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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Greek Coins| ▸ |Geographic - All Periods| ▸ |Anatolia| ▸ |Lydia| ▸ |Sardes||View Options:  |  |  | 

Ancient Coins of Sardes, Lydia

Sardis was the capital of the ancient kingdom of Lydia, one of the important cities of the Persian Empire, the seat of a proconsul under the Roman Empire, and the metropolis of the province Lydia in later Roman and Byzantine times. Its importance was due first to its military strength, secondly to its situation on an important highway leading from the interior to the Aegean coast, and thirdly to its commanding the wide and fertile plain of the Hermus. As one of the Seven churches of Asia, it was addressed by John, the author of the Book of Revelation in the Holy Bible, in terms which seem to imply that its population was notoriously soft and fainthearted. Remains including the bath-gymnasium complex, synagogue, and Byzantine shops are open to visitors year-round.

Caracalla, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D., Sardes, Lydia

|Sardes|, |Caracalla,| |28| |January| |198| |-| |8| |April| |217| |A.D.,| |Sardes,| |Lydia
||AE| |27|
In Greek and Roman Provincial Coins Lydia (GRPC Lydia), Dane Kurth attributes this type to Elagabalus. The only specimen known to her at the time of publication was quite worn. We believe this fierce, cruel looking portrait better resembles Caracalla and other portraits from Sardis identified as Caracalla.
RP110459. Bronze AE 27, GRPC Lydia IV p. 76, 585 corr. (Elagabalus, 1 spec., refs. only Winterthur); Winterthur 3940; RPC Online -, Choice VF, centered on a broad flan, dark green patina, marks, porosity, weight 8.453 g, maximum diameter 26.6 mm, die axis 180o, Sardes (Sart, Turkey) mint, 28 Jan 198 - 8 Apr 217 A.D.; obverse AYT KAI M AYP ANTΩNEINO C, radiate head right; reverse CAP∆IANΩN B NEΩKORΩN, Nike advancing left, wreath in extended right hand, palm frond upright in left hand; perhaps only the second known, zero sales of this type listed on Coin Archives in the last two decades; extremely rare; $160.00 SALE PRICE $144.00


Persian Empire, Lydia, Anatolia, Artaxerxes I - Darius II, c. 455 - 420 B.C.

|Persian| |Lydia|, |Persian| |Empire,| |Lydia,| |Anatolia,| |Artaxerxes| |I| |-| |Darius| |II,| |c.| |455| |-| |420| |B.C.||siglos|
This type was minted in Lydia, Anatolia, while under Persian control, prior to Alexander the Great's conquest. The Persian or Achaemenid Empire (c. 550 - 330 B.C.) was the largest empire in ancient history extending across Asia, Africa and Europe, including Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan, parts of Central Asia, Asia Minor, Thrace and Macedonia, much of the Black Sea coastal regions, Iraq, northern Saudi Arabia, Jordan, Palestine and Israel, Lebanon, Syria, and much of ancient Egypt as far west as Libya.Persian Empire
GA110357. Silver siglos, Carradice Type IV (early) A; SNG Kayhan 1037 (also irregular flan); Carradice Price p. 71 and pl. 19, 146 ff.; Rosen 678; SGCV II 4683, F, bankers marks, punch, spots of corrosion, encrustations, weight 5.378 g, maximum diameter 16.5 mm, Sardes (Sart, Turkey) mint, c. 455 - 420 B.C.; obverse Kneeling-running figure of the Great King right, bearded, crowned, dagger in right hand, bow in left hand, shapeless body completely lacking a waist; reverse irregular oblong punch; $120.00 SALE PRICE $108.00


Persian Empire, Lydia, Anatolia, Darius II - Artaxerxes II, c. 420 - 375 B.C.

|Persian| |Lydia|, |Persian| |Empire,| |Lydia,| |Anatolia,| |Darius| |II| |-| |Artaxerxes| |II,| |c.| |420| |-| |375| |B.C.||siglos|
This type was minted in Lydia, Anatolia, while under Persian control, prior to Alexander the Great's conquest. The Persian or Achaemenid Empire (c. 550 - 330 B.C.) was the largest empire in ancient history extending across Asia, Africa and Europe, including Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan, parts of Central Asia, Asia Minor, Thrace and Macedonia, much of the Black Sea coastal regions, Iraq, northern Saudi Arabia, Jordan, Palestine and Israel, Lebanon, Syria, and much of ancient Egypt as far west as Libya.Persian Empire
GA110356. Silver siglos, Carradice Type| IV (middle) B; Carradice Price p. 73 and pl. 19, 223; BMC Arabia p. 171, 172 ff., pl. XXVII, 7 ff.; Rosen 678; SGCV II 4683, F, bankers marks, uneven toning, weight 5.452 g, maximum diameter 14.8 mm, Sardes (Sart, Turkey) mint, c. 420 - 375 B.C.; obverse Kneeling-running figure of the Great King right, bearded, crowned, dagger in right hand, bow in left hand; reverse irregular oblong punch; $100.00 SALE PRICE $90.00


