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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Greek Coins| ▸ |Geographic - All Periods| ▸ |Anatolia| ▸ |Mysia||View Options:  |  |  | 

Ancient Coins of Mysia, Antatolia

Mysia is the northwestern region of Anatolia (Asia Minor) located on the shore of the Propontis (Marmara Sea) between Troas and Bithynia. The chief physical features of Mysia are the two mountains, Mount Olympus at (7600 ft) in the north and Mount Temnus in the south. The most important cities were Pergamon in the valley of the Cacus, and Cyzicus on the Propontis. The whole sea-coast was studded with Greek towns, several of which were places of considerable importance; thus the northern portion included Parium, Lampsacus and Abydos, and the southern Assos, Adramyttium. Further south, on the Eleatic Gulf, were Elaea, Myrina and Cyme.

Parium, Mysia, Mid 3rd century A.D.

|Parium|, |Parium,| |Mysia,| |Mid| |3rd| |century| |A.D.||AE| |22|
Founded in 709 B.C., the ancient city of Parion was a major coastal city, near Lampsacus, with two harbors used to connect Thrace with Anatolia. Parium belonged to the Delian League. In the Hellenistic period, it came under the domain of Lysimachus, and subsequently the Attalid dynasty. The last Attalid king, Attalus III died without issue and bequeathed the kingdom to the Roman Republic in 133 B.C. Julius Caesar refounded it as a colonia. It was the main customs station through which all goods bound for Byzantium from Greece and the Aegean had to pass. Today it is the village of Kemer in the township of Biga, Canakkale province, Turkey.
RP98177. Bronze AE 22, BMC 83 var. (head left, obv. leg.), SNG BnF -, SNGvA -, BMC Mysia -, gVF, green patina, porous, earthen deposits, weight 4.806 g, maximum diameter 21.6 mm, die axis 90o, Parium (Kemer, Turkey) mint, c. mid 3rd century A.D.; obverse PARIOC CH (or similar) counterclockwise, youthful head of Parius (the mythical founder of the city) right; reverse Capricorn right, cornucopia above, C G I H P (Colonia Gemella Iulia Hadriana Pariana) counterclockwise below; extremely rare; $180.00 SALE PRICE $162.00


Mysia, Parion, c. 129 - 45 B.C.

|Parium|, |Mysia,| |Parion,| |c.| |129| |-| |45| |B.C.||AE| |21|
Founded in 709 B.C., the ancient city of Parion is now the village of Kemer in the township of Biga in Canakkale province of Turkey. In the Hellenistic period, it came under the domain of Lysimachus, and subsequently the Attalid dynasty. The last Attalid king, Attalus III died without issue and bequeathed the kingdom to the Roman Republic in 133 B.C. In 45 B.C. Julius Caesar refounded Parium as Colonia Iulia Pia Pariana to settle some of his retiring veterans. We believe the legend on this coin indicates it was struck under Roman rule prior to its promotion to a colonia.
GB97817. Bronze AE 21, SNG Cop 278 (same dies); Hunterian II p. 275, 10; cf. BMC Mysia p. 101, 72 (different magistrate); SNG BnF -; SNGvA -, aVF, green patina, some corrosion, light earthen deposits, weight 6.287 g, maximum diameter 21.1 mm, die axis 0o, Parion (Kemer, Canakkale, Turkey) mint, c. 129 - 45 B.C.; obverse bust of Artemis right, wearing stephane, draped, quiver and bow over shoulder; reverse eagle standing right, wings open, ΠA-PI/A/NΩN clockwise from 10:00 but last two letters horizontal in right field, MHTPO/∆ΩPOY (magistrate) in two lines below, all in a laurel wreath; extremely rare; $120.00 SALE PRICE $108.00


Domitian, 13 September 81 - 18 September 96 A.D., Parion, Mysia(?)

|Parium|, |Domitian,| |13| |September| |81| |-| |18| |September| |96| |A.D.,| |Parion,| |Mysia(?)||AE| |15|
The attribution of this very rare type to Parium is uncertain. See RPC II p. 137.

The ceremonial founding of a new Roman colony included plowing a furrow, the pomerium, a sacred boundary, around the site of the new city.
RP94451. Bronze AE 15, RPC II Online 889 (12 spec.), SNGvA 6202, F, dark brown patina, light corrosion, tight flan, weight 3.575 g, maximum diameter 15.3 mm, die axis 0o, Parion, Mysia(?) mint, 13 Sep 81 - 18 Sep 96 A.D.; obverse DO-MIT AVG (clockwise from the upper right), laureate head left; reverse priest plowing right with two oxen, marking the pomerium (sacred boundary marked for the foundation of a new Roman colony), GERM in exergue; zero sales of this type recorded on Coin Archives in the last two decades; very rare; $110.00 SALE PRICE $99.00


Salonina, Augusta 254 - c. September 268 A.D., Pergamon, Mysia

|Pergamon|, |Salonina,| |Augusta| |254| |-| |c.| |September| |268| |A.D.,| |Pergamon,| |Mysia||AE| |27|
Salonina was the wife of emperor Gallienus. A very beautiful and intelligent woman, she was extremely loyal to her husband. Opinion is divided as to whether she was murdered in the purge of Gallienus family after his murder, or if she survived.

