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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Greek Coins| ▸ |Geographic - All Periods| ▸ |Anatolia| ▸ |Pontos||View Options:  |  |  | 

Pontos

Pontus is a historical Greek designation for a region on the southern coast of the Black Sea, located in modern-day eastern Black Sea Region of Turkey. The name was derived from the Greek name of the Black Sea, Pontos Euxeinos ("Hospitable Sea"), or simply Pontos. The extent of the region varied through the ages but generally extended from the borders of Colchis (modern Georgia) until well into Paphlagonia in the west, with varying amounts of hinterland. Several states and provinces bearing the name of Pontus or variants thereof were established in the region in the Hellenistic, Roman and Byzantine periods, culminating in the late Byzantine Empire of Trebizond. Pontus is sometimes considered as the home of the Amazons, with the name Amazon used not only for a city (Amasya) but for all of Pontus in Greek mythology.

Amisos, Pontos, c. 105 - 85 B.C.

|Pontos|, |Amisos,| |Pontos,| |c.| |105| |-| |85| |B.C.||AE| |21|
Amisos was settled c. 760 - 750 B.C. by people from Miletus, who established a flourishing trade relationship with the ancient peoples of Anatolia. Amisos came under the rule of the Persian Empire, Alexander the Great's Macedonian Empire, and then the Kingdom of Pontus. The Romans took control in 47 B.C. and Amisos remained within the Byzantine Empire after the fall of Rome. In 1200, the city was captured by the Seljuks, to be later taken over by the Ilhanlilar. Amisos today is Samsun, a city of about half a million people on the north coast of Turkey.
GB99016. Bronze AE 21, SNG BM Black Sea 1149; SNG Stancomb 676; SNG Cop 148; SNGvA 64; Rec Gn p. 54, 29; BMC Pontus p. 17, 40; HGC 7 241, gF, dark green patina, scratches, small edge split, weight 7.284 g, maximum diameter 20.6 mm, die axis 0o, Amisos (Samsun, Turkey) mint, struck under Mithradates VI, c. 105 - 85 B.C.; obverse helmeted head of young Ares right; reverse sword in sheath with strap, AMI-ΣOY divided across field; $60.00 SALE PRICE $54.00


Amisos, Pontos, c. 120 - 100 B.C.

|Pontos|, |Amisos,| |Pontos,| |c.| |120| |-| |100| |B.C.||AE| |14|
Amisos was settled c. 760 - 750 B.C. by people from Miletus, who established a flourishing trade relationship with the ancient peoples of Anatolia. Amisos came under the rule of the Persian Empire, Alexander the Great's Macedonian Empire, and then the Kingdom of Pontus. The Romans took control in 47 B.C. and Amisos remained within the Byzantine Empire after the fall of Rome. In 1200, the city was captured by the Seljuks, to be later taken over by the Ilhanlilar. Amisos today is Samsun, a city of about half a million people on the north coast of Turkey.
GB99164. Bronze AE 14, SNG Stancomb 670; HGC 7 255 (R1); Rec Gen p. 52, 23 & pl. VII, 13; SNG Cop 138; SNG Black Sea -; BMC Pontos -, VF, green patina, well centered, porosity, weight 2.847 g, maximum diameter 13.9 mm, die axis 0o, Amisos (Samsun, Turkey) mint, rule of Mithradates VI, c. 120 - 100 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right; reverse tripod lebes, AMI-ΣOY divided across field; rare; $50.00 SALE PRICE $45.00


Amisos (as Peiraeos), Pontos, c. 435 - 370 B.C.

