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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Themes & Provenance| ▸ |Types| ▸ |Happy Days||View Options:  |  |  | 

FELicium TEMPorum REPARATIO

The reverse legend FEL TEMP REPARATIO was used on coins from the time of Constans and Constantius II to that of Gratian (337 to 375). Although the intended reading of this legend is not completely certain, it most likely reads, FELicium TEMPorum REPARATIO, meaning "re-establishment of the happy times." We prefer to loosely translate it to the more current and lyrical expression, "Happy Days are Here Again!" From the coins below, it seems the Romans had a very different concept of what made for happy times.

Constantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.

|Constantius| |II|, |Constantius| |II,| |22| |May| |337| |-| |3| |November| |361| |A.D.||light| |maiorina|
The reverse legend can be translated, "Happy Times Restored" but we prefer to loosely translate it to the more current and lyrical expression, "Happy Days are Here Again!"
RL99001. Billon light maiorina, Hunter V 125 (also 8th officina), RIC VIII Antioch 132, LRBC 2625, SRCV V 18171, Cohen VII 46, VF, green patina, centered on a tight flan, light earthen deposits, porous, weight 4.549 g, maximum diameter 21.4 mm, die axis 180o, 8th officina, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 348 - 350 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times restored), Soldier standing left in military attire, shield on left arm, spearing diademed and bearded fallen horseman turned to face him and raising arm, Γ (control) in upper left field, ANH in exergue; $80.00 (76.00)


Constantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.

|Constantius| |II|, |Constantius| |II,| |22| |May| |337| |-| |3| |November| |361| |A.D.||heavy| |maiorina|
On 15 March 351, Constantius II elevated his 25-year-old cousin Constantius Gallus to Caesar at Sirmium in Pannonia. He arranged a marriage with his sister Constantina and put Constantius Gallus in charge of the Eastern Roman Empire. Constantius II marched West with a large army (60,000 men) to fight against Magnus Magnentius. When he defeated the usurper Magnentius he ruled all the empire. Constantius died on his way to fight Julian II, who then became emperor.
RL99000. Billon heavy maiorina, Hunter V 103 (also 6th officina), RIC VIII Cyzicus 92, LRBC II 2486, SRCV V 18166, Cohen VII 46, VF, dark green patina, tiny edge splits, weight 4.379 g, maximum diameter 24.3 mm, die axis 135o, 6th officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 351 - 354 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times restored), helmeted soldier standing left, spearing fallen bearded horseman laying over horse's neck, head turned back, raising hand toward soldier, oval shield on the ground at feet, Γ (control) upper left, SMKS (Sacra Moneta Kyzikos Sextus - sacred money of the Cyzicus mint, sixth officina) in exergue; $70.00 (66.50)


Constantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.

|Constantius| |II|, |Constantius| |II,| |22| |May| |337| |-| |3| |November| |361| |A.D.||heavy| |maiorina|
In 352, The Alamanni and the Franks defeated the Roman army and took control of 40 towns between the Moselle and the Rhine. The return of happy times, advertised by the reverse legend, was more a hope than reality.
RL99046. Billon heavy maiorina, RIC VIII Heraclea 82, LRBC II 1893, SRCV V 18144, Cohen VII 46, Hunter V 69 var. (2nd officina), gVF, very light scratches, edge splits/cracks, weight 5.118 g, maximum diameter 23.1 mm, die axis 0o, 4th officina, Heraclea (Marmara Ereglisi, Turkey) mint, 15 Mar 351 - 6 Nov 355 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times restored), helmeted soldier advancing left, shield on left arm, spearing fallen horseman, shield on the ground at feet, horseman is diademed, turns to face soldier, and extends left arm, Γ left, SMH∆ in exergue; $70.00 (66.50)


Constans, 9 September 337 - 19 January 350 A.D.

|Constans|, |Constans,| |9| |September| |337| |-| |19| |January| |350| |A.D.||light| |maiorina|
Nicomedia was the Roman metropolis of Bithynia. Diocletian made it the capital of the Eastern Roman Empire in 286 when he introduced the Tetrarchy system. Nicomedia remained the eastern (and most senior) capital of the Empire until co-emperor Licinius was defeated by Constantine the Great at the Battle of Chrysopolis in 324. Constantine resided mainly in Nicomedia as his interim capital for the next six years, until in 330 when he declared nearby Byzantium (renamed Constantinople) the new capital. Constantine died in his royal villa near Nicomedia in 337. Due to its position at the convergence of the Asiatic roads leading to the new capital, Nicomedia retained its importance even after the foundation of Constantinople.
RL98898. Billon light maiorina, RIC VIII Nicomedia 72 (S), LRBC II 2293, Cohen VII 18, SRCV V 18698 var. (no star), Hunter V 58 var. (same), VF, well centered, weight 4.684 g, maximum diameter 20.3 mm, die axis 150o, 2nd officina, Nicomedia (Izmit, Turkey) mint, 348 - 351 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust left, globe in right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times restored), Constans right leading barbarian from hut under tree, star above, SMNB in exergue; scarce; $60.00 (57.00)


Constantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.

|Constantius| |II|, |Constantius| |II,| |22| |May| |337| |-| |3| |November| |361| |A.D.||heavy| |maiorina|NEW
On 7 May 351, after Constantius Gallus arrived at Antioch, a Jewish revolt broke out in Palestine. In 352, Gallus sent his general (magister equitum) Ursicinus to put down the revolt. The rebels destroyed Diopolis and Tiberias. Diocesarea was razed to the ground. Ursicinus gave the order to kill thousands of Jews, even children. After the revolt, a permanent garrison was stationed in Galilee.
BB99586. Billon heavy maiorina, cf. RIC VIII Nicomedia 92, LRBC II 2306, SRCV V 18162, Cohen VII 46, F, green patina, tight flan, weight 4.181 g, maximum diameter 21.5 mm, die axis 180o, Nicomedia(?) mint, 15 Mar 351 - 6 Nov 355 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right, ∆ behind; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times restored), soldier advancing left, spearing fallen horseman, shield at feet, S upper left, [SMN...?] in exergue; Ed Strivelli Collection, ex FORVM (2019); $24.00 (22.80)


Constantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.

|Constantius| |II|, |Constantius| |II,| |22| |May| |337| |-| |3| |November| |361| |A.D.||AE| |18|NEW
In spite of edicts issued by Constantius banning sacrifices and closing temples, he was not fanatically anti-pagan - he never made any attempt to disband the various Roman priestly colleges or the Vestal Virgins, he never acted against the various pagan schools, and, at times, he actually made some effort to protect paganism. He remained pontifex maximus and was deified by the Roman Senate after his death. His relative moderation toward paganism is reflected by the fact that it was over twenty years after his death, during the reign of Gratian, before any pagan senator protested his treatment of their religion.
BB99587. Bronze AE 18, F/aF, green patina, scratches, weight 2.465 g, maximum diameter 17.8 mm, die axis 180o, uncertain mint, 28 Sep 351 - 6 Nov 355 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times restored), soldier advancing left, spearing fallen horseman wearing a pointed cap, shield at feet, obscure mintmark in exergue; Ed Strivelli Collection, ex FORVM (2019); $18.00 (17.10)


Fel. Temp. Reparatio

|Roman| |Coin| |Books|, |Fel.| |Temp.| |Reparatio|
An article originally published in Numismatic Chronicle,1933, pp. 182-201, and plates xvii and xviii. Mattingly discusses his ideas about the various coins of the FEL TEMP REPARATIO series of the late 340s and early 350s.
BL43189. "Fel. Temp. Reparatio" by Harold Mattingly, Numismatic Chronicle reprint series, Attic Books 1977 reprint, paperback booklet, 5.5" x 8.5", 23 pages with 2 plates; $3.00 (2.85)


Faustina Junior, Augusta 146 - Winter 175/176 A.D., Wife of Marcus Aurelius

|Faustina| |Jr.|, |Faustina| |Junior,| |Augusta| |146| |-| |Winter| |175/176| |A.D.,| |Wife| |of| |Marcus| |Aurelius||denarius|
"Saeculi Felicitas" means happy times, referring to the empire's new heirs. The two infants are the twin sons of Marcus Aurelius and Faustina Junior, Commodus and Antoninus, born 31 August 161, at Lanuvium, near Rome. Antoninus died at age four. Commodus succeeded Marcus Aurelius as emperor.
RS67697. Silver denarius, RIC III MA712; RSC II 191; BMCRE IV MA139; Hunter II p. 352, 16; SRCV II 5260, VF, weight 3.603 g, maximum diameter 18.6 mm, die axis 225o, Rome mint, struck under Marcus Aurelius, 161 A.D.; obverse FAVSTINA AVGVSTA, diademed and draped bust right; reverse SAECVLI FELICIT (era of good fortune), two infant boys seated facing on a draped throne; SOLD







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