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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Themes & Provenance| ▸ |Types| ▸ |Chariot||View Options:  |  |  | 

Chariots on Ancient Coins
Macedonian Kingdom, Philip III Arrhidaios, 323 - 317 B.C.

|Macedonian| |Kingdom|, |Macedonian| |Kingdom,| |Philip| |III| |Arrhidaios,| |323| |-| |317| |B.C.||stater|
Struck shortly after Alexander the Great's death during the joint reign of Philip III, Alexander's mentally disabled brother, and the infant king Alexander IV, Alexander's infant son with the Bactrian princess Roxana. The two were made joint kings by Alexander's generals who, knowing they could not rule, only intended to use them as pawns. Philip III was imprisoned upon his return to Macedonia, and in 317 B.C. he was executed under orders from Olympias. Alexander IV and his mother Roxana were executed by the boy's regent, Kassander, in 311 B.C. We don't know if this coin was posthumously struck in the name of Philip II, or struck in the name of the reigning (but not actually ruling) Philip III.
SH112514. Gold stater, Le Rider pl. 57 ff., SNG ANS 172 ff., SNG Cop 529, SNG Alpha Bank -, VF, light bumps and marks, weight 8.557 g, maximum diameter 19.3 mm, die axis 0o, Pella mint, 323 - 317 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right; reverse charioteer driving biga right, kentron in right hand, reins in left hand, kantharos (control) below, ΦIΛIΠΠOY in exergue; ex BSD Coins; $3000.00 SALE PRICE $2700.00


Roman Republic, First Triumvirate, Marcus Aemilius Scaurus & Publius Plautius Hypsaeus, 58 B.C.

|99-50| |B.C.|, |Roman| |Republic,| |First| |Triumvirate,| |Marcus| |Aemilius| |Scaurus| |&| |Publius| |Plautius| |Hypsaeus,| |58| |B.C.||denarius|NEW
M. Aemilius Scaurus, in 62 B.C., as quaestor to Pompey, was sent against King Aretas but withdrew when Aretas paid 300 talents. Aemilius was curule aedile when this coin was struck. This was the first time a moneyer publicized an event from his own career on coinage. Later he was praetor and propraetor, lost a campaign for Consul, and successfully defended Cicero. In 52 B.C., he was charged with bribery and went into exile.
RR112929. Silver denarius, Crawford 422/1b, Sydenham 913, RSC I Aemilia 8, Russo RBW 1519, SRCV I 379, F, porous, oval flan, off center, weight 3.428 g, maximum diameter 18.0 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 58 B.C.; obverse Aretas, King of Nabataea, kneeling beside camel raising olive branch with fillet, M·SCAVR over AED·CVR above, EX - S C divided across field, REX ARETAS in exergue; reverse Jupiter in quadriga left, reins in right, hurling thunderbolt with left, scorpion below, P·HYPSAEVS over AED·CVR above, CAPT on right, C·HYPSAE·COS over PREIVE in exergue; $130.00 SALE PRICE $107.00 ON RESERVE


Cotiaeum, Phrygia, c. 253 - 268 A.D.

|Other| |Phrygia|, |Cotiaeum,| |Phrygia,| |c.| |253| |-| |268| |A.D.||diassarion|
The image of Demos, the personification of the People, was used on ancient coinage as early as the 5th century B.C. In Roman times, many towns under Roman domination struck pseudo-autonomous coinage depicting either the bust or head of Demos, or showed him standing with the Emperor, Boule (the city council), or the Demos of another city.
RP112281. Bronze diassarion, BMC Phrygia p. 162, 13; SNGvA 3774; SNG Mnchen 315; SNG Cop -, VF, dark green patina, earthen deposits, weight 12.431 g, maximum diameter 28.8 mm, die axis 0o, Kotiaeion (Ktahya, Turkey) mint, time of Gallienus, c. 253 - 268 A.D.; obverse ΔHMOC (Demos) KOTIAEΩN, diademed bust of the Demos to right, slight drapery over far shoulder; reverse EΠI Π AIΛ ΔHMHTPIANOV IΠΠI, AP-X across fields (under the authority of P. Aelius Demetrius, Archon, HMH ligate), Sol standing in facing spread quadriga, head left, raising right hand commanding sunrise, globe in left hand, no star and crescent below horses, KOTIAEΩN (ΩN ligate) in exergue; rare; $110.00 SALE PRICE $99.00


