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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Greek Coins| ▸ |Geographic - All Periods| ▸ |Anatolia| ▸ |Ionia||View Options:  |  |  | 

Ionia

Ionia lies in central Western Anatolia (Asia Minor) on the shores of the Aegean Sea. The region is rather small and mountainous unsuited for agriculture but excellent for seafaring. Greek settlement took place in the 11th to 10th Centuries B.C. despite hostilities with the native Luwians (Indo-European people related to the Hittites and Lycians). After resisting fairly well to the Cimmerian invasion, the Ionians were gradually conquered by the Lycian Kingdom, and later by the Persian Empire. Ionia was freed by Alexander but became a contested prize for the Hellenistic kings, until the last king of Pergamum bequeathed his land to Rome. Ionia offered the world countless philosophers and men of science, and a fabulous school of art.

Severus Alexander, 13 March 222 - March 235 A.D., Ephesos, Ionia

|Ephesos|, |Severus| |Alexander,| |13| |March| |222| |-| |March| |235| |A.D.,| |Ephesos,| |Ionia||AE| |36|
See this type online:
RPC Online VI
Asia Minor Coins
ANS Mantis (No photo on ANS, but photo of this specimen is available on RPC Online.)
SH87621. Bronze AE 36, Karwiese MvE 5.2 p. 164, 750b (O3/R3, only 1 spec. of this variety); RPC Online VI T4956 (5 spec.); ANS Mantis 1972.185.5, Choice EF, excellent centering, olive green patina, some legend weak, small flaw/punch on reverse, porous, weight 25.344 g, maximum diameter 36.3 mm, die axis 180o, Ephesos mint, 13 Mar 222 - Mar 235 A.D.; obverse AYT K M AYP CEB AΛEΞAN∆POC, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind; reverse M-ONΩN - ΠPΩTΩN - ACIAC, on left: cult statue of Artemis standing facing, wearing ornate kalathos, flanked on each side by a stag, arms with supports; on right: Demeter enthroned left, wreathed in grain, two stalks of grain in right hand, long torch vertical in left hand; EΦECIΩN in exergue; only the second known of this variety with stags flanking Artemis, fantastic HUGE 36mm provincial bronze!; $1900.00 (1805.00)


Hadrian, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D., Ephesos, Ionia

|Ephesos|, |Hadrian,| |11| |August| |117| |-| |10| |July| |138| |A.D.,| |Ephesos,| |Ionia||medallion|
Ephesos, on the west coast of Anatolia, was one of the twelve cities of the Ionian League. It was famous for its Temple of Artemis, completed around 550 B.C., one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. The image on the reverse of this coin likely represents the Artemision. The thumbnail photograph to the right is the Temple of Hadrian at Ephesos, click it to see a larger image.Temple of Hadrian
RP99619. Bronze medallion, RPC III 2073; SNG Cop 387; SNG Mun 126; SNG Hunterian 1700; BMC Ionia p. 77, 224; McClean 8104; SNGvA -, F, flaw in temple pediment, light corrosion, weight 28.551 g, maximum diameter 35.2 mm, die axis 180o, Ephesus mint, 11 Aug 117 - 10 Jul 138 A.D.; obverse A∆PIANOC KAICAP OΛYMPIOC, laureate and cuirassed bust right, wearing aegis; reverse Cult-statue of Artemis Epeshia, with arm supports, wearing tall headdress and veil, within ornate temple with eight Ionic columns, the base of each decorated with a statue, three step base, four statues in pediment, EΦEC IΩN in exergue; huge 35mm bronze!; $550.00 (522.50)


