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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |Unofficial & Barbaric||View Options:  |  |  | 

Counterfeit, Unofficial, Imitative and Barbaric Roman Coins
Galba, 3 April 68 - 15 January 69 A.D., Ancient Counterfeit

|Galba|, |Galba,| |3| |April| |68| |-| |15| |January| |69| |A.D.,| |Ancient| |Counterfeit||denarius|
This coin is dedicated to Rome reborn, presumably due to the leadership of Galba. To Galba it seems rebirth primary concerned an attempt to restore state finances. To this end he undertook a number of unpopular measures, the most dangerous was his refusal to pay the praetorians the reward promised to them in his name. Galba scorned the notion that soldiers should be "bribed" for their loyalty. According to the historian Suetonius, Galba levied massive taxes against areas that were slow to receive him as emperor.
RS99191. Fouree silver plated denarius, cf. RIC I 43, BMCRE I 180, RSC II 211, Hunter I 68, SRCV I 2095 (official, solid silver, Tarraco mint, Apr - late 68 A.D., minor variations), VF, toned, small core exposures, scratches, bumps, weight 2.846 g, maximum diameter 17.8 mm, die axis 180o, unofficial, counterfeiter's mint, c. April 68 - 69 A.D.; obverse IMPERATO (sic) GALBA, laureate head right, globe at the point of neck; reverse ROMA RENASCENS (Rome Reborn), Roma advancing right, wearing helmet and military garb, Victory on globe presenting wreath in right hand, transverse spear in left hand; ex CNG e-auction 500 (22 Sep 2021), 735 (part of); ex Mercury Group Collection, ex Thomas Cederlind (20 Nov 2002) ; $490.00 SALE PRICE $392.00


Vitellius, 2 January - 20 December 69 A.D., Ancient Counterfeit

|Vitellius|, |Vitellius,| |2| |January| |-| |20| |December| |69| |A.D.,| |Ancient| |Counterfeit||denarius|
"This refers to Vitellius' membership in the priestly college of the quindecimviri Sacris Faciundis, 'fifteen men for the conduct of sacred matters.' This body had care of the Sibylline prophecies and were famous for the opulence of their banquets, a feature of the priesthood which particularly appealed to the gluttonous emperor." -- David R. Sear, Roman Coins and Their Values
RS99193. Fouree silver plated denarius, cf. RIC I 109, RSC II 111, BMCRE I 39, BnF III 77, Hunter I 18, SRCV I 2201 (official, solid silver, Rome mint, legend variations), VF, toned, small plating breaks, tiny edge splits, weight 2.984 g, maximum diameter 18.1 mm, die axis 255o, unofficial, counterfeiter's mint, c. 69 A.D.; obverse A VITELLIVG GERM IMP AVO TR P (sic), laureate head right; reverse XV VIR CICR FAC (sic) (fifteen men for the conduct of sacred matters), tripod-lebes of Apollo, dolphin right on top, raven standing right on strut below lebes; ex CNG e-auction 500 (22 Sep 2021), 735 (part of); ex Mercury Group Collection, ex Mike Vosper (25 Jan 2005); $310.00 SALE PRICE $279.00


Domitian, 13 September 81 - 18 September 96 A.D., Ancient Counterfeit

|Domitian|, |Domitian,| |13| |September| |81| |-| |18| |September| |96| |A.D.,| |Ancient| |Counterfeit||denarius|
Minerva is the virgin Roman goddess of wisdom, justice, law, victory, poetry, music, medicine, commerce, weaving and strategy. Minerva is not a patron of violence such as Mars, but of defensive war only. From the second century B.C. onward, the Romans equated her with the Greek goddess Athena. Minerva is one of the three Roman deities in the Capitoline Triad, along with Jupiter and Juno. She is often depicted with her sacred creature, an owl usually named as the "owl of Minerva", which symbolized her association with wisdom and knowledge as well as, less frequently, the snake and the olive tree. Minerva is commonly depicted as tall with an athletic and muscular build, as well as wearing armour and carrying a spear. As the most important Roman goddess, she is highly revered, honored, and respected.
RS99197. Fouree silver plated denarius, cf. RIC II-1 787 (C2); BMCRE II 230; RSC II 292; BnF III 206; Hunter I 91; SRCV I - (official, solid silver, Rome mint, 95 - 96 A.D., gVF, light toning, light marks, flow lines, minor plating breaks, weight 3.027 g, maximum diameter 18.5 mm, die axis 180o, unofficial, counterfeiter's mint, c. 96 - 100 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P XV, laureate head right; reverse IM (sic) XXII COS XVII CENS P P P, Minerva advancing right, draped, wearing helmet with crest and aegis, brandishing javelin in right hand, round shield on left arm; ex CNG e-auction 500 (22 Sep 2021), 735 (part of); ex Mercury Group Collection; $180.00 SALE PRICE $162.00


