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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |Recovery of the Empire| ▸ |Aurelian||View Options:  |  |  | 

Aurelian, August or September 270 - October or November 275 A.D.

L Domitius Aurelianus was born in Sirmium about 207 A.D. Of humble background, Aurelian rose in the ranks to become one of Rome's greatest generals. Proclaimed emperor around 270 A.D., he quickly crushed the various usurpers, restoring to its largest extent except for the Dacia, which was abandoned permanently. Aurelian then embarked on a series of public works meant to restore the empire's shattered infrastructure. His brilliant rule was cut short by a court conspiracy ending in his assassination in 275 A.D. Rome in 271 A.D.

Aurelian, August 270 - October or November 275 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt

|Roman| |Egypt|, |Aurelian,| |August| |270| |-| |October| |or| |November| |275| |A.D.,| |Roman| |Provincial| |Egypt||tetradrachm|
In 275, Aurelian prepared a campaign against the Sassanids in Asia Minor. In Thrace, while waiting to cross the Bosphorus with his army, he ordered severe punishments for corrupt soldiers and made a list of high-ranking officers marked for execution. In September, Aurelian fell victim to a conspiracy of the Praetorian Guard and was murdered near Byzantium (Istanbul, Turkey).
ME113225. Billon tetradrachm, Dattari 5488; Geissen 3095; Milne 4448; Curtis 1775; SNG Cop 884; BMC Alexandria p. 307, 2369; Kampmann 106.55; Emmett 3927.6, aEF, dark patina, rev. off center, small edge split/crack, some deposits, scratches, weight 8.440 g, maximum diameter 21.6 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 29 Aug 274 - 28 Aug 275 A.D.; obverse A K Λ ΔOM AVPHΛIANOC CEB, laureate and cuirassed bust right; reverse ETOVC - S (year 6), eagle standing right, wreath in beak, palm across shoulder; $90.00 SALE PRICE $81.00
 


|Aurelian|, |Aurelian,| |August| |270| |-| |October| |or| |November| |275| |A.D.||denarius|
Victory or Nike is seen with wings in most statues and paintings, with one of the most famous being the Winged Victory of Samothrace. Most other winged deities in the Greek pantheon had shed their wings by Classical times. Nike is the goddess of strength, speed, and victory. Nike was a very close acquaintance of Athena and is thought to have stood in Athena's outstretched hand in the statue of Athena located in the Parthenon. Victory or Nike is also one of the most commonly portrayed figures on Greek and Roman coins.
SH47767. Billon denarius, RIC V-1 71, BnF XII 185, Göbl MIR 135f2, MER-RIC 1799 var. (also draped), superb EF, near full silvering, excellent full strike, weight 2.779 g, maximum diameter 19.8 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Rome mint, issue 10, end 274 A.D.; obverse IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust right; reverse VICTORIA AVG (the victory of the Emperor), Victory walking left, wreath in right hand, palm frond in left hand, B left, VSV in exergue; SOLD


|Aurelian|, |Aurelian,| |August| |270| |-| |October| |or| |November| |275| |A.D.||antoninianus|
The only other know specimen of this type, MER-RIC T2578 was offered by CGB in its mail bid sale XVI (31 Dec 2002), lot 657. Described as UNIQUE and VF, it went unsold with an estimate of 500 Euros. Our specimen is MUCH nicer.
RA92318. Billon antoninianus, MER-RIC T2578 (1 spec., CGB XVI, 31 Dec 2002, lot 657), BnF XII -, Göbl MIR -, Hunter IV -, RIC V-2 -, Cohen VI -, SRCV III -, et al. -, aEF, much silvering with some luster, well centered on a tight flan, nice portrait, flow lines, some light marks, reverse weak, weight 2.542 g, maximum diameter 21.5 mm, die axis 180o, Serdica (Sofia, Bulgaria) mint, c. 271 A.D.; obverse IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse CONSERVATORI, Aesculapius standing slightly right, head left, leaning on snake entwined staff, S in exergue; only the second known specimen of this type!; extremely rare; SOLD


Aurelian, August 270 - October or November 275 A.D.

|Aurelian|, |Aurelian,| |August| |270| |-| |October| |or| |November| |275| |A.D.||antoninianus|
According to Estiot, this coin is only the 5th published specimen, and of excellent quality for the issue.
SH26269. Billon antoninianus, RIC V-1 104, Estiot 378, Venèra 1571 - 1572, aEF, weight 4.531 g, maximum diameter 23.4 mm, die axis 180o, Mediolanum (Milan, Italy) mint, obverse IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse CONCORDI LEGI (harmony with the legions), Concordia standing half left between four standards, P in exergue; very rare; SOLD


Palmyrene-Roman Empire, Aurelian and Vabalathus, c. Nov 270 - Mar 272 A.D.

|Vabalathus|, |Palmyrene-Roman| |Empire,| |Aurelian| |and| |Vabalathus,| |c.| |Nov| |270| |-| |Mar| |272| |A.D.||antoninianus|
According to Zosimus, after his defeat, Vaballathus died on the way to Rome. Other sources imply Aurelian allowed Vaballathus and his mother Zenobia to live, but only after they had been marched through the streets of Rome in a triumphal procession. This would have been humiliating, but better than death. This theory is supported by Aurelian's similar treatment of the Tetrici, Tetricus I and Tetricus II of the Gallic Empire, long-time enemies of Rome whom the emperor allowed to retire following their defeat at the Battle of Châlons in 274.
RA35037. Billon antoninianus, MER-RIC 3107, RIC V-2 381, BnF XII 1248, Hunter IV 7, Göbl MIR 353a5, Cohen VI 1, SRCV III 11718, Choice gVF, weight 3.646 g, maximum diameter 20.2 mm, die axis 135o, 5th officina, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, Nov 270 - Mar 272 A.D.; obverse IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right, E below; reverse VABALATHVS V C R IM D R, laureate, diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; SOLD


Palmyrene-Roman Empire, Aurelian and Vabalathus, c. Nov 270 - Mar 272 A.D.

|Vabalathus|, |Palmyrene-Roman| |Empire,| |Aurelian| |and| |Vabalathus,| |c.| |Nov| |270| |-| |Mar| |272| |A.D.||antoninianus|
In 272, the Emperor Aurelian crossed the Bosporus and advanced quickly through Anatolia. While the Roman general Marcus Aurelius Probus recovered Egypt. Aurelian defeated Zenobia in the Battle of Immae near Antioch. The Palmyrene armies retreated to Antioch, then later Emesa, while Aurelian advanced and took the former. The defeat at Emesa forced the Palmyrene armies to evacuate to the capital. The Romans began a siege. Zenobia, Vaballathus's mother, left the city and headed east to ask the Sasanian Empire for help. The Romans followed the queen, arrested her near the Euphrates, and brought her back to the emperor. Soon after the city fell. Vaballathus, his mother and her council were taken to Emesa and put on trial. Most of the high-ranking Palmyrene officials were executed. Vaballathus and Zenobia were sent to Rome to be displayed in Aurelian's Triumph.
RA85171. Billon antoninianus, MER-RIC 3113, BnF XII 1259, Göbl MIR 353a8, Venèra 10809, RIC V-2 381, Cohen VI 1, SRCV III 11718, Hunter IV -, Choice EF, well centered and struck, coppery surfaces, weight 3.313 g, maximum diameter 20.7 mm, die axis 0o, 8th officina, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, Nov 270 - Mar 272 A.D.; obverse IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust of Aurelian right, from the front, H below; reverse VABALATHVS V C R IM D R, laureate, diademed, draped and cuirassed bust of Vabalathus right, from behind; SOLD


Palmyrene-Roman Empire, Aurelian and Vabalathus, c. Nov 270 - Mar 272 A.D.

|Vabalathus|, |Palmyrene-Roman| |Empire,| |Aurelian| |and| |Vabalathus,| |c.| |Nov| |270| |-| |Mar| |272| |A.D.||antoninianus|
In 272, the Emperor Aurelian crossed the Bosporus and advanced quickly through Anatolia. While the Roman general Marcus Aurelius Probus recovered Egypt. Aurelian defeated Zenobia in the Battle of Immae near Antioch. The Palmyrene armies retreated to Antioch, then later Emesa, while Aurelian advanced and took the former. The defeat at Emesa forced the Palmyrene armies to evacuate to the capital. The Romans began a siege. Zenobia, Vaballathus's mother, left the city and headed east to ask the Sasanian Empire for help. The Romans followed the queen, arrested her near the Euphrates, and brought her back to the emperor. Soon after the city fell. Vaballathus, his mother and her council were taken to Emesa and put on trial. Most of the high-ranking Palmyrene officials were executed. Vaballathus and Zenobia were sent to Rome to be displayed in Aurelian's Triumph.
RA85177. Billon antoninianus, MER-RIC 3106, BnF XII 1246, Göbl MIR 353a4, RIC V-2 381, Cohen VI 1, SRCV III 11718, Hunter IV -, Choice EF, bold full circles strike, weight 3.563 g, maximum diameter 21.8 mm, die axis 180o, 4th officina, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, Nov 270 - Mar 272 A.D.; obverse IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust of Aurelian right, from the front, Δ below; reverse VABALATHVS V C R IM D R, laureate, diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust of Vabalathus right, from behind; SOLD







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OBVERSE LEGENDS

AVRELIANVSAVG
AVRELIANVSAVGCONS
AVRELIANVSPAVG
IMPAVRELIANVSAVG
IMPAVRELIANVSINVICTAVG
IMPAVRELIANVSINVICTVSAVG
IMPAVRELIANVSPAVG
IMPAVRELIANVSPFAVG
IMPAVRELIANVSPIVSAVG
IMPCAVRELIANVSAVG
IMPCAVRELIANVSINVICTVSAVG
IMPCAVRELIANVSINVICTVSPAVG
IMPCAVRELIANVSPAVG
IMPCAVRELIANVSPFAVG
IMPCAVRELIANVSPIVSFELAVG
IMPCDAVRELIANVSAVG
IMPCDOMAVRELIANVSAVG
IMPCLDAVRELIANVSAVG
IMPCLDAVRELIANVSPFAVG
IMPCLDOMAVRELIANVSAVG
IMPCLDOMAVRELIANVSPAVG
IMPCLDOMAVRELIANVSPFAVG
IMPCAESLDOMAVRELIANVSAVG
IMPDEOETDOMINONATOAVRELIANOAVG
SOLDOMIMPROM
SOLDOMIMPROMANI
SOLDOMINVSIMPERIROMAN


REFERENCES

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