Macedonian Kingdom, Philip III Arrhidaeus and Alexander IV, 323 - 317 B.C., In the Name of Alexander the Great

|Macedonian| |Kingdom|, |Macedonian| |Kingdom,| |Philip| |III| |Arrhidaeus| |and| |Alexander| |IV,| |323| |-| |317| |B.C.,| |In| |the| |Name| |of| |Alexander| |the| |Great||drachm|
Struck shortly after Alexander's death during the joint reign of Alexander's mentally disabled half-brother, Philip III, and Alexander's infant son with Roxana, Alexander IV. Kolophon also struck coins during this period in the name of Philip. Traditionally coins naming Alexander have been attributed to Alexander III the Great, but undoubtedly the Alexander named on this coin was the infant son of Roxana, Alexander IV. The two were made joint kings by Alexander's generals who only intended to use them as pawns. Philip III was imprisoned upon his return to Macedonia, and in 317 B.C. he was executed under orders from Olympias. Olympias was Alexander the Great's mother and Alexander IV's grandmother, but not Philip III's mother. Alexander IV and his mother Roxana were executed by the boy's regent, Kassander, in 311 B.C. The ruins of Kolophon are south of the town Degirmendere Fev in the Menderes district of Izmir Province, Turkey.
GS98704. Silver drachm, Price 1750, Mller Alexander 313, HGC 3.1 944c, SNG Cop -, aVF, bumps and scratches, tight flan, weight 4.164 g, maximum diameter 16.7 mm, die axis 0o, Ionia, Kolophon (near Degirmendere Fev, Turkey) mint, c. 323 - 319 B.C.; obverse head of Herakles right, wearing Nemean Lion skin, scalp over head, forepaws tied at neck; reverse Zeus Atophoros seated left on throne without back, nude to waist, himation around hips and legs, feet on footstool, right leg drawn back, eagle in extended right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left hand, barley grain kernel left, spear head upright right, AΛEΞAN∆POY downward on right; ex Pars Coins; $225.00 (213.75)


Geta, 209 - c. 26 December 211 A.D., Ephesos, Ionia

|Ephesos|, |Geta,| |209| |-| |c.| |26| |December| |211| |A.D.,| |Ephesos,| |Ionia||AE| |23|
At the beginning of the third century, Ephesus asked to build temples to Caracalla and Geta, brother-emperors and sworn enemies. Both agreed, but on separate temples. Caracalla allowed the honor of his to go to Ephesus' patron goddess Artemis. A new temple was to be built for Geta, but after Caracalla killed Geta any sign of worship for the dead brother was eradicated.
RP99654. Bronze AE 23, Karwiese MvE 5 p. 130, 586 (V20/R58B); SNGvA 1903; Grose McClean 8113; SNG Cop 431; SNG Leypold -; BMC Ionia -, Choice VF, centered, green patina, earthen deposits, light marks, center dimple on obv., weight 6.989 g, maximum diameter 23.0 mm, die axis 180o, Ephesos mint, 209 - 211 A.D.; obverse AYT K ΠO· ·CE ΓETAC, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse EΦECIΩN·B·NEOKOPΩN (Ephesos, 2 neokorie), Tyche standing slightly left, head left, kalathos on head, holding rudder by tiller in right hand, cornucopia in left hand; rare; $100.00 (95.00)


Kolophon, Ionia, 330 - 285 B.C.

|Colophon|, |Kolophon,| |Ionia,| |330| |-| |285| |B.C.||dichalkon|
After the death of Alexander the Great, Perdiccas expelled the Athenian settlers on Samos to Kolophon. Antigonus controlled Kolophon until general Prepelaus sized the area for Lysimachus in 302 B.C. Lysimachus destroyed Kolophon (and Lebedos) and forced the survivors to emigrate to Ephesos, c. 285 B.C. After Lysimachus' death in 281, Kolophon was reestablished, but it never fully recovered.
GB98895. Bronze dichalkon, Milne Kolophon 103 ff. var.; SNG Cop 151 var.; Milne Kolophon 105(c) var.; BMC Ionia p. 38, 23 var.; SNGvA 2011 var. (none with this magistrate), aVF, green patina, porosity/pitting, weight 2.246 g, maximum diameter 14.1 mm, die axis 0o, Kolophon (near Degirmendere Fev, Turkey) mint, 330 - 285 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right, hair in loose locks; reverse forepart of galloping bridled horse right, ∆IONYΣATH (or similar, magistrate's name) upward on left, KOΛ below; $90.00 (85.50)










REFERENCES|

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