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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Greek Coins| ▸ |Geographic - All Periods| ▸ |Anatolia| ▸ |Ionia||View Options:  |  |  |   

Ionia

Ionia lies in central Western Anatolia (Asia Minor) on the shores of the Aegean Sea. The region is rather small and mountainous unsuited for agriculture but excellent for seafaring. Greek settlement took place in the 11th to 10th Centuries B.C. despite hostilities with the native Luwians (Indo-European people related to the Hittites and Lycians). After resisting fairly well to the Cimmerian invasion, the Ionians were gradually conquered by the Lycian Kingdom, and later by the Persian Empire. Ionia was freed by Alexander but became a contested prize for the Hellenistic kings, until the last king of Pergamum bequeathed his land to Rome. Ionia offered the world countless philosophers and men of science, and a fabulous school of art.

Severus Alexander, 13 March 222 - March 235 A.D., Ephesos, Ionia

|Ephesos|, |Severus| |Alexander,| |13| |March| |222| |-| |March| |235| |A.D.,| |Ephesos,| |Ionia||AE| |36|
See this type online:
RPC Online VI
Asia Minor Coins
ANS Mantis (No photo on ANS, but photo of this specimen is available on RPC Online.)
SH87621. Bronze AE 36, Karwiese MvE 5.2 p. 164, 750b (O3/R3, only 1 spec. of this variety); RPC Online VI T4956 (5 spec.); ANS Mantis 1972.185.5, Choice EF, excellent centering, olive green patina, some legend weak, small flaw/punch on reverse, porous, weight 25.344 g, maximum diameter 36.3 mm, die axis 180o, Ephesos mint, obverse AYT K M AYP CEB AΛEΞAN∆POC, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind; reverse M-ONΩN - ΠPΩTΩN - ACIAC, on left: cult statue of Artemis standing facing, wearing ornate kalathos, flanked on each side by a stag, arms with supports; on right: Demeter enthroned left, wreathed in grain, two stalks of grain in right hand, long torch vertical in left hand; EΦECIΩN in exergue; only the second known of this variety with stags flanking Artemis, fantastic HUGE 36mm provincial bronze!; $2350.00 (€2162.00)


Gallienus, August 253 - September 268 A.D., Ephesos, Ionia

|Ephesos|, |Gallienus,| |August| |253| |-| |September| |268| |A.D.,| |Ephesos,| |Ionia||AE| |25|
Agonistic "urns" or "crowns" were awarded to winners at ancient Greek games, similar to modern trophies. They are called "crowns" because they may have been placed on the head of the victor.
RP95365. Bronze AE 25, Karwiese 1131(a1) (O13/R95); SNG Munchen 260; SNG Hunterian XII 1749; SNG Cop 519; SNGvA 7889; SNG Tub -; BMC Ionia -, gVF, well centered on a broad flan, obverse die wear and minor die breaks, weight 6.759 g, maximum diameter 26.1 mm, die axis 0o, Ephesos mint, Aug 253 - Sep 268 A.D.; obverse AYT K ΠO ΛIKI ΓAΛΛIHNOC, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse EΦECIΩN A D• NE•Ω•KOPΩN, agonistic urn (prize crown) containing palm fronds, band across the crown is marked EΦECIAI; from the Errett Bishop Collection; very rare; $180.00 (€165.60)


Erythrai, Ionia, c. 3rd Century B.C.

|Other| |Ionia|, |Erythrai,| |Ionia,| |c.| |3rd| |Century| |B.C.||AE| |17|
The ruins of Erythrai are north of the town Ildiri in the Cesme district of Izmir Province, Turkey. The city did not lie exactly on the coast, but some little distance inland, and had a harbor on the coast named Cissus. Erythrae was never a large city, but was renowned for its wine, goats, timber, and millstones, as well as its prophetic sibyls, Herophile and Athenais. The Erythraeans were for a considerable time subject to the supremacy of Athens. About 453 B.C. Erythrae, refusing to pay tribute, seceded from the Delian League. A garrison and a new government restored the union, but late in the Peloponnesian War, in 412 B.C. it revolted again with Chios and Clazomenae. Erythrai_amphitheater
GB96789. Bronze AE 17, SNG Munchen XX 339; SNG Cop 636; SNGvA 1956; SNG Tubingen IV 2868; BMC Ionia p. 129, 104; Kinns 214, gVF, a little off center, weight 2.602 g, maximum diameter 15.6 mm, die axis 0o, Ionia, Erythrai (north of Ildiri, Turkey) mint, magistrate Agasikles, c. 3rd century B.C.; obverse head of Herakles right, wearing Nemean Lion skin, scalp over head, forepaws tied at neck; reverse EPY / AΓAΣIKΛHΣ / ANTIΠA/TPOY (Erythrai, Agasikles, son of Antipatros) in four lines; ex CNG e-auction 463 (11 Mar 2020) lot 90; ex Philip Peck collection; $120.00 (€110.40)