|Pontos|, |Amisos| |(as| |Peiraeos),| |Pontos,| |c.| |435| |-| |370| |B.C.||siglos|
Amisos was settled c. 760 - 750 B.C. by people from Miletus, who established a flourishing trade relationship with the ancient peoples of Anatolia. Amisos came under the rule of the Persian Empire, Alexander the Great's Macedonian Empire, and then the Kingdom of Pontus. The Romans took control in 47 B.C. and Amisos remained within the Byzantine Empire after the fall of Rome. In 1200, the city was captured by the Seljuks. Amisos today is Samsun, a city of about half a million people on the north coast of Turkey.
GS86613. Silver siglos, SNG BM 1059; SNG Stancomb 660; SNG Cop 122; Rec Gen p. 46, 1; McClean 7351; HGC 7 229; SNGvA -; BMC Pontus -, VF, attractive style, light toning, bumps and scratches, obverse off center but not too detracting, weight 5.593 g, maximum diameter 19.0 mm, die axis 45o, Amisos (Samsun, Turkey) mint, c. 435 - 370 B.C.; obverse draped bust of Hera-Tyche right, hair rolled, wearing a turreted stephane ornamented with palmettes and annulets, triple-drop earrings and pearl necklace; reverse owl standing facing on shield, head facing, wings spread open, caduceus upper left, sword in sheath upper right, AΦ-PO (magistrate Aphro...) divided across field below wings, ΠEIPA in exergue; SOLD


Three Rings, Celtic Ring Money, Black Sea Region, c. 800 - 100 B.C.

|Ring| |Money|, |Three| |Rings,| |Celtic| |Ring| |Money,| |Black| |Sea| |Region,| |c.| |800| |-| |100| |B.C.||Ring| |Money|
Ring money of bronze, of silver, and of gold was used by the Celts in trade from Ireland to the Danube region. The dating of Celtic ring money is uncertain. Some authorities date the use of ring money from as early as 800 B.C. and it may have been used as late as 100 B.C. Some believe the bronze rings are actually just strap fittings, not a trade currency. Bronze rings are, however, sometimes found in quite large hoards and, in Spain, they are sometimes found with silver bar and disk ingots, and with 2nd century B.C. denarii of the Roman Republic. Undoubtedly they were used as fittings but they were also undoubtedly used as a store of wealth and for trade.
CE67783. Bronze Ring Money, 3 rings, (1) cf. Victoor II - 5c 8 globules, 17.287g, 27.5mm); (2) cf. Topalov Apollonia I p. 95 (3 groups of 2 globules, c. 3.2g, c. 28mm), VF, SOLD


Celtic Ring Money, Black Sea Region, c. 800 - 100 B.C.

|Ring| |Money|, |Celtic| |Ring| |Money,| |Black| |Sea| |Region,| |c.| |800| |-| |100| |B.C.||Ring| |Money|
This curious, extremely rare, and very special object is clearly related to the knobbed ring money of the Black Sea region. The referenced similar object in Victoor is inferior in design and manufacture and does not have a loop. Cast as a single piece, it is the product of a highly skilled craftsman and was very likely made for an important person to wear.
SH69202. Bronze Ring Money, cf. Victoor VIII 22 (crude, no loop); "ring money" orb made up of four knobbed wire meridians and equator, with a loop for suspension, 24.3g, 36.6mm, VF, probably 3rd - 2nd century B.C.; extremely rare; SOLD


Three Rings, Celtic Ring Money, Black Sea Region, c. 800 - 100 B.C.

|Ring| |Money|, |Three| |Rings,| |Celtic| |Ring| |Money,| |Black| |Sea| |Region,| |c.| |800| |-| |100| |B.C.||Ring| |Money|
Ring money of bronze, of silver, and of gold was used by the Celts in trade from Ireland to the Danube region. The dating of Celtic ring money is uncertain. Some authorities date the use of ring money from as early as 800 B.C. and it may have been used as late as 100 B.C. Some believe the bronze rings are actually just strap fittings, not a trade currency. Bronze rings are, however, sometimes found in quite large hoards and, in Spain, they are sometimes found with silver bar and disk ingots, and with 2nd century B.C. denarii of the Roman Republic. Undoubtedly they were used as fittings but they were also undoubtedly used as a store of wealth and for trade.
CE69204. Bronze Ring Money, Topalov Apollonia I p. 88, Victoor -, (1) numerous knobs, 18.176g, 40.6mm; (2) same, 17.108g, 36.1mm; (3) 5 groups of three knobs, 17.009g, 45.2mm, SOLD







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REFERENCES

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Catalog current as of Friday, September 29, 2023.
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