,| |Lycia,| |c.| |550| |-| |580| |B.C.||stater|
Phaselis was founded in 690 BC by settlers from the island of Rhodes. Later that same year, the great Rhodian seafarers also founded Gela, on the island of Sicily, thus extending their influence across the Greek world. The colony of Phaselis was the one purely Greek city in Lycia and differed in language, culture, and alphabet from the adjacent cities of the region. It should be noted that the coinage of Phaselis is among the earliest, if not the earliest, of all silver coinage struck in Asia Minor. Struck c. 530 B.C., this coin is roughly contemporary with the silver issues of King Kroisos of Lydia and represents the dawn of this medium of exchange in Asia Minor.
GA99010. Silver stater, cf. Heipp-Tamer series 3, emission 1b, 35; SNGvA 4392; Weber III -; SNG Cop -; SNG Delepierre -; BMC Lycia -, gF, tight thick flan, toned, marks, some porosity, test cut on rev., small edge crack, weight 11.054 g, maximum diameter 18.9 mm, die axis 0o, Phaselis (near Tekirova, Turkey) mint, c. 550 - 480 B.C.; obverse prow of galley left in the form of an abstract boar's head, with foreleg and large apotropaic eye, three round shields on gunwale; reverse incuse square punch with irregular subdivisions; $280.00 SALE PRICE $252.00


Olympos, Lycia, Under the Pirate Zeniketes, c. 88 - 84 B.C., Pseudo Lycian League

|Lycia|, |Olympos,| |Lycia,| |Under| |the| |Pirate| |Zeniketes,| |c.| |88| |-| |84| |B.C.,| |Pseudo| |Lycian| |League||drachm|NEW
Around 100 B.C., Cilician pirates under Zeniketes took control of Olympos and its possessions, including Corycus and Phaselis. Olympos separated from the Lycian League but continued to issue "pseudo-league" coinage with the types of the league but missing ΛY. In 78 B.C., the Roman commander Publius Servilius Isauricus, accompanied by the young Julius Caesar, captured Olympos. At his defeat, Zeniketes set fire to his own house in Olympus and perished. At the time of the Roman conquest, Olympos was described by Cicero as a rich and highly decorated city. Olympos then became part of the Roman Republic. Click here to read Plutarch on |Caesar| and the pirates.
GS99393. Silver drachm, Troxell Lycian League pl. 10, 52.2 52.3, gVF, light toning, off center, tiny edge split and crack, weight 2.360 g, maximum diameter 14.0 mm, die axis 0o, Olympos (irali, Antalya, Turkey) mint, c. 88 - 84 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right, hair in formal curls at neck, bow and quiver behind on shoulder; reverse kithara (lyre), OLYM or OLYMΠ above, vertical thunderbolt left, upright palm frond curving right to right, all within shallow incuse square; scarce; $120.00 SALE PRICE $108.00


Lycian League, Myra, c. 48 - 27 B.C.

|Lycia|, |Lycian| |League,| |Myra,| |c.| |48| |-| |27| |B.C.||1/4| |drachm|NEW
Although published by Troxell, this type was not included in RPC I at publication. We know of three specimens of this type - this coin, the RPC Online I coin and the Troxell coin. All three appear to have been struck with the same dies. Troxell discusses the M-Y appearing as M-X, on this coin and on some bronze coins as if it is intended, but here it looks like just a simple die break.
GS99403. Silver 1/4 drachm, RPC Online I 3311d (1 spec., coin-type added post publication, same dies, same tiny die break on Y lower right), Troxell Lycian League 140.1, gF, toned, porous, scratches, obv. off center, tiny edge chip, weight 0.640 g, maximum diameter 13.6 mm, die axis 0o, Myra (Demre, Turkey) mint, under the Roman Republic, c. 48 - 27 B.C.; obverse head of Artemis right, wearing stephane; reverse quiver with strap, Isis crown (control symbol) center left, Λ-Y (Lycia) / M-Y (Myra) in two divided lines across field, all within incuse square; only three specimens of this type known to FORVM; very rare; $100.00 SALE PRICE $90.00