Pergamon, Mysia was located to the northwest of the modern city of Bergama, Turkey, 16 miles (26 km) from the Aegean Sea on a promontory on the north side of the Caicus (Bakircay) River. It was the capital of the Kingdom of Pergamon under the Attalid dynasty, 281-133 B.C. Pergamon is cited in the book of Revelation as one of the seven churches of Asia.
RP97266. Bronze AE 27, Weber 5230, SNG BnF 2304 var. (...CE), SNG Tanrikulu 315 var. (same), SNG Cop -, SNGvA -; SNG Hunt -, BMC Mysia -, VF, well centered, a bit rough and porous, weight 6.447 g, maximum diameter 27.1 mm, die axis 0o, Pergamon (Bergama, Turkey) mint, 254 - c. Sep 268 A.D.; obverse KOP CAΛΩNEINA CEB, diademed and draped bust right, wearing stephane, hair in ridges and in plait looped below ear up the back of head; reverse EΠI C AVP ∆AMA ΠEPΓAMH/NΩN - ΠPΩ - Γ - NEΩK (in two clockwise lines), Hygieia standing right, feeding snake held in her right hand, from philae in her left hand; ex Gorny & Mosch online auction 259 (20 Oct 2018), lot 3468; first specimen of this type handled by FORVM; rare; $95.00 SALE PRICE $85.50


Titus, 24 June 79 - 13 September 81 A.D., Germe ad Rhyndakos, Mysia

|Other| |Mysia|, |Titus,| |24| |June| |79| |-| |13| |September| |81| |A.D.,| |Germe| |ad| |Rhyndakos,| |Mysia||AE| |22|
There were two towns named Germe: Germe ad Rhyndakos near Pergamum in Mysia and Germa ad Caicus in Lydia. BMC and SNG Cop include the city under Lydia, but recent scholarship indicates only Germe ad Rhyndakos in Mysia struck coins.
RP97866. Bronze AE 22, Ehling 35 - 46; BMC Lydia p. 82, 14; RPC Online II 926 (15 spec); SNG Righetti 710; SNG Lewis 1356; Lindgren III 460; SNG Cop -, aVF, green patina with some chipping, scratches, oval flan, weight 3.408 g, maximum diameter 22.0 mm, die axis 0o, Mysia, Germe ad Rhyndakos mint, 24 Jun 79 - 13 Sep 81 A.D.; obverse AYTO T KAI CEBAC, laureate head right; reverse ΓEPMHNWN, Apollo standing facing, head left, patera in right hand, lyre in left hand; scarce; $90.00 SALE PRICE $81.00


Adramytion, Mysia, 2nd Century B.C.

|Other| |Mysia|, |Adramytion,| |Mysia,| |2nd| |Century| |B.C.||AE| |20|
Adramytteion was a coastal town northwest of Pergamon in Mysia, said to be founded by Adramys, brother of King Kroisos. In classical times, Adramyttium received settlers from Athens and Delos. It later belonged to the Roman province of Asia, whose capital was Ephesus. The ancient city with its harbor has entirely disappeared. Paul, while being taken as prisoner from Caesarea to Rome, embarked upon a ship belonging to Adramyttium (Acts 27:2). It conveyed him only to Myra, in Lycia, from which he sailed on an Alexandrian ship for Italy.
GB99076. Bronze AE 20, SNG BnF 22; SNG Cop 7; AMNG IV p. 17, 35; BMC Mysia p. 3, 7; Waddington 612; SNGvA 1052 var. (no bow or quiver), aVF, attractive style, brown tone, slightly rough, inscription obscure, weight 6.543 g, maximum diameter 20.1 mm, die axis 0o, Adramytion (Edremit, Turkey) mint, 2nd century B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo left, hair tied at the back with two locks falling down neck, bow and quiver at shoulder; reverse cornucopia overflowing with grain, pomegranate, and a bunch of grapes hanging down to the left, flanked by two pilei (caps of the Dioscuri) with stars above, A∆PA-MY/TH-NΩN in two lines above and below caps; $80.00 SALE PRICE $72.00


Lampsakos, Mysia, 4th Century B.C.

|Lampsakos|, |Lampsakos,| |Mysia,| |4th| |Century| |B.C.||AE| |10|NEW
Lampsakos was founded by Greek colonists from Phocaea in the 6th century B.C. Soon afterward it became a main competitor of Miletus, controlling the trade roots in the Dardanelles. During the 6th and 5th centuries B.C., Lampsacus was successively dominated by Lydia, Persia, Athens, and Sparta. Artaxerxes I assigned it to Themistocles with the expectation that the city supply the Persian king with its famous wine. When Lampsacus joined the Delian League after the battle of Mycale in 479 B.C., it paid a tribute of twelve talents, a testimony to its wealth.
GB99210. Bronze AE 10, SNG Cop 206, SNG BnF 1223, SNGvA 1300, Waddington 887, aVF, glossy green patina, corrosion, pitting, weight 1.725 g, maximum diameter 10.3 mm, die axis 270o, Lampsakos (Lapseki, Turkey) mint, 4th century B.C.; obverse ΛAM, female (nymph IO?) head right, hair in sakkos; reverse ΨA, forepart of Pegasos right; $70.00 SALE PRICE $63.00










REFERENCES|

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