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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Greek Coins ▸ Geographic - All Periods ▸ Thrace & Moesia ▸ TomisView Options:  |  |  | 

Tomis, Moesia Inferior

Tomis (Constanta, Romania today) was a Greek colony founded on the Black Sea shore around 600 B.C. for trade with the local Getic populations. In 29 B.C. the Romans captured the region, which they called Limes Scythicus, from the Odryses. The Roman poet Ovid was banished by Augustus to Tomis in 8 A.D. and died there eight years later. By his account, Tomis was "a town located in a war-stricken cultural wasteland on the remotest margins of the empire." The city was later in the Province of Moesia, and, from the time of Diocletian, it was the metropolis of Scythia Minor. During Maurice's Balkan campaigns, in the winter of 597/598, Tomis was besieged by the Avars. Tomis was within the Bulgarian Empire for over 500 years, later in the independent principality of Dobrotitsa/Dobrotici, in Wallachia under Mircea I of Wallachia, and under Ottoman rule from around 1419. Tomis was renamed "Kwnstantia" ("Constantia") in honor of Constantia, the half-sister of Constantine the Great sometime before 950.


Antoninus Pius, August 138 - 7 March 161 A.D., Tomis, Moesia Inferior

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This is the only example of this type known to Forum. A similar larger, Antoninus Pius Tyche-Fortuna type from Tomis is published but has a bare-head and a longer reverse legend.
RP63000. Bronze assarion, apparently unpublished, Varbanov I -, AMNG I/II -, SNG BM -, SNG Stancomb -, SNG Cop -, BMC Thrace -, Moushmov -, SGICV -, aVF, over-cleaned or perhaps a river find, slightly off-center on a tight flan cutting off parts of legends, weight 3.686 g, maximum diameter 18.7 mm, die axis 180o, Tomis (Constanta, Romania) mint, Aug 138 - 7 Mar 161 A.D.; obverse AVT KAI ADRI ANTWNINOC, laureate head right; reverse TOMHΩN MHTPOΠ, Tyche-Fortuna standing slightly left, head left, rudder held by tiller in right hand, cornucopia in left hand; possibly unique; SOLD


Caligula, 16 March 37 - 24 January 41 A.D., Tomis, Moesia Inferior

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Although Varbanov does not list this coin as rare, RPC lists only two specimens and Coin Archives lists only one sale of the type in the last two decades.

Tomis (Constanta, Romania today) was founded by Greek colonists around 600 B.C. on the Black Sea shore for trade with the local Getic population. The Roman poet Ovid was banished by Augustus to Tomis in 8 A.D. and died there eight years later. By his account, Tomis was "a town located in a war-stricken cultural wasteland on the remotest margins of the empire."
RP85844. Bronze AE 20, RPC I 1825 (2 specimens), AMNG I/II 2577, Varbanov I 4631 (R7), Moushmov 1789, SGICV 382; BMC Thrace -, SNG Cop -, SNG München -, aF, very porous, edge crack, weight 3.757 g, maximum diameter 19.5 mm, die axis 0o, Tomis (Constanta, Romania) mint, 16 Mar 37 - 24 Jan 41 A.D.; obverse ΓAIOC KAICAP (counterclockwise from upper left), laureate head right; reverse Dioscuri on horseback right, TOMITΩN HΓHTO in two lines below; ex Moneta Numismatic Services; very rare; SOLD


Gordian III and Tranquillina, 29 July 238 - 25 February 244 A.D., Tomis, Moesia Inferior

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In 241, Tranquillina's father was appointed the head of the Praetorian Guard. In May that year, Gordian married Tranquillina and she received the honorific title of Augusta. Her marriage to Gordian was an admission by the young emperor of both the political indispensability of Timesitheus and Tranquillina's suitability as an empress. Tranquillina survived her husband. She had no sons with him but they may have had a daughter, born after Gordian's death.
RP84850. Bronze tetrassarion, AMNG I/2 3511, Varbanov I 5730 var. (bust), BMC Macedonia p. 63, 60 var. (obv. leg.); SNG Stancomb 901 var. (∆/C), SNG Cop -, SNG Mün -, gVF/VF, centered on a tight flan, rough areas on reverse, weight 12.052 g, maximum diameter 27.0 mm, die axis 0o, Tomis (Constanta, Romania) mint, 241 - 244 A.D.; obverse AVT K M ANTΩNIOC ΓOP-∆IANOC, confronted busts of Gordian on left, laureate, draped, and cuirassed, from behind and Tranquillina on right, draped and wearing stephane, CABINIA TPA/NKVΛΛINA in two lines below busts; reverse MHTPO ΠONTOV TOMEΩC, Zeus seated left, patera in right hand, long scepter in left hand, ∆ right; ex Colosseum Coin Exchange; rare; SOLD







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REFERENCES

Burnett, A., M. Amandry, et al. Roman Provincial Coinage. (1992 - ).
Corpus Nummorum Thracorum - http://www.corpus-nummorum.eu/
de Callataÿ, F. L'histoire des guerres Mithridatiques vue par les monnaies. (Louvain-La-Neuve, 1997).
Mionnet, T. E. Description de Médailles antiques grecques et romaines. (Paris, 1807-1837).
Moushmov, N. Ancient Coins of the Balkan Peninsula. (1912).
Pick, B. and K. Regling. Die antiken Münzen von Dacien und Möesien, Die antiken Münzen Nord-Griechenlands Vol. I/II. (Berlin, 1910).
Poole, R.S. ed. A Catalog of the Greek Coins in the British Museum, Thrace, etc. (London, 1877).
Sear, D. Greek Imperial Coins and Their Values. (London, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Vol. 2: Macedonia and Thrace. (West Milford, NJ, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland, München Staatlische Münzsammlung, Part 7: Taurische Chersonesos, Sarmatien, Dacia, Moesia superior, Moesia inferior. (Berlin, 1985).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain IX, British Museum, Part 1: The Black Sea. (London, 1993).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain XI, The William Stancomb Collection of Coins of the Black Sea Region. (Oxford, 2000).
Varbanov, Ivan. Greek Imperial Coins And Their Values, (English Edition), Volume I: Dacia, Moesia Superior & Moesia Inferior. (Bourgas, Bulgaria, 2005).

Catalog current as of Wednesday, September 19, 2018.
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Tomis