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The Book of Revelation discusses the churches of seven cities. This page lists some of our coins from those cities.
- Ephesus, Ionia (Revelation 2:1-7) - the church that had forsaken its first love (2:4).
- Smyrna, Ionia (Revelation 2:8-11) - the church that would suffer persecution (2:10).
- Pergamon, Mysia (Revelation 2:12-17) - the church that needed to repent (2:16).
- Thyatira, Lydia (Revelation 2:18-29) - the church that had a false prophetess (2:20).
- Sardis, Lydia (Revelation 3:1-6) - the church that had fallen asleep (3:2).
- Philadelphia, Lydia (Revelation 3:7-13) - the church that had endured patiently (3:10).
- Laodicea, Phrygia (Revelation 3:14-22) - the church with the lukewarm faith (3:16).
Pergamene Kingdom, Attalos I Soter 241 - 197 B.C., In the Name of Philetairos
Attalus, a capable general, champion of the Greeks, and loyal ally of Rome, made Pergamon a powerful kingdom. He earned the name "Soter" (savior) by defeating the Galatians, who had plundered and exacted tribute for more than a generation. In the Macedonian Wars he allied with Rome against Philip V of Macedon.SH70868. Silver tetradrachm, Westermark Group VIB; SNG BnF 1626; SNG Delepierre 2536; BMC Mysia p. 117, 45; McClean 7685, VF/F, excellent portrait, uneven toning, weight 16.753 g, maximum diameter 30.5 mm, die axis 0o, Mysiam, Pergamon (Bergama, Turkey) mint, 235 - 210 B.C.; obverse Philetairos (founder of the Attalid dynasty) diademed head right; reverse Athena enthroned left, wearing crested Corinthian helmet, crowning dynastic name with wreath in right hand, ΦIΛETAIPOY downward on left, spear leaning transverse on her far side, resting left arm on round shield leaning against throne, ivy leaf outer left, XAP monogram inner left, bow on right; very rare with this monogram; $250.00 (€220.00)
Seleukid Kingdom, Achaios, Usurper in Anatolia, 220 - 214 B.C.
Achaios (Achaeus) was an uncle of Antiochos III. In 223 B.C., Antiochus III appointed Achaeus to the command of Anatolia on the western side of Mount Taurus. Achaeus recovered all the districts which had been lost; but was falsely accused by Hermeias, the minister to Antiochus, of intending to revolt. In self-defense he assumed the title of king. Antiochus marched against Achaeus after he concluded the war with Ptolemy. After a two-year siege of his capital of Sardes, Lydia, Achaios was captured and beheaded. GY76100. Bronze AE 15, Houghton-Lorber I 956 corr. (unlisted control symbol), SNG Spaer 834 var. (same), Newell WSM 1442 var. (same), HGC 9 436 (S-R1), VF, nice green patina, weight 3.314 g, maximum diameter 15.3 mm, die axis 0o, Lydia, Sardes (Sart, Turkey) mint, c. 220 - autumn/winter 214 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right; reverse eagle standing right, head right, wings closed, wreath in talons, BAΣIΛEΩΣ (king) downward on right, AXAIOY downward on left, X (control symbol) outer right; unpublished extremely rare variant, zero sales recorded on Coin Archives over the last two decades; $220.00 (€193.60)
Philadelphia, Lydia, 193 - 211 A.D.
Philadelphia, located south-east of Sardeis, was founded by Attalos II Philadelphos, King of Pergamon. It was an important and wealthy trade center that retained its importance until late Byzantine times. Saint Paul and Saint John the Theologian, visited, and established the first Christian churches. St. Ignatius of Antioch visited on his trip to his martyrdom in Rome. Philadelphia is among the Seven Churches named in John's Book of Revelation. RP91392. Bronze AE 22, SNG Cop 364; SNG Righetti 1056; Lindgren I 776; Mionnet Supp. VII p. 399, 377; SNGvA -; BMC Lydia -; Imhoof-Blumer Lydien -, aVF, dark patina with highlighting earthen deposits, reverse a little off center, scratches on reverse, weight 6.235 g, maximum diameter 21.8 mm, die axis 0o, Lydia, Philadelphia (Alasehir, Turkey) mint, 193 - 211 A.D.; obverse ΦIΛA∆EΛΦIA, turreted, and draped bust of Tyche of Philadelphia right; reverse EΠI ∆OK-IMOVA (Dokimos [magistrate, archon]), Zeus standing slightly left, head left, eagle in right hand, long scepter vertical in left hand; from the Maxwell Hunt Collection, only one sale recorded on Coin Archives in the last two decades; extremely rare; $140.00 (€123.20)
Pergamon, Mysia, c. 2nd Century B.C.
Pergamon, Mysia was located to the northwest of the modern city of Bergama, Turkey, 16 miles (26 km) from the Aegean Sea on a promontory on the north side of the Caicus (Bakircay) River. It was the capital of the Kingdom of Pergamon under the Attalid dynasty, 281-133 B.C. Pergamon is cited in the book of Revelation as one of the seven churches of Asia.GB87748. Bronze AE 16, SNG BnF 1885 ff.; SNG Tüb 2429; SNG Cop 396; BMC Mysia p. 131, 179 var. (monogram), SNGvA 1374 var. (same), aVF, green patina, tight flan, porous, light earthen deposits, weight 6.640 g, maximum diameter 16.1 mm, die axis 0o, Pergamon (Bergama, Turkey) mint, c. 2nd century B.C.; obverse helmeted head of Athena right; reverse AΘHNAΣ NIKHΦOPOY, trophy of captured arms, ΘA monogram inner left, Pergamon monogram lower right; $50.00 (€44.00)
Other coins that relate to the Book of Revelation include coins of Nero and coins of the Parthian kings with an archer reverse. Verses 13 and following are a symbolic reference to Parthians attacking Rome for its vile behavior in persecuting Christ's church. Parthians themselves aren't envisioned as doing the attacking, but the serve as a great image for the diabolical forces Revelation's author had in mind. Suetonius, in The Twelve Caesars, writes of a belief among the Romans after Nero's death that he hadn't really died but would be returning with the Parthians. Nero has been identified as the 666 of Revelation (his name in gematria equals 666). Verse 8 refers to the Parthians long hair, "They had hair like woman's hair." Verse 10 includes a subtle reference to Parthian archer-horseman and their perfected technique of the parting shots, shooting over the rear of their animal while feigning retreat, "They had tails like scorpions, with stingers." Verse 14 refers to the Parthian heartland across the Euphrates.
Catalog current as of Friday, July 19, 2019. Page created in 1.298 seconds.