Miletos, Ionia, c. 250 - 190 B.C.

|Miletos|, |Miletos,| |Ionia,| |c.| |250| |-| |190| |B.C.||AE| |10|
Didyma, on the coast of Ionia, was the largest and most significant sanctuary in the territory of the great classical city Miletus. It contained a temple and oracle of Apollo, the Didymaion. Next to Delphi, Didyma was the most renowned oracle of the Hellenic world, first mentioned among the Greeks in the Homeric Hymn to Apollo, but an establishment preceding literacy and even the Hellenic colonization of Ionia. The 6th century Didymaion, enclosed its smaller predecessor. Its treasury was enriched by gifts from Croesus. To approach it, visitors would follow the Sacred Way to Didyma, about 17 km long. Along the way, were ritual way stations, and statues of members of the Branchidae family, male and female, as well as animal figures. Some of these statues, dating to the 6th century B.C. are now in the British Museum, taken by Charles Newton in the 19th century. The ruins of Didyma are located at a short distance to the northwest of modern Didim in Aydin Province, Turkey.The Didymaion
GB92088. Bronze AE 10, cf. Deppert-Lippitz 600 ff.; BMC Ionia p. 194, 108 ff.; SNG Cop 993; Weber 6053; SNGvA 2031 (various magistrates), Nice VF, green patina with buff earthen highlighting, tight flan, weight 1.222 g, maximum diameter 10.2 mm, die axis 0o, Miletos (near Balat, Turkey) mint, c. 250 - 190 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo facing slightly left; reverse lion standing right, looking back at star above, magistrate's name in exergue (off flan); ex Tom Cederlind; $100.00 (€92.00)


Teos, Ionia, c. 540 - 478 B.C.

|Teos|, |Teos,| |Ionia,| |c.| |540| |-| |478| |B.C.||trihemitartemorion|
Teos was a flourishing seaport until about 540 B.C., when the Persian emperor Cyrus the Great invaded Lydia and Ionia. The town survived but most of the citizens fled to the newly founded colonies of Abdera and Phanagoria. Under the Roman Empire, the town was noted for its wine, a theater and its Temple of Dionysus. The site is now farmland.
GA95885. Silver trihemitartemorion, Balcer group LXXIV, 73 ff.; SNG Tübingen 3250; Rosen 603; SNG Cop supp. 339, VF, toned, tight flan, reverse die wear, weight 0.285 g, maximum diameter 6.4 mm, die axis 0o, Teos (near Sigacik, Turkey) mint, c. 540 - 478 B.C.; obverse griffin head right; reverse quadripartite incuse square, rough; $90.00 (€82.80)


Ephesos, c. 500 - 420 B.C.

|Ephesos|, |Ephesos,| |c.| |500| |-| |420| |B.C.||tetartemorion|NEW
Ephesos, on the west coast of Anatolia, was one of the 12 cities of the Ionian League. It was famous for its Temple of Artemis, completed around 550 B.C., one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. The usual symbols of this nature-goddess are the torch, stag, and the bee. Coins of Ephesos most frequently depict a bee on the obverse. The high-priest of the temple of Artemis was called the King Bee, while the virgin priestesses were called honey-bees (Melissae). Ephesus was one of the seven churches of Asia cited in the Book of Revelation and the Gospel of John may have been written there.
GA96762. Silver tetartemorion, Karwiese series IV, type| 5 (5 spec.); SNG Kayhan 135; BMC Ionia p. 50, 24; SNG Keckman -, VF, dark tone, tight flan (as typical for the type), weight 0.188 g, maximum diameter 6.7 mm, die axis 180o, Ephesos mint, c. 500 - 420 B.C.; obverse Bee seen from above, E-Φ flanking bee's head, front legs not visible, rear legs clearly articulated, wide-open slightly curved wings extending beyond border of dots; reverse head of eagle right, EΦ downward upper right, all within an incuse square; ex CNG e-auction 459 (8 Jan 2020), lot 227; ex Asher D. Atchick Collection; ex CNG e-auction 11 (4 Sep 2000), lot 60373; $90.00 (€82.80)


Kolophon, Ionia, c. 450 - 410 B.C.

