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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Greek Coins| ▸ |Geographic - All Periods| ▸ |Anatolia| ▸ |Ionia||View Options:  |  |  | 

Ionia

Ionia lies in central Western Anatolia (Asia Minor) on the shores of the Aegean Sea. The region is rather small and mountainous unsuited for agriculture but excellent for seafaring. Greek settlement took place in the 11th to 10th Centuries B.C. despite hostilities with the native Luwians (Indo-European people related to the Hittites and Lycians). After resisting fairly well to the Cimmerian invasion, the Ionians were gradually conquered by the Lycian Kingdom, and later by the Persian Empire. Ionia was freed by Alexander but became a contested prize for the Hellenistic kings, until the last king of Pergamum bequeathed his land to Rome. Ionia offered the world countless philosophers and men of science, and a fabulous school of art.

Macedonian Kingdom, Alexander the Great, 336 - 323 B.C., Lifetime Issue

|Alexander| |the| |Great|, |Macedonian| |Kingdom,| |Alexander| |the| |Great,| |336| |-| |323| |B.C.,| |Lifetime| |Issue||drachm|NEW
Lifetime issue!
SH110498. Silver drachm, Price 2088, Mller Alexander 11, SNG Alpha Bank 627, SNG Saroglos -, aEF, lightly toned, short light scratch on reverse, weight 4.280 g, maximum diameter 16.8 mm, die axis 0o, Miletos (near Balat, Turkey) mint, struck under Philoxenos, c. 325 - 323 B.C.; obverse head of Herakles right, wearing Nemean Lion skin, scalp over head, forepaws tied at neck; reverse Zeus Atophoros seated left on backless throne, nude to the waist, himation around hips and legs, right leg forward (lifetime style), eagle in extended right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left hand, fulmen (thunderbolt) left, AΛEΞAN∆POY downward behind, ∆H monogram under throne; ex CNG e-auction 497 (4 Aug 2021), lot 121; $600.00 (606.00)


Ephesos, Ionia (or perhaps Bargylia, Caria or Amyntas, King of Galatia), c. 2nd - 1st Century B.C.

|Ephesos|, |Ephesos,| |Ionia| |(or| |perhaps| |Bargylia,| |Caria| |or| |Amyntas,| |King| |of| |Galatia),| |c.| |2nd| |-| |1st| |Century| |B.C.||trihemiobol|
The type is most often attributed to Ephesos, but the style and denomination/weight do not strongly support any link to that city. NGC tags for the type note the origin may be Bargylia, Caria. The style certainly fits Bargylia better than Ephesos. The consignor of this coin, a professional numismatist, believes it was struck under Amyntas, King of Galatia, 37 - 25 B.C. Amyntas also issued Artemis and stag types.
GS98643. Silver trihemiobol, cf. SNG Davis 270, SNG Cop -, SNG Kayhan -, SNGvA -, BMC Galatia -, aVF, toned, light marks and scratches, weight 1.337 g, maximum diameter 12.3 mm, die axis 0o, Ephesos mint, c. 2nd - 1st Century B.C.; obverse draped bust of Artemis right, quiver at shoulder; reverse forepart of stag right, head turned back left; extremely rare; $350.00 (353.50)


Valerian I, October 253 - c. June 260 A.D., Samos, Islands of Ionia

|Other| |Ionia|, |Valerian| |I,| |October| |253| |-| |c.| |June| |260| |A.D.,| |Samos,| |Islands| |of| |Ionia||AE| |27|
Samos is the birthplace of Pythagoras. A famous attraction on the island is the tunnel-aqueduct dug through a mountain to bring water to the city from a secret spring. An engineering marvel over 1000m long, it was dug from both ends by two teams working simultaneously and used for a very long period. Herodotus' wrote of it, which led to its discovery in the 19th century.
RP110323. Bronze AE 27, SNG Cop 1796, BMC Ionia p. 393, 370; SNGvA 2329 var. (AVΓ K... on obv.), VF, well centered, green patina, light earthen deposits, weight 9.261 g, maximum diameter 27.4 mm, die axis 180o, Samos mint, Oct 253 - c. Jun 260 A.D.; obverse AVP T K ΠOΛIONSΛEPIANOC AVP, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse CA-MI-ΩN (last two letters in exergue), facing standing cult statue of Samian Hera within temple with four columns and central arch; ex Naville Numismatics auction 58 (14 Jun 2020), lot 231; ex NAC auction 100 (29 May 2017), lot 1240; rare; $180.00 (181.80)


Ephesos, Ionia, 500 - 420 B.C.

|Ephesos|, |Ephesos,| |Ionia,| |500| |-| |420| |B.C.||tetartemorion|
Ephesos, on the west coast of Anatolia, was one of the 12 cities of the Ionian League. It was famous for its Temple of Artemis, completed around 550 B.C., one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. The usual symbols of this nature-goddess are the torch, stag, and the bee. Coins of Ephesos most frequently depict a bee on the obverse. The high-priest of the temple of Artemis was called the King Bee, while the virgin priestesses were called honey-bees (Melissae). Ephesus was one of the seven churches of Asia cited in the Book of Revelation and the Gospel of John may have been written there.
GA110533. Silver tetartemorion, Karwiese series IV, type 2; SNG Kayhan 132; SNG Cop 211; BMC Ionia p. 50, 24, VF, toned, obv. off center, tight flan, weight 0.146 g, maximum diameter 7.3 mm, die axis 90o, Ephesos mint, 500 - 420 B.C.; obverse Bee seen from above, E-Φ flanking bee's head, front legs not visible, rear legs clearly articulated, wide-open slightly curved wings extending beyond border of dots; reverse head of eagle right, EΦ clockwise upper right, all within an incuse square; from the Rod Sell collection; ex Noble 85 (24 July 2007), lot 3376 (part of) ; $100.00 (101.00)


Ephesos, Ionia, 500 - 420 B.C.

|Ephesos|, |Ephesos,| |Ionia,| |500| |-| |420| |B.C.||tetartemorion|
Ephesos, on the west coast of Anatolia, was one of the 12 cities of the Ionian League. It was famous for its Temple of Artemis, completed around 550 B.C., one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. The usual symbols of this nature-goddess are the torch, stag, and the bee. Coins of Ephesos most frequently depict a bee on the obverse. The high-priest of the temple of Artemis was called the King Bee, while the virgin priestesses were called honey-bees (Melissae). Ephesus was one of the seven churches of Asia cited in the Book of Revelation and the Gospel of John may have been written there.
GA110534. Silver tetartemorion, Karwiese series IV, type 2; SNG Kayhan 132; SNG Cop 211; BMC Ionia p. 50, 24, VF, light tone, porous, tight flan, weight 0.200 g, maximum diameter 6.0 mm, die axis 90o, Ephesos mint, 500 - 420 B.C.; obverse Bee seen from above, E-Φ flanking bee's head, front legs not visible, rear legs clearly articulated, wide-open slightly curved wings extending beyond border of dots; reverse head of eagle right, EΦ clockwise upper right, all within an incuse square; from the Rod Sell collection; ex Noble 85 (24 July 2007), lot 3376 (part of); $100.00 (101.00)


History of the Coinage of Ephesus

|Greek| |Coin| |Books|, |History| |of| |the| |Coinage| |of| |Ephesus|
1979 reprint of the 1880 edition.
BK23930. History of the Coinage of Ephesus by Barclay V. Head, hardcover, light age and shelf wear, 89 pages, 5 plates, international shipping at actual cost of shipping; $20.00 (20.20)










REFERENCES|

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