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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Medieval & Modern Coins ▸ HungaryView Options:  |  |  | 

Coins of Hungary

The Kingdom of Hungary emerged in 1000 when the Principality of Hungary, founded in 896, was recognized as a Kingdom. The form of government was changed from Monarchy to Republic briefly in 1918 and again in 1946, ending the Kingdom and creating the Republic of Hungary. The Kingdom of Hungary consisted of present-day Hungary, Transylvania (in present-day Romania), Slovakia, Carpatho Ruthenia (in present-day Ukraine), Vojvodina (in present-day Serbia), Burgenland (in present-day Austria), Slavonia, Dalmatia (present day Croatia), and other smaller territories surrounding present-day Hungary's borders. Attila was regarded as an ancestral ruler of the Hungarians, however, this claim is rejected by most scholars today. The first kings of the Kingdom were from the Árpád dynasty and the first Christian King was Stephen I of Hungary who was canonized as a Catholic saint.


Hungary, Maximilian II, 1564 - 1576

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Maximilian II was made King of Bohemia and the Romans (Germany) in 1562. The following year he was made King of Hungary and Croatia, and in 1564, he became Holy Roman Emperor. Maximilian was a religious moderate who, though Catholic himself, was close with a number of Protestant princes.

Maximilian II died 12 October 1576, but specimens of this type were struck in his name in 1577 and 1578.
WO89015. Silver denar, Huszár 993 (R2), VF, light toning, die wear, small edge splt, weight 0.405 g, maximum diameter 16.8 mm, die axis 180o, Kremnitz mint, 1577; obverse MAX • II • RO • I • S • AV • GE • HV • BO • R, four-part shield with Hungarian arms: Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion, 1577 above; reverse PATRONA • (rosette) • VNGARIE, Madonna seated facing, crowned, infant Jesus in her right arm, K - B (privy mark) divided across field; scarce; $28.00 SALE PRICE $25.20
 


Transylvania, Austro-Hungarian Empire, Empress Maria Theresa, 1740 - 1780

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SH53630. Gold ducat, Friedberg 543, KM 610, aEF, weight 3.465 g, maximum diameter 21.8 mm, die axis 0o, Karlsburg mint, 1764; obverse M • THERESIA• D : G • RO• I• GE• HU• BO• R• E•, draped bust right; reverse TRAN• CO• TV• 1764• AR• AU• DUX• BU• ME• P, crowned arms on breast of crown double-headed eagle; SOLD


Holy Roman Empire, Frederick II, 1215 - 1250

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Cheb (German: Eger), is a city in the Karlovy Vary Region of the Czech Republic, with about 33,000 inhabitants. It is situated on the river Ohře (also called Eger in German), at the foot of one of the spurs of the Smrčiny and near the border with Germany. Prior to 1945, which saw the expulsion of the German speaking population, the town was the center of the German-speaking region known as Egerland, and was part of the Northern Austro-Bavarian dialect area.
SH59140. Silver pfennig, Haskova 43, Buchenau 3239, Bonhoff 2034, VF, weight 0.687 g, maximum diameter 18.8 mm, die axis 270o, Cheb mint, obverse crowned bust facing, lis topped scepter in each hand, annulets in fields; reverse two confronted crowned lions, heads turned facing, facing eagle with open wings and head right below; ex Numismatik Lanz auction 136 (2007), lot 6; rare; SOLD







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REFERENCES

Buchenau, H. "Die Münzen der Propstei Wildeshausen" in ZfN 15 (1887), p. 262-280.
Friedberg, A. & I. Friedberg. Gold Coins of the World, From Ancient Times to the Present, 8th ed. (Clifton, NJ, 2009).
Frynas, J. Medieval Coins of Bohemia, Hungary and Poland. (London, 2015).
Haskova, J. Chebské mince z 12. a 13. století. (Cheb, 1972).
Huszár, L. Münzcatalog Ungarn. (Munich, 1979).
Unger, E. Magyar éremhatározó. (Budapest, 1997).

Catalog current as of Sunday, May 26, 2019.
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Hungarian Coins