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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Themes & Provenance| ▸ |Personifications| ▸ |Happiness||View Options:  |  |  | 

Happiness (Felicitas)

Happiness, cheerfulness and joy (or gaiety) are personified on Roman coins by Felicitas, Hilaritas and Laetitia. Coins with these subjects celebrated the brighter side of life, or in harder times explained that the Empire was moving toward a happier future.

Macrinus, 11 April 217 - 8 June 218 A.D.

|Macrinus|, |Macrinus,| |11| |April| |217| |-| |8| |June| |218| |A.D.||sestertius|
Macrinus was praetorian prefect for Caracalla but arranged Caracalla's assassination and seized power. He and his son were accepted by the senate. The Syrian legions, inspired by Julia Maesa, Caracalla's aunt, revolted after he concluded an unfavorable peace with the Persians. He was defeated and executed.
SL92493. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC IV 121 (S), BMCRE V 113, Cohen IV 79, SRCV II 7391, Hunter III -, NGC F, strike 4/5, surface 1/5, scratches (577028-007), weight 19.150 g, maximum diameter 30.7 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 11 Apr 217 - 31 Dec 217 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES M OPEL SEV MACRINVS AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust right, from the front; reverse PONTIF MAX TR P P P (high priest, holder of Tribunitian power, father of the country), Felicitas standing facing, head left, long caduceus in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, drapery over left arm, S - C (senatus consulto) flanking across field below center; from the Errett Bishop Collection; NGC| Lookup; $200.00 SALE PRICE $180.00


Clodius Albinus, Late 195 or Early 196 - 19 February 197 A.D., Possibly an Ancient Counterfeit

|Clodius| |Albinus|, |Clodius| |Albinus,| |Late| |195| |or| |Early| |196| |-| |19| |February| |197| |A.D.,| |Possibly| |an| |Ancient| |Counterfeit||denarius|NEW
This coin may be a fourree, an unofficial ancient plated counterfeit. Although the style appears official and there is no exposed darker bronze core, these types of lamination defects are most often the result of corrosion within a base core that pushes up silver plating.
RS110099. Silver denarius, cf. RIC IV 4 (R) corr. (D CL SEPT ALBIN CAES only); RSC III 15; BMCRE V 91; SRCV II 6141; Hunter III p. 8, 4 var. (obv. leg. SEP ALBIN), VF, toned, scratches, tight flan, lamination defects, weight 2.642 g, maximum diameter 17.6 mm, die axis 180o, Rome or counterfeiter's mint, as caesar, 194 - 195 A.D.; obverse D CLOD SEPT ALBIN CAES, bare head right; reverse FELICITAS COS II, Felicitas standing slightly left, head left, short caduceus in right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left hand; from the Shawn Caza Collection, ex Kunst-und Antikmarkt Am Hof (Vienna, Austria); rare; $160.00 (166.40) ON RESERVE


Pupienus, 22 April - 29 July 2

|Pupienus|, |Pupienus,| |22| |April| |-| |29| |July| |2||denarius|NEW
Felicitas was the goddess or personification of happiness, good fortune, and success. She played an important role in Rome's state religion during the empire and was frequently portrayed on coins. She became a prominent symbol of the wealth and prosperity of the Roman Empire.
RS110101. Silver denarius, RIC IV-1 6 (S), RSC III 26, BMCRE VI 52, Hunter III 1, SRCV III 8527, aF, well centered, light toning, porous and rough, edge ragged, weight 1.787 g, maximum diameter 20.0 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 22 Apr - 29 Jul 238; obverse IMP C M CLOD PVPIENVS AVG, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse P M TR P COS II P P (Pontifex Maximus, Tribunitia Potestas, Consul Secundum - High priest, holder of tribunitian power, consul for the 2nd time, Pater Patre), Felicitas standing left, caduceus in right, long scepter vertical behind in left; from the Shawn Caza Collection, ex Dorotheum (Vienna, Austria); scarce; $170.00 SALE PRICE $153.00 ON RESERVE


Hadrian, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D.

|Hadrian|, |Hadrian,| |11| |August| |117| |-| |10| |July| |138| |A.D.||sestertius|NEW
Felicitas was the goddess or personification of happiness, good fortune, and success. She played an important role in Rome's state religion during the empire and was frequently portrayed on coins. She became a prominent symbol of the wealth and prosperity of the Roman Empire.
RB110108. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC II-3 2255, BMCRE III 1497, Cohen II 620, SRCV II 3595, Strack II 663, Hunter II 517 var. (slight drapery), aF, porosity/light corrosion, weight 24.130 g, maximum diameter 33.1 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 134 - 138 A.D.; obverse HADRIANVS AVG COS III P P, laureate head right; reverse FELICITAS AVG (the good fortune of the Emperor), Felicitas standing slightly left, head left, olive branch in right hand, long caduceus in left hand, S - C (senatus consulto) flanking across the field; from the Shawn Caza Collection, ex Anciennes Collections (Clermont Ferrand, France); $90.00 SALE PRICE $80.00