Seleukid Kingdom, Antiochus II Theos, 261 - 246 B.C.

|Seleucid| |Kingdom|, |Seleukid| |Kingdom,| |Antiochus| |II| |Theos,| |261| |-| |246| |B.C.||AE| |19|
Before Alexander's conquest, Ecbatana was a summer residence for the Persian kings. Later it was a capital of the Parthian Empire.
GB110472. Bronze AE 19, Houghton-Lorber I 522(2); Newell WSM 1391; BMC Seleucid p. 15, 15; HGC 9 253, gVF, green patina, highlighting earthen deposits, attractive style, scratches, weight 3.733 g, maximum diameter 19.3 mm, die axis 0o, Lydia, Sardes (Sart, Turkey) mint, 261 - 246 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right, with curly hair failing down neck; reverse tripod lebes, BAΣIΛEΩΣ downward on right, ANTIOXOY downward on left, anchor flukes right below, Σ low outer left, ∆I low outer right; $100.00 SALE PRICE $90.00


Sardes, Lydia, c 98 - 117 A.D.

|Sardes|, |Sardes,| |Lydia,| |c| || |98| |-| |117| |A.D.||AE| |17|
CTP in the reverse legend identifies the magistrate, Lo. Io. Libonianos, as a strategos. Strategos, plural strategoi, is Greek meaning "general." In the Hellenistic, Roman, and Byzantine Empires the term was also used to describe a military governor. In the modern Greek army, it is the highest officer rank.
RP99970. Bronze AE 17, RPC Online III 2393 (18 spec.); SNG Cop 508; SNG Leypold 1201; SNG Tatis 757; Imhoof-Blumer LS p. 139, 13; BMC Lydia p. 246, 75; Winterthur 3917, VF, near centered, dark green patina, light scratches, light earthen deposits, weight 2.786 g, maximum diameter 16.9 mm, die axis 0o, Sardes (Sart, Turkey) mint, time of Trajan, c. 98 - 117 A.D; obverse CAP∆IA-NΩN, draped youthful bust of Dionysus right, wearing ivy wreath; reverse CTP ΛO IO ΛI-BΩNIANOY, filleted thyrsus, bee to right; $85.00 SALE PRICE $76.50


Sardes, Lydia, c. 212 - 217 A.D.

|Sardes|, |Sardes,| |Lydia,| |c.| |212| |-| |217| |A.D.||AE| |17|
The Zeus who was worshiped at Laodicea was a Hellenized form of the old native god, Mn. Mn had been the king and father of his people. When Greeks settled in the area they continued to worship the god whose power was supreme in the district, but they identified him with their own god Zeus. Thus at Sardis and elsewhere in the region the native god became Zeus Lydios.
RP110060. Bronze AE 17, SNG Munchen 499; BMC Lydia p. 248, 86; Johnston Sardis 262; Lindgren-Kovacs A809A; SNG Cop -; SNGvA -, aVF, centered, porous, central dimple on reverse, weight 2.265 g, maximum diameter 16.5 mm, die axis 195o, Sardes (Sart, Turkey) mint, time of Caracalla, c. 212 - 217 A.D.; obverse ZEYC - ΛY∆IOC, diademed and draped bust of Zeus Lydios right; reverse CAP∆IANΩN, Herakles standing facing, head left, nude, resting right hand on grounded club, Nemean lion-skin on left arm; $60.00 SALE PRICE $54.00


Sardis, Lydia, c. 133 - 40 B.C.

|Sardes|, |Sardis,| |Lydia,| |c.| |133| |-| |40| |B.C.||AE| |17|
Sardis was the capital of the Kingdom of Lydia, an important city of the Persian Empire, a Roman proconsul seat, and in later Roman and Byzantine times the metropolis of the province Lydia. In the Book of Revelation, Sardis, one of the Seven Churches of Asia, is admonished to be watchful and to strengthen since their works haven't been perfect before God. (Revelation 3:1-6).
GB110087. Bronze AE 17, GRPC Lydia 4 pl. 275, 63 (this coin); SNG Cop -, BMC Lydia -, F, nice green patina, off center on a broad flan, reverse die wear, weight 3.202 g, maximum diameter 16.5 mm, Sardes (Sart, Turkey) mint, c. 133 - 40 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right, hair rolled; reverse ΣAP∆I-ANΩN divided in two lines by club, all within oak-wreath closed at the bottom with AMY monogram; $60.00 SALE PRICE $54.00







