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Byzantine Empire, Andronicus I, September 1183 - 12 September 1185 A.D.
Marchev and Watcher suggest the scarcity of this type my be due to limited or no minting during the Norman siege of Thessalonica.BZ95147. Bronze half tetarteron, CLBC 5.4.4; DOC IV-1 8; SBCV 1989; Hendy pl. 19, 4; Morrisson BnF - (p. 731); Wroth BMC 17-18; Ratto 2172; Sommer 62.6; Grierson 1115, aVF, weak strike, ragged flan with edge splits typical of type, weight 1.781 g, maximum diameter 16.1 mm, die axis 180o, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, Sep 1183 - 12 Sep 1185 A.D.; obverse facing bust of the Virgin Orans, nimbate, wearing pallium and maphorium, the nimbate head of the infant Christ on her chest, MP - ΘV (Greek abbreviation: Mητηρ Θεου - Mother of God) across field; reverse AN∆PO, half-length figure of Andronicus facing with forked beard, wearing crown, scaramangion and sagion, labarum in left hand, globus cruciger in right hand; from the S. Lindner Collection; rare; $200.00 SALE |PRICE| $160.00
Probus, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.
Serdica struck many similar types with the reverse legends RESITVT ORBIS and RESTITVTOR ORBIS, combined with various busts, obverse legends, officina, and control marks. This coin differs from all the varieties listed in RIC. KA in the exergue, is the Greek numeral 21, a mark of value, indicating 21 parts bronze to one part silver (approximately 4.5% silver). B is the Greek numeral 2, indicating the coin was struck by the 2nd officina (mint workshop).RA93248. Billon antoninianus, RIC V-2 856 var. (...PROBVS AVG), Cohen VI 516 var. (same, bust draped), SRCV III -, Hunter IV -, Choice VF, much silvering, excellent centering, slightest porosity, weight 4.272 g, maximum diameter 23.0 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Serdica (Sofia, Bulgaria) mint, 5th emission, 280 - 281 A.D.; obverse IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right; reverse RESTITVTOR ORBIS (to the restorer of the world), Emperor standing right, holding short scepter, receiving globe from Jupiter standing left, holding long scepter, MS in center, KAB in exergue; scarce; $140.00 SALE |PRICE| $126.00
Antoninus Pius, August 138 - 7 March 161 A.D.
Antoninus Pius was born to a distinguished family. After a typical senatorial career, he made a name for himself as proconsul of Asia. He was adopted as Hadrian's heir and succeeded soon after. His reign was long and peaceful, a Golden Age of tranquility and prosperity.RB95362. Orichalcum dupondius, RIC III 953 (S); Cohen II 978; BMCRE IV p. 336, ‡; SRCV II -, Hunter IV -, aVF, attractive green patina, some bumps and scratches, light deposits, weight 13.076 g, maximum diameter 25.5 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 155 - 156 A.D.; obverse ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P IMP II, radiate head right; reverse TR POT XIX COS IIII, Providentia standing left, scepter in right hand pointing down at globe at feet, cornucopia in left hand, S - C (senatus consulto) flanking across field below center; scarce; $120.00 SALE |PRICE| $108.00
Hadrian, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D.
NEW In 122, Hadrian gave up the conquered territories in Scotland. During a personal visit to the area, Hadrian ordered construction of a 73 mile (117-kilometer) long wall to mark the northern border and keep the Caledonians, Picts and other tribes at bay. Construction of Hadrian's Wall began on 13 September.RS94585. Silver denarius, RSC II 1162c, Hunter II 86, BMCRE III 237 note, Strack II 84, RIC II-3 567, SRCV II 3528 var. (draped), F, nice portrait, radiating flow lines, toning, some porosity, weight 3.031 g, maximum diameter 19.3 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, late 121 - 123 A.D.; obverse IMP CAESAR TRAIAN HADRIANVS AVG, laureate bust right from behind; reverse P M TR P COS III, Hadrian standing slightly left, bare head left, wearing military garb, rudder on globe held by tiller in right hand, inverted spear vertical in left hand; from the Ray Nouri Collection; $120.00 SALE |PRICE| $108.00
Byzantine Empire, Manuel I Comnenus, 8 April 1143 - 24 September 1180 A.D.
Wroth identifies the Virgin side as the reverse. Both sides are incuse. Gibbons Decline & Fall says of Manuel I, "The first in the charge, the last in the retreat, his friends and his enemies alike trembled, the former for his safety, and the latter for their own."BZ95159. Bronze tetarteron, DOC IV-1 17a; Wroth BMC 71; Morrison BnF 61/Cp/AE/33; Hendy pl. 17, 11; Ratto 2153; CLBC 4.4.4; SBCV 1970; Grierson 1096; Sommer 61.15, aVF, off center, flatly struck areas, corrosion, weight 3.328 g, maximum diameter 21.48 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 1152 - 1160 A.D.; obverse bust of Virgin Mary orans, nimbate wearing pallium and maphorium, MP - ΘV flanking across field; reverse MANOVHAΛ ∆EC (or similar), half-length of emperor facing, wearing crown, divitision and jeweled chlamys, labarum in right hand, globus cruciger in left hand; from the S. Lindner Collection; $125.00 SALE |PRICE| $100.00
Caracalla, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D.
