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Roman Republic, Marcus Junius Brutus, Late Summer - Autumn 42 B.C.
Brutus is best known for his leading role in the assassination of Julius Caesar. Struck by the legate Peanius Costa at a mobile military mint in either Western Anatolia or Northern Greece.SL113451. Silver denarius, Crawford 506/2, Sydenham 1296, RSC I Brutus 4, BMCRR East 59, Sear CRI 209, RBW Collection 1778, SRCV I 1436, NGC VF, strike 4/5, surface 4/5 (2411112-004), weight 3.61 g, maximum diameter 20.6 mm, die axis 0o, mobile military mint, legate Peanius Costa, late summer - autumn 42 B.C.; obverse COSTA LEG, laureate head of Apollo right; reverse BRVTVS IMP, trophy of captured arms, composed of helmet, cuirass, shield, and two spears; from a Virginia collector, ex Metropolitan Rare Coin Galleries (Stony Brook, NY, 8 Dec 2010, $1950); NGC| Lookup; very scarce; $1950.00 SALE PRICE $1755.00
Cappadocian Kingdom, Ariarathes VII, c. 138 - 129 B.C.; In the Name of the Seleukid King, Antiochus VII, 138 - 129 B.C.
Oliver Hoover, in Coins of the Seleucid Empire from the Collection of Arthur Houghton, attributes this type to the Cappadocian Kingdom, c. 130 - 80 B.C. The symbols were used on Cappadocian royal coinage, the coins are found in Cappadocian hoards and a tetradrachm naming the Cappadocian King Ariarathes VII Philometor (116 - 99 B.C.) bears the obverse portrait of Antiochus VII. He notes they may have been struck to pay foreign (Syrian?) mercenaries who preferred the types of Antiochus VII.SL113679. Silver tetradrachm, Houghton-Lorber II 2144.4, SNG Spaer 1862, Newell SMA 288, HGC 9 1068, NGC Ch XF, strike 4/5, surface 5/5 (3598726-018), weight 16.69 g, maximum diameter 28.5 mm, die axis 0o, obverse diademed head of the Seleukid King Antiochos VII right, fillet border; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ ANTIOXOY EYEPΓETOY, Athena standing left, Nike in right, spear and shield in left, ligate ΔI / A left, small Δ inner right, Nike extends wreath into laurel wreath border; ex Stacks Bower auction (22-25 Aug 2023), lot 53174; NGC| Lookup; $630.00 SALE PRICE $567.00
Seleukid Kingdom, Philip I Philadelphos, c. 94 - 83 or 75 B.C.
Philip I Philadelphus was the fourth son of Antiochus VIII Grypus. He took the diadem in 94 B.C. together with his twin brother Antiochus XI Epiphanes, after the eldest son Seleucus VI Epiphanes was killed by their cousin Antiochus X Eusebes. The next year Antiochus X killed Antiochus XI. Antiochus X was probably killed in 88 B.C. Philip's younger brother Demetrius III turned on Philip I and took the capital, but the Philip I prevailed and took Antioch. Their youngest brother Antiochus XII took Damascus. Philip I tried to take Damascus, after which he disappears from the historical record, which does not tell us how or when he died. His death is traditionally dated 83 B.C. but Numismatic evidence and clues in ancient literature indicate that Philip I might have died in 75 B.C. His coins remained in circulation when the Romans conquered Syria in 64 B.C. Roman authorities in Syria continued to issue coins modeled on Philip I's coins, including his portrait, until 13 B.C.GY113434. Silver tetradrachm, Houghton-Lorber II 2463(2)i, SNG Spaer 2803, Newell SMA 441, HGC 9 1319, BMC Seleucid -, gVF, toned, light encrustations, obv. off center, weight 15.904 g, maximum diameter 25.2 mm, die axis 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, c. 88/7 - 83/75 B.C.; obverse diademed head of Philip I Philadelphos right, bulging eye, pouting lips, pronounced aquiline nose, fillet border; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΦIΛIΠΠOY EΠIΦANOYΣ ΦIΛAΔEΛΦOY, Zeus seated left on high-backed throne, nude to the waist, himation around hips and legs, Nike presenting wreath in right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left, .I.(Φ)/A outer left, N inner left, (frozen control monogram) below throne, all within laurel wreath; ex Leu Numismatik auction 26 (13 July 2023), lot 6961 (part of); $350.00 SALE PRICE $280.00
Trajan, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D.
