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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Themes & Provenance| ▸ |Types| ▸ |Happy Days||View Options:  |  |  | 

FELicium TEMPorum REPARATIO

The reverse legend FEL TEMP REPARATIO was used on coins from the time of Constans and Constantius II to that of Gratian (337 to 375). Although the intended reading of this legend is not completely certain, it most likely reads, FELicium TEMPorum REPARATIO, meaning "re-establishment of the happy times." We prefer to loosely translate it to the more current and lyrical expression, "Happy Days are Here Again!" From the coins below, it seems the Romans had a very different concept of what made for happy times.

Constantius Gallus, Caesar, Mid-March 351 - Winter 354 A.D.

|Constantius| |Gallus|, |Constantius| |Gallus,| |Caesar,| |Mid-March| |351| |-| |Winter| |354| |A.D.||maiorina|
This reverse control symbol variety with a star upper center is unpublished for Constantius Gallus in the primary references. The usual, common, type with a dot, not a star, is published for Constantius II (RIC VIII Constantinople 112) and Constantius Gallus (RIC VIII Constantinople 113). This star control symbol is published only on a scarce variant struck for Constantius II (RIC VIII Constantinople 114).
RL97860. Billon maiorina, RIC VIII Constantinople 113 var. (star vice dot), LRBC I 2034 var. (same), SRCV V 18985 var. (same), Cohen VIII 8 var. (same), Hunter V -, F, dark green patina, porous, a little rough, scratches, scrape, small edge splits, star control clear in hand, weight 4.712 g, maximum diameter 22.1 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 15 Mar 351 - winter 354 A.D.; obverse D N FL CL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, bare-headed, draped, and cuirassed bust right, seen from the front, ∆ behind; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times restored), soldier standing left spearing fallen horseman, shield on the ground, horseman wears a pointed cap and falls on the horses neck, B upper left, * upper center, CONSB in exergue; extremely rare, unpublished in the many references examined by FORVM, there is a similar specimen from the 7th officina on wildwinds.com; $140.00 SALE PRICE $126.00
 


Fel. Temp. Reparatio

|Roman| |Coin| |Books|, |Fel.| |Temp.| |Reparatio|
An article originally published in Numismatic Chronicle,1933, pp. 182-201, and plates xvii and xviii. Mattingly discusses his ideas about the various coins of the FEL TEMP REPARATIO series of the late 340s and early 350s.
BL43189. "Fel. Temp. Reparatio" by Harold Mattingly, Numismatic Chronicle reprint series, Attic Books 1977 reprint, paperback booklet, 5.5" x 8.5", 23 pages with 2 plates; $3.00 SALE PRICE $2.70
 


Constantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.

|Constantius| |II|, |Constantius| |II,| |22| |May| |337| |-| |3| |November| |361| |A.D.||centenionalis|
In 354, Constantius II recalled his legate (and cousin) Constantius Gallus to Constantinople after receiving unfavorable reports about him. Caesar of the East, Gallus had successfully suppressed revolts in Palestine and central Anatolia. Constantius stripped him of his rank and later had him executed in Pola (in modern Croatia).
RL71438. Billon centenionalis, RIC VIII Antioch 135, near Mint State, weight 5.073 g, maximum diameter 22.4 mm, die axis 135o, 11th officina, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 350 - 355 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times restored), soldier standing left, shield on left arm, spear in right hand, spearing horseman who falls forward on the neck of his horse, shield on ground right, Γ upper left, ANAI in exergue; SOLD


Constantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.

|Constantius| |II|, |Constantius| |II,| |22| |May| |337| |-| |3| |November| |361| |A.D.||heavy| |maiorina|
The usurper Magnentius set up the mint at Ambianum, his reputed birthplace. Constantius shut down the mint following this issue.

John Casey was employed at Durham between 1972 and 2000, retiring as Reader in Archaeology. He was a well-known Romanist and numismatist who undertook excavations at the Roman forts of Brecon Gaer (nr Aberyscir) and Segontium (Gwynedd), the Roman town of Venta Silurum (Caerwent), the Roman temple at Lydney (Gloucestershire) and the Greta Bridge vicus in County Durham. He was the author of numerous articles on Roman coinage and hoards, including the finds from Piercebridge. His books included Coins and the Archaeologist (1974, 2nd ed. 1988), The End of Roman Britain (1979), Roman Coinage in Britain (1980), and Understanding Ancient Coins (1986).
RL98409. Bronze heavy maiorina, RIC VIII Amiens 48, Hunter V 1, LRBC II 25, SRCV V 18090, Cohen VII 46, VF, well centered, flow lines, dark brown patina, some legend weak, edge ragged with splits, weight 5.098 g, maximum diameter 22.4 mm, die axis 180o, Ambianum (Amiens, France) mint, 18 August - end 353 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right, A behind; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times restored), helmeted soldier standing left spearing fallen horseman, shield on left arm, another shield on the ground, horseman is bare-headed, turns to face soldier, and extends left arm, AMB in exergue; RIC VIII lists this type as common but this is the first specimen of the type handled by FORVM; ex John Casey Collection; scarce mint; SOLD


Constans I, 9 September 337 - 19 January 350 A.D.

|Constans|, |Constans| |I,| |9| |September| |337| |-| |19| |January| |350| |A.D.||quarter| |maiorina|
The Roman poet Ovid tells the story of the Phoenix: 'Most beings spring from other individuals; but there is a certain kind which reproduces itself. The Assyrians call it the Phoenix. It does not live on fruit or flowers, but on frankincense and odoriferous gums. When it has lived five hundred years, it builds itself a nest in the branches of an oak, or on the top of a palm tree. In this it collects cinnamon and spikenard, and myrrh, and of these materials builds a pile on which it deposits itself, and dying, breathes out its last breath amidst odors. From the body of the parent bird, a young Phoenix issues forth, destined to live as long a life as its predecessor. When this has grown up and gained sufficient strength, it lifts its nest from the tree (its own cradle and its parent's sepulcher), and carries it to the city of Heliopolis in Egypt, and deposits it in the temple of the Sun.'
RL89594. Billon quarter maiorina, RIC VIII Antioch 131 (S, unlisted officina), LRBC II 2619, SRCV V 18667, Cohen VII 21, Hunter V -, VF, green patina, earthen deposits, tiny edge cracks, weight 2.166 g, maximum diameter 17.2 mm, die axis 90o, 6th officina, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 348 - 350 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTA-NS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times restored), radiate Phoenix standing right on globe, star right, ANS in exergue; ex Ancient Imports (Marc Breitsprecher), ex Alex G. Malloy (Mar 1993); very scarce; SOLD







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