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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Byzantine Coins| ▸ |Justinian Dynasty||View Options:  |  |  | 

Byzantine Coins of the Justinian Dynasty
Byzantine Empire, Heraclius & Heraclius Constantine, 23 January 613 - 11 January 641 A.D., Overstruck on Focas

|Heraclius|, |Byzantine| |Empire,| |Heraclius| |&| |Heraclius| |Constantine,| |23| |January| |613| |-| |11| |January| |641| |A.D.,| |Overstruck| |on| |Focas|, |follis|
Heraclius came to power in 610 following a successful revolt in North Africa against the tyrannical rule of the Emperor Focas. His son Heraclius Constantine was elevated to joint rule in 613 A.D. Heraclius' most spectacular military achievement was the total defeat of Rome's old enemy on the eastern frontier, the Sassanid Persians. Unfortunately, this only facilitated the Arab conquest of Persia and the eastern provinces of the Byzantine Empire. The Byzantines lost Syria and Palestine before Heraclius died in early 641 A.D. and Egypt fell to the Arabs soon after.
BZ91698. Bronze follis, SBCV 805; DOC II-1 76 - 83; Hahn MIB 160b, Sommer 11.53; undertype: Focas, follis, Constantinople, 604 - 610 A.D., SBCV 640, VF, overstruck with strong undertype effects, holed, weight 10.091 g, maximum diameter 30.9 mm, die axis 0o, 5th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 613 - 616 A.D.; obverse [dd NN hERACLIuS Et hER]A CON[St PP A], Heraclius on left, Heraclius Constantine on right, both in chlamys holding globus cruciger in right, cross between heads; undertype: O N FOCA..., crowned facing bust, mappa in right, cross in left; reverse large M (40 nummi), Christogram above, ANNO left, uncertain year right (years 3 - 5, obscured by undertype effects), A (1st officina) below, CON (Constantinople) in exergue; undertype: large XXXX, ANNO above, uncertain year right (years 2 - 8), CON[...] in exergue; from the Maxwell Hunt Collection; $13.00 (11.96)


Byzantine Empire, Maurice Tiberius, 13 August 582 - 22 November 602 A.D.

|Maurice| |Tiberius|, |Byzantine| |Empire,| |Maurice| |Tiberius,| |13| |August| |582| |-| |22| |November| |602| |A.D.|, |follis|
In 588 the Persia was at war with both the Byzantines and the Turks. A Persian army of 12,000 men supported by Cataphracts (heavy cavalry) ambushed the invading Turks, and won a great victory at the battle of the Hyrcanian Rock. A Persian force was, however, defeated by a Byzantine army at Martyropolis.
MA95733. Bronze follis, DOC I 123b, Morrisson BnF 7/Cy/AE/06, Tolstoi 142, Ratto 1117, Hahn MIB II 84D, Sommer 7.48, SBCV 518, Wroth BMC -, aVF, green patina, weight 11.669 g, maximum diameter 27.4 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 588 - 589 A.D.; obverse D N mAVRC TIbER PP A, crowned and cuirassed bust facing, crown with cross and pendilia, globus cruciger in right, shield in left; reverse large M (40 nummi) between A/N/N/O and ϖI (regnal year 7), cross above, B (2nd officina) below, KYZ (Cyzicus) in exergue; $.99 (.91)


Byzantine Empire, Maurice Tiberius, 13 August 582 - 22 November 602 A.D.

|Maurice| |Tiberius|, |Byzantine| |Empire,| |Maurice| |Tiberius,| |13| |August| |582| |-| |22| |November| |602| |A.D.|, |half| |follis|
Cassander of Macedonia founded Thessalonica in 315 B.C. He named it after his wife Thessalonike, a half-sister of Alexander the Great. Thessalonica became the capital of Roman Macedonia in 168 B.C. and was later the administrative center for all of Greece. Its location at the nexus of both the East-West and North-South trade routes was ideal. In 1423, Andronicus ceded the city to Venice to protect it from the besieging Ottomans. The Venetians held Thessaloniki until it was taken by the Sultan Murad II on 29 March 1430.
MA95737. Bronze half follis, DOC I 72, Hahn MIB II 112B, SBCV 508, Sommer 7.37, Morrisson BnF - (p. 189), Wroth BMC -, Tolstoi -, Ratto -, VF, ragged flan, bumps, scattered porosity, weight 5.853 g, maximum diameter 21.4 mm, die axis 180o, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, 582 - 583 A.D.; obverse D N TIBE mAVRIC P P AVC, crowned and cuirassed bust facing, crown with cross and pendilia, globus cruciger in right hand, shield on left shoulder; reverse large K (20 nummi) between A/N/N/O and I (regnal year 1), cross above, TES (Thessalonica) below; this is the first specimen of this type handled by Forum; scarce; $.99 (.91)


Byzantine Empire, Focas, 23 November 602 - 5 October 610 A.D.

|Focas|, |Byzantine| |Empire,| |Focas,| |23| |November| |602| |-| |5| |October| |610| |A.D.|, |half| |follis|
Focas became emperor through a military revolt. He was an oppressive evil tyrant. His reign was a period of disaster with invasions, persecution of the aristocracy and civil unrest. Focas restored recognizable portraiture to the coinage - an oddity considering his appearance is often described as grotesque.
MA95738. Bronze half follis, DOC II part 1, 49; Wroth BMC 67; Tolstoi 86; Hahn MIB 92; SBCV 654; Sommer 9.33; Morrisson BnF - (p. 229); Ratto -, aVF, centered on a broad flan, green patina, weight 5.070 g, maximum diameter 22.8 mm, die axis 180o, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, 602 - 603 A.D.; obverse O M FOCAS PERP AVG (or similar), armored bust facing, wearing cuirass, paludamentum, and crown with pendilia and cross on circlet, cross in right hand; reverse Large K (20 nummi), cross above, I (regnal year 1) right, TE in exergue; this is the first specimen of this type handled by Forum; scarce; $.99 (.91)











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