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Macedonia, Roman Rule, Quaestor Aesillas, 95 - 70 B.C.
This type was apparently intended to encourage Macedonian pride by portraying the legendary national hero of the Macedonians, and at the same time clearly communicate Roman authority with name and symbols of the Roman quaestor.SH82660. Silver tetradrachm, Bauslaugh Group III (O15A/R85, 13 spec.), SNG Lockett 1542, SNG Fitzwilliam 2346, Dewing 1223 (all same dies), gVF, beautifully toned, slightest double strike, some minor flatness, die wear, tiny edge cracks, weight 16.855 g, maximum diameter 29.6 mm, die axis 0o, uncertain mint, 95 - 70 B.C.; obverse MAKE∆ONΩN counterclockwise below, head of Alexander the Great right with horn of Ammon and flowing hair, reversed B behind; reverse AESILLAS above money-chest (cista) on left, club in center, and Q over quaestor's chair (sella curulis) on right, all within laurel wreath tied at the bottom; ex Leu Numismatics, web auction 3 (25 Feb 2018), lot 212; ex De La Tour Collection; ex Hess-Divo, auction 314 (4 May 2009), lot 1093; ex A. Weil, fixed price list (Sep 1985), lot 12; $600.00 (€510.00)
Olynthos, Chalkidian League, Macedonia, 420 - 348 B.C.
In 432 B.C. Olynthos broke away from Athens and, with several other cities, formed the Chalkidian league. In 393, Amyntas III of Macedonia temporally transferred territory to Olynthos when he was driven out of Macedonia by Illyrians. When he was restored and the league did not return his lands, he appealed to Sparta. Akanthos and Apollonia, also appealed to Sparta, claiming league membership was not voluntary but enforced at the point of a sword. After a long war, in 379 these cities were made "autonomous" subject allies of Sparta. Weakened by the division, the league was destroyed by Philip II of Macedon in 348 B.C.SH64053. Silver tetrobol, Robinson-Clement group D, 38 (same dies); Traité pl. 313, 10; SNG ANS -; SNG Cop -; BMC Macedonia -, VF, weight 2.043 g, maximum diameter 14.8 mm, die axis 0o, Olynthos mint, c. 420 - 348 B.C.; obverse OΛYNΘ (counter-clockwise), laureate head of Apollo left; reverse XAΛKI∆EΩN, kithara with eight strings, squared legend around, all within a shallow incuse square; scarce; $170.00 (€144.50)
Eion, Macedonia, c. 500 - 480 B.C.
Published examples of this type are about twice the weight of this coin and identified as diobols and trihemiobols. Our coin might be an underweight diobol or trihemiobol, but the weight is closer to an obol.
Eion was only about 3 miles from Amphipolis and after the 5th century was merely a seaport of its large neighbor. The denomination is either a diobol or trihemiobol. The significance of the obversetype is not clear, but presumably makes reference to the characteristic fauna of the region at that time.GS86791. Silver diobol, SNG Cop 175; SNG ANS 277; BMC Macedonia p. 73, 5, VF, centered, porosity, edge crack, weight 1.033 g, maximum diameter 10.1 mm, die axis 0o, Eion mint, c. 500 - 480 B.C.; obverse goose standing right, left leg raised, head turned back, lizard left above; reverse mill-sail incuse square; $170.00 (€144.50)
Acanthos, Macedonia, Greece, c. 424 - 380 B.C.
Acanthus was an ancient colony from Andros, situated on the isthmus which connects the peninsula of Acte with the mainland of Chalcidice. It began to coin silver in large quantities about B.C. 500 or earlier. Until the time of the expedition of Brasidas, 424 B.C., the Euboïc standard was used, after that date the Phoenician.GA86793. Silver tetrobol, BMC Macedonia p. 153, 37; SNG ANS 44 ff. var. (different controls/initials); SNG Cop 16 ff. var. (same); AMNG III-2, p. 28, 33 ff. var. (same), VF, well centered, bumps, scratches, porosity, weight 2.049 g, maximum diameter 15.5 mm, die axis 0o, Acanthos mint, c. 424 - 380 B.C.; obverse forepart of kneeling bull left, head looking back, EY (control or magistrate initials) above; reverse shallow quadripartite incuse square; very rare variety; $150.00 (€127.50)
Eion, Macedonia, c. 460 - 400 B.C.
Eion was only about three miles from Amphipolis and from the late 5th century onwards served merely as a seaport of its much larger neighbor. The denomination is variously described as a diobol or trihemiobol. The significance of the obversetype is not clear, but presumably makes reference to the characteristic fauna of the region at that time. GA85755. Silver trihemiobol, SNG ANS 281, SNG Berry 29, Klein 151, BMC Macedonia p. 75, 21, SNG Cop 180 corr. (says H below, none on plate); HGC 3.1 521, VF, well centered on a broad flan, etched and porous surfaces, edge cracks, weight 0.882 g, maximum diameter 12.1 mm, die axis 0o, Eion mint, c. 460 - 400 B.C.; obverse goose standing right, looking back, lizard above, no control letter; reverse quadripartite incuse square; $135.00 (€114.75)
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