Uncertain Germanic Tribes, Migration Period, c. 300 - 500 A.D., Lot of 4 Roman Imitative Coins

|Multiple| |Coin| |Lots|, |Uncertain| |Germanic| |Tribes,| |Migration| |Period,| |c.| |300| |-| |500| |A.D.,| |Lot| |of| |4| |Roman| |Imitative| |Coins||Lot|
The following list was provided by the consignor and has not been verified by FORVM:
1) Constantine I, Mid 4th-early 5th century, debased argenteus imitative. "Two Victories with shield and altar" series. Helmeted, laureate and cuirassed bust right. / Two Victories standing confronted, holding between them shield above altar.
2) Family of Valentinian I - Barbarous Imitation. c. 378-385 AD. AE2 (3.18g) Diademed bust right, blundered legend. / Emperor standing facing, head left, raising kneeling turreted female figure and holding Victory on globe. Contemporary copy of Gratian/Valentinian II/ Theodosius I-era REPARATIO REIPVB Majorina.
3) Tetricus I, AE minimi (0.53g) circa 274 AD, TETRICVS AVG Radiate and draped bust right. / Fides standing holding two upright standards.
4) 5th century AD, AE nummus (0.89g) Imitative, Bust of emperor right. / Victory left dragging captive.
LT99419. Bronze Lot, Uncertain Germanic tribes, Migration Period, c. 300 - 500 A.D.; lot of 4 Roman imitative coins, no tags or flips, the actual coins in the photograph, as-is, no returns, 4 coins; $130.00 SALE PRICE $117.00


Trajan, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D.,"Limes" Denarius

|Trajan|, |Trajan,| |25| |January| |98| |-| |8| |or| |9| |August| |117| |A.D.,"Limes"| |Denarius
||limes| |denarius|
The origin and purpose of the bronze "limes" denarii is uncertain. They may have been a token currency used only along the borders of the Empire. They may have been illegal counterfeits with a now long gone thin silver wash.

This type was issued to commemorate the founding of the Roman province Arabia Petraea, consisting of the former Nabataean kingdom in Jordan, the southern Levant, the Sinai Peninsula, and the northwestern area of the Arabian peninsula.
RS99992. Billon or bronze limes denarius, cf. RIC II 245, Woytek 396b, RSC II 26, BMCRE III 474, SRCV II - (silver, Rome mint, 112 - 115 A.D.), VF, centered, nice dark patina, light marks, small lamination defects/patina chipping, weight 2.236 g, maximum diameter 18.8 mm, die axis 180o, uncertain mint mint, c. 112 - 115 A.D.; obverse IMP TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P M TR P COS VI P P, laureate bust right, slight drapery on left shoulder; reverse S P Q R OPTIMO PRINCIPI, Arabia standing front, head left, holding branch and bundle of cinnamon sticks, camel walking left behind at feet, ARAB ADQ in exergue; $95.00 SALE PRICE $85.50


