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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Judean & Biblical Coins ▸ Greek DominationView Options:  |  |  | 

Greek Domination of Judaea and Palestine

From Alexander the Great's conquest until Roman domination, the city states and small nations of the region, including Judaea, were at various times either ruled or dominated by the great Seleukid or Ptolemaic Kingdoms.Judea 160 to 143 BCE


Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy II Philadelphos, 285 - 246 B.C., Gaza, Philistia

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Gaza was one of five Philistine cities along the southern coast that successfully resisted Israelite conquest until c. 150 B.C. Alexander Jannaeus destroyed the city after a revolt c. 96 B.C. It was rebuilt as a Roman city by Gabinius. It is the setting for Philip's conversion of an Ethiopian eunuch (Acts 8:26). "Thus says the Lord: For three transgressions of Gaza and for four I will not revoke the punishment .. I will turn my hand against Ekron and the remnant of the Philistines shall perish says the Lord God.."(Amos 1:6-8)
GS88402. Silver tetradrachm, Lorber CPE 883; Svoronos 1045 (3 spec.); BMC Ptolemies p. 49, 28; SNG Cop -; Weiser -; Noeske -; Malter -, VF, bumps and scratches, edge flaw, die break near date, weight 13.999 g, maximum diameter 27.1 mm, die axis 0o, Gaza mint, 246 - 245 B.C.; obverse diademed head of Ptolemy I right wearing aegis; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY ΣΩTHPOΣ (Ptolemy Savior), eagle standing left on thunderbolt, head left, wings closed, ΓA over AN monogram left, B (year 2) over Z right; scarce; $350.00 (Ä297.50)


Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy IV Philopator, 221 - 204 B.C.

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Ptolemy IV's surname Philopator means father lover, ironic since according to some authorities he poisoned his father. Ptolemy IV is a major protagonist of the apocryphal 3 Maccabees, which describes events following the Battle of Raphia, in both Jerusalem and Alexandria. He was a cruel and evil monarch.
GP88102. Bronze obol, Lorber CPE B456, Svoronos 1153 (4 spec.), BMC Ptolemies -; Weiser -; SNG Cop -, Noeske -, SNG Milan -, Malter -, aVF, scratches, weak reverse strike, dark patina with highlighting earthen deposits, slightly beveled obverse edge, central cavities, weight 10.556 g, maximum diameter 24.6 mm, die axis 0o, Phoenicia, Tyre mint, obverse diademed head of Zeus-Ammon right; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ (King Ptolemy), eagle standing left on thunderbolt, head left, wings closed, club left, ΣE monogram between legs; scarce; $100.00 (Ä85.00)


Seleukid Kingdom, Antiochus IV Epiphanes, 175 - 164 B.C.

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Antiochus IV took the name "Epiphanes," meaning "Select of God." His subjects made a pun on his name, calling him "Epimanes" or "madman." In 168 B.C., Antiochus IV ordered the Jews to worship Greek gods. The Temple in Jerusalem was seized and dedicated to Zeus. The Jews revolted and after three years of fighting, Judah Maccabee defeated the Seleukid army. Hanukkah, the Festival of Lights, commemorates the rededication of the Temple in 165 B.C. According to the Talmud, there was only enough consecrated olive oil to fuel the eternal flame in the Temple for one day. Miraculously, the oil burned for eight days, enough time to prepare and consecrate fresh oil.
GY87385. Bronze AE 21, Houghton-Lorber 1425(1), Babelon 647, HGC 9 657 (R2), BMC Seleucid 84 var., SNG Spaer 1046 var., Houghton CSE 405 var. (all var. monograms), aVF, well centered, brown tone, corrosion, weight 8.039 g, maximum diameter 20.9 mm, die axis 135o, quasi-municipal, Seleukia Pieria mint, c. 169 - 168 B.C.; obverse diademed and radiate head of Antiochos IV right; reverse vertical winged thunderbolt, ΣEΛEYKEΩN/TΩN in two lines downward on right, EM ΠIEPIAI downward on left, monogram over quiver (controls) outer left, monogram (control) outer right, all in oak wreath; rare; $95.00 (Ä80.75)


Seleukid Kingdom, Antiochus IV Epiphanes, 175 - 164 B.C., Apamea

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Antiochus IV took the name "Epiphanes," meaning "Select of God." His subjects made a pun on his name, calling him "Epimanes" or "madman." In 168 B.C., Antiochus IV ordered the Jews to worship Greek gods. The Temple in Jerusalem was seized and dedicated to Zeus. The Jews revolted and after three years of fighting, Judah Maccabee defeated the Seleukid army. Hanukkah, the Festival of Lights, commemorates the rededication of the Temple in 165 B.C. According to the Talmud, there was only enough consecrated olive oil to fuel the eternal flame in the Temple for one day. Miraculously, the oil burned for eight days, enough time to prepare and consecrate fresh oil.
GI87394. Bronze AE 15, Houghton-Lorber 1428; SNG Spaer 1050; cf. Babelon 670; Newell CSE II 336; HGC 9 691 (R2); BMC Seleucid p. 41, 81 (various controls in ex.), gF, dark patina, flan adjustment marks (scratches), porosity, highlighting earthen deposits, weight 3.479 g, maximum diameter 14.8 mm, die axis 0o, Syria, Apamea (Qalaat al-Madiq, Syria) mint, 168 - 164 B.C.; obverse diademed head of Antiochos IV right; reverse AΠAMEΩN/TΩN on right and ΠPO−Σ TΩI/AΞIΩIon left, Zeus standing half left, head left, himation over left shoulder and around hips and legs, Nike in extended right hand, long scepter vertical in left hand, control symbol in exergue (off flan); rare; $80.00 (Ä68.00)







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Catalog current as of Tuesday, February 19, 2019.
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Greek Domination of Judaea and Palestine