NEW In 106, Rabbel II Soter, one of Rome's client kings, died. This event might have prompted the annexation of the Nabataean kingdom, but the manner and the formal reasons for the annexation are unclear. Some epigraphic evidence suggests a military operation, with forces from Syria and Egypt. What is known is that by 107, Roman legions were stationed in the area around Petra and Bostra, as is shown by a papyrus found in Egypt. The furthest south the Romans occupied (or, better, garrisoned, adopting a policy of having garrisons at key points in the desert) was Hegra, over 300 kilometres south-west of Petra. The empire gained what became the province of Arabia Petraea (modern southern Jordan and north west Saudi Arabia). As Nabataea was the last client kingdom in Asia west of the Euphrates, the annexation meant that the entire Roman East had been provincialized, completing a trend towards direct rule that had begun under the Flavians.RS113115. Silver denarius, Woytek 270b, RIC II 128, RSC II 74, BMCRE III 328, Hunter II 104, Strack I 128, SRCV II 3129, Choice gVF, well centered, light bumps and marks, weight 3.647 g, maximum diameter 18.5 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 107 - 108 A.D.; obverse IMP TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P M TR P, laureate bust right, slight drapery on far shoulder; reverse COS V P P S P Q R OPTIMO PRINC, Victory standing slightly left, nude to hips, raising wreath in right hand, palm frond in left hand; $280.00 SALE PRICE $252.00
Domitian, 13 September 81 - 18 September 96 A.D., Judaea Capta, Caesarea Maritima, Samaria, Judaea
This Judaea Capta type was minted at Caesarea Maritima, Judaea. Caesarea, built by Herod the Great about 25 - 13 B.C., was named to flatter Augustus Caesar. It was the capital of the Roman Iudaea province and the residence of the Roman procurators and governors including Pontius Pilatus. In 66 A.D., the desecration of the local synagogue led to the disastrous Jewish revolt. After the revolt was suppressed, 2500 Jewish captives were slaughtered at Caesarea in Gladiatorial games held by Titus to celebrate his victory. Today, Caesarea's ruins lie on Israel's Mediterranean coast about halfway between Tel Aviv and Haifa, on the site of Pyrgos Stratonos ("Straton's Tower").JD113064. Bronze AE 20, RPC Online II 2309; Hendin 6487 (S); Meshorer TJC 390; Meshorer AJC pl. 36, 5; SNG ANS 499; Sofaer p. 276, 22; BMC Palestine p. 283, 53, F, broad flan, corrosion, earthen deposits, weight 6.500 g, maximum diameter 19.8 mm, die axis 0o, Caesarea Maritima (Keisaria, Israel) mint, c. 92 - 93 A.D.; obverse IMP DOMIT AVG GERM, laureate head right; reverse VICTOR AVG (the victory of the Emperor), trophy of captured arms; scarce; $245.00 SALE PRICE $196.00
Delmatius, Caesar, 18 September 335 - mid 337 A.D.
NEW In 334 A.D., Delmatius put down a revolt in Cyprus led by the usurper Calocaerus. He brought the usurper as a prisoner to his uncle, who consigned him to the flames.RL111923. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VII Cyzicus 133 (R5), LRBC I 1269, SRCV IV 16900, Cohen VII 8, VF/F, attractive highlighting earthen deposits (desert patina), weight 1.563 g, maximum diameter 16.2 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 336 - 337 A.D.; obverse FL IVL DELMATIVS NOB C, pearl-diademed and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA EXERCITVS (glory of the army), two soldiers standing facing, flanking one standard in center, heads confronted, each holds a spear in outer hand and rests inner hand on grounded shield, SMKB in exergue; from the Michael Arslan Collection; very rare ; $160.00 SALE PRICE $144.00
Koinon of Macedonia, Reign of Gordian III, 238 - 244 A.D., Portrait of Alexander the Great
For the Alexander commemorative series issued by the Koinon of Macedonia, AMNG is by far the best reference listing over 500 different varieties on 100 pages - an absolutely bewildering study. With few plate images and listing many minor variations, it is a challenge to use for anyone who does not speak German. Varbanov only lists coins of the Koinon with portraits of the emperor on the obverse.RP113315. Bronze AE 26, cf. AMNG III 622; BMC Macedonia p. 24, 116; SNG Cop 1369, SNG Hunterian 742; SNG Bar 502; et al. (similar, but different rev leg arrangements, etc.), VF, very nice green patina, center dimples, weak legends, a few pits,, weight 12.783 g, maximum diameter 26.4 mm, die axis 180o, Beroea (Verria, Greece) mint, 238 - 244 A.D.; obverse AΛEΞANΔPOY, diademed head of Alexander the Great right; reverse KOINON MAKEΔONΩN B NEΩ, Athena seated left, helmeted, Nike holding wreath in Athena's right hand, resting left hand on shield behind, rear leg of chair in the form of a lion's leg; ex FORVM (2015); unpublished variety(?); $150.00 SALE PRICE $120.00
City of Constantinople Commemorative, 331 - 334 A.D.