Probus, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.

|Probus|, |Probus,| |Summer| |276| |-| |September| |282| |A.D.||antoninianus|
Probus started as a simple soldier but advanced to general and was declared emperor after the death of Tacitus. Florian's murder left him as undisputed ruler. His leadership brought peace and prosperity but he was murdered by mutinous soldiers, enraged at being employed on public building projects.
RA111887. Billon antoninianus, RIC V-2 862, Cohen VI 655, SRCV III -, Hunter IV 303 var. (2nd officina), VF, much silvering remaining, weight 3.013 g, maximum diameter 23.8 mm, die axis 0o, 3rd officina, Serdica (Sofia, Bulgaria) mint, 277 A.D.; obverse IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG, radiate bust left in consular robe, eagle-tipped scepter in right; reverse SOLI INVICTO (to the invincible sun god), Sol in a spread quadriga facing, radiate, cloak billowing out behind, raising right hand commanding sunrise, whip in left hand, KAΔ in exergue; $100.00 SALE PRICE $90.00


Roman Republic, Pre-Denarius Coinage, 225 - 215 B.C.

|before| |211| |B.C.|, |Roman| |Republic,| |Pre-Denarius| |Coinage,| |225| |-| |215| |B.C.||quadrigatus|
Crawford describes obverse as the laureate janiform head of the Dioscuri and explains, "the Dioscuri had acquired the role of protectors of the Roman people as a result of their intervention on the Roman side at the Battle of Lake Regillus. Explaining the reverse, he states, "Jupiter was the god in whose honour a Roman triumph was held." The depiction is probably based on the statue of Jupiter in a quadriga erected on the ridge of the Capitoline Temple in 296 B.C.
SH76566. Silver quadrigatus, Crawford 28/3, Sydenham 64, RSC I 23, SRCV I 31, Choice gVF, attractive style, well struck, light rose toning, traces of mint luster, small die crack on chin, minor flan flaws and contact marks, weight 6.800 g, maximum diameter 22.5 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 225 - 215 B.C.; obverse laureate beardless head of Janus, curved neck truncation; reverse Jupiter in fast quadriga right, driven by Victory with reins in both hands, Jupiter hurling thunderbolt in his right, transverse lotus tipped scepter in his left, incuse ROMA on raised rectangular tablet below; SOLD


Syracuse, Sicily, Deinomenid Tyranny, Time of Hieron, c. 478 - 467 B.C.

|Syracuse|, |Syracuse,| |Sicily,| |Deinomenid| |Tyranny,| |Time| |of| |Hieron,| |c.| |478| |-| |467| |B.C.||tetradrachm|
From the height of Syracuse preeminence amongst the Sicilian Greeks, shortly after the great victory over the Carthaginian invaders at Himera in 480 B.C.
SH86274. Silver tetradrachm, Boehringer 338 (V166/R236); Randazzo 507 - 509 (same dies); SNG ANS -, gVF, fantastic style, toned, centered on a tight flan, small areas struck a little flat, marks, pre-strike flan casting sprues remaining (as usual for the type), weight 16.971 g, maximum diameter 29.0 mm, die axis 0o, Syracuse mint, c. 478 - 467 B.C.; obverse slow quadriga driven right by male charioteer, kentron in right hand, reins in left hand, Nike above flying right crowning horses; reverse ΣVRA-KOS-I-ON (Latin R upside down, N reversed), Artemis-Arethusa right, archaic eye, hair slightly waved in front turned up in a krobylos under a diadem of beads, wearing earring and necklace, surrounded by four dolphins swimming clockwise; ex Roma Numismatics, auction 6 (29 Sep 2013), lot 441; ex Comery Collection; SOLD


Macedonian Kingdom, Philip II of Macedonia, 359 - 336 B.C.

|Macedonian| |Kingdom|, |Macedonian| |Kingdom,| |Philip| |II| |of| |Macedonia,| |359| |-| |336| |B.C.||stater|
Philip II expanded the size and influence of the Macedonian Kingdom but is perhaps best known as the father of Alexander the Great. He personally selected the design of his coins.
SH33201. Gold stater, Le Rider pl. 82, 265, VF, weight 8.588 g, maximum diameter 18.6 mm, die axis 45o, Macedonia, Amphipolis mint, 340/336 - 328 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right; reverse ΦIΛIΠΠOY, charioteer in biga right, ΛO below horses; SOLD


