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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Greek Coins| ▸ |Hellenistic Monarchies| ▸ |Pontic Kingdom||View Options:  |  |  | 

Pontic Kingdom

The The Kingdom of Pontus, centered in Pontus, was ruled by the Mithridatic dynasty, of Persian origin and possibly descended from Darius the Great of the Achaemenid dynasty. The kingdom was established by Mithridates I in 281 B.C. and lasted until its conquest by the Roman Republic in 63 B.C. The Kingdom of Pontus reached its largest extent under Mithridates VI the Great, who conquered Colchis, Cappadocia, Bithynia, the Greek colonies of the Tauric Chersonesos, and for a brief time the Roman province of Asia. After a long struggle with Rome in the Mithridatic Wars, Pontus was defeated. The western part of it was incorporated into the Roman Republic as the province Bithynia et Pontus; the eastern half survived as a client kingdom until 62 A.D.Pontic Kingdom Map

Sinope, Paphlagonia, c. 105 - 85 B.C.

|Paphlagonia|, |Sinope,| |Paphlagonia,| |c.| |105| |-| |85| |B.C.||AE| |21|
Sinope, founded from Miletus about 630 B.C., was a flourishing city, preeminent in Paphlagonia. In 183 B.C. it was captured by Pharnaces I and became the capital of the kingdom of Pontus. Lucullus conquered Sinope for Rome in 70, and Julius Caesar established a Roman colony there, Colonia Julia Felix, in 47 B.C.
GB99015. Bronze AE 21, SNG BM Black Sea 1528; SNG Stancomb 795; Rec Gén p. 196, 67; BMC Pontus p. 100, 50; HGC 7 418, gVF, dark green patina, porous, a few pits, off center, weight 7.378 g, maximum diameter 20.5 mm, die axis 0o, Sinope (Sinop, Turkey) mint, struck under Mithradates VI, c. 105 - 85 B.C.; obverse head of Ares right in crested helmet; reverse sword in sheath with strap, ΣINΩ-ΠHΣ divided across field; $60.00 SALE PRICE $54.00
 


Amisos, Pontos, c. 105 - 85 B.C.

|Pontos|, |Amisos,| |Pontos,| |c.| |105| |-| |85| |B.C.||AE| |21|
Amisos was settled c. 760 - 750 B.C. by people from Miletus, who established a flourishing trade relationship with the ancient peoples of Anatolia. Amisos came under the rule of the Persian Empire, Alexander the Great's Macedonian Empire, and then the Kingdom of Pontus. The Romans took control in 47 B.C. and Amisos remained within the Byzantine Empire after the fall of Rome. In 1200, the city was captured by the Seljuks, to be later taken over by the Ilhanlilar. Amisos today is Samsun, a city of about half a million people on the north coast of Turkey.
GB99016. Bronze AE 21, SNG BM Black Sea 1149; SNG Stancomb 676; SNG Cop 148; SNGvA 64; Rec Gén p. 54, 29; BMC Pontus p. 17, 40; HGC 7 241, gF, dark green patina, scratches, small edge split, weight 7.284 g, maximum diameter 20.6 mm, die axis 0o, Amisos (Samsun, Turkey) mint, struck under Mithradates VI, c. 105 - 85 B.C.; obverse helmeted head of young Ares right; reverse sword in sheath with strap, AMI-ΣOY divided across field; $50.00 SALE PRICE $45.00
 


Amisos, Pontos, c. 120 - 100 B.C.

|Pontos|, |Amisos,| |Pontos,| |c.| |120| |-| |100| |B.C.||AE| |14|
Amisos was settled c. 760 - 750 B.C. by people from Miletus, who established a flourishing trade relationship with the ancient peoples of Anatolia. Amisos came under the rule of the Persian Empire, Alexander the Great's Macedonian Empire, and then the Kingdom of Pontus. The Romans took control in 47 B.C. and Amisos remained within the Byzantine Empire after the fall of Rome. In 1200, the city was captured by the Seljuks, to be later taken over by the Ilhanlilar. Amisos today is Samsun, a city of about half a million people on the north coast of Turkey.
GB99164. Bronze AE 14, SNG Stancomb 670; HGC 7 255 (R1); Rec Gen p. 52, 23 & pl. VII, 13; SNG Cop 138; SNG Black Sea -; BMC Pontos -, VF, green patina, well centered, porosity, weight 2.847 g, maximum diameter 13.9 mm, die axis 0o, Amisos (Samsun, Turkey) mint, rule of Mithradates VI, c. 120 - 100 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right; reverse tripod lebes, AMI-ΣOY divided across field; rare; $50.00 SALE PRICE $45.00
 


