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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |Recovery of the Empire| ▸ |Aurelian||View Options:  |  |  | 

Aurelian, August or September 270 - October or November 275 A.D.

L Domitius Aurelianus was born in Sirmium about 207 A.D. Of humble background, Aurelian rose in the ranks to become one of Rome's greatest generals. Proclaimed emperor around 270 A.D., he quickly crushed the various usurpers, restoring to its largest extent except for the Dacia, which was abandoned permanently. Aurelian then embarked on a series of public works meant to restore the empire's shattered infrastructure. His brilliant rule was cut short by a court conspiracy ending in his assassination in 275 A.D. Rome in 271 A.D.

|Aurelian|, |Aurelian,| |August| |270| |-| |October| |or| |November| |275| |A.D.||antoninianus|
Oriens is Latin for "east." Literally, it means "rising" from orior, "rise." The use of the word for "rising" to refer to the east (where the sun rises) has analogs from many languages: compare the terms "Levant" (French levant "rising"), "Anatolia" (Greek anatole), "mizrahi" in Hebrew (from "zriha" meaning sunrise), "sharq" in Arabic, and others. The Chinese pictograph for east is based on the sun rising behind a tree and "The Land of the Rising Sun" to refers to Japan. Also, many ancient temples, including the Jewish Temple in Jerusalem, were built with their main entrances facing the East. To situate them in such a manner was to "orient" them in the proper direction. When something is facing the correct direction, it is said to have the proper "orientation."
RB99045. Billon antoninianus, MER-RIC T1676, BnF XII.1 75, Venra 211-215, Gbl MIR 115b, SRCV III 11565, Cohen VI 244, RIC V-1 -, Hunter IV -, VF, dark brown tone, broad flan, areas of weak strike, edge a little ragged, weight 4.932 g, maximum diameter 23.4 mm, die axis 0o, 4th officina, Rome mint, 5th issue, autumn 273 A.D.; obverse IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right; reverse ORIENS AVG (the rising sun of the Emperor), Sol standing slightly left, head left, radiate, nude but for chlamys over shoulders and left arm, raising right hand commanding the sun to rise, globe in left hand, bearded captive on his back at feet to left, wearing eastern dress, left hand reaching up towards Sol, Q (4th officina) in exergue; first specimen of this type handled by FORVM; scarce; $100.00 SALE PRICE $90.00 ON RESERVE


|Aurelian|, |Aurelian,| |August| |270| |-| |October| |or| |November| |275| |A.D.||aureus|
Certificate of Authenticity issued by David R. Sear.
SH24849. Gold aureus, MER-RIC 1584, Gbl MIR 127q, pl. 74 (O96/R298); BnF XII 424, pl. 13 (same dies); Estiot 1999-I 58 (same dies); RIC V 15, aEF, edge bump at 10 o'clock, weight 4.459 g, maximum diameter 21.4 mm, die axis 180o, Mediolanum (Milan, Italy) mint, issue 3, mid 272 - end 272; obverse IMP CL DOM AVRELIANVS P F AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust right, wearing aegis across chest with small Medusa head in center; reverse VIRTVS AVG (the valor of the Emperor), Virtus, helmeted, cloaked, holding spear in right and trophy across left shoulder, walking right, captive before; ex Harlan Berk; SOLD


|Aurelian|, |Aurelian,| |August| |270| |-| |October| |or| |November| |275| |A.D.||antoninianus|
The only other know specimen of this type, MER-RIC T2578 was offered by CGB in its mail bid sale XVI (31 Dec 2002), lot 657. Described as UNIQUE and VF, it went unsold with an estimate of 500 Euros. Our specimen is MUCH nicer.
RA92318. Billon antoninianus, MER-RIC T2578 (1 spec., CGB XVI, 31 Dec 2002, lot 657), BnF XII -, Gbl MIR -, Hunter IV -, RIC V-2 -, Cohen VI -, SRCV III -, et al. -, aEF, much silvering with some luster, well centered on a tight flan, nice portrait, flow lines, some light marks, reverse weak, weight 2.542 g, maximum diameter 21.5 mm, die axis 180o, Serdica (Sofia, Bulgaria) mint, c. 271 A.D.; obverse IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse CONSERVATORI, Aesculapius standing slightly right, head left, leaning on snake entwined staff, S in exergue; only the second known specimen of this type!; extremely rare; SOLD







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OBVERSE LEGENDS

AVRELIANVSAVG
AVRELIANVSAVGCONS
AVRELIANVSPAVG
IMPAVRELIANVSAVG
IMPAVRELIANVSINVICTAVG
IMPAVRELIANVSINVICTVSAVG
IMPAVRELIANVSPAVG
IMPAVRELIANVSPFAVG
IMPAVRELIANVSPIVSAVG
IMPCAVRELIANVSAVG
IMPCAVRELIANVSINVICTVSAVG
IMPCAVRELIANVSINVICTVSPAVG
IMPCAVRELIANVSPAVG
IMPCAVRELIANVSPFAVG
IMPCAVRELIANVSPIVSFELAVG
IMPCDAVRELIANVSAVG
IMPCDOMAVRELIANVSAVG
IMPCLDAVRELIANVSAVG
IMPCLDAVRELIANVSPFAVG
IMPCLDOMAVRELIANVSAVG
IMPCLDOMAVRELIANVSPAVG
IMPCLDOMAVRELIANVSPFAVG
IMPCAESLDOMAVRELIANVSAVG
IMPDEOETDOMINONATOAVRELIANOAVG
SOLDOMIMPROM
SOLDOMIMPROMANI
SOLDOMINVSIMPERIROMAN


REFERENCES

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Estiot, S. "Le Trsor de Maravielle" in TM V (1983), pp. 9 - 115.
Estiot, S. "L'Or romain entre crise et restitution (270-276 apr. J.-C.). I. Aurlien" in Journal des Savants 1 (1999), pp. 51-148.
Estiot, S. Monnaies de l'Empire Romain Volume XII, D'Aurlien Florien (270-276 aprs J.-C.). Bibliotheque nationale de France. (Paris, 2004).
Estiot, S. Ripostiglio della Venra, Nuovo Catalogo Illustrato, Volume II/1: Aureliano. (Verona, 1995).
Gbl, R. et al. Moneta Imperii Romani, Band 47: Die Mnzprgung des Kaisers Aurelianus (270/275). (Vienna, 1985).
Ireland, S. Greek, Roman, and Byzantine Coins in the Museum at Amasya (Ancient Amaseia), Turkey. (London, 2000).
Kellner, H., L. Zemmer-Plank, & E. Kellner. Ein rmischer Mnzschatz von Navis-Mhlen im Wipptal. (Innsbruck, 1984).
Mazzini, I. Monete Imperiali Romane. (Milan, 1957-1958).
Mattingly, H., E. Sydenham & P. Webb. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol. V, |Part| I, Valerian to Florian. (London, 1927).
Milani, L. Il ripositglio della Venra, Monete romane della seconda meta del terzo secolo. (Rome, 1880).
Monnaies de l'Empire Romain / Roman Imperial Coinage AD 268-276 (RIC V Online) http://www.ric.mom.fr
Pflaum, H., P. Bastien, "La trouvaille de monnaies romaines de Thibouville (Eure)" in Gallia XIX (1961), pp. 71-104; Gallia XX (1962), pp. 255-315.
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. IV. Valerian I to Allectus. (Oxford, 1978).
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol. 3: The Accession of Maximinus I to the Death of Carinus AD 235 - AD 285. (London, 2005).
Schmidt-Dick, F. ed. Die rmischen Mnzen des Medagliere im Castelvecchio zu Verona. TNRB 9. (1995).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).

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