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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ Recovery of the Empire ▸ SeverinaView Options:  |  |  | 

Severina, Augusta spring 274 - November 275 A.D.

Severina was the wife of Aurelian. She was possibly the only Roman empress ever to rule in her own right, which she did during the interregnum after her husband's murder.


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Juno was the chief female divinity in the Roman pantheon. She was the wife of Jupiter and a member of the Capitoline Triad. She had many different aspects, such as Juno Moneta, Juno Sospita, and Juno Lucina, but here she is depicted as Juno Regina, "Juno the Queen." Juno is usually shown holding a patera, scepter or a statuette of Athena, and is often accompanied by a peacock.
SH65365. Bronze as, MER-RIC 1884 (35 spec.), BnF XII 319 - 321, Hunter IV 17, RIC V-1 7, SRCV III 11711, Cohen VI 9, VF, weight 8.682 g, maximum diameter 24.8 mm, die axis 0o, 7th officina, Rome mint, 11th issue, early - Sep 275; obverse SEVERINA AVG, diademed and draped bust right; reverse IVNO REGINA, Juno standing slightly left, head left, patera in right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left hand, peacock left at feet on left; $125.00 (€106.25)
 


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One of the most attractive Severina antoninianus we have seen.
SH11067. Billon antoninianus, MER-RIC 1796 (48 spec.), BnF XII 181 - 182, Venèra 1082 ff., Maravielle 89, Mazzini 3, Tattershall Thorpe 326, RIC V-1 3, SRCV III 11704, Cohen VI 3, superb EF, weight 3.580 g, maximum diameter 23.2 mm, die axis 180o, 6th officina, Rome mint, issue 10, end 274 A.D.; obverse SEVERINA AVG, draped bust right, wearing stephane, crescent behind shoulders; reverse CONCORDIA AVGG (harmony between the two emperors), Severina (on left) and Aurelian (togate, holding scepter) standing confronted, clasping hands, SXXIR in exergue; SOLD


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There is considerable numismatic evidence Severina ruled in her own right between the death of Aurelian and the election of Tacitus. Sources mention an interregnum, and some of Severina's coins, including this type, appear to have been minted after Aurelian's death. She may have been the only woman to rule over the whole Roman Empire in her own power. The reverse advertises her good relations with the army, an unusual reverse for an empress, and perhaps an indication of her role as sole ruler.
SH43297. Billon antoninianus, MER-RIC 1348 (17 spec.), Bastien 10, BnF XII 14, Sainte-Pallaye 2746, Gloucester 64 - 65, RIC V-1 1 var. (dots in mintmark), Cohen VI 5, SRCV III -, aEF, weight 4.266 g, maximum diameter 23.1 mm, die axis 15o, 4th officina, Lugdunum (Lyon, France) mint, 4th issue, mid 275 A.D.; obverse SEVERINA AVG, draped bust right, wearing stephane, crescent behind shoulders; reverse CONCORD MILIT (harmony with the soldiers), Concordia seated left, patera in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, •D•L• in exergue; rare; SOLD







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OBVERSE LEGENDS

SEVERINAAVG
SEVERINAAVGVSTA
SEVERINAPFAVG
SEVERINAEAVG


REFERENCES

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Bastien, P. Le monnayage de l'atelier de Lyon. De la réouverture de l'atelier par Aurélien à la mort de Carin (fin 274 - mi-285). (Wetteren, 1976).
Bastien, P. & H. Huvelin. "Trésor d'antoniniani en Syrie. La Victoria Parthica de Valérien, les émissions d'Aurélien à Antioche et Tripoli" in RN (1969), pp. 231-270.
Besly, E & R. Bland. "The Tattershall Thorpe, Lincs, Hoard" in CHRB IV (1984), pp. 105-138.
Calicó, E. The Roman Avrei, Vol 2: From Didius Julianus to Constantius I. 193 AD - 335 AD. (Barcelona, 2003).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappées sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 6: Macrianus to Diocletian & Maximianus. (Paris, 1886).
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Catalog current as of Friday, July 20, 2018.
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Roman Coins of Severina