Pontic Kingdom, Mithradates VI, c. 120 - 63 B.C., Lysimachos Type

|Pontic| |Kingdom|, |Pontic| |Kingdom,| |Mithradates| |VI,| |c.| |120| |-| |63| |B.C.,| |Lysimachos| |Type||stater|
Mithradates VI Eupator "the Great"expanded his Pontic Kingdom through conquest, which inevitably brought him into conflict with Rome. Mithradates regarded himself as the champion of the Greeks against Rome, however, after three years of war, he was defeated by Pompey the Great. The design of this coin is taken from a coin of Lysimachos, bodyguard of Alexander the Great, and King of Thrace 323 - 281 B.C. The Lysimachos coin depicted Alexander the Great on the obverse. The features of the obverse portrait on this type are those of Mithradates VI.
SH12093. Gold stater, SNG Cop 1089 var. (monogram), Choice EF, weight 8.232 g, maximum diameter 23.0 mm, die axis 0o, Byzantium (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 100 - 85 B.C; obverse diademed head of Alexander the Great (with the features of Mithradates VI), wearing the horn of Ammon; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΛYΣIMAXOY, Athena enthroned left, holding Nike and resting left arm on shield, transverse spear against her side, BY on throne, (AP monogram) over right arm, trident and two dolphins in exergue; fantastic style with superb portrait of Mithradates as Alexander the Great!; SOLD


Pontic Kingdom, Mithradates VI, c. 120 - 63 B.C., Lysimachos Type, Alexander Portrait

|Pontic| |Kingdom|, |Pontic| |Kingdom,| |Mithradates| |VI,| |c.| |120| |-| |63| |B.C.,| |Lysimachos| |Type,| |Alexander| |Portrait||stater|
Mithradates VI Eupator "the Great" expanded his Pontic Kingdom through conquest, which inevitably brought him into conflict with Rome. He regarded himself as the champion of the Greeks against Rome, however, after three years of war, he was defeated by Pompey the Great. The design of this coin is taken from a coin of Lysimachos, bodyguard of Alexander the Great, and King of Thrace, 323 - 281 B.C. The Lysimachos coin depicted Alexander the Great on the obverse. The features of the portrait on this type are those of Mithradates VI.
SH98711. Gold stater, De Callataÿ p. 139 (D1/R1); SNG Cop 1094 (same dies); McClean II 4481; HGC 3 1799 (S); AMNG I p. 170, 482; Müller 285, aEF, mint luster in recesses, choice obv., interesting portrait, rev. double struck, die wear, weight 8.268 g, maximum diameter 19.3 mm, die axis 0o, Istros (near Istria, Romania) mint, First Mithradatic War, 88 - 86 B.C.; obverse diademed head of Alexander the Great (with the features of Mithradates VI), wearing horn of Ammon; reverse Athena enthroned left, wearing crested helmet, Nike in right hand, resting left arm on round shield behind, Nike crowning king's name, ΔI above knee, IΣ on throne, trident left in exergue, BAΣIΛEΩΣ (king) downward on the right, ΛYΣIMAXOY downward on the left; ex Numismatik Naumann auction 102 (2 May 2021), lot 266; SOLD


Pontic Kingdom, Mithradates VI, c. 120 - 63 B.C., In the Name and Types of Lysimachos

|Pontic| |Kingdom|, |Pontic| |Kingdom,| |Mithradates| |VI,| |c.| |120| |-| |63| |B.C.,| |In| |the| |Name| |and| |Types| |of| |Lysimachos||stater|
Mithradates VI Eupator "the Great" expanded his Pontic Kingdom through conquest, which inevitably brought him into conflict with Rome. He regarded himself as the champion of the Greeks against Rome, however, after three years of war, he was defeated by Pompey the Great. The design of this coin is taken from a coin of Lysimachos, bodyguard of Alexander the Great, and King of Thrace, 323 - 281 B.C. The Lysimachos coin depicted Alexander the Great on the obverse. The features of the portrait on this type are those of Mithradates VI.
SH98723. Gold stater, Callataÿ p. 141, pl. 37 (D3/R1); AMNG I/II 2480; SNG Cop 1091 (Thrace); HGC 3.2 1931 (R1), gVF, struck with worn dies, tight flan, weight 8.352 g, maximum diameter 19.2 mm, die axis 0o, Tomis (Constanta, Romania) mint, First Mithradatic War, c. 88 - 86 B.C.; obverse diademed head of Alexander the Great right wearing the horn of Ammon; reverse Athena Nikephoros seated left, wearing crested helmet, Nike in extended right hand, resting left elbow on grounded round shield behind, BAΣIΛEΩΣ (king) downward on right, ΛYΣIMAXOY downward on left, ΘEM (magistrate) inner left, TO under throne, ornamented trident in exergue; ex Tauler & Fau auction 85 (25 May 2021), lot 7030; SOLD







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