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REFERENCES

Babelon, E. La collection Waddington au cabinet des mdailles. (Paris, 1897-1898).
Bloesch, H. Griechische Mnzen In Winterthur. (Winterthur, 1987).
Burnett, A., M. Amandry, et al. Roman Provincial Coinage. (1992 - ).
Feuardent, R. & A. Holzhausen. Catalogue de la Collection des Mdailles Grecques de M. le Chevalier Lopold Walcher de Molthein. (Paris, 1895).
Forrer, L. Descriptive Catalogue of the Collection of Greek Coins formed by Sir Hermann Weber, Vol. III, Part 1. (London, 1926).
Franke, P. & M. Noell. Die Homonoia-Mnzen Kleinasiens und der thrakischen Randgebiete. (Saarbrcken, 1997).
Gokyildirim, T. Istanbul Arkeoloji Muzeleri Lydia Sikkeleri Katalogu. (Istanbul, 2016).
Head, B. Catalogue of Greek Coins in the British Museum, Lydia. (London, 1901).
Imhoof-Blumer, F. Kleinasiatische Mnzen. (Vienna, 1901 - 1902).
Imhoof-Blumer, F. Lydische Stadtmnzen, neue Untersuchungen. (Geneva and Leipzig, 1897).
Johnston, A. "The Greek Coins" in T. Buttrey, et al. eds., Greek, Roman, and Islamic Coins from Sardis. (Cambridge, 1981).
Kleiner, F. & S. Noe. The Early Cistophoric Coinage. ANSNS 14. (1977).
Kurth, D. Greek and Roman Provincial Coins - Lydia, Vol. I: The Early Electrum, Gold and Silver Coinage of Lydia. (Istanbul, 2020).
Kurth, D. Greek and Roman Provincial Coins - Lydia, Vol. IV: The Bronze Coinage of Lydia, Sardes (Sardis) - Tripolis. (Istanbul, 2020).
Lindgren, H. Ancient Greek Bronze Coins. (Quarryville, 1993).
Lindgren, H & F. Kovacs. Ancient Bronze Coinage of Asia Minor and the Levant. (San Mateo, 1985).
Mionnet, T. Description de Mdailles antiques grecques et romaines, Vol. 4. Lydia - Armenia. (Paris, 1809).
Price, M. & B. Trell. Coins and Their Cities: Architecture on the Ancient Coins of Greece, Rome, and Palestine. (London, 1977).
Roman Provincial Coinage Online - http://rpc.ashmus.ox.ac.uk/
Sear, D. Greek Coins and Their Values, Vol. 2, Asia and Africa. (London, 1979).
Sear, D. Greek Imperial Coins and Their Values. (London, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Vol. 5: Ionia, Caria, and Lydia. (West Milford, NJ, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland, Mnchen Staatlische Mnzsammlung, Part 23: Lydien. (Berlin, 1997).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland, Mnzsammlung Universitt Tbingen, Part 5: Karien und Lydien. (Berlin, 1994).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland, Sammlung Hans Von Aulock, Vol. 2: Caria, Lydia, Phrygia, Lycia, Pamphylia. (Berlin, 1962).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, France, Bibliothque National, Collection Jean et Marie Delepierre. (Paris, 1983).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain VI, Corpus Christi College Cambridge, The Lewis Collection II: The Greek Imperial Coins. (Oxford, 1992).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain XII, The Hunterian Museum, University of Glasgow, Part 2: Roman Provincial Coins: Cyprus-Egypt. (Oxford, 2008).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, sterreich, Sammlung Leypold, Kleinasiatische Mnzen der Kaiserzeit. Vol. I. Pontus - Lydien. (Vienna, 2000).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Schweiz II. Mnzen der Antike. Katalog der Sammlung Jean-Pierre Righetti im Bernischen Historischen Museum. (1993).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Turkey 1: The Muharrem Kayhan Collection. (Istanbul, 2002).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Turkey 5: Tire Museum (Izmir), Vol. 1: Roman Provincial Coins From Ionia, Lydia, Phrygia, etc. (Istanbul, 2011).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Turkey 7: Odemis Museum, Vol. 1: Roman Provincial Coins of Ionia, Lydia and etc. (Istanbul, 2012).

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