Augustus, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D., Unofficial or Semi-official Cast in Gaul

|Augustus|, |Augustus,| |16| |January| |27| |B.C.| |-| |19| |August| |14| |A.D.,| |Unofficial| |or| |Semi-official| |Cast| |in| |Gaul||as|
This coin is clearly cast and not an official struck Rome mint issue. The molds were made with an official Rome mint as, struck under the moneyer Volusus Valerius Messalla, c. 6 B.C. Many unofficial counterfeits or perhaps semi-offical local imitations were struck and cast in Gaul, especially during the reign of Claudius (up to 50% of the bronze Claudius coins found in some areas), apparently due to shortages of official coinage. This coin may have been cast at that time.
RB110362. Cast bronze as, cf. RIC I 441, BnF I 738 (struck, Rome mint, 6 B.C.), F, nice green patina, usual soapy appearance of casts, flaw upper reverse field, weight 5.508 g, maximum diameter 25.2 mm, die axis 315o, c. 6 B.C. - 54 A.D.; obverse CAESAR AVGVST PONT MAX TRIBVNIC POT, bare head right; reverse VOLVSVS VALER MESSAL III VIR AAA FF, legend around S C; scarce; $80.00 SALE PRICE $72.00


Geto-Dacian, Roman Republic Imitative, c. 82 B.C. - 1st Century A.D.

|Celtic| |&| |Tribal|, |Geto-Dacian,| |Roman| |Republic| |Imitative,| |c.| |82| |B.C.| |-| |1st| |Century| |A.D.||denarius| |serratus|
In ancient Greek and Roman writing Dacus (plural Daci) and Geta (plural Getae) were interchangeable names for tribes of the Dacia region, distinct from but influenced by and possibly related the Thracians and Celts. Modern historians prefer to use the name Geto-Dacians.
CE68430. Silver denarius serratus, cf. Davis C52 and M166; for the Rome mint, C. Mamilius Limetanus, 82 B.C., prototype see: SRCV I 282, Sydenham 741, Crawford 362/1, gVF, weight 3.846 g, maximum diameter 17.4 mm, die axis 135o, tribal mint, c. 82 B.C. - 1st century A.D.; obverse bust of Mercury right wearing winged petasus, caduceus over shoulder; reverse Ulysses (Odysseus) walking right, greeted by his dog Argos, staff in left hand, C MAMIL downward on left, LIMETAN (AT ligate) upwards on right; SOLD







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REFERENCES|

Cahn, H. "EIDibus MARtiis" in QT 18 (1989), pp. 229-231, 9a, 20a, and 25b.
Campbell, W. Greek and Roman Plated Coins. ANSNNM 75. (New York, 1933).
Crawford, M. "Plated Coins - False Coins" in NC 1968, pp. 55-59, pl. xiv.
Crawford, M. Roman Republican Coinage. (Cambridge, 1974), vol I., pp. 560-565, vol II, p. 570.
Davis, P. "Dacian and Celtic Imitations of Republican Denarii" in The Celator 18-4, April 2004, pp. 6-16.
Davis, P. "Dacian Imitations of Roman Republican Denarii" in Apvlvm Number XLIII/1. (2006).
Davis, P. Imitations of Roman Republican Denarii, website: http://rrimitations.ancients.info/.
Davis, P. & E. Paunov. "Imitations of Republican Denarii from Moesia and Thrace" in Studies Prokopov. (2012).
Lawrence, L. "On a Hoard of Plated Roman Denarii" in NC 1940, pp. 185-189.
Popović, Petar. "Hoard of imitations of the Roman Republican denars from the Belgrade National Museum" in Numizmatikai Kzlny 1974, pp. 7-13 & pl. 1.
Ranieri, E. La monetazione di Ravenna antica dal V all' VIII secolo: impero romano e bizantino, regno ostrogoto e langobardo. (Bologna, 2006).
Southerland, C. "'Carausius II', 'Censeris', and the Barbarous Fel. Temp. Reparatio Overstrikes" in NC 1945.
Sydenham, E. "On Roman Plated Coins" in NC 1940, pp. 190-202.
Sydenham, E. The Coinage of the Roman Republic. (London, 1927 1952). pl. xliii-xliv.
Vasic, M. "A IVth and Vth Centuries Hoard of Roman coins and imitations in the collection of the National Museum in Belgrade" in Sirmium VIII, p. 128-129, 6-19.

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