|Colophon|, |Kolophon,| |Ionia,| |c.| |450| |-| |410| |B.C.||tetartemorion|NEW
Colophon, founded around the turn of the first millennium B.C., was one of the oldest of the twelve cities of the Ionian League. Located between Lebedos (19km to the west) and Ephesus (11 km to its south), today its ruins are south of Degirmendere Fev in Izmir Province, Turkey. Colophon was once the strongest of the Ionian cities and renowned both for its cavalry and for the inhabitants' luxurious lifestyle. After Gyges of Lydia conquered it in the 7th century B.C., Colophon went into decline and was eclipsed by neighboring Ephesus and by the rising naval power of Ionia, Miletus.
GA96768. Silver tetartemorion, Milne Kolophon 7, SNG Cop 133, SNGvA 1999, SNG Kayhan 356, Rosen 567, VF, toned, die wear, edge crack, weight 0.229 g, maximum diameter 6.3 mm, die axis 180o, Kolophon (near Degirmendere Fev, Turkey) mint, c. 450 - 410 B.C.; obverse laureate and veiled head of Apollo facing; reverse TE monogram (tetartemorion) within incuse square; $85.00 (€78.20)


Valerian I, October 253 - c. June 260 A.D., Ephesos, Ionia

|Ephesos|, |Valerian| |I,| |October| |253| |-| |c.| |June| |260| |A.D.,| |Ephesos,| |Ionia||AE| |28|
Artemis is depicted here in the same pose as The Diana of Versailles, a slightly over life-size Roman marble statue from the 1st or 2nd century A.D., copying a lost Greek bronze original attributed to Leochares, c. 325 B.C. The sculpture has a stag at her side, rather than a hound. The sculpture may have come from a sanctuary at Nemi or possibly from Hadrian's Villa in Tivoli. In 1556, it was given by Pope Paul IV to Henry II of France, a subtle allusion to the king's mistress, Diane de Poitiers. It is now in the Musée du Louvre, Paris.
RP94243. Bronze AE 28, Karwiese 1032(c); SNGvA 1922; SNG Cop -; SNG Hunter -; BMC Ionia -, aVF, green patina, earthen deposits, light corrosion, weight 7.719 g, maximum diameter 28.0 mm, die axis 180o, Ephesos mint, obverse AYT K ΠO ΛIKIN BAΛEPIANOC, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind; reverse EΦECIΩN Γ NEOKOPΩN, Artemis advancing right, bow in left hand, with right hand drawing arrow from quiver, on shoulder, hound at feet behind running right; $80.00 (€73.60)


Kolophon, Ionia, Late 6th Century B.C.

|Colophon|, |Kolophon,| |Ionia,| |Late| |6th| |Century| |B.C.||tetartemorion|NEW
Kolophon was once the strongest of the Ionian cities and renowned both for its cavalry and for the inhabitants' luxurious lifestyle until Gyges of Lydia conquered it in the 7th century B.C. Kolophon then went into decline and was eclipsed by neighboring Ephesus and by the rising naval power, Miletus.
GA96766. Silver tetartemorion, SNG Kayhan 343, SNGvA 1810 (uncertain Ionia), Rosen 386 (same), Klein 358 (same); cf. SNG Berry 1040 (hemiobol, uncertain Ionia), VF, dark tone, light earthen deposits, tight flan, weight 0.158 g, maximum diameter 5.5 mm, Kolophon (near Degirmendere Fev, Turkey) mint, late 6th century B.C.; obverse head of Apollo left; reverse irregular quadripartite incuse square; $80.00 (€73.60)


Magnesia ad Maeandrum, Ionia, c. 400 - 350 B.C.

|Magnesia| |ad| |Meandrum|, |Magnesia| |ad| |Maeandrum,| |Ionia,| |c.| |400| |-| |350| |B.C.||tetartemorion|NEW
Magnesia ad Maeandrum was an inland city of Ionia, located on a small tributary of the Maeander River about 12 miles southeast of Ephesus. "..the temple of Artemis Leukophryene, which in the size of its shrine and in the number of its votive offerings is inferior to the temple at Ephesos, but in the harmony and skill shown in the structure of the sacred enclosure is far superior to it. And in size it surpasses all the sacred enclosures in Asia except two, that at Ephesos (to Artemis) and that at Didymoi (to Apollo)" -- Strabo, Geography 14. 1. 40.
GB96769. Silver tetartemorion, SNG Kayhan 399 var. (no ethnic on rev.), BMC Ionia-, SNG Cop -, SNGvA -, SNG Tüb -, SNG Mün -, Winterthur -, Klein -, Weber -, VF, toned, a little rough, small edge split, weight 0.189 g, maximum diameter 6.2 mm, die axis 0o, Magnesia ad Maeandrum (near Tekin, Turkey) mint, c. 400 - 350 B.C.; obverse head of Apollo right, hair in curls, M-A (start of ethnic) flanking neck; reverse bull butting right, ΓNH (ending of ethnic) above, maeander pattern below exergue line; scarce; $80.00 (€73.60)




  






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