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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Judean & Biblical Coins ▸ Greek DominationView Options:  |  |  | 

Greek Domination of Judaea and Palestine

From Alexander the Great's conquest until Roman domination, the city states and small nations of the region, including Judaea, were at various times either ruled or dominated by the great Seleukid or Ptolemaic Kingdoms.Judea 160 to 143 BCE


Seleukid Kingdom, Antiochus IV Epiphanes, 175 - 164 B.C., Apamea

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Antiochus IV seized the Temple in Jerusalem and dedicated it to Zeus. Hanukkah commemorates the rededication of the Temple in 165 B.C. after Judah Maccabee defeated the Seleukid army. There was only enough oil to fuel the eternal flame for one day. Miraculously, it burned for eight days, enough time to prepare fresh oil.
GI87394. Bronze AE 15, Houghton-Lorber 1428; SNG Spaer 1050; cf. Babelon 670; Newell CSE II 336; BMC Seleucid p. 41, 81 (various controls in ex.), gF, dark patina, flan adjustment marks (scratches), porosity, highlighting earthen deposits, weight 3.479 g, maximum diameter 14.8 mm, die axis 0o, Syria, Apamea (Qalaat al-Madiq, Syria) mint, 168 - 164 B.C.; obverse diademed head of Antiochos IV right; reverse AΠAMEΩN/TΩN on right and ΠPO−Σ TΩI/AΞIΩIon left, Zeus standing half left, head left, himation over left shoulder and around hips and legs, Nike in extended right hand, long scepter vertical in left hand, control symbol in exergue (off flan); rare; $90.00 (Ä76.50)


Seleukid Kingdom, Antiochus IV Epiphanes, 175 - 164 B.C., Quasi-Municipal Antioch Issue

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In 168 B.C., Antiochus IV ordered the Jews to worship Greek gods. The Temple in Jerusalem was seized and dedicated to Zeus. After three years of fighting, Judah Maccabee defeated the Seleukid army. Hanukkah celebrates the rededication of the Temple and the eight-day miracle of the menorah in 165 B.C.
GY87397. Bronze AE 22, Houghton-Lorber II 1416(2)a; BMC Seleucid p. 40, 65 corr.; Newell CSE 129; SNG Spaer 1010; HGC 9 656 (R1), aVF, dark green patina, porosity, central dimples, weight 7.759 g, maximum diameter 22.3 mm, die axis 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, summer 168 - 164 B.C.; obverse radiate and diademed head of Antiochos IV right, one diadem flying up behind, the other falling forward over shoulder; reverse ANTIOXOY/TΩN / ΠPOΣ ∆AΦNHI, Zeus standing slightly right, head left, raising wreath in extended right, resting left hand on side, ΩΠA monogram left and AB monogram right, nothing in exergue (undated); rare; $80.00 (Ä68.00)


Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy II Philadelphos, 285 - 246 B.C., Joppa, Judaea

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Between 320 and 318 B.C., Ptolemy I, then Satrap of Egypt, took advantage of the dissent among his rivals and secured the area of Palestine.


Click here to read about Joppa on Bob Baird's Ancient Routes
SH09008. Silver tetradrachm, SNG Cop 461, Svoronos 799-800, VF, weight 14.02 g, maximum diameter 25.9 mm, die axis 0o, Judaea, Joppa mint, obverse diademed head of Ptolemy I right, wearing aegis; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY ΣΩTHPOΣ, eagle standing left on thunderbolt, IOΠ monogram left, LA monogram and Θ right, A between eagle's legs; artistic, high-relief portrait, partially uncleaned; SOLD







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Catalog current as of Thursday, September 20, 2018.
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Greek Domination of Judaea and Palestine