Lycian Dynasts, Mithrapata, c. 380 - 375 B.C

|Lycia|, |Lycian| |Dynasts,| |Mithrapata,| |c.| |380| |-| |375| |B.C||stater|
 
SH19453. Silver stater, Podalia Hoard 110, aEF, weight 9.747 g, maximum diameter 29.3 mm, die axis 0o, reverse MEXPAΠA-TA, large triskeles, facing bust of Hermes lower left, all in incuse square; irregular oval shaped flan; rare; SOLD


Oinoanda, Lycia, 2nd Century B.C.

|Lycia|, |Oinoanda,| |Lycia,| |2nd| |Century| |B.C.||didrachm|
 
SH20828. Silver didrachm, cf. BMC Lycia 73 and SGCV II 5318 (listed as unique), near Mint State, with luster, weight 7.643 g, maximum diameter 22.5 mm, die axis 0o, obverse laureate head of Zeus right, B and lotus scepter behind; reverse OINOAN/∆EΩN, eagle standing right on thunderbolt, Γ and grape cluster right; very rare; SOLD







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REFERENCES|

Burnett, A., M. Amandry, et al. Roman Provincial Coinage. (1992 - ).
Cohen, E. Dated Coins of Antiquity: A comprehensive catalogue of the coins and how their numbers came about. (Lancaster, PA, 2011).
Heipp-Tamer, C. Die Mnzprgung der lykischen Stadt Phaselis in griechischer Zeit. (Saarbrcker, 1993).
Hill, G. A Catalogue of Greek Coins in the British Museum, Lycia, Pamphylia, and Pisidia. (London, 1897).
Hurter, S. "A New Lycian Coin Type: Kheri, Not Kuperlis" in INJ 14 (2000-2).
Lindgren, H. Ancient Greek Bronze Coins. (Quarryville, 1993).
Lindgren, H & F. Kovacs. Ancient Bronze Coinage of Asia Minor and the Levant. (San Mateo, 1985).
Noe, S "A Lycian Hoard" in Centennial Publication of the American Numismatic Society. (New York, 1958).
Mionnet, T. Description de Mdailles antiques grecques et romaines, Supp. VII. Lycia. (Paris, 1809).
Mrkholm, O. "The Classification of Lycian coins before Alexander the Great" in JNG XIV (1964).
Mseler, W. Lykische Mnzen in europischen Privatsammlungen. (Istanbul, 2016).
Olay, N. & O. Mrkholm. "The Coin Hoard from Podalia" in NC 1971.
Price, M. The Coinage of in the Name of Alexander the Great and Philip Arrhidaeus. (London, 1991).
Price, M. & N. Waggoner. Archaic Greek Silver Coinage, The "Asyut" Hoard. (London, 1975).
Sear, D. Greek Coins and Their Values, Vol. 2, Asia and Africa. (London, 1979).
Sear, D. Greek Imperial Coins and Their Values. (London, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Volume 6: Phrygia to Cilicia. (West Milford, NJ, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland, Mnzsammlung Universitt Tbingen, |Part 6: Phrygien-Kappadokien; Rmische Provinzprgungen in Kleinasien. (Berlin, 1998).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland, Sammlung Hans Von Aulock, Vol. 2: Caria, Lydia, Phrygia, Lycia, Pamphylia. (Berlin, 1962).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Finland, The Erkki Keckman Collection in the Skopbank, Helsinki, Part II: Asia Minor except Karia. (Helsinki, 1999).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain IV, Fitzwilliam Museum, Leake and General Collections, Part 7: Asia Minor: Lycia-Cappadocia. (London, 1967).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Turkey 1: The Muharrem Kayhan Collection. (Istanbul, 2002).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, United States, Burton Y. Berry Collection; Part 2. Megaris to Egypt. (New York, 1962).
Troxell, H. The Coinage of the Lycian League, NNM 162. (New York, 1982).
Vismara, N. Monetazione Arcaica della Lycia. (Milan, 1989 -1996).
Waggoner, N. Early Greek Coins from the Collection of Jonathan P. Rosen. ANS ACNAC 5. (New York, 1983).

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