NEW On 11 May 330, Constantine I refounded Byzantium, renamed it Constantinopolis after himself, and moved the capital of the Roman Empire from Rome to his new city. The new capital was Christian, old gods and traditions were either replaced or assimilated into a framework of Christian symbolism. Constantine built the new Church of the Holy Apostles on the site of a temple to Aphrodite. Generations later there was the story that a divine vision led Constantine to this spot. The capital would often be compared to the 'old' Rome as Nova Roma Constantinopolitana, the "New Rome of Constantinople." Special commemorative coins were issued with types for both Rome and Constantinople to advertise the importance of the new capital.SL113480. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VII Cyzicus 92 (R4), LRBC I 1220, SRCV IV 16476, Cohen VII 22, NGC Ch XF, strike 4/5, surface 3/5 (3598445-015), weight 2.35 g, maximum diameter 18 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 331 - 334 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINOPOLI, laureate and helmeted bust of Constantinopolis left, wearing imperial cloak, scepter over left shoulder; reverse Victory standing left, right foot on prow, scepter in right hand, resting left hand on grounded shield, SMKA exergue; from a Virginia Collector, ex Talos Coins (eBay, 2 Dec 2014); NGC| Lookup; $130.00 SALE PRICE $117.00
Domitian, 13 September 81 - 18 September 96 A.D., Judaea Capta, Caesarea Maritima, Samaria, Judaea
Judaea Capta issue minted at Caesarea Maritima, Judaea. This issue mistakenly titles Domitian 'IMP XXIII' though he never received a twenty-third acclamation. All known specimens of this type display this error.RP111372. Bronze AE 23, RPC Online II 2308 (20 spec.); Hendin 6486; Meshorer TJC 395; Sofaer 36; SNG ANS 487; SNG Cop 109; BMC Palestine p. 281, 38, aVF, nice portrait, blue-green and red patina, marks, off center, legends weak, edge splits, weight 10.817 g, maximum diameter 23.2 mm, die axis 0o, Caesarea Maritima (Keisaria, Israel) mint, 92 - 93 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM PM TR P XII, laureate head right; reverse IMP XXIII COS XVI CENS P P P, Victory advancing left in flowing gown, wreath in right hand, trophy in left; $135.00 SALE PRICE $108.00
Judaea, Antonius Felix, Roman Procurator Under Claudius and Nero, 52 - 60 A.D.
The palm depicted is, of course, the date palm. The tree was a symbol of Judea where palm trees grow in greater numbers than the surrounding areas (the Romans also used it as a symbol of Judea on Judaea Capta coins). The palm also symbolized abundance and plenty, dignity, royal honor, jubilation and victory, and was used in religious processionsJD113031. Bronze prutah, Hendin 6377; Meshorer TJC 340; Sofaer 59; BMC Palestine p. 264, 21; RPC I 4971, VF, green patina, highlighting earthen deposits, obv. leg. weak, rev. edge beveled, weight 2.617 g, maximum diameter 17.1 mm, die axis 180o, Jerusalem mint, under Nero, 54 A.D.; obverse NEPW KΛAV KAICAP (Nero Claudius Caesar), two crossed oblong shields with two crossed spears on far side; reverse BPIT (Britannicus), six-branched palm bearing two bunches of dates, L - IΔ / K-AI (year 14 of Caesar) flanking trunk; $120.00 SALE PRICE $108.00