Providentia is the personification of the ability to foresee and to make provision for the future. This ability was considered essential for the emperor and providentia was among the embodiments of virtues that were part of the imperial cult. Cicero said that providentia, memoria (memory) and intellegentia (understanding) are the three main components of prudentia, the knowledge what is good or bad or neither.RB92486. Bronze as, RIC IV 519 (S); Hunter III 83; BMCRE V p. 412, 259; Cohen IV 533, SRCV II -, VF, nice style, corrosion, small edge splits, weight 9.631 g, maximum diameter 25.5 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 211 - 213 A.D.; obverse ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT, laureate head right; reverse PROVIDENTIAE DEORVM (to the foresight of the gods), Providentia standing facing, head left, baton in right hand held over globe at feet, long scepter vertical in left hand, S - C (senatus consulto) flanking low across field; from the Errett Bishop Collection; scarce; $105.00 SALE |PRICE| $95.00
Constantine II, 22 May 337 - March or April 340 A.D.
Constantine II was the son of Constantine I, the eldest with his second wife, Fausta. He was made Caesar before he was a year old. Upon his father's death, Constantine II inherited the Western empire. After quarreling with his brother, Constans, he invaded his territory, only to be killed in an ambush near Aquileia.RL89939. Billon reduced follis, RIC VII Siscia 37 (R3), SRCV IV 17110, Cohen VII 50, Hunter V -, Choice aEF, excellent centering, attractive green patina, flow lines, weight 3.201 g, maximum diameter 20.35 mm, die axis 0o, 3rd officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, as caesar, 317 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB CAES, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse CLARITAS REIPVBLICAE (the renown of the Republic), Sol standing facing, head left, radiate, nude but for chlamys over shoulders and left arm, raising right hand commanding sunrise, globe in left hand, ΓSIS in exergue; scarce; $100.00 SALE |PRICE| $90.00
Gallienus, August 253 - September 268 A.D.
Dated legends are very scarce in this period!RA94162. Billon antoninianus, Göbl MIR 1342h, Cunetio 1752, RSC IV 824, RIC V-1 S455 var. (nothing in ex.), SRCV III 10320 var. (same), Hunter IV - (p. xlvi), F, traces of silvering, tight flan, small edge splits, centers weak, light deposits, weight 2.955 g, maximum diameter 20.1 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Mediolanum (Milan, Italy) mint, 259 A.D.; obverse IMP GALLIENVS P F AVG (or similar), radiate head right; reverse P M TR P VII COS, Emperor seated left on curule chair, veiled, globe in extended right hand, transverse scepter in left hand, MS in exergue; rare; $90.00 SALE |PRICE| $81.00
Faustina Sr., Augusta 25 February 138 - Early 141, Wife of Antoninus Pius
Providentia is the personification of the ability to foresee and to make provision for the future. This ability was considered essential for the emperor and providentia was among the embodiments of virtues that were part of the imperial cult. Cicero said that providentia, memoria (memory) and intellegentia (understanding) are the three main components of prudentia, the knowledge what is good or bad or neither.RS94556. Silver denarius, RIC III AP351, RSC II 32, BMCRE IV AP375, SRCV II 4578, Hunter II 23, F, nice portrait for the grade, flow lines, porosity, small encrustations, light marks, edge cracks, weight 3.370 g, maximum diameter 17.9 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, posthumous, 147 - 161 A.D.; obverse DIVA FAVSTINA, draped bust right, hair elaborately waived and banded with pearls, drawn up at the back and piled in a round coil at top; reverse AETERNITAS, Providentia standing slightly left, head left, globe in extended right hand, veil blown out behind head in left hand; from the Ray Nouri Collection; $90.00 SALE |PRICE| $81.00
Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.
In 316, Constantine I sent his half-brother Julius Constantius to Licinius at Sirmium (Pannonia), with a proposal to make Bassianus caesar with power over Italy. Licinius refused, elevated Valerius Valens to augustus, mobilized an army against Constantine, and executed Bassianus. Constantine I defeated Licinius and Valerius Valens at the Battle of Mardia (near Harmanli, Bulgaria).RL92324. Billon follis, RIC VII Trier 105, SRCV IV 16063, Cohen VII 525, Hunter V -, Choice EF, well centered, traces of silvering, some letters not fully struck, edge cracks, weight 3.196 g, maximum diameter 19.8 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, 316 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust right, from the front; reverse SOLI INVICTO COMITI (to the unconquered Sun, minister [of the Emperor]), Sol standing slightly left, radiate, nude but for chlamys over shoulders and left arm, raising right hand commanding the sun to rise, globe in left hand turned outward, T - F divided across fields, ATR in exergue; $85.00 SALE |PRICE| $76.50