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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Themes & Provenance| ▸ |Gods, Olympians| ▸ |Aphrodite or Venus||View Options:  |  |  |   

Aphrodite or Venus

Goddess of love, beauty and sexuality. Daughter of Zeus and Dione or, in other traditions, of Uranus. Symbols include the dove.

Gordian III, 29 July 238 - 25 February 244 A.D., Antiocheia, Pisidia

|Pisidia|, |Gordian| |III,| |29| |July| |238| |-| |25| |February| |244| |A.D.,| |Antiocheia,| |Pisidia|, |AE| |32|
Gordian III was the grandson of Gordian I and nephew of Gordian II. Made Caesar before the murders of Balbinus and Pupienus, he succeeded them. Little is known of his reign. He attacked Persia, gaining Mesopotamia. He died shortly after, through illness or plot of his Praetorian prefect and successor, Philip I.
RP92552. Bronze AE 32, Krzyzanowska I/2; SNG Cop 72; SNGvA 8577; SNG Righetti 1346; BMC Lycia p. 189, 78; McClean 8959; Lindgren III 683; SNG BnF - (all same dies), F, toned copper surfaces, high points flatly struck, die damage on obverse at 2:00, central depressions, weight 25.090 g, maximum diameter 32.1 mm, die axis 210o, Antioch in Pisidia (Yalvac, Turkey) mint, 238 - 244 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES M ANT GORDIANVS AVG, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind; reverse ANTIOCHIA COLONIA CAESARIA, Aphrodite(?) seated right on throne, left hand on prow of galley, palm frond in right hand, Eros running left at foot, S R (Senatus Romanus) in exergue; from the Errett Bishop Collection, large 25 gram, 32 mm bronze; rare; $200.00 SALE |PRICE| $180.00


The Sileraioi, Sicily, c. 357 - 330 B.C.

|Other| |Sicily|, |The| |Sileraioi,| |Sicily,| |c.| |357| |-| |330| |B.C.|,
Sileraioi was not a city. The Sileraians were Campanian mercenaries who took their name from their proximity to the river Silaros. These rare coins have been found at the site of their settlement, Cozzo Mususino, a natural strong-hold in north central Sicily. The coins are often overstruck on coins from Syracuse minted c. 375 - 345 B.C.
SH68704. Bronze Calciati p. 301, 2; HGC 2 1243 (R1); SNG Cop -; SNG ANS -; SNG Munchen -; SNG Morcom -, VF/F, reverse rough, weight 7.521 g, maximum diameter 20.6 mm, die axis 90o, Sileraian mint, c. 340 - 330 B.C.; obverse ΣI−ΛEPAIΩ−N (retrograde counterclockwise from 3:00), man-faced bull forepart charging right; reverse SIL (retrograde, upward behind), warrior advancing right, spear in right hand, shield in left; rare; $150.00 SALE |PRICE| $135.00


Kings of Bosporos, Cotys III, 227 - 233 A.D.

|Kingdom| |of| |Bosphoros|, |Kings| |of| |Bosporos,| |Cotys| |III,| |227| |-| |233| |A.D.|, |2| |denarii|
The Bosporan Kingdom (or Kingdom of the Cimmerian Bosporus) was in eastern Crimea and the Taman Peninsula on the shores of the Cimmerian Bosporus, the present-day Strait of Kerch (it was not named after the Bosphorus beside Istanbul). The mixed population adopted Greek language and civilization. The prosperity of the kingdom was based on the export of wheat, fish and slaves. The kingdom's golden age was 2nd and 1st centuries B.C. At the end of the 2nd century A.D., King Sauromates II inflicted a critical defeat on the Scythians and expanded his state to include the entire Crimea. It was the longest surviving Roman client kingdom, lasting until it was overrun by the Huns c. 375 A.D.
GB92205. Bronze 2 denarii, MacDonald 582, Anokhin 664, SNG Stancomb 1012, SNG BM -, aVF, weight 7.325 g, maximum diameter 22.2 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd issue, late reign, 227 - 233 A.D.; obverse BACIΛEWC KOTYOC, diademed, draped bust of Cotys III right (on left) vis-a-vis bust of Aphrodite Apatura left, wearing veil and turreted stephane; reverse Aphrodite seated left on throne, wearing crown, phiale in left hand, apple in right hand, B (mark of value) lower left, star right; ex Mnzhandlung Ritter; $120.00 SALE |PRICE| $108.00