Syracuse, Sicily, Tyrant Agathokles, 317 - 289 B.C.

|Syracuse|, |Syracuse,| |Sicily,| |Tyrant| |Agathokles,| |317| |-| |289| |B.C.||tetradrachm|
With an army of mercenaries, through deceit, and after banishing or murdering some 10,000 citizens, Agathocles made himself master of Syracuse and later most of Sicily. Machiavelli wrote of him, "It cannot be called prowess to kill fellow-citizens, to betray friends, to be treacherous, pitiless, and irreligious" and cited him as an example of "those who by their crimes come to be princes." According to the historian Justin, very early in life Agathocles parlayed his remarkable beauty into a career as a prostitute, first for men, and later, after puberty, for women, and then made a living by robbery before becoming a soldier and marrying a rich widow.
SH79280. Silver tetradrachm, Ierardi 40 (O7/R23), SNG ANS 639 (same dies), SNG Delepierre 701, SNG Lloyd 1479, Boston MFA 460, HGC 2 1348 (S), SNG Cop -, SNG Munchen -, gVF, superb classical style, excellent centering on a tight flan, toned, flan flaw on obverse, weight 16.954 g, maximum diameter 25.2 mm, die axis 270o, Syracuse mint, c. 317 - 310/305 B.C.; obverse head of Persephone (or Arethusa) left, crowned with grain, wearing triple-drop earrings and a pearl necklace, surrounded by three dolphins, NI below; reverse quadriga galloping left, young charioteer wearing long chiton, kentron in right hand, reins in left hand, triskeles above; ΣYPAKOΣIΩN over AI monogram in exergue; ex Helios Numismatik, auction 6 (9 March 2011), lot 345; scarce; SOLD


Octavian, Triumvir and Imperator, Augustus 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D.

|Octavian|, |Octavian,| |Triumvir| |and| |Imperator,| |Augustus| |16| |January| |27| |B.C.| |-| |19| |August| |14| |A.D.||denarius|
The reverse depicts the triumphal arch awarded to Octavian in 29 B.C. for his victory, defeating Antony and Cleopatra, at the Battle of Actium, 2 September 31 B.C. Like the later arch which commemorated his recovery of the Roman standards from the Parthians, this arch stood in close proximity to the Temple of Divus Julius at the southern entrance to the Roman Forum.
SH16777. Silver denarius, SRCV I 1558, RSC I 123, RIC I 267, Sear CRI 422, BMCRR 4348, EF, lustrous, weight 3.781 g, maximum diameter 20.9 mm, die axis 180o, Italian (Rome?) mint, obverse bare head of Octavian right; reverse IMP CAESAR on architrave of the Actian arch, depicted as a single span surmounted by a large statue of Octavian in a facing triumphal quadriga; mirror luster, slight rainbow toning, struck flat on the top edge of the reverse, banker's marks; SOLD


Athens, Attica, Greece, c. 113 - 112 B.C., New Style Tetradrachm

|Athens|, |Athens,| |Attica,| |Greece,| |c.| |113| |-| |112| |B.C.,| |New| |Style| |Tetradrachm||tetradrachm|
The "New Style" tetradrachms were issued by Athens as a semi-autonomous city under Roman rule. The new-style Owls are markedly different from the Owls of Periclean Athens or the "eye in profile" Athena head of the Fourth Century. They were struck on thinner, broad flans, typical of the Hellenistic period, with a portrait of Athena that reflected the heroic portraiture of the period. The owl now stands on an amphora, surrounded by magistrates' names and symbols, all within an olive wreath. The amphora is marked with a letter that may indicate the month of production. Letters below the amphora may indicate the source of the silver used in production.
SH62478. Silver tetradrachm, Thompson Athens 673c var. (ΔION), Choice VF, weight 16.867 g, maximum diameter 28.8 mm, die axis 0o, Athens mint, c. 113 - 112 B.C.; obverse helmeted head of Athena Parthenos right, triple-crested helmet decorated with curvilinear ornament on the shell, a griffin right above the raised earpiece, and protomes of horses above the visor; reverse A-ΘE / EYM/APEI/ΔHΣ / AΛKI/ΔAM / ΔIO, owl standing right on amphora on its side; Triptolemos on right, driving biga of serpents left; B on amphora, ΣO below, all within olive wreath; magistrates Eumareides, Alkidam-, and Dion; SOLD







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