Claudius II Gothicus, September 268 - August or September 270 A.D.

|Claudius| |II|, |Claudius| |II| |Gothicus,| |September| |268| |-| |August| |or| |September| |270| |A.D.||antoninianus|
Fortuna Redux, one of the many aspects of Fortuna, was in charge of bringing people home safely, primarily from wars - redux means "coming back" or "returning." She may be one of the later aspects of Fortuna, as the earliest mention of her is on an altar dedicated by the Senate in 19 B.C. for the safe return of Emperor Augustus.
BB99581. Billon antoninianus, MER-RIC T969 (16 spec.), RIC V-1 234, Normanby 1106, anakkale 2399 - 2417, Komin 1130, Venra -, Hunter IV -, F, olive patina with coppery high points, bumps, marks, porosity, tight flan, weight 3.022 g, maximum diameter 19.7 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, issue 4, c. mid 270 - September 270; obverse IMP CLAVDIVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse FORTVNA REDVX, Fortuna standing left, rudder on globe held by tiller in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, exergue blank; from the Ed Strivelli Collection, ex FORVM (2019); $14.00 SALE PRICE $12.60


Trajan Decius, September 249 - June or July 251 A.D.

|Trajan| |Decius|, |Trajan| |Decius,| |September| |249| |-| |June| |or| |July| |251| |A.D.||double| |sestertius|
Rare denomination introduced with this issue, and equal in value to the obsolete silver quinarius. The c. 4g brass "semis" introduced at the same time as this issue, may well have been a "reduced as" half of the c. 8.5 gram dupondius, one quarter of the c. 17 g sesterius, and one eighth of this coin. Completing the sub-antoninianus denominations, a rare, small, silver coin of c. 1.6 g was a denarius. The double sestertius, easilly distiguished by its radiate crown, was also issued by Gallienus and especially Postumus. A rare denomination of Aurelian and Severina is sometimes referred to as a "dupondius," sometimes as an "double sestertius." its rarity precludes its use as a smaller than half fraction of the c. 275 A.D. aurelianus. Probably the 7 g "as" was a half of the aurelianus, making the 14 g radiate Aurelian / Severina bronze an attempted bronze aurelianus.
SH26392. Orichalcum double sestertius, RIC IV 115d, Cohen V 39, Hunter III 47, SRCV III 9395, Choice VF, weight 34.518 g, maximum diameter 36.3 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 249 - 251 A.D.; obverse IMP C M Q TRAIANVS DECIVS AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right, drapery in left shoulder; reverse FELICITAS SAECVLI S C, Felicitas standing left, caduceus in right hand, cornucopia in left hand; exceptional quality for this late issue, olive patina; ex The New York Sale, Auction XIV, 10 January 2007, lot 373; SOLD


Trajan, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D.

|Trajan|, |Trajan,| |25| |January| |98| |-| |8| |or| |9| |August| |117| |A.D.||sestertius|
In 114, Trajan defeated the Parthians and overran Armenia and northern Mesopotamia. The kingdom of Osroene became a vassal kingdom of the Roman Empire.
SH53311. Orichalcum sestertius, Woytek 499v, RIC II 671, BnF IV 840, BMCRE III 1015, Strack I 451, Cohen II 351, Hunter II -, SRCV II -, gVF, flat reverse strike, weight 24.484 g, maximum diameter 34.4 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, late summer - fall 114 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES TRAIANO OPTIMO AVG GER DAC P M TR P COS VI P P, laureate and draped bust right; reverse SENATVS POPVLVSQVE ROMANVS S C, Felicitas standing left, caduceus in right hand, cornucopia in left hand; ex Frederick S. Knobloch Collection of Roman Imperial Coins, Stacks Auction, May 1980; SOLD


Faustina Junior, Augusta 146 - Winter 175/176 A.D., Wife of Marcus Aurelius

|Faustina| |Jr.|, |Faustina| |Junior,| |Augusta| |146| |-| |Winter| |175/176| |A.D.,| |Wife| |of| |Marcus| |Aurelius||denarius|
"Saeculi Felicitas" means happy times, referring to the empire's new heirs. The two infants are the twin sons of Marcus Aurelius and Faustina Junior, Commodus and Antoninus, born 31 August 161, at Lanuvium, near Rome. Antoninus died at age four. Commodus succeeded Marcus Aurelius as emperor.
RS67697. Silver denarius, RIC III MA712; RSC II 191; BMCRE IV MA139; Hunter II p. 352, 16; SRCV II 5260, VF, weight 3.603 g, maximum diameter 18.6 mm, die axis 225o, Rome mint, struck under Marcus Aurelius, 161 A.D.; obverse FAVSTINA AVGVSTA, diademed and draped bust right; reverse SAECVLI FELICIT (era of good fortune), two infant boys seated facing on a draped throne; SOLD







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