Lucilla, Augusta c. 164 - 182 A.D., Wife of Lucius Verus

|Lucilla|, |Lucilla,| |Augusta| |c.| |164| |-| |182| |A.D.,| |Wife| |of| |Lucius| |Verus|, |denarius|
Venus (Aphrodite) can be faulted for the Trojan War. Upset that she was not invited to a wedding, she went anyway and maliciously left a golden apple inscribed "For the fairest" on the banquet table. The goddesses, as Aphrodite expected, argued who was the rightful possessor of this prize. It was determined the most handsome mortal in the world, a noble Trojan youth named Paris, would decide. Each of the three finalists offered Paris a bribe. Hera promised he would rule the world. Athena said she would make him victorious in battle. Aphrodite guaranteed the love of the most beautiful woman in the world. This was Helen, who was married to the king of Sparta. Paris awarded the golden apple to Aphrodite. Aphrodite enabled Paris to elope with Helen, Helen of Troy. Helen's husband raised a Greek army to retrieve his wife, starting the Trojan War.
RS92464. Silver denarius, RIC III 784, BMCRE IV 322, RSC II 70, SRCV II 5491, Cohen 70, VF, toned, flow lines, mild die wear, slightly off center on a broad flan, edge cracks, weight 2.860 g, maximum diameter 19.6 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 164 - 166 A.D.; obverse LVCILLA AVG ANTONINI AVG F, draped bust right, hair waived and knotted in chignon low at back; reverse VENVS, Venus standing left, apple in right, long scepter in left; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $95.00 SALE |PRICE| $85.50


Faustina Junior, Augusta 146 - Winter 175/176 A.D., Wife of Marcus Aurelius

|Faustina| |Jr.|, |Faustina| |Junior,| |Augusta| |146| |-| |Winter| |175/176| |A.D.,| |Wife| |of| |Marcus| |Aurelius|, |denarius|
Venus in her aspect as the divine ancestress of the Roman people was known as Venus Genetrix. According to legend, and as recorded in Virgil's Aeneid, Aeneis was the son of Venus who fled Troy after its destruction and founded the city of Rome. Julius Caesar, being of the Gens Julia, claimed direct descent from Venus Genetrix and Aeneas. Julius Caesar built a Temple of Venus Genetrix in his new forum. Most depictions of Venus Genetrix on Roman coinage are of the statue in the Forum, and do not directly refer to pregnancy or fertility.
RS94552. Silver denarius, RIC III MA734, RSC II 280, BMCRE IV MA172 var. (note), SRCV II -, Hunter II -, aVF/F, well centered, flow lines, porosity, tiny edge cracks/splits, weight 3.283 g, maximum diameter 18.3 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, struck under Marcus Aurelius, 161 - 176 A.D.; obverse FAVSTINA AVGVSTA, draped bust right with head bare, hair waved and coiled on back of head; reverse VENVS GENETRIX (Mother Venus), Venus standing slightly left, head left, Victory in right hand, resting left hand on shield set on helmet; from the Ray Nouri Collection; $80.00 SALE |PRICE| $72.00


Faustina Junior, Augusta 146 - Winter 175/176 A.D., Wife of Marcus Aurelius

|Faustina| |Jr.|, |Faustina| |Junior,| |Augusta| |146| |-| |Winter| |175/176| |A.D.,| |Wife| |of| |Marcus| |Aurelius|, |denarius|
It was Sulla who in a dream first saw Venus as Venus Victrix (victorious Venus), with the weapons of Mars. He made her to his personal patroness. Pompey was inaugurating the cult of Venus Victrix in Rome. In the night before the battle of Pharsalus 48 B.C. Pompey was dreaming of Venus Victrix - seemingly a lucky sign -, whereas Caesar was sacrificing to Venus Genetrix, but issued as watchword 'Venus Victrix', and defeated Pompey!
RS94553. Silver denarius, RIC III AP495(a), RSC II 15, BMCRE IV AP1099, SRCV II 4700, Hunter II 21, F, light marks, porous, tight flan, weight 3.576 g, maximum diameter 17.2 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, struck under Antoninus Pius, c. 154 - 156 A.D.; obverse FAVSTINA AVGVSTA, draped bust right; reverse AVGVSTA PII FIL (daughter of the pius emperor), Venus standing left, Victory in right hand, resting left hand on shield set on helmet; from the Ray Nouri Collection; $80.00 SALE |PRICE| $72.00


Faustina Junior, Augusta 146 - Winter 175/176 A.D., Wife of Marcus Aurelius

|Faustina| |Jr.|, |Faustina| |Junior,| |Augusta| |146| |-| |Winter| |175/176| |A.D.,| |Wife| |of| |Marcus| |Aurelius|, |denarius|
It was Sulla who in a dream first saw Venus as Venus Victrix (victorious Venus), with the weapons of Mars. He made her to his personal patroness. Pompey was inaugurating the cult of Venus Victrix in Rome. In the night before the battle of Pharsalus 48 B.C. Pompey was dreaming of Venus Victrix - seemingly a lucky sign -, whereas Caesar was sacrificing to Venus Genetrix, but issued as watchword 'Venus Victrix', and defeated Pompey!
RS94558. Silver denarius, RIC III AP495(a), RSC II 15, BMCRE IV AP1099, SRCV II 4700, Hunter II 21, F, tight flan, marks, porosity, weight 3.107 g, maximum diameter 16.6 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, struck under Antoninus Pius, c. 154 - 156 A.D.; obverse FAVSTINA AVGVSTA, draped bust right; reverse AVGVSTA PII FIL (daughter of the pius emperor), Venus standing left, Victory in right hand, resting left hand on shield set on helmet; from the Ray Nouri Collection; $75.00 SALE |PRICE| $67.00


Paphos, Cyprus, Timocharis or Nicolcles, c. 350 - 320 B.C.

|Cyprus|, |Paphos,| |Cyprus,| |Timocharis| |or| |Nicolcles,| |c.| |350| |-| |320| |B.C.|, |AE| |14|
Destrooper-Georgiades speculates, that the type of the rose may mark a change of reign in the royal house of Paphos or a monetary reform. She also notes, they are often corroded and their study presents many difficulties of classification and dating because, like most bronzes struck in Cyprus at that time they are anepigraphic or bear only one syllabic character whose meaning is not always obvious and because none was found in a dated stratigraphic layer, not even the 12 or so found in the systematic excavations of Kourion and of Paphos.
GB88980. Bronze AE 14, cf. Zapiti-Michaelidou 22; Destrooper-Georgiades Nouvelles 13; Tzambazis 92; BMC Cyprus p. 45; 49, gF, crowded flan, corrosion, weight 2.193 g, maximum diameter 13.6 mm, die axis 180o, Paphos mint, c. 350 - 320 B.C.; obverse head of Aphrodite left, wearing ornamented stephanos; reverse rose, tendril left; very rare; $70.00 SALE |PRICE| $63.00


Sabina, Augusta 128 - c. 136 A.D., Wife of Hadrian

|Sabina|, |Sabina,| |Augusta| |128| |-| |c.| |136| |A.D.,| |Wife| |of| |Hadrian|, |sestertius|
Venus (Aphrodite) can be faulted for the Trojan War. Upset that she was not invited to a wedding, she went anyway and maliciously left a golden apple inscribed "For the fairest" on the banquet table. The goddesses, as Aphrodite expected, argued who was the rightful possessor of this prize. It was determined the most handsome mortal in the world, a noble Trojan youth named Paris, would decide. Each of the three finalists offered Paris a bribe. Hera promised he would rule the world. Athena said she would make him victorious in battle. Aphrodite guaranteed the love of the most beautiful woman in the world. This was Helen, who was married to the king of Sparta. Paris awarded the golden apple to Aphrodite. Aphrodite enabled Paris to elope with Helen, Helen of Troy. Helen's husband raised a Greek army to retrieve his wife, starting the Trojan War.
RB92432. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC II-3 2596 (S), BMCRE Hadrian III 1883, Hunter II 34, Strack II 810, SRCV II 3941, Cohen II 74, F, a little rough from corrosion, uneven strike and slightly off center with half of each legend weak/off flan, weight 21.370 g, maximum diameter 31.5 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, c. 137 - early 138 B.C.; obverse SABINA AVGVSTA HADRAINI AVG P P, draped bust right, hair in long plait falling down back of neck and roll above stephane in front; reverse VENERI GENETRICI (to Mother Venus), Venus standing facing, head right, raising cloak from shoulder with her right hand, apple in left hand, S C (senatus consulto) across field slightly below center; from the Errett Bishop Collection; scarce; $70.00 SALE |PRICE| $63.00


Ptolemaic Kingdom of Egypt, Ptolemy I Soter, 305 - 282 B.C.

|Macedonian| |Kingdom|, |Ptolemaic| |Kingdom| |of| |Egypt,| |Ptolemy| |I| |Soter,| |305| |-| |282| |B.C.|, |hemiobol|
In Coins of the Ptolemaic Empire, C. Lorber writes, "This series combines a type of local significance -- Aphrodite, patroness of Cyprus -- with Ptolemy's personal badge, the eagle on thunderbolt, and names Ptolemy as issuing authority." Of the likely mint, Lorber writes, "The pattern of finds for this issue is consistent with an origin at Palai Paphos, home to the great sanctuary of Aphrodite Cypria."
GP85879. Bronze hemiobol, Lorber CPE B120; Svoronos 81 (2 spec.); BMC Ptolemies p. 7, 60; SNG Milan 28; SNG Cop 643; Weiser 3; Noeske -; Malter -, F, tight flan, rough corrosion, weight 3.046 g, maximum diameter 17.1 mm, die axis 0o, Cyprus, Palai Paphos(?) mint, 294 - 282 B.C.; obverse head of Aphrodite Paphia right, wearing plain taenia; reverse eagle standing left on thunderbolt, wings open, head left, ΠTOΛE (upward on left); rare; $60.00 SALE |PRICE| $54.00




  



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