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Counterfeit, Unofficial, Imitative and Barbaric Roman Coins
Vandal Kingdom, North Africa, 429 - 534 A.D.
In spring 429, the Vandals invaded North Africa. Convicted of treason, rather than surrender for execution, the Roman general Bonifacius revolted and sought support from Vandal mercenaries in Hispania. King Genseric and the entire Vandal kingdom migrated en masse into Africa and took it with a force of 80,000 men. The Vandals ruled North Africa until the Byzantine Romans recaptured it in 534.ME93386. Bronze AE 9, cf. Wroth BMCV 188, pl. iv, 39, F, earthen encrusted, weight 0.805 g, maximum diameter 8.5 mm, Carthage mint, 429 - 534 A.D.; obverse diademed and draped bust right; reverse cross (in wreath?); $90.00 (€73.80)
Julia Domna, Augusta 194 - 8 April 217 A.D., Ancient Counterfeit
Isis was the goddess of motherhood and fertility in Ancient Egyptian religious beliefs, whose worship spread throughout the Greco-Roman world. In later myths about Isis, she had a brother, Osiris, who became her husband, and she then was said to have conceived Horus.MA96710. Fouree silver plated denarius, RSC III 174, RIC IV S577, SRCV II 6606 (official, silver, Rome mint), VF, unusual style, about 1/4 of the bronze core is exposed, weight 2.450 g, maximum diameter 18.6 mm, die axis 180o, unofficial criminal mint, c. 196 - 211 A.D.; obverse IVLIE AVGVSTA (sic), draped bust right; reverse SAECVLI FELICITAS (retrograde), Isis nursing the infant Horus, standing left with right foot on prow, anchor rests against altar behind (the entire reverse, not just the legend, is a reverse of the official type); $80.00 (€65.60)
Julia Domna, Augusta 194 - 8 April 217 A.D., "Limes" Denarius
The origin and purpose of the bronze "limes" denarii is uncertain. They may have been a token currency used only along the borders of the Empire. They may have been illegal counterfeits with a now long gone thin silver wash.
Fortuna distributed good and evil among mankind according to her caprice and without any regard to merit.MA96711. Bronze limes denarius, RSC III 55, RIC IV S552, BMCRE V S24, SRCV II 6583 (silver, official, Rome mint, 210 A.D.), Choice VF, well centered, dark patina, mild porosity, weight 3.031 g, maximum diameter 19.0 mm, die axis 0o, uncertain mint mint, c. 210 A.D.; obverse IVLIA AVGVSTA, draped bust right; reverse FORTVNAE FELICI, Fortuna standing slightly left, head left, out-turned cornucopia in right, left elbow rests on reversed rudder; $70.00 (€57.40)
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Davis, P. "Dacian and Celtic Imitations of Republican Denarii" in The Celator 18-4, April 2004, pp. 6-16.
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Popović, Petar. "Hoard of imitations of the Roman Republican denars from the Belgrade National Museum" in Numizmatikai Közlöny 1974, pp. 